• Crusader Kings III Available Now!

    The realm rejoices as Paradox Interactive announces the launch of Crusader Kings III, the latest entry in the publisher’s grand strategy role-playing game franchise. Advisors may now jockey for positions of influence and adversaries should save their schemes for another day, because on this day Crusader Kings III can be purchased on Steam, the Paradox Store, and other major online retailers.


    Real Strategy Requires Cunning

OriginalRafiki

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Seeing as there are a fair share of questions that get asked more than a few times, I figured I'd take it upon myself to start putting together a FAQ for the forum, based on what I've seen myself in the game and upon what others have reported. In other words; much of this FAQ can be attributed to the people of the forum who have taken the time to share their experiences and thoughts about the game with the rest of us. I'd like to use this occasion to say a collective "thank you" to everyone for providing the info used in putting this FAQ together.

DISCLAIMER: I am not one of the developers, and my knowledge of the game is far from perfect, so do not take all things presented here to be undeniable truths. If you read things here that don't add up with your own experiences, start a discussion-thread about it, and I'll use it to keep improving and adding to the FAQ.

DO NOT POST IN THIS THREAD! I hope to keep it "clean" and uncluttered. I've set up a seperate comment thread where you by all means should feel free to contribute, especially when it comes to errors in the FAQ and suggestions as to what might be nice additions.

:) Rafiki

======================================================
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • What is Victoria
    • How does Victoria compare to other (Paradox) games?
    • Where can I get it?
    • What do other people say about it?
    • How do I know if I've been playing the game too much?
    • Relevant links
  • Game mechanics
    • How do I load the game as a different country than the one I played previously?
    • The game starts in 1836 and ends in 1920. Is there any way of changing this?
    • Where can I find patches for the game?
    • When will patch 1.04 be released?
    • Why can't I load a game from within the game?
    • Does the AI cheat in Victoria?
    • I have the Mac version of Victoria. Where can I go to get help with any technical problems I've got?
  • Interface
    • What do all these buttons, icons, symbols and boxes mean and do?
  • Economic matters
    • Other than generating income to varying degrees, what happens at different tax levels?
    • My budget shows a surplus, yet I'm losing money consistently. Why?
    • How do I go bankrupt?
    • What happens when I go bankrupt?
    • Argh! What's up with these countless stock market crashes?
  • POPs and their concerns
    • What is Consciousness (CON)?
    • What is Plurality (PLU)?
    • How does clergy affect my POPs?
    • How come my POPs have MIL 10? I thought I had been nice to them?
    • What decides how extreme POPs are politically?
    • My POPs aren't particularly militant, yet there is a significant revolt risk in my provinces. How come?
    • When do POPs merge?
    • When do POPs split?
    • How do I encourage immigration to my country?
  • Industry and production
    • What is the difference between using craftsmen and clerks in my factories?
    • How does POP allocation to factories work?
    • How come I have such a hard time getting Machine Parts?
    • How does POP size affect production?
    • How does POP culture affect production?
    • How do capitalists affect production?
    • Why aren't my factories producing anything?
  • Colonies & states & provinces
    • How does colonization work?
    • What are the differences between states and colonies?
    • What are the criteria for granting statehood?
  • Military matters
    • At the start of the game, my manpower is (very) negative; why so, and what do I do?
    • The AI units have a much higher morale than mine?!? (And related questions)
    • Is there an overview of unit and attachment values/modifcators?
    • How can I reinforce all units in an army?
    • Many of the leaders I get are not very good, and seem to have more negative modifers than positive ones. What's the point with them?
    • What is "mobilization"?
    • How do I change the size of my mobilization pool?
    • I'm playing an uncivilized nation. Can I have a mobilization pool?
    • What happens when I mobilize?
    • What happens when I de-mobilize?
    • How is my military score calculated?
    • What determines whether or not I can use the canals?
  • Diplomacy and affairs of state
    • How do I annex other nations?
    • How many provinces is it possible to get in a peace deal?
    • What determines how much prestige I loose when declaring war?
    • What is "badboy"?
    • How can I see how much "badboy" I've got?
    • How can I see how much "badboy" other nations have?
    • What is a "badboy"-war? When do they occur?
    • How do I get the AI to sell me provinces?
    • What is a "satellite"?
    • How do I create a satellite?
    • Which benefits do I get from creating satellites?
    • Which long-term gains do I get from satellites?
    • How can I get rid of satellites or get rid of my satellite status?
    • What is a "dominion"?
    • How does prestige and badboy affect diplomacy?
    • How can I get provinces for my allies as part of peace deals?
  • Technology and research
    • How does research work, actually?
    • Why can't I select research in a certain field?
    • How does the game pick research projects to choose from?
    • I've researched all the prerequisite techs for an invention, but still, it won't trigger. Why is this?
    • My Research Points suddenly went negative. How did that happen?
    • Why do some techs cost 9 RP and others 10?
  • Modifying Victoria
    • What can I change myself in Victoria?
    • Where can I find information on how to do it?
    • Are there any mods made for the game? E.g. like C.O.R.E and AGC/EEP?
  • Other things
    • What do I need to do in order to become civilized?
    • I can't find an answer to my question here; what do I do now?
  • Latest additions and changes
 
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OriginalRafiki

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What is "Victoria - An empire under the sun"?

"Victoria - An Empire under the Sun" is the latest grand strategy title from Paradox Entertainment, covering the world 1836-1920.

From Paradox Entertainment's webpage describing "Victoria":

Guide your nation from the era of absolute monarchies of the early 19th century to evolve into a fully industrialized Great Power at the dawn of the 20th century! You must make sure that you stay ahead in wealth and strength, and skillfully manage the democratization process without disintegrating.

The focus of Victoria is on six different aspects, all interconnected, to provide a deep, yet easily accessible game-play; Diplomacy, Warfare, Economy & Industrialisation, Colonisation, Technological Development and Political Simulation.


How does Victoria compare to other (Paradox) games?

Here and here are discussions about what Victoria really is about and how it compares to other games, especially EU2.

Where can I get it?

This thread contains links to where you can find information about where you can get the game.

What do other people say about it?

This thread contains links to assorted reviews about the game.

How do I know if I've been playing the game too much?

Not that it's possible to play the game "too much", but if you want to know some of the signs that you've been playing it a lot, take a look at this thread :D

Relevant links
Camp Victoria - Overviews and write-ups about the game.
November's Newbie Guide: discussion and PDF version
This thread contains suggestions for books to read if you want to get into the spirit of the era covered by the game.
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Game mechanics

How do I load the game as a different country than the one I played previously?

When you're loading your save game, right click the flag of the nation you're playing and select the one you want to switch to in the drop down menu.

To change to one of the countries in the starting list (the flags seen when starting the scenario), you need go into the multiplayer screen and change your computer's name.

You can also achieve this by modifying the savegame slightly, close to the top, where the start-countries are listed. Either remove the tag you want to play (by changing it) or switch which tag your computer is assigned to.

The game starts in 1836 and ends in 1920. Is there any way of changing this?

Yes there is. Some people have put together so-called "Unlimited Time Mods" that will allow you to change the start and/or end dates. Note that technologies and events have set start- and/or enddates, so playing outside the normal timeframe of Victoria will probably be less "eventful" that in the period 1836-1920, unless that part is taken care of as well.

I haven't tried these myself, so I don't have any recommendation about which to use.

Lukandi's mod (announcement and discussion)
juhog's mod (announcement and discussion)

Where can I find patches for the game?

The latest patches are available from Paradox' download pages.

Also, the Paradox development team has started releasing beta patches, the first of which, 1.03c, can be found here. That thread also contains instructions about how to install it, if you aren't sure how you should do it.

If you for some reason are looking for older patches, take a look at the assorted publishers' archives or simply do a Google search for them.

It is highly recommended that you install and use 1.03 + 1.03c. Especially if you encounter what looks like bugs, make sure that they are in 1.03c before reporting them, since they very well may have been fixed already ;)

When will patch 1.04 be released?

It'll be ready when it's ready. Johan (head developer) has said that there will be a 1.04, and there's no reason not to believe him. Paradox never announce when a patch will be released, and won't make an exception for 1.04. You may not like it, but there's no way out of having to accept it, I'm afraid.

Why can't I load a game from within the game?
During testing, it was found that if you loaded a game while in a game, data/information from the old game was brought over into the new game, which is A Bad Thing(tm). You'll need to exit your current game so you get to the start-up screen, and then load the savegame you wish to play.

Does the AI cheat in Victoria?

Not really. At "hard" and "very hard" the AI gets bonuses to its output from factories/rgo's, but that's about it. If you think the AI cheats, chances are that you are observing game functionality that you aren't aware of ;)

I have the Mac version of Victoria. Where can I go to get help with any technical problems I've got?
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Interface

What do all these buttons, icons, symbols and boxes mean and do?

whyamihere has put togther a nice Interface Guide that gives you info about the details in most of the screens in the game.
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Economic Matters

Other than generating income to varying degrees, what happens at different tax levels?
  • At less than 33% tax, CON for the targetted POPs will decrease.
  • At more than 33%, CON will increase.
  • When the middle or high strata are taxed more than 50%, and they are unable to buy the goods they need, they'll start devolving to "lesser" POPs.
  • At higher levels (over 50%?), taxation can make people emmigrate or accelerate existing emmigration.
My budget shows a surplus, yet I'm losing money consistently. Why?

In order to have changes made in the Budget Window take effect, you have to leave the budget window. This is in the manual, BTW ;)

How do I go bankrupt?

You go bankrupt when your maximum possible income no longer is able to handle the interest on your loans. It doesn't matter what your current settings are, but if they are less than your current interest payments, it's only a matter of time before you go bankrupt.

What happens when I go bankrupt?

A number of things happen:
  • Your debts/loans are written off (get deleted)
  • You take a prestige hit (-400 methinks)
  • You loose half your factories
  • You loose all goods and resources currently in your stockpile.
Argh! What's up with these countless stock market crashes?

When you've selected "Meritocracy" in the "Aristocracy/Meritocracy"-choice and you have discovered "Stock Exchange" (3002), "Stock Market Crash" gets added to the random events that can occur. However, if you're skimping on the crime fighting, and have lots of corruption buildings (especially of the "immoral business"-kind) the likelihood of getting this event increases, potentially quite a lot.

In other words, to avoid this event (or at least decrease its' likelihood), either choose "Aristocracy" or make sure that your crime fighting is sufficient.
 
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OriginalRafiki

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POPs and their concerns

What is Consciousness (CON)?

Consciousness the numerical representation of how well a POP understands its own politics.

The higher the consciousness, the more they understand their own political needs and desires. This is not necessarily a bad thing. If you have a largely conservative population and a conservative government (Russia), consciousness has positive effects. Conservative POPs with high consciousness are only realizing that they are conservative, so they'll like the conservative government. Institute a liberal government, however, and watch the high consciousness conservative POPs rebel like mad. The opposite, of course, is also true. If you have a largely liberal population and a liberal government, high consciousness will have no negative effects either.

The problem comes when you have a divided population. Look at Austria for an example. By the 1880, even a well managed Austria will tend to have a large liberal minority. Since Austria will likely still have a conservative government, and its POPs will have mid to high levels of consciousness, that liberal minority, as it realizes the government does not suit it, will have its militancy increase rapidly as a result. This next point is key: if the POPs have very low consciousness, you can pass off any government on them. Think about it. If you had a 90% liberal population, you could never have a conservative government--unless those people didn't know that they were liberal. And that's exactly what consciousness is--the numerical representation of how well POPs understand their own politics.

Thence comes the connection between consciousness and militancy--if you have a divided population (as most countries eventually do), then the only way to keep the minority ideology content is to keep them from knowing that they are any different from the majority, which means keeping their consciousness low. Sure, you can pass reforms and lower taxes and such, but those are really only band aids to cover wounds that have already been made. Keeping consciousness low keeps the wound from ever forming at all.

What is Plurality (PLU)?

Plurality is the numerical representation of your society's demand for a democratic government.

The higher the plurality percentage, the more your country wants to be a democracy, and the less content they are not being a democracy. Just like consciousness, plurality affects militancy, but unlike consciousness, the effect varies by the form of government. In monarchies, plurality increases militancy because the monarchy is undemocratic; in constitutional monarchies plurality doesn?t affect militancy at all, because at least in game terms, constitutional monarchies are just as monarchical as democratic, so it evens out; in democracies, plurality reduces militancy, because the people are getting exactly what they want. In simpler terms, plurality in monarchies is bad, plurality in constitutional monarchies doesn?t matter, and plurality in democracies is good.

This is different from consciousness specifically because it has nothing to do with POP ideologies. In theory, a country could have 100% plurality and also be 100% conservative?but only if that country were a democracy. Think about it. If a country had a very high plurality, its people would want to be a democracy. If that country were also 100% conservative, they would just elect a conservative party, and that would be that. If, on the other hand, a country with 100% plurality were a monarchy, the militancy would be off the charts, and the POPs would begin to convert to reactionaries and Anarcho-liberals and other nasty kinds of people.

How does clergy affect my POPs?

Regardless of how many and how large clergy POPs you have, other POPs in the same state are affected as follows:
  • Aristocrats, capitalists and officers: CON modified by +0.25
  • Clerks, craftsmen and other clergymen: No effect
  • Farmer, laborers and soldiers: CON modified by -0.25
The effects of this are cumulative; if you have several clergy, each one will provide this modifier. Also, it doesn't matter which religion which religions the POPs have, neither the clergy nor the one getting the modifier.

How come my POPs have MIL 10? I thought I had been nice to them?

There are a lot of factors that influence the militancy of POPs. Even if you address their concerns in some areas, you might be neglecting other areas that have a greater influence on their MIL.

My general advice is to find your most militant POPs (e.g. by looking in the ledger, or even by looking at the ones who are rebelling), then look at their POP detail screen. If you hover your mouse over the MIL-thingy, you'll get a pop-up that shows all the modifiers for that POPs militancy, and might get a clue as to what's aggravating them.

What decides how extreme POPs are politically?

Victoria has a three pairs of ideologies; socialism + communism; liberalism + anarcho-liberalism; conservative + reactionary. The first is the moderate version, the second the extremist. A POP with low militancy will be moderate, but once MIL goes up, a POP will switch to the extremist version of "their" ideology".

My POPs aren't particularly militant, yet there is a significant revolt risk in my provinces. How come?

In addition to POPs' miltancy, nationalism and War Exhaustion can cause revolts. In the case of nationalism, you'll see revolt risk rising in newly conquered provinces for 10 years after you've conquered them, then disappear.

When do POPs merge?

POPs with a size of less than 10.000 will merge with another POP when the POPs share type, culture and religion. The size of the second may well be over 10.000, but the total size may not be above 100.000.

When do POPs split?

When a POP reaches size 100.000, it will split into 2 similar POPs, sized 75.000 and 25.000.

How do I encourage immigration to my country?

There are a number of factors that influence this. Keep the following in mind:
  • Reforms help, especially if yours are at a high level, both in themselves and when compared to other nations'.
  • Make sure you have free slots in your RGOs and factories. Immigrants want to have somewhere to work when they arrive!
  • American nations get (a lot) more immigrants than others. Nothing much to do about, other than being aware of.
  • The minority policies of your ruling party matter. People will much rather go where they have the prospect of full citizenship rather than slavery ;)
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Industry and production

What is the difference between using craftsmen and clerks in my factories?

All other factors being equal, a clerk is more efficient than a craftsman. Their exact efficiency is based on your literacy rating and is calculated as:

Craftsmen: 0.5 + (literacy-ratio/2) giving a range of 0.5-1
Clerks: 1 + (literacy-ratio/2) giving a range of 1.0-1.5

In other words, at 0% literacy, clerks will be twice as efficient as craftsmen, while at 100% literacy, they will be 1.5 times as efficient.

Note that you have to have at least as many craftsmen POPs working in a factory as you have clerk POPs (size of POPs doesn't matter). Also, you can have a maximum of 2 clerks per factory level.

How does POP allocation to factories work?

When you use the add/remove buttons for assigning POPs to work or stop working in a factory, it always makes sure to add the best POP and remove the worst POP first. "Best/worst" is in terms of efficiency, so if you e.g. have assorted POPs of the same size, a clerk POP will be added before a craftsman POP (under the limitations above), and a state-cultured POP will be added before non-state-cultured POP.

This means that if you have several factories in a state, make sure to fill up your most important factories first, before the less important ones.

How come I have such a hard time getting Machine Parts?

It's supposed to be hard ;) Machine parts are the key to industrialization and your strategy for getting them is one of the more important things you need to decide in the game. For more information, take a look at this discussion

How does POP size affect production?

The base rule is that the larger the POP, the more is contributes to production. However, Victoria uses a tiered system to represent this:

Code:
   POP size        Contribution to production
     1 -     499             0.33
   500 -  20.000             0.50
20.001 -  50.000             0.75
50.001 - 100.000             1.00
How does POP culture affect production?

POPs that aren't of one of your state cultures contribute half as much to production as the POPs that belong to one of your state cultures.

How do capitalists affect production?

Capitalists may contribute to the efficiency of factories in the state they're located in. The exact contribution depends on a variety of factors, but rule of thumb is that you'll need a capitalist headcount of more than 10-15000 to notice any difference. The bonus applies to all factories in a state, not just one of them.

Note that the culture of the capitalists doesn't matter, and that the bonus depends on the total number of people in capitalist POPs, not the number of capitalist POPs.

Why aren't my factories producing anything?

There are a number of things that need to be in order for your factory to produce stuff. If your factory isn't producing anything, maybe it is caused by one of these things:
  • If your factory is in a state without a direct land connection to your capital, make sure you have enough convoys around to fulfill the convoy requirements (this might not be necsessary for land-locked states).
  • You have to have people working in the factory. If you have unemployed craftsmen (& clerks) in the state, assign them to the factory. If not, you need to re-assign POPs from other factories and/or convert POPs into craftsmen (& clerks). Note that it is possible for factory POPs to emigrate or suffer losses (when rebelling), and might disappear, potentially leaving your factory unmanned.
  • All factories have a set of raw materials they need. If one of them is lacking, the factory won't produce anything. You can easily use the ledger to check this, in addition to the factory details screen.
Also note that factories take a year to be built, so don't expect factories to start producing once you construct them; easily missed in the heat of the moment ;)
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Colonies & states & provinces

How does colonization work?

To get a colony, you first have to build colonial buildings. You can only place colonial buildings in unclaimed areas, that are one or more of the following:
  • Next to the ocean.
  • Next to one of your finished colonial buildings.
  • Next to one of you provinces.

You also need to have access to a coastline, i.e. have provinces next to the ocean.

If its inaccessible, when you hover over the "build" button it will say "you do not have access to this province".

Your units aren't involved in colonization (unless you are doing it by "stealing" other nations' colonial buildings), so you don't need convoys available or any army in or navy next to areas you wish to build colonial buildings in.

The assorted colonial buildings have a cost, a certain number of £'s and some goods. The tooltip for the "build"-buttons will tell you what you're lacking (if anything). Note that contrary to what is the case for e.g. factories, you must have saved money to pay for colonial buildings, you can't go into debt to build them.

There can only be one building per province. So if someone already has a building there you cannot build in it. And if someone is in the process of building a colonial building, you cannot build one there, either.

To actually claim a colony (and turn it into "regular" provinces), there are a few approaches that might or might not apply to any given colony:
  • If the colony consists of 4 or less provinces, you need to have colonial buildings in all of them to claim.
  • If it has more than 4 provinces and you have at least one building of each of the four types, and other nations have colonial buildings in all the remaining provinces you can claim. For inland colonies, you can drop the Coaling Station.
  • If you don't have one of each type, you need to fill the colony with your colonial buildings, not letting other nations have any, in order to be able to claim.

Note that whenever you click on a province in an unclaimed colony, you first get the "state"-view of the entire colony. Click on any province in that colony to get to the province view, where you should see the assorted colonial buildings and their "build"-buttons.

What are the differences between states and colonies?
  • You cannot build factories in colonies
  • The only troops you can build in a colony are of native or colonial quality, in states you get troops of regular quality.
  • The cost of reforms, education and police are 4 times higher in states than in similar colonies.
  • States cannot be targetted in colonial wars.
In addition, you may see more immigration (and less emmigration) from a province when it is part of a colony than what it would have as part of a state.

What are the criteria for granting statehood?

To grant statehood to a colony, it must fulfill one of these criteria:
  • It must be on the same continent as your capital, or
  • At least one of the provinces in the colony must have a majority of people belonging to one of your state cultures.
 
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Military matters

At the start of the game, my manpower is (very) negative; why so, and what do I do?

At one point (patch 1.01?) manpower was changed so that standing armies deduct from the manpower total. However, the scenarios weren't updated to reflect this with an increase in the soldier POPs to weigh up for this, resulting in most nations starting with negative manpower.

To "fix" this, simply convert more POPs into soldiers, disband existing units and/or make sure your military spending is as high as you can get it.

The AI units have a much higher morale than mine?!? (And related questions)

Peter Ebbesen has written an excellent FAQ on land units' morale and organization, that should be considered mandatory reading for anyone who wants to understand the combat system in Victoria. It's written for 1.01, but all the principles and most of the details apply to 1.03 as well.

Is there an overview of unit and attachment values/modifcators?

Yes, the FAQ forum contains an overview of unit and attachment stats.

How can I reinforce all units in an army?

In the army overview screen, you have a small fist-icon in the upper right corner. Clicking it will reinforce the entire army, provided you have the manpower to do so. If you lack manpower, it will start at the top and reinforce as many divisions as possible till your available manpower is spent.

Many of the leaders I get are not very good, and seem to have more negative modifers than positive ones. What's the point with them?

This is an easy impression to get. However, if you compare your seemingly-not-so-good leader to the default/no-name/anonymous leader, you'll see that the last one has negative modifers in just about every field. In other words, assigning a leader with just a few negative modifers is significantly better than not assigning a leader at all.

On the other hand, a "yellow incompetent" (and similar leaders) is probably best kept away from any of your troops ;)

What is "mobilization"?

In addition to your standing army, you can have a backup force to call on in times of need. The strength of it is measured by the numbers of divisions allocated to your mobilization pool, and you can increase and/or decrease the number of available divisions as you see fit (with some restrictions). Whenever you deem it necessary, you can call upon this backup force, and 3 months later, you'll have a number of plain infantry divisions to use in whatever way you like.

How do I change the size of my mobilization pool?

In your military overview screen, you'll find "increase mobilization" and "decrease mobilization" buttons in the bottom right corner. Which one is used for which should be fairly self-explanatory. ;)

It costs 50 canned food and 50 small arms to increase your mobilization pool by 5 divisions, and after doing it you'll have to wait another 6 months before you can increase it further. Decreasing it doesn't cost anything and you can decrease your mobilization pool as often as you like (as long as you have anything left in it, of course).

There is a limit to how large your mobilization pool can be, based on the size of your population. You'll see this limit when hovering your mouse over the "increase mobilization"-button.

I'm playing an uncivilized nation. Can I have a mobilization pool?

Nope. Only civilized nations are allowed to have mobilization pools. You're stuck with your wool-armed irregulars.

What happens when I mobilize?

When you hit the "mobilize"-button, the divisions in your mobilization pool will be placed in your reserve pool and will be available for deployment 3 months later. At the same time, a share of your population (in the home-provinces of your mobilized divisions) is converted to soldier POPs, to support the new divisions.

NOTE! This will affect your production. It seems that people for the new soldier POPs will primarily be taken from farmer and laborer POPs, but if you have a relatively large mobilization pool, and/or relatively few farmer/laborer POPs, people will be taken from clerk/craftsman (or other) POPs.

What happens when I de-mobilize?

The opposite thing, basically. All your mobilized divisons are removed, and your mobilized soldier POPs are converted to laborers/farmers. It's important to note that even if people for the soldier POPs were taken from clerk or craftsmen POPs during mobilization, they will still be converted to laborers/farmers when de-mobilized.

How is my military score calculated?

shawn_kenyon has collected the numbers that show you how your military score is calculated in this thread.

What determines whether or not I can use the canals?

Once a canal has been built, any nation can send ships through it, as long as it is not at war with the nation controlling the canal's key province. The key province for the Panama Canal is Panama, while the key province for the Suez Canal is Zigazag. Note the distinction between controlling a province and owning it; "your" side in a war doesn't need to own the province, just control it.
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Diplomacy and affairs of state

How do I annex other nations?

Peaceful annexation à la EU2 is not possible in Victoria.

When it comes to military annexation, there is a difference between civilized and uncivilized nations. Uncivilized nations can be annexed no matter how large they are (as long as you occupy enough of it), while civilized nations having a size of 4 provinces or larger cannot be annexed under any circumstance; you'll need to reduce them to three provinces or less first.

How many provinces is it possible to get in a peace deal?

Contrary to what the manual says, it is possible to get more than 3 provinces from a civilized nation in a peace deal. So far, I haven't heard of any specific limit, other than what's mentioned above, concerning annexation.

What determines how much prestige I loose when declaring war?
  • If the target has -100 prestige or less then it costs 1 prestige to attack them.
  • If the target is close to or higher than your power level it will cost less than 100 prestige to attack them.
  • If the target is far weaker than you, but has greater than -100 prestige it will cost 100 prestige to attack them.
  • In 1.02 the hit for breaking a peace treaty is 100 prestige.

What is "badboy"?

"Badboy" (BB) is a measure of how "naughty" the other nations consider you to be. It will increase when you e.g. conquer provinces you aren't entitled to (= non-cores) or annex uncivilized nations, and it will decrease over time and when you grant independance to parts of your nation (=releasing satellites)

How can I see how much "badboy" I've got?

Press F12 to open the console, enter "badboy", et voilà! Doesn't work prior to 1.03, tho'.

How can I see how much "badboy" other nations have?

In-game, you can't. You have to peek inside the savegame if you want to know this.

What is a "badboy"-war? When do they occur?

A "badboy"-war will occur when your neighbours get fed up with your imperialistic behaviour and declare war on you to "punish" you. The exact point at which this happens is hard to determine, since relative military strength is taken into account. If you're strong enough, you might never see a "badboy"-war.

How do I get the AI to sell me provinces?

There are a few steps you need to take to ensure your province purchasing proposals will be accepted:
  • Make sure you have very good relatios with the other country, usually +160 at least. if you do this, the cost should be fairly cheap, especially if you load up the bid with techs.The better the relations,. the better the chance for success.
  • Make sure your badboy isn't too high. Even if they love you, they usually won't trade anything--and especially not land--if you're being seen as an aggressor state.
  • Make sure the majority of the population of the province you're trying to buy isn't the other state's national culture.
Every nation has national cultures, living in "core territories", which are that country's main citizens. The number varies. For the Prussians, it's just North Germans; for the Germans, it's both North and South Germans. For the Austrians, it's South German, Czech, Hungarian, and Slovene. For the Russians it's Russian, Byelorussian, and Ukrainian and Uralic. The exact national cultures for each country can be found in the save file.

No matter how much you offer, a country will never sell you a province whose majority population is their national culture. This ensures that you can never buy Innsbruck from Austria, Marseilles from France, or Utrecht from the Netherlands.

But, on the other hand, you can buy non national culture provinces. In my current game as Prussia/Germany in the GC, I have purchased all of Austria's non core territories, all of Russia's non core territories, as well as having taken over Denmark, much to the chagrin of my multiplayer partner.

What is a "satellite"?

A "satellite" is a nation that considers another to be its' master. The satellite is independant, with control of its' economic and political matters, but it can't declare war freely, nor enter alliances with other nations than its' master.

How do I create a satellite

During the peace resolution of a war, the loser can be made the satellite of the winner. This requires a warscore of 70 (but may actually be higher/lower than this, due to other factors in the peace resolution equation).

Outside of war, you can release satellites via your diplomacy screen. The selection here is based on which year it is (compared to contents of revolt.txt), which provinces you control and that the satellite-to-be doesn't already exist.

Which benefits do I get from creating satellites?

If a nation is satellited as part of a peace resolution, the master will receive all provinces it has claims to that the satellite controls, even to the point of the satellite keeping nothing but their capital.

A peacefully created satellite will reduce your Badboy rating proportionate to the number of provinces the satellite is given.

Which long-term gains do I get from satellites?
  • Masters gain prestige based on the standing of their satellites.
  • Satellites have an "ever-lasting" defensive alliance with their master, and masters have m,ilitary access to their satellites.
  • Satellites tend to have good relations with their masters, so it's unlikely they'll declare war on you. (Nice solution to bothersome enemies.)
  • Satellites can act as buffers between you and nations you don't want to border.
How can I get rid of satellites or get rid of my satellite status?

You can't get rid of a satellite, but you can declare war on it by cancelling the alliance and the military access you have. It will still remain your satellite, tho'.

If you are a satellite and wish to change that, you have to declare war on your master and not lose that war (either winning or getting a white peace).

What is a "dominion"?

A "dominion" is pretty much like a satellite, except that they have a full alliance with their masters, rather than just a defensive alliance.

In events, there are seperate commands for making/releasing a dominion, but when it comes to releasing satellites via the diplomacy screen, it seems to depend on if the state that the releasee's new capital is in has been granted statehood or not, statehood meaning the the releasee will be a satellite, "colonyhood" that it will be a dominion.

How does prestige and badboy affect diplomacy?

If you have negative prestige, you won't be able to open negotiations with other nations.

If you are starting to rack up badboy points, other nations will be a lot more hesitant to deal with you, and you'll have to offer more to close diplomatic deals. The effect is gradual, but you'll definately start noticing it when you pass 25 badboy points.

How can I get provinces for my allies as part of peace deals?

When you suggest peace-deals, you cannot set aside provinces that will go to your allies; you can only get provinces for yourself. The only way your allies can get provinces is if you give them to them afterwards. Note that you will keep any BB for provinces gained in the peace-deal even if you choose to pass the provinces on to allies afterwards.
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Technology and Research

How does research work, actually?

In the research screen, you'll normally be given a choice among 5 technologies. After having selected one of them, there are 2 things you need to do to get it:
  • You must allocate 9 or 10 Research Points (RP) to it. Usually these will be taken directly from your RP pool, keeping it at zero. Only when your current research has gotten all its' RP will you start accumulating a surplus in your RP pool.
  • You must spend at least a year researching it. The countdown for this will be suspended if you haven't yet allocated all the necessary RP and currently have a negative RP pool. Note that techs that cost 9 RP will only take 90% of a year to finish.
Getting a technology is only half the fun. You also have inventions that may (or may not) grant you benefits. Inventions work like events, usually having one or more technologies among their prerequisites. For details about the assorted technologies and inventions, I recommend consulting The Techtionary.

Why can't I select research in a certain field?

Firstly, if you have a research establishment other than Traditional Academic, it changes how your options for research are picked from the assorted research fields. Details about this are in the manual(, page 43 in the English version).

Secondly, some of the techs aren't available until certain dates, e.g. some of the later army techs. If you have reserched all techs in a field except the ones that aren't available yet, you won't see any techs available for research in that field, nor be given options from other fields to compensate. Consult the Techtionary for details about when techs become available for research.

How does the game pick research projects to choose from?

(Originally posted by jpd)

The information below is based on the Traditional Academic Circle, which is the default setting when you play a grand campaign.

Each tech area is divided up in 5 application areas, with 5 applications each. When the game needs to pick a new researchable application, it takes one of each tech area, if available. At first, this may appear to be totally random, but in reality it isn't.

The game simply cycles through the five application areas for each new research program. It uses some sort of internal index value, derived from the amount of research programs completed, which iterates through the 5 application areas. So, if for the current research project it picked from the first application area for each of the tech groups, your next pickable tech applications will all come from the second application areas, and after that the third application areas, etc.

So, to give an exampe, let's take the industry tech tree to get to our interchangable parts, which for all intends and purposes is one of the most important techs around, as it lets you produce machine parts.
  • appl. area 1: water wheel power - practical steam - high and low pressure steam engine
  • appl. area 2: publishing industry - mechanical production - interchangable parts
  • appl. area 3: mechanized mining - clean coal - cheap iron
  • appl. area 4: experimental rail - early rail - iron rail
  • appl. area 5: basic chemistry - medicine - inorganic
Let's say we are Austria, and starting a GC. We have 26 starting techs, and so, like clockwork, the game picks the researchable tech applications all from the second application areas, which for our industry focus here is the mechanical production tech. The only deviation is the navy tech tree. There the choice is Fire Control Systems, but that's only because the Steamers tech from the second area is non-researchable yet, as it needs the Battleship Column Doctrine from the first area, which we haven't got yet.

Right. If you pick the mechanical production now, then your next available choice will become the clean coal, followed by early rail, and medicine. That was area 5, so it resets to area 1 after this, and thus we end up with a choice for High and Low Pressure Steam Engine. That's another prerequisite for our Interchangable parts. Pick it, and the Interchangable Parts will follow as next in line.

Now, what happens if you don't pick the suggested Mechanical Production as first tech to research? Well, being the thoroughly dependable scientists, the choices neatly rotate in sequence, thus we end up with the first available tech in area 2 five research projects later. Then, and only then, will the Mechanical Production be available to pick again. And thus we have pushed back getting the Interchangable Parts for five consequetive research picks, which is at least 5 years.

Same goes for High and Low Pressure Steam Engine. Fail to pick it when the choice is offered, and you have to wait an additional 4 times before the choice is offered again.

I've researched all the prerequisite techs for an invention, but still, it won't trigger. Why is this?

Inventions can be a bit tricky. All inventions have a startdate indicating the earliest possible date that it will trigger. They also have a deathdate, after which they become much more likely to trigger. Also, tho' unconfirmed, countries with negative prestige seem to have a harder time getting inventions to trigger.

My Research Points suddenly went negative. How did that happen?

When you initiate a technology trade, you will pay 9 or 10 RP for each tech you get. If that is more than you have, your RP total will become negative, and might stop your own research for a while until it no longer is negative. Note that if the trade was initiated by someone else, you don't need to pay the RP cost.

Why do some techs cost 9 RP and others 10?

Depending on your national value, some techs might be cheaper than others:
  • National value Order - Army & Navy techs cost 9 RP.
  • National value Liberty - Culture, Industry & Commerce techs cost 9 RP.
  • National value Equality - All techs cost 10 RP
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Modifying Victoria

What can I change myself in Victoria?

Short story: pretty much everything :D

Long story: scenario setup, events, unit characteristics, production specifications, technology effects and relations, leaders, graphics (to a certain extent), political parties, all in-game text (including names of places and people). And more :)

Where can I find information on how to do it?

Havard has put together a site called Working with Victoria that describes the nuts and bolts of the various things you can modify.

Furthermore, the Scenarios and modifications forum is the place for asking questions and getting tips on how to modify the game.

Are there any mods made for the game? E.g. like C.O.R.E and AGC/EEP?

Yes. The Victoria Improvements Project is the largest mod project for Victoria, and has already produced a great number of additional events and other additions/changes to the game, with lots more under development.

There are also other mods, addressing specific areas or aspects of the game. Take a look in the User made scenarios and mods-forum to find these. There, you'll also find tools to help modifying the game.
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Other things

What do I need to do in order to become civilized?

All uncivilized nations can become civilized if they achieve the following:
  • Get a prestige rating of 100
  • Get an industrial rating of 50
  • Get a military rating of 10
All these must be true at the same time (so it doesn't help if you've had prestige > 100 if you've later fallen below that, before you were able to fulfill the other two criterea).

Additionally, China, Persia and Japan have nation-specific events that civilize them.

I can't find an answer to my question here; what do I do now?

First, you can do a search for it. Lots of questions have been asked and answered before, so it's worth taking a look for it.

You can also simply ask the question yourself. People here tend to be friendly and helpful, and chances are you'll get an informative answer out of it :)

When doing so, please keep in mind a couple of things:
  • Make sure that you have read and understood the general forum rules as well as the Vicky-specific ones.
  • There's a better chance of getting the answer you're looking for if you post it in the appropriate forum; if it's e.g. about modifications, post it in the "scenarios and modifications forum".
 
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OriginalRafiki

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Latest additions and changes (most recent ones at the top):
  • New: "When will patch 1.04 be releaed?" in "Game mechanics"
  • New: "What determines whether or not I can use the canals?" in "Military matters"
  • New: "I'm playing an uncivilized nation. Can I have a mobilization pool?" in "Military matters"
  • Update: updated Mac links
  • Update: newest patch is 1.03c; updated section on patches accordingly
 

Walle76

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What do I need to do in order to become civilized?

All uncivilized nations can become civilized if they achieve the following:
  • Get a prestige rating of 100
  • Get an industrial rating of 50
  • Get a military rating of 10
All these must be true at the same time (so it doesn't help if you've had prestige > 100 if you've later fallen below that, before you were able to fulfill the other two criterea).

Additionally, China, Persia and Japan have nation-specific events that civilize them.

I can't find an answer to my question here; what do I do now?

First, you can do a search for it. Lots of questions have been asked and answered before, so it's worth taking a look for it.

You can also simply ask the question yourself. People here tend to be friendly and helpful, and chances are you'll get an informative answer out of it :)

When doing so, please keep in mind a couple of things:
  • Make sure that you have read and understood the general forum rules as well as the Vicky-specific ones.
  • There's a better chance of getting the answer you're looking for if you post it in the appropriate forum; if it's e.g. about modifications, post it in the "scenarios and modifications forum".
Is the above mentioned also valid for Revolution? Have managed to fix it for two years now, but nothing happends and my economy is going way down (10 military is quite a different story when you are non-civilzed)
 

OriginalRafiki

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You'll notice that the FAQ was written almost 6 years ago, so I'm afraid it is valid for vanilla Vicky only.
 
Nov 24, 2010
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Hi!
I played Victoria An Empire Under The Sun with Sardinia and France, and a had huge loss of prestige, and i did not understand the reason. In rank of prestige i was always last. I did not lost wars and events didn't led to that situation too. Could someone tell me where is the reason of prestige loss?
 
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Selim Yavuz

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Not sure where to ask this, but, I was editing some files and couldn't get the game to start. I think it's because I deleted the little "#" in front of dominion on the India file (for VIP) and thus made India a dominion of England. I noticed upon switching the edited files with the backup original files that India controls several countries as satellites. So my question is can dominions hold satellites? I'm presuming not?
 

moneyandblood

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Id like to be able to convert POPS that are not of my national culture, which is apparently no longer available in whatever Revolutions version I'm running, but totally was in whatever version I ran years ago. Any advice as to how I can manage this? (I generally play as Russia, and take Korea, converting large amounts of grain workers into solders, but yea, wont let me "Without full citizenship" and because they're not my national culture.) Thanks guys,
 

unmerged(210804)

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Impossible without a party with Full Citizenship in power. Otherwise, you have to go in the files themselves and split them by hand...