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Benevolent Despot
Nov 7, 2004
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The Royal Court of Norway


Realm: Norway
Head of State: Olav IV
Religion: Catholic - Rome
Culture: Scandinavian
Stats: 3/2/7/10(11)/3(2) --> [3/2/7/11/2]
Provinces: 13
Ports: 3
Owned: Viken(3), Bergenhus(2), Bohus(3), Eidsiva(1), Faeroes(0), Finnmark(0), Hålogaland(0), Härjedalen(2), Iceland(0), Jemtland(1), Shetlands(0), Stavanger(2), Tröndelag(1).
+1 Morale Vassal of Denmark
-1 Economy Tribute to Denmark


Welcome to the capital city, may you find peace within its walls​
 
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Benevolent Despot
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History and Recent Events


Earliest Times​

Settled since the end of the last ice age, modern-day Scandinavia contains finds from the Stone age and Bronze age, such as rock carvings. From the time of the Roman Empire until about 800 AD, Scandinavia is known for its Iron Age culture. Many stone inscriptions can be found, written in Runes. Then Scandinavia became famous in the Middle Ages for its fearless warriors, explorers and traders, the Vikings. Between AD 800 and AD 1100, the Vikings discovered and settled Iceland and Greenland, and conquered parts of France, Britain, and Ireland, and were also known to travel as far as Constantinople, Greece, Northern Africa and Newfoundland. By utilising their excellent boats and organisation they became master traders and warriors.

Snorre Sturlason (c. 1200) was the name of a writer whose history writings Heimskringla and Younger Edda give information about the early kings. The stories about the earliest times are legends, which can not be taken as accurate history. However, they may have their origin in some historical facts, but the understanding is highly debated among scholars. (See Anglo-Saxon kingdom genealogy, Jakten på Odin, Ynglinga saga, House of Yngling)​

The Viking Kings​

During this period the Christian faith came to Norway​

By the time of the first historical records of Scandinavia, about the 700s AD, some 29 petty kingdoms existed in Norway. A number of small communities were gradually organized into larger regions in the 9th century, and in 872 King Harald Fairhair unified the realm and became its first supreme ruler. King Harald had many children, and his heirs ruled Norway with short interruptions until 1319. Religious influence from Europe (especially England and Ireland) led to the adoption of Christianity. Central in this was King Olav Haraldsson ("The Holy") who died in the battle of Stiklestad, 1030. He became Norway's patron Saint Olav, and his tomb at Nidaros cathedral Trondheim became the most important pilgrimage destination in Northern Europe. The archdiocese of Nidaros was established in 1153. Around 1200 the Norwegian king ruled over land from Man in the Irish Sea to the Kola Peninsula in the east. Greenland and Iceland were incorporated as dependencies in 1262.​
 
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Benevolent Despot
Nov 7, 2004
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Persons and Families of Note

Olav IV Haakonsson, (1370 - Present Day), King of Norway and Denmark, son of Haakon VI of Norway and Margaret of Denmark. Haakon is was son of King Magnus II of Sweden and Margaret daughter of King Waldemar Atterdag of Denmark. Olaf inherited the Danish throne through his mother and reigns as king of Denmark (1376- Present Day) as Oluf III and the Norwegian throne from his father and reigns in Norway (1380- Present Day) as Olav IV. The somewhat young king rules the two lands under the guidance of his mother, who acts as the kingdom's regent.

Past Kings of Denmark
Harald Fairhair Harald Hårfagre : 872-933
Eirik Bloodaxe Eirik Blodøks : 930-934
Håkon the Good Håkon den Gode : 934-961
Harald Gråfell : 961-976
Haakon Jarl² Håkon Jarl : 976-995
Olav Tryggvason¹ : 995-1000
Svein Forkbeard Svein Tjugeskjegg : 999-1015
Olav Haraldsson, Saint Olav¹ Sankt Olav / Olav den Hellige : 1015-1028
Knut the Great Knut den Mektige : 1028-1035
Magnus the Good Magnus den Gode : 1035-1047
Harald Hardråde : 1046-1066
Magnus Haraldsson : 1066-1069
Olav Kyrre¹ : 1066-1093
Håkon Magnusson : 1093-1094
Magnus Barefoot Magnus Berføtt: 1093-1103
Olav Magnusson¹ : 1103-1110
Øystein Magnusson : 1103-1123
Sigurd Jorsalfar : 1103-1130
Magnus the Blind Magnus Blinde: 1130-1135
Harald Gille : 1130-1136
Sigurd Munn : 1136-1155
Øystein Haraldsson : 1136-1157
Inge Krokrygg : 1136-1161
Håkon Herdebrei : 1157-1162
Magnus Erlingsson : 1161-1184
Sverre Sigurdsson : 1177-1202
Håkon Sverreson : 1202-1204
Guttorm Sigurdsson : 1204
Inge Bårdsson : 1204-1217
Erling Steinvegg : 1204-1207
Filippus Simonsson : 1207-1217
Håkon IV Håkonsson : 1217-1263
Magnus Lagabøte : 1263-1280
Eirik Magnusson : 1280-1299
Håkon V Magnusson : 1299-1319
Magnus Eriksson : 1319-1343
Håkon VI Magnusson : 1343-1380
Olav IV Håkonsson¹ : 1380- Present Day​

Noble Families of Norway​

Within Norway, the power of administration is held be a king. However, due to the Danish union it has occurred that most of the actual day to day administration is left to noble families and clergy. The main families of noted a listed below in rate of decreesing authority. Personages from all these groups have representatives within both the Danish and Norwegian governments.

Galtung – This is one of the now only noble families left from the pre-Danish period. The oldest line can be found in Danmarks Adels Aarbog, while other lines belong to the farmer class. The Galtung family received Adelsbrev (nobility letter's patent) during the Danish period, thus confirming their status during the pre-Danish period

Region of Authority –
Head of Household -
Military Stance - Favors little or no army and only a commercially navy.
Favors - The clergy and their ways within the state.
Disfavors - Nothing notable is disliked by the house.​

Danish Uradel (i.e. with lines living in Norway) -

Region of Authority – .
Head of Household -
Military Stance - Strong army, with little or no navy.
Favors - Greater Danish authority over regional affairs.
Disfavors - Clergy control of the state.​

Arenfeldt -

Region of Authority –
Head of Household -
Military Stance - Strong navy, with little or no army.
Favors - The Danish crown and Sweden.
Disfavors - Things yet undetermined​

Huitfeldt -

Region of Authority –
Head of Household -
Military Stance - An army for the purpose of maintaing or order
Favors - Sweden and an seperate crowns of Norway and Denmark.
Disfavors - War, conflict, and diplomatic problems in the northern lands.​

Krabbe -

Region of Authority –
Head of Household -
Military Stance - A strong navy to ensure commercial prosperity
Favors - The Danish crown above all else.
Disfavors - Nothing notable is disliked by the house​
 
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Benevolent Despot
Nov 7, 2004
118
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Provinces of the Realm

Viken(3) – (literally the bay) is a landscape defined by Oslofjord in southeastern Norway which terminates at Terra Scania on the coast of West Sweden. The cultural hub is centred in Oslo and the capital of the region was formerly at Borre. It comprises the historical areas of Westfold, Östfold, Ranrike, Vingulmark and Bohuslän. During the Völkerwanderung, this was a heavily fortified area of Vikings. Viken colonised Ireland, the Isle of Man and Galloway, North West England and South Wales. The migration brought commerce, a centralised government in the Irish Sea and with them a conjoined nature of Danish-Norwegian placenames. Goidelic Lochlann is a translation of Scandinavian Viken. Contrary to the culture within the Viken and the Irish Sea, there is an isolation between placenames in the Earldom of Orkney from the Normans' home of Vestlandet and placenames in the Danelaw from Denmark.(Zealand placenames in Jorvik and Jutland placenames in East Anglia.)

Bergenhus(2) – This is a portion of the land centered around the city of Bergen. The region is inhabitabed by a great population of people who fuel its thriving industries.

Bohus(3) – This region is Norway is known best for the new Bohus Fortress, or Bohus Fästning. Construction began under king Håkon V of Norway in 1308, who named it "Bagahus", later shortened to "Båhus". Strategically located where Göta älv divides to surround the island of Hisingen, it was for a long time the central installation for defense of southern Norway against Sweden. Today this massive fort proves to be the region’s center points.

Faeroes(0) – The Faroe Islands or simply Faroes (Faroese: Føroyar, meaning "Sheep Islands") are a group of islands in the north Atlantic Ocean between Scotland, Norway and Iceland. The region provides very little income for the kingdom but may serve as the launching point for further expeditions into the north.

Finnmark(0) – Finnmark (Finnmárku in Sami) is a county in the extreme north, bordering Troms. Finnmark is the northernmost county in Norway. (Svalbard is not considered a county.) The northern and western parts are indented by bays. The nature varies from bare coast to river areas with gullies and tree vegetation. The point Knivskjellodden at Nordkapp is the northernmost point of Europe, although Kinnarodden at Nordkyn is the northermost point on the mainland.

Hålogaland(0) – This Hålogaland was the northernmost of the Norwegian provinces for a spell. In the early Viking Age, before Harald Fairhair, Hålogaland was a petty kingdom extending between Namdalen in Nord-Trøndelag and Lyngen in Troms. Perhaps the best known inhabitant was Ottar from Hålogaland. first earl of Lade, Håkon Grjotgardsson, ruler of Trøndelag, came from Hålogaland, and sought to extend his kingdom southwards. Here, he met with Harald Fairhair, and joined him.

Härjedalen(2) – A province in the middle of the country, it borders on Sweden and acts as an important passage between the Kingdom’s extreme north and south.

Iceland(0) – This is the island colony of Norway. Very few people live upon the island and it yields almost no income. Its position, however, holds some strategic worth.

Shetlands(0) – The Shetland Islands (sometimes historically spelled Zetland, formerly Hjaltland) are pieces of land north of Scotland. The Shetland Islands act as a Norwegian colony.

Stavanger(2) – This region is centered around the like named city of Stavanger, which is in the county of Rogaland. It is located on the southwest coast and is the largest city in such region.

Tröndelag(1) – This region in mainland Norway is of very little note but encompassed a sizable amount of land, ruled by prominent families.​
 
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Benevolent Despot
Nov 7, 2004
118
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Diplomatic Concerns


*Realms in Favor ~ Denmark and Sweden

Those with Commercial Pacts -
Those with Military Pacts -​

*Realms in Disfavor ~

Those Engaged in Hostilities -
Those Whom Own Land of the Crown -​

Treaties Honored Within the Realm
 
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Benevolent Despot
Nov 7, 2004
118
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The Court is Open but Under Construction
 
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Mettermrck

The Fuehrer of the Dance
Jul 11, 2001
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A man dressed in the livery of the Teutonic Knights arrives and presents himself at the Norwegian court.

zum Seine Majestät, Olav IV, König von Norwegen

Your humble permission is requested that my servant, Leopold von Hohenlohe, may serve as the representative of the Order of the Teutonic Knights at your court. The friendship of Norway is highly valued.

May you continue to find peace in Our Lord,


Konrad III Zollner von Rothstein
Hochmeister, Der Deutscher Orden
 

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Benevolent Despot
Nov 7, 2004
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Prospects

The sea is a fearsome place, and yet men flock to its shores in herds. Why would a man willingly go to a place that puts his wellbeing in jeopardy? The specific answer to that question lies in the hopes and dreams of the individual, and thus can not be said. However, in a general sense it is the prospect of a better life that draws man to the sea. Since the beginning of time the sea has given great wealth to those brilliant enough to seek it. In this age, in the far and bitter north, that wealth comes in the form of fish similar goods. In their pursuit of riches, as determined by the eye of the beholder, men are driven to do extraordinary things. Very few series of events, related to the sea and desires for earthly possessions, can be remarked as more strange than those concerning voyages to the Icelandic shores...​

******​

The expedition was to be a simple one, or so states the story that peasants whisper over their suppers. Originally, the concept of the expedition had been to seek new fortunes in Iceland. This was, by no means, a new idea in Norway but it was intriguing enough a prospect to raise interest among those informed of it. The plans for this particular expedition were crafted Harold Krabbe, an estranged member of one of Norway’s ruling families. Harold’s original idea of transporting several groups of men to Norway’s “new” frontier in Iceland and exploiting their labors, it has been said, was crafted amidst a night of far too much drinking. This disputed fact cast a shadow over the future of Harold concept from the very beginning. As the story continues, Harold, after recovering from the night upon which he conceived the idea of a voyage, realized the daunting demands of such a mission. The rowdy and rather drunken man found that if he was to continue with his outlandish scheme, he would need to suddenly come upon a rather sizable supply of both men and money. Harold, who by himself was a man of simple means, saw only one way to come upon those two necessities. That being, to beg them of his parents, who were at this time still grasping to some power in northwestern Norway.

Next, in pursuit of his plan Harold traveled to the quaint estate of his parents. Upon his arrival on the land he received a rather cold welcome. Despite the unconcealed tensions existing between Harold and his parents the two parties sat down in a simple meeting. At this point with the story, details become rather obscured. As a direct result, it can not exactly be told how Harold was able to convince his parents, with whom he had fallen out of favor, to fund and supply his drunken scheming. Perhaps, some theorized, the young man had enlightened his parent as to the potential profits to be had from establishing a successful link to Iceland. Despite that such would have been an overstatement of fact, it seems the most likely reasoning. Anyway, by some means, Harold acquired his parent’s favor. And therefore, he had found a sponsor for his planned voyage. With his parents now reluctantly funding his actions, the would-be voyager made the necessary arrangements for a ship to be crafted and supplies conscripted. Next, in the process of transforming his scheme into a calculated plan, Harold found from among his parent subjects a group of men and women willing to commit themselves to a new life. These poor souls could not possibly have known to what they were applying themselves, but all the same they agreed to travel to Iceland. Following the acquisition of these souls, Harold found himself in a rather peculiar position. He then had the fate of a group of men entrusted to him. The fate of those souls would soon be decided…​
 

Lord E

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A letter arrives from Windsor Castle, England

Unto the regent of Norway, on behalf of his majesty Olav IV – King of Denmark and Norway.


Your Excellency,
We extended our best wishes to the health of His Majesty King Olav IV, and His Majesty’s government in Norway. The connections between Norway and England have been turbulent, but also close through history, and I hope that connections might continue also in the future. The sea separates our realms, but Norway with its long coast, and England being an island, the Ocean has always been important for both our realms. So although the see separates us, we are almost neighbours and therefore connections and co-operations between our realms are important.
I therefore would like to hear about how the situation and recent events has happened in Norway, we understand that His Majesty is also the King of Denmark, and that His Majesty, and Her Majesty has moved most of the court to Denmark, we wonder is this correct? And also if His Majesty King Richard II should decide to despatch an envoy to discuss closer co-operation, should that envoy then travel to the regency in Norway, or should such matter be handled with His Majesty in Denmark?

Once more His majesty King Richard the second of England extends his best wishes to the Kingdom of Norway and its King, and we hope that all is well.


Written at Windsor, in the year of Our Lord 1383 A.D
On behalf of His Majesty Richard the second, by the Grace of God King of England and France, Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine , Sovereign of the Order of the Garter


Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Lord Chancellor
 

Lord E

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A letter arrives from Windsor Castle, England

Unto Inge Galtung, on behalf of his majesty Olav IV – King of Denmark and Norway.


Your Excellency,
I wish to thank Your Excellency for your reply, and that Your Excellency have take the time to give us an explanation of recent events in Denmark and Norway.
Peace is always good for a kingdom, and although much can be gained on the field of battle, years of peace are also valuable to us all, and those also give us much. England and Norway has passed the times where there were conflicts between us, and therefore we know hope for peace and understanding.

England has great wishes to maintain the relations of peace, and we hope that Your Excellency’s regent council in Norway would be willing to trade with England; for trade is valuable for realms, both for income and for investment. Also as you say Iceland is close both to Norway and England, and I am sure it would be good for both if we could agree on co-operation.

His Majesty would like to thank you for your express of good wishes to His Majesty’s wellbeing and health, and His Majesty’s send the same in return.

We wish you and His Majesty everything well, and pray that you are all in good health.


Written at Windsor, in the year of Our Lord 1383 A.D
On behalf of His Majesty Richard the second, by the Grace of God King of England and France, Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine , Sovereign of the Order of the Garter


Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Lord Chancellor