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    The realm rejoices as Paradox Interactive announces the launch of Crusader Kings III, the latest entry in the publisher’s grand strategy role-playing game franchise. Advisors may now jockey for positions of influence and adversaries should save their schemes for another day, because on this day Crusader Kings III can be purchased on Steam, the Paradox Store, and other major online retailers.


    Real Strategy Requires Cunning
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Jokurr

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The World War: 1907-1912

As the communists prepared for war with France, few could foresee how the war would escalate into a global conflict, and how large the staggering loss of life would be throughout the war. When war was declared, many allies of the French declared war on the PRA in return. Spain, Portugal, Austria, Belgium, and Bavaria all came to France's aid against the PRA, who in return called its own allies into the war. Most of the countries officially involved in the war were too small or too far away to make any significant impact on the war, the only real ally of the French that the PRA found themselves fighting against was their old enemy, Spain.

The PRA captured French Guyana with little resistance within months, but the war did not end there. The French had recently lost the Alsace-Lorraine region to The North German Federation, and half of their colony in Southeast Asia to the British. They still were still at war with Italy, which was the only war that was going favourably for the French. When that war was over they planned to counterattack the PRA, so they did not consider their South American colony lost just yet. The French decision not to give up Guyana would have grave consequences for them in the years to come.


American troops in French Guyana

With France's refusal to surrender, the PRA decided to expand their military campaign in the summer of 1907. Using their now unstoppable navy, they launched invasions on both French and Spanish colonies across the globe. Cuba, French colonies in the Caribbean, both French and Spanish Micronesia, as well as French New Guinea were all invaded, and there was little either the French or Spanish navy could do to stop the PRA. Realizing just how large the advantage the PRA had, the communists considered just how far they could push their luck.


American troops in the South Pacific

The Communists considered the possibility that they could defeat France in its entirety, resulting in a "winner takes all" scenario where all of France's colonial possessions would become American. It was doubtful that a direct assault on France itself would be successful as the PRA had no platform to launch from in Europe, but the PRA could establish one through Africa. Liberia, while part of the PRA sphere and a communist country, had remained neutral. The PRA could use it a base to launch an invasion into the French African colonies, eventually working their way up to Spanish Morocco. From Morocco they could easily attack Spain, and from Spain into France itself. It was a bold plan, and it would not be a quick campaign. With the campaign beginning in Spring 1908, military planners believed that they would be in France before the end of 1910.


The route for the PRA offensive starting in Spring 1908

The campaign commenced in April 1908, as planned. Hundreds of thousands of American soldiers were shipped to Africa, in what was the largest overseas military campaign the PRA, or even the former USA had ever attempted.
A month later, a dramatic series of events would escalate the war even further than it had been. Italy, while no friend of the PRA, was still at war with France and in a desperate situation. Near complete defeat, they decided to offer an alliance with the PRA in an attempt to bring down the French together. The PRA realized there was little they could do to help Italy's desperate situation, as the Mediterranean and most of Italy itself was occupied by France and her Allies. Likewise, there was little the Italians could do to directly help the PRA. However, an Ally in Europe could prove to be incredibly valuable in the future, so the PRA agreed. Italy also extended the same offer to the NGF (North German Federation) who agreed, but did not extend that alliance to the PRA. While the NGF, the great democracy of Europe, was bitter enemies with France, if there was anyone they hated more, it was the PRA. France, alarmed that her enemies were working together to wipe France off the map, began its own series of diplomatic actions to gain more allies. As the saying goes, an enemy of an enemy is a friend. Three countries joined France, mainly out of ideology to destroy the PRA and everything it stood for. The greatest ally France would gain was the PRA's greatest ideological enemy, Russia. The capitalists in Russia had overthrown the monarchy a decade earlier and established a Bourgeois dictatorship, a complete opposite ideology of the PRA. The others were Baden, a German ally of France, and Chile, who opposed the spread of communism through South America. While the PRA, Italy, and the NGF were all now at war with France, and supposedly working together, their campaigns remained quite separate, particularly that of the PRA and the NGF. Nonetheless, the series of conflicts against France and her allies had reached a global scale, unlike any other war the world had ever seen. This war was different, with conflicts on every continent. It was a World War.


American recruits waved off as "war fever" reached an all time high

The PRA initially encountered little opposition in Africa, and through the summer of 1908 made significant gains. However, by Autumn 1908, French and Spanish reinforcements had arrived en masse in Africa, and began to slow the PRA's progress. The French and Spanish reinforcements could reach Africa much quicker than the PRA could, as the PRA transport fleets could only transport so many men, and it was a long voyage. Over the next year hundreds of thousands of men would perish in the bitter fighting, and many more would succumb to the harsh conditions in Africa, mainly due to disease and lack of adequate supplies. Overtime, the PRA could not keep up with the continuous stream of enemy reinforcements, and by late Summer 1909 had been pushed all the way back to Liberia, taking substantial losses in the process.


Artillery in Africa

While initially reluctant to involve the Navy in large scale operations far away from any friendly base, the PRA realized that the constant flow of enemy troops out of Europe and into Africa could result in them losing the war. As soon as the PRA started losing significant ground in Spring 1909, the Navy was sent to form a blockade in the Mediterranean, cutting off Europe from Africa. In addition, the amount of transport ships in the navy was doubled to allow more troops to get to Africa at a much quicker rate. While the blockade was too little too late to prevent the PRA from being overrun by summer, in the long run it would turn the tide of the war.


The PRA Navy in the Mediterranean

In October 1909 the PRA renewed their assault in Africa. While the French and Spanish were now cut off, there was still a force of over 200,000 professional soldiers in Africa. In addition, the French relied on conscripting the locals to fight for them. The French, Spanish, and Russian navies also attacked the PRA blockade. Despite being outnumbered, the superior American dreadnaughts held firm against their foes, and nearly nothing got through the blockade into Africa.


Local African soldiers recruited by the French

Unlike their first African campaign, the PRA faced fierce opposition straight away with their renewed assault. Just north of Liberia, The French put up a fierce resistance to the PRA's attempt to move north. As more PRA soldiers arrived in Liberia to help the push, more French soldiers joined the defense. In the province of Kankan, the largest battle of the war was decided. With well over half a million men involved in the battle, the fighting was long and fierce, and hundreds of thousands succumbed to the fighting. Even away from the front line the conditions were harsh, as supply limits could not keep up with the hundreds of thousands of soldiers that had amassed there. By late February 1910, the French lines had began to break, and they retreated in full. When all was said and done, the amount of casualties between both sides had neared 200,000. It was one of the greatest battles the PRA had ever fought, and they came out victorious. For the French it was a disaster, and was the last well organized defense they would form.


Results of the Battle of Kankan

Throughout the year of 1910 the PRA pushed hard north through Africa, from the forests and savannas of Guinea and into the harsh Sahara desert. The fighting was still fierce, though the French could not stop the PRA's advance. As the PRA moved through the Sahara their advance slowed, but did not stop, and by the end of the year they had reached Spanish Morocco. By January 1911 they prepared to cross the straits of Gibraltar and move into Spain itself, the first time the PRA would attempt a land invasion on Europe itself.


PRA Progress by January 1911

While the PRA fought in Africa during the years of 1909 and 1910, the fighting in Europe between France and her enemies the NGF and Italy continued. Fighting between the NGF and France was particularly bitter, but by mid 1909 the war was going clearly in the NGF's favour as they began to occupy much of France itself. In February of 1910 France and Italy were able to agree on peace, which allowed France to concentrate on the NGF who had occupied much of their homeland, and the PRA to the south who at the time had just won the battle of Kankan. The peace agreement was a humiliating defeat for Italy, who ended up losing Piemonte to France, and even the island of Sicily was handed over to Bavaria. The Italian government laid much of the blame for their loss on the PRA who failed to come to their aid, and relations between the two counties quickly deteriorated. They were never friends to begin with, and the shaky alliance they created less than two years prior completely fell apart.


Italy After their surrender

Even though France was now able to pull their troops out of Italy to face the immediate German threat, it was a lost cause. The German occupation force was overwhelming, and before long the France was completely occupied. The NGF found themselves in a position where they could demand nearly anything they wanted from the French. They annexed the Franche-Comte region, annexed the nation of Baden, and returned Piemonte to Italy. On top of that, they found themselves in a position where they could deny the PRA what they wanted from France. Determined to stop the spread of communism wherever possible, the French and Germans agreed to prevent the PRA from annexing French Guyana. As part of the Franco-German peace agreement, French Guyana was to become its own nation, albeit heavily influenced by the NGF. When the communists in the PRA were made aware of this deal, they were furious. However, they also realized that refusing to disengage from Guyana could be seen as an act of war with the NGF, a situation the PRA did not want to involve themselves in, at least not yet. Reluctantly, the PRA recognized the independence of Guyana and withdrawled.


The independent nation of Guyana

The PRA campaign into Spain which began in January 1911 was relatively easy when compared to the conditions they had previously faced in Africa, and their campaign was complete by October of the same year. When Spain and the PRA came to an agreement on peace, the result was an overwhelming victory for the PRA. The current Spanish monarchy would be overthrown, and replaced with a communist dictatorship. The new Spanish communist government agreed to give Cuba to the PRA. The PRA had also demanded that the Philippines be annexed, but while the Spanish communists were friendly towards the PRA, they were reluctant to give away one of their last major colonial possessions. The PRA reluctantly agreed that Spain would retain control of the island of Mindanao, while the rest of the Philippines would be annexed by the PRA. Most importantly of all, the PRA now had an important ally on mainland Europe, which they used to launch their invasion into France.


Spain surrenders

The invasion into France itself was the easiest campaign yet for the PRA. France itself was in complete disarray from the German occupation which had only ended a short while ago, and the once might French army had largely vanished. There was almost no resistance at all to the PRA invasion. The invasion began in March 1912, and was finished by August. The PRA had achieved victory, and the French were forced to dismantle their empire.


France Surrenders

Over the coming months through a series of treaties, France's colonies were signed over to the PRA one by one. In addition, Southern France was to be divided into several new nations, to permanently prevent France from ever achieving its former Strength. Much of Southern France would form into the nation of Occitania, and along the border with Spain, two new small nations would form, Catalonia and Vasconia. France immediately plunged into revolt, including the now German Franche-Comte. The revolt was so intense that Germans reluctantly agreed to hand that area over back to France, but even with that territory regained, France was no more, and its economy had completely collapsed. Only a few short years earlier it was considered to be the third greatest nation in the world by international standards, now it was ranked 60th.


Discussion on the fate of the former French Colonies


Europe after the end of the war

The PRA now had possessions on every continent except Europe, but there they had their new ally Spain. France was in ruins, and most of her former allies had pulled back their support. Chile, who supported France, had been occupied by the PRA's South American communist allies and had become communist as well. While the PRA had always been a strong nation, they were now undeniably the strongest nation in the world.


Map of the world after the World War


Map highlighting the People's Republic of America after the World War
 

MrQwerty

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That was a very ambitious goal :eek:hmy: . With 26 years left and two great powers defeated, Britain and several other countries should fall as well! Good luck.
 

Guilu

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Impressive stuff. What is Britain's position on the list ? I wouldn't think the loss of Canada and Australia would knock them out of the GP list would it ?
 

Jokurr

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Britain is #2. They still have a higher industry score than I do but hopefully that will soon change.


Since before now I didn't have any colonies besides a few islands in the south Pacific, there seems to be large parts of the world that are uncolonizable. A large part of Africa, part of Australia, and a small part of northeastern Siberia. I'm bordering the area in Africa and the game tells me it has a liferating of 15, but the lowest I can colonize is 30. This doesn't seem to make any sense since I have all of the colonizing techs and so does all of the other great powers. I'm thinking this might be some kind of bug since every other colonizable province has been colonized since the 1880s besides the few that can't be colonized for some reason, including other provinces with a liferating of 15. If it is indeed a bug, does anyone know how I can fix it?
 

Werson

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Great stuff, is this what Great Wars do? I've never actually had a Great War since I rarely play beyond the 1900's.

How come Occitania was released? Its existence at that time would be very implausible as the number of Occitain speakers had been dwindling since the 1800's, and the remaining ones were only in the East parts, not Gascony, still, great stuff.
 

Jape

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I trust the colonies are now "transitional people's republics" who will brought into the brotherhood of workers when they have the developed the industrial and political base necessary to implement accurate Marxist dogma. Of course when they have arrived at such a point will be for the People's Republic of America to decide...

Also, liberate India! And why not Ireland too? I'm sure the King's pirates are no match for the egalitarian battle fleet of the proletariat!

EDIT: and congratulations
 

Nikolai

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Congrats with the award!

And that poor rump France...:eek:
 

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This is really fascinating stuff! It's gotten me interested in APD, if nothing else. :)
 

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How come Occitania was released? Its existence at that time would be very implausible as the number of Occitain speakers had been dwindling since the 1800's, and the remaining ones were only in the East parts, not Gascony, still, great stuff.
In the East ? I guess the Free Republic of Vercors is not that far off..
 

Arokel

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Still waiting to see the Sons of Liberty make a return.

America will be free again!
 

Selvetrica

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Still waiting to see the Sons of Liberty make a return.

America will be free again!
Perhaps even better with a little modding. The sons of Liberty runs off to Africa and Forms United States Of Africa(USA:p) Then it could be called maybe, The Atlantic War or something
 

Sir Garnet

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What "Reforms" Represent Communism?

Intriguing title, great AAR content and very complementary illustrations! Thank you for the AAR!.

This is a great thread but why would slavery be allowed under communism? That doesn't make sense. Neither does child labor, religious education, no controls over pollution, no arts endowment and minimal safety regulations?
I have thought about this quite a bit and disagree because we need to look at the substance and not just on the surface.

What Reforms properly represent Communism is an interesting question and I looked at the choices carefully.

Good Minimum Wage is OK because it lowers militancy and under Communism the workers are trained to believe their compensation is "good," even though in the context of the overall economy the workers are given not much more than a living so it would make more sense for this to be set low to represent the sacrifices made for the people's state and the future. However, that is also taken care of by high taxes.

8 Hour Workday: Communist workers can be worked to the bone without much choice in the matter, but if this
short day is meant to represent relatively low productive time per day then this is the right choice.

Minimal Safety Regulations seems right to me. People are a resource and the state, immune to complaints, will even in a non-communist situation typically do a cost/benefit analysis leading to fewer safety precautions than capitalists concerned about liability and damages.

Generous Unemployment Subsidies may be generous only by Communist standards but in any case reduce the incentive to work and increases the relative cost of labor as well as represent the cradle-to-grave support (even at a low level) of socialist regimes, so with high taxes this works economically.

Legal Child Labor could go either way. Kids will either be working or being indoctrinated, either of which could easily be seen negatively by the public, so I think having it be Legal better represents communism.

Good Pensions are analyzed like Unemployment Subsidies.

Good health care? Questionable empirically and economically, but Trinket doesn't work either. As in other areas, people need a minimum level of maintenance to stay productive, but don't get as much as they would prefer by their own choice.

No Pollution Controls makes sense since the officers of the state determine what wear and tear on the work force, physical plant, and environment is necessary to achieve state objectives.

No Art Endowments makes sense, since communist art is not for pleasure but for propaganda and often considered as a waste of resources if not annoyance.

Religious Education is an interesting one and fits well since since education in the Marxist faith and dogma is similar to but more rigorous, unforgiving, and comprehensive than training in other universal orthodoxies.

No voting, No Public Meetings, State Press, and Ruling Party-only Upper House, are all obvious along with Underground-only Political Parties i, as are Mandatory Service under Conscription and "Nobody Gets Out" for immigration/emigration.

Treatment of minorities could go either way in practice, but in principle discrimination is on other grounds. Slavery/forced labor is common under communism but a different kind of oppression, so I think the choice needs to be made based on game effects and how they best represent the particular regime.
 

Jokurr

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Communism Worldwide: 1912-1917
After the end of the World War, the PRA while victorious, had become exhausted from war. The advent film and radio allowed people to see and hear about the war first hand, and what terrors came with it. At the same time, the communist government made use of this new technology to spread their propaganda. They claimed that the PRA was now by far the most powerful nation on the earth, which was true. They now had major colonial possessions spanning the entire globe, and a military second to none. They made promises that under their global empire the life of the average American would improve unlike ever before. The PRA planned a colonial fair to show off their new possessions, both to their own citizens and the rest of the world.


The planning of a colonial exposition to show off the PRA's newly acquired colonies

The situation in Europe became shaky in the aftermath of the war. France immediately plunged into civil war, with a communist government emerging on top. The PRA quickly moved in to set up diplomatic relations with this new government, once again proclaiming that communism had been victorious. Despite this, France was in ruins. To keep relations between France and the PRA amiable, the communists laid blame on the Germans for France's abysmal state.


The great powers of the world and France, 1913

By summer of 1914, two years after the end of the war, the situation of the average American had improved very little, leading to large amounts of discontent among the populace. While the Sons of Liberty had largely faded from the public eye, they still worked behind the scenes to spread the ideals of liberalism and eventually return democracy to America.


High militancy in the PRA, August 1914

Over the next year they worked hard to gain more and more support, until discontent reached a critical level. Canada who had been brought into the PRA's sphere of influence, was still a democracy. The ideals of democracy and liberalism flowed in freely from the PRA's northern neighbour, causing particularly high levels of militancy in the north. In the summer of 1915 Jacobian rebels openly rebelled against the communists in an attempt to overthrow them.


Outbreak of the Jacobian rebellion, 1915

Despite a large number of citizens joining the Jacobians' cause, their loosely knit militias were no match for the advanced fighting force that made up the PRA army. Throughout the fall of 1915 the rebels suffered disastrous losses, while casualties to the PRA were minimal.


The battle of Washington ended on October 9th, 1915

The colonial fair that the PRA had scheduled years before, was set to commence in November of 1915. While large amounts of the rebellious Jacobians had been defeated, they still controlled large sections of the country. The colonial exposition went ahead regardless, in an attempt to show that the PRA had control over the situation and did not consider the Jacobians a serious threat.


The colonial exposition opened in Washington just over a month after the Battle of Washington

Before the rebel situation was even fully resolved, the communists directed all blame for the rebellion at Canada, and demanded that the current party step down and be replaced with a communist regime. When the Canadians refused, the PRA declared war for the second time in fifteen years. This second war in Canada proved to be a much easier campaign for the communists than the first time and by the spring of 1916 the Canadians surrendered.


The PRA declares war on Canada, December 1st, 1915


The PRA achieved victory 5 months later on May 4th, 1916

In Europe more revolutions occurred in the name of socialism. Romania had become a communist dictatorship and even Russia, a bourgeois dictatorship and the ideological enemy of the PRA fell to socialist rebels. However, instead of adopting communism they installed democratic ideals, with a socialist party put into power. The PRA attempted to set up diplomatic relations with these countries, but failed. Communism was no longer a force dominated by the PRA ruling class, but a world wide phenomenon that was not necessarily connected.


The 1914 communist revolution of Romania and the 1917 socialist revolution of Russia

Looking to expand their own influence once more, the PRA turned to their once useful ally, Brazil. Though Brazil had never been communist, they had been friends with the PRA in past decades before relations between the two countries turned south. The PRA fabricated lies about the Brazilian government committing atrocities against it's own people, and rumors that Brazil would attack other communist South American countries allied to the PRA. In September 1916 they declared war, and launched a large campaign over the next year. The Brazilians put up little resistance against the PRA and her allies, and by June 1917 they surrendered and adopted communism.


The Brazilian navy, a mix of modern and sail ships, was no match for the PRA's fully modernized fleet


The PRA's campaign in Brazil on April 30th, 1917. Peace was declared one month later on June 1st.

Despite gaining an ally in South America, the PRA began to lose it's grip on other communist allies. In Mexico, increased pressure against the communist dictatorship forced them to adopt democratic institutions, and in short order the communists were voted out. Not long after that, Peru followed in suit and peacefully removed the communist dictatorship from power. This was a slight that the PRA could not allow.


The "Mexican Thaw" began in 1915 when several democratic reforms were passed. Two years later in 1917, the incumbent communist government lost to the Conservative party in an election.
 

TheMadMoravian

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Hallelujah! Another part, brilliant.
I wonder how the PRA will retaliate against the lessening of Communism's grip on Mexico and Peru. A second Communist takeover looks likely, it's odd though that some of the original communist nations are now turning away from it. Might foreshadow events in Europe in the future.
 
Last edited:

MrQwerty

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A democratic Mexico? How horrible! You must end it at once!
-------------------------------------
So you have picked your reforms for ideological, rather than economic reasons?
 

unmerged(648900)

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Awesome AAR keep it up and I didn't know states could secede on victoria 2
 

olvirki

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Nice update. The game you are having is also interesting, I wonder how much of the world will be communist/socialist by 1936. Most (or all ?) of the Americas have already become communist (and Spain ?), now Russia and Romania just turned socialist and communist. Most of the world and it's population isn't communist/socialist yet, but with the world's greatest power and the third most powerful nation on your earth Communist and socialist, I wonder how much will be communist and socialist by 1936.
 
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