- Dec 14, 2002
The House of Habsburg
The Austrian Empire 1804
The Austrian Empire was founded in 1804 by Franz I on a remnant of the Holy Roman Empire. It was a direct response to Napoleon Bonaparte’s proclamation of the First French Empire in that same year. Franz I Emperor (1804-1835), Napoleon I’s father-in-law, was formerly Holy Roman Emperor as Francis II. Austria, as part of the third coalition, was defeated by the French at Austerlitz in 1805 and Austrian foreign policy in the ensuing years was centred around its fear and distrust of France.
Congress of Vienna 1815
After Napoleon’s eventual defeat at waterloo, the Congress of Vienna reset the borders of Europe. The meeting of Europe’s major powers, including France under a restored Bourbon monarchy, was chaired by the Chancellor of Austria, Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, who went on to become Europe’s premier statesman. Austria benefited from several points of the Congress of Vienna. Austria became a member state of the newly formed German Confederation and Franz I was given its presidency. Switzerland had its neutrality confirmed by all of the Great Powers which protected part of Austria’s national border. Austria regained the Tirol and was ceded the Lombardy-Venetia and Dalmatia. Habsburg princes were returned to control over the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Duchy of Modena too. The rule of the Duchy of Parma was given to another Habsburg, the one time Empress of the French, Duchess Marie Louise, daughter of Franz I of Austria, second wife of Napoleon Bonaparte and mother of Napoleon II, King of Rome. Other effects of the Congress included: Restoration of the Papal States under the Pope. Restoration of the King of Sardinia in Piedmont, Savoy and Nice. Russia gained most of the Duchy of Warsaw, Prussia gained from the rest along with receiving parts of Saxony and Swedish Pomerania.
Austria was not a country, it was an organisation. Its population was not Austrian but German, Magyar, Czech, Italian, Pole and Slav. Austria was a member state of the German Confederation and its Habsburg rulers dreamt of uniting a German nation under its own hegemony. Austria’s administration was centralised and the aristocracy gravitated around the German speaking Austrian court. The Emperor ruled from his seat in Vienna and at a local level, each state had its own diet (assembly). The diets had no real power. They had no power to create laws, nor to reject or object to new laws. Primarily they existed to exert local control over the masses by the aristocracy and for tax collection. The largest of the diets was the Hungarian diet that met at Bratislava. During the nineteenth century many peoples were drawn away from rural areas to the towns as agrarianism gave way to industrialism. The towns were very Germanic in flavour and the German language predominated in urban areas, in businesses, in education and industry. Austrian identity was born out of progression as more and more people thought of themselves as Austrian-Germans.
Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia.
Ferdinand was forty two years of age when he succeeded his father as Emperor in 1835 and ruled until he abdicated in 1848, the year of revolutions. He was epileptic, rickety and weak minded. An unofficial regent council of Metternich with Habsburg nobles steered the Empire throughout Ferdinand’s reign. He died in 1875.
Austria VIPR01 normal/normal
Slight moderations to reduce production efficiencies of some commodities, principally coal, iron, timber, grain, fruit, fish, wool, precious metals. And slight reduction in running costs for social reforms.
I hope this works out. I am not a very good Vicky player and I’ve never played Austria at all. I have no idea what’s in store for me. Maybe I should have played a test game? But I’m too impetuous to play a test game. It would be like installing a new game and actually reading the manual before begining to play, I mean who on earth does that?
I have read many excellent AARs on these forums by talented writers and knowledgeable forumites. So here is my offering but believe me I’m no expert in history and not a talented writer; so please don't expect historical accuracy. This is actually my second AAR. The first was a CK offering that ended abruptly due to a bit of a bug. It would be very nice to actually have the encouragement of a few readers and I’m willing to beg if necessary to get some. That being said, expect updates to be somewhat slow.