Yup, it almost makes me wonder what dynasty I should be writing about.
The Habsburgs after dying out in Austria mysteriously re-appear inside the small city of Luxembourg and from there manage to take over three of the greatest powers of Europe. Only the de Valois and the Genghisids can stand against them in France and in the East.
Mahmud Genghisid, Khagan of the Golden Horde
Lived From 1424.9.3 - 1500.7.20
Ruled From 1433.5.21 - 1500.7.20
Mahmud is cemented in history as the longest reigning monarch of the Golden Horde, and possibly, in fact, the entire world. Mahmud began his reign at the young age of nine, being the sixth son of Shadi Beg, the necessity of his birth was only prompted when Shadi Beg's first son passed away leaving the throne vacant. Instead of wishing to pass on the throne to either of his surviving sons he attempted to secure an heir the old fashioned way, and succeeded, nine years before his death. Mahmud was drilled and trained in the arts, politics, warfare, and every conceivable measure of administration for much of his early years. Mahmud hardly knew his father as anything other than a drill master when he finally came to the throne. While Mahmud showed the possibility of true greatness, upon succeeding the throne he never went beyond competent levels do this his own ceasing of his education after succeeding the throne. After all, there was far more pressing matters than Algebra, the dirty world of Politics, and the grammatical structure of the fourteen different Turkish languages inside the Muslim world.
Upon succeeding the throne, there was a great many wars declared against the Golden Horde. Many rulers, upon hearing the death of Shadi Beg, thought that the Golden Horde would be an easy conquest with it's Khagan merely a young boy. They were, sadly, mistaken. Novgorod, Muscovy, Lithuania, Hungary, Castille, Granada, the Timurids, and so many more send down armies to descend upon Sarai. They never made it beyond the borders. All of them, except the Timurids, were completely and utterly devastated within the first few months of their attacks. Muscovy and Novgorod lost much of their territory. Lithuania and the rest peaced out with nothing gained. And the Timurids were soundly defeated in a suitable revenge for the death of Shadi Beg who died laying siege to reconquer his lands in Siberia. Needless to say, Mahmud ordered the sacking of Tyumen as a warning to others: Never betray your Khagan.
Mahmud was careful to reward his allies throughout this endeavor for those who stood by him as it seemed the entire world turned against him. The Mamluks, Corsica, and Oman were all richly rewarded with the Khagan's treasury. By the time all the conflicts were over, Mahmud had grown to be sixteen years of age, old enough to rule unquestionably inside the Horde. The newly created vassal of Armenia showed unquestionable bravery throughout the ordeal, and was also rewarded. However this peaceful intermission would not last long. The Byzantines were all too fond of declaring war upon Yusuf, Mahmud's nephew, and for this they would have to suffer. The war against the Byzantines, however, would not occur quick enough to actually stop the annexation of the Tripoli coast, and the regicide of the Tripoli Genghisids. Furious, Mahmud crushed the Byzantine Armies, annexed Wallacia, pushed back their allies in the north, and took over several areas that remained Turkish despite their lengthy occupation by the vial Greeks.
That is not to say that things have been going smoothly within the empire. It is quite the opposite, in fact. Over the past decade there has been unending rebels rampaging across the Khaganate because they are... unhappy, with the constant warfare, with the sunni religious dominance, and being ruled over by a sixteen year old child, despite that Mahmud was much older by the time many of these provinces rose up in rebellion. They were all thoroughly defeated, but the years upon years of constant beating down of the rebel forces made Mahmud wonder how it was even possible the Georgians, Russians, and other minorities could breed fast enough to send their young men to perish in constant warfare. In time, however, they were consistently brought into the fold.
Over the years, Mahmud would consistently go to war with the Russians, Lithuanians, Timurids, Byzantines, Hungarians, Castillians, and the English, gradually enlarging his empire. In fact, there was a time when many believed that the Golden Horde had overextended itself, being over 40% of the new province (30+) were not considered part of the core empire. Mahmud laughed these claims off and merely said: "In time all will be a core part of the Horde!" Many European rulers must have caught wind of this because they immediately declared war against Mahmud for being "dishonorable scum." Needless to say, Mahmud toned down the rhetoric and the conquering for a decade. Also, it is needless to say that Mahmud thoroughly crushed the decrepit invaders from afar.
When Qara Yusuf finally died in 1456, Mahmud was left without any surviving brothers. This sad and lonely fact was soon supplanted by a much happier one. Hasan 'Ali, Qara Yusuf's fourth son, rose to the throne and agreed, finally, to join in a military alliance with the Khagan. Hasan also appeared to be a much more educated individual than any Khan Mahmud had ever known. The two often spent time together in Sarai, which was quickly recovering do to the serfs moving to the city, and the two were alligned together inside several wars as Mahmud carefully picked apart the remaining Russian territories, and later completely devastated Lithuania. When Hasan died, Mahmud felt truly alone. His son, Qara Yusuf II, was a far more reclusive soul. Most likely because the Qara Koyunlu Khanate did not take kindly to having their Khan spend more time in Sarai than in Azerbaijan. What troubled Mahmud more than anything following Hasan's demise was that he wanted to talk about an dire threat inside of Europe that needed to be addressed.
Mahmud would ponder what this dire threat was for several years, but it quickly became apparent during the later decades of his life when England, Norway, Hungary, and Castille were all at war with Mahmud and his Golden Horde. The threat Hasan was trying to warn Mahmud of was that of the Habsburgs. As the four nations continued an unending war against the Khagan, Mahmud began to question whether or not Hasan's death was of natural causes. Mahmud's last decade saw minor expansion in the north, the annexation of the Nogai, and constant warfare with the Habsburg powers. Mahmud finally perished some time in the night in 1500 a.d. He was a little over a month shy of his 76th birthday.
Qara Yusuf II Genghisid, Khan of the Qara Koyunlu, Dynasty Ended in Khanate Following Coup
Lived From: 1469.1.16 - 1535.9.10
Ruled From: 1476.7.10 - 1535.9.10
Qara Yusuf was by all accounts a rather incompetent moron, though one might wonder if his lack of upbringing ultimately had something to do with it. After all, he did gain the throne at the tender age of eight and much of his early life was dominated by conservative tribal leaders from around the Qara Koyunlu. Three people would attempt to replace Qara Yusuf before the fourth one finally succeeded. All three of them were of his close kin. The fourth one, however, was the only one to not be a Genghisid, and unfortunately for the Genghisids inside the Khanate, the only one to have succeeded. That said, there have been recent observations which may indicate that Qara Yusuf may have been a mediocre ruler rather than one of extreme incompetence.
Upon succeeding the throne Qara Yusuf was cut off from the outside world. The only ones who would see him were his caretakers, the most powerful of which was Mohammad Qadir. While Qara Yusuf was, on sparse occasion, informed of the matters of state, he would have no say what so ever. This was shown in stark clarity upon the matter of the Hapsburg incident. The Habsburg incident was not a single occurrence, but rather five events dealing with the Habsburgs. The first of the events was when the Habsburg King James of England offered a white peace with the Qara Koyunlu tribe stating that such a conflict was unnecessary for their two peoples. Qara Yusuf immediately refused the offer, but his refusal was overruled by Qadir and his entourage. The second event was of a similar matter, but this time with the Habsburgs of Spain. Needless to say the loss of a strong ally was unwelcomed by Mahmud, but he didn't hold it against them. The third event was a request by Mahmud to re-enter the alliance against the Habsburgs five years later. This request was accepted.
When all things seemed to be going well for the war effort against the Spanish and English for the Qara Koyunlu and Golden Horde the Habsburgs approached the Khanate yet again for peace and again Qara Yusuf was overruled by Qadir. Mahmud died before learning of this second betrayal. The Fifth and final event occurred when Mahmud's successor requested very plainly of their ally and kin to fight together against the invaders from across the sea. This request never even reached Qara Yusuf's ears and Qadir rejected it effectively ending the alliance between the Horde and the Khanate. There was mixed feelings about this move, but Qadir and the people in charge were confident that the Horde would be unable to act against them and felt that this act would put them in the good graces of the Habsburgs who have begun to encroach upon their region.
This was not a universally accepted position by the Qara Koyunlu tribes, and immediately Qara Yusuf's younger brother, Jahan Shah, revolted taking with him some Persian territories to overthrow Qara Yusuf. Jahan was unaware that it was Qadir who was making all of the decisions, so when Qadir sent messengers to Jahan stating that they were allies against Qara Yusuf's eradic behavior it seemed more like a godsend than a ruse. Qadir lured Jahan into a trap and then exterminated his forces. Qadir, now confident of his rule in the Qara Koyunlu Khanate, began to outwardly display himself as a "hero" to the Qara Koyunlu for putting down the coup. Unfortunately for Qadir he grievously miscalculated.
The Timurids, both noticing the Qara Koyunlu was without it's guardian and realizing that the Qara Koyunlu were unstable launched an invasion against the small empire. An Empire stretching from the Sea of Japan to the Persian Gulf descended upon the Qara Koyunlu. This was something that Qadir never even considered for he believed that the Timurids had abandoned westward expansion after their defeat by the Golden Horde. Qadir did not recognize that the only reason why the Timurids had halted their westward advance was because they recognized the Horde in the west. If any nation there were to lose the protection of the Golden Horde then it would be only natural for the Timurids to invade. As the Qara Koyunlu were overrun, Qadir was overthrown and executed by Qara Yusuf who was now in his thirties. Qara Yusuf appealed to the Golden Horde, and miraculously the Khagan unleashed his armies upon the Timurids. A white peace was achieved in a matter of weeks.
For a time it looked as though Qara Yusuf was a champion. A man who had swept away a corrupt regime and saved the Khanate from total annihilation. Though, in time, this gradually wore off. Qara Yusuf had no idea how to manage the state and was heavily reliant on his ministers. In 1512 Qara Yusuf abandoned all pretense of being in charge and indulged fully in gambling and earthly pleasures. When rumors began to circulate that Qara Yusuf had been drinking wine, Qara Yusuf's youngest brother declared outright rebellion in Persia. Pir Budaq Genghisid rallied the Persians into a religious frenzy against the Qara Koyunlu. Pir Budaq's attempts to replace Qara Yusuf as Khan never materialized due to his own demise. The provinces that rebelled, however, never were quelled and established a theocratic nation of Persia. The only Persian territory to remain within the Khanate was that bordering the Caspian sea.
With two coups against him already and the loss of half his nation to rebels Qara Yusuf became increasingly paranoid and began suspecting everyone around him of misdeeds and treason. It was at this point that even his own son, Hasan, began contemplating rebellion. Hasan would not move against his father for fear that it was an act far too sinful to be forgiven, but when his elder brother, Qara Yusuf, was executed for suspicion of treason he knew he had to act. In 1535 Hasan rebelled against his father. Hasan's coup was initially successful and he soon won half of the Khanate by his side. When Hasan moved against the capital a piece of mortor struck his horse and he died as a result.
With three coups against him Qara Yusuf began to exterminate his entire family on flimsy grounds of treason and began exterminating their associates. The Genghisids abandoned the Qara Koyunlu Khanate under threat of certain demise. In September, however, Qara Yusuf was assassinated by Hasan Nasr who immediately declared an end to Genghisid rule. The Khanate, sick of the misrule of Qara Yusuf, were eager to get rid of him and soon many supported Hasan Nasr to take control of the Khanate.The move, while practical, signified a break with the Horde. Hasan Nasr made a promise to the Khagan that if his line were to be extinguished or if it would produce a Qara Yusuf II, then he would gladly accept a Genghisid back on the throne of the Qara Koyunlu. This move was probably to gain support from them in case of a Timurid attack, and since the Persian Theocracy has already been absorbed into the Timurid's Mongolian Empire, it is only wise to try to endear himself towards the Horde. It is obvious that the Qara Koyunlu's future is shrouded in uncertainty and full of danger.
Sayid Ahmad Genghisid, Khagan of the Golden Horde
Lived From: 1487.2.4 - 1542.1.20
Ruled From: 1500.7.20 - 1542.1.20
Sayid was Mahmud's grandson, the son of Karim Berdi. When Karim Berdi died there was great debate among the courts about the succession of the throne. Mahmud ultimately decided not to pass succession on to one of his other sons lest it cause chaos after his demise and simply refused to kill off the competition of his chosen heir. So in the end he picked his eldest son's son to succeed him. The child was very young when the move was decided, but by the time of Mahmud's death in 1500 A.D. Sayid Ahmad had become a well studied individual and prepared for the throne. Never the less, he was only 13 when he became Khagan and much of the court affairs were handled by family members and loyal ministers. Sayid Ahmad was never in any great danger from his uncles or from the threat of coups because of the dire straights of the Horde.
For twelve years Sayid Ahmad waged a continuous war with the Spanish Empire and the English. Hungary declared war three times. In those three times the Spanish Empire committed very little troops to the front and the English focused only on the Mamluks. The wars with Hungary were costly. each engagement dealt massive blows upon each other's armies and the occupation of Hungarian territory was always extensive in terms of war exhaustion. The Spanish and English never committed much force so they never went above minimal levels, however the Horde found that the attrition against the Hungarians piled on. The Hungarians were able to recover with each five years of peace and remain stable as the war waged on between the English and the Horde. With no rest allowed attrition continued to build, there was never any peace. Things became desperate. Rebellions propped up everywhere, they were mostly Russians, but it was enough to show the Horde that things needed to be finished.
Without a navy to reach the English and the need to pass through poor terrain to get to their small outposts, even when the Horde suffered to capture the territories the English refused peace. Eventually, some call it an act of God, occurred. It was during the third Hungarian involvement with the Horde, with weariness of the war skyrocketing, the Khagan sent three diplomats to the Spanish, Hungarians, and English. Within days peace was obtained. There was great joy about this, but while this was going on the Qara Koyunlu had abandoned them. And yet now they needed help against the Timurids. In a quick and decisive campaign Sayid Ahmad swept away the Timurid Hordes, captured Samarkand, and established a lasting peace.
It would not last forever, the Qara Koyunlu fractured and the Genghisids fell from grace. The entire bloodline was brought back to the place of it's birth. With the lack of a son, the Horde's own Genghisids remained in question. There was a short conflict with the Prussians, and the Khagan looked towards diplomacy. He tried anything and everything to extend Genghisid influence about the world, and his endeavors succeeded for the most part. The Khivan Khanate which rebelled against the Timurids were desperate for a Genghisid heir. Sayid sent one of his uncles to rule there. Soon Al Haasa requested one as well. Two minor powers with absolutely no real amount of resources, and on top of it one of them was shiite? Sayid could not complain. It meant that the Horde's influence was still strong far and wide.
In India the sub continent was divided into four main powers, Sind which was locked in a personal union with the Slaves of Egypt. They were firm allies of the Genghisids. The Delhi Sultanate which extends far and wide across the northern sub-continent. They can even rival the Timurids. The Deccan Sultanate, the only one in India that can challenge Delhi. And finally the Gujarat Sultanate. The weakest of the independent powers of India. Too small to go against either of the nations alone, they often aligned themselves with one or the other in a war and slowly expanded. But their situation was tedious and could easily be swept away. Following the death of their Sultan, the regency council launched a coup against the mentally hindered child of the former Sultan. Delhi, the Timurids, and the Horde attempted to fill the void with their family members, but it was the Horde that won out. Sayid was a superior mind at diplomacy and convinced them to take a Genghisid. Sayid's last uncle was sent to them.
The last Genghisid to join the ranks of a foreigners Kingdom during the reign of Sayid Ahmad Genghisid, did so to the Sultanate of Brunei. The dominant power inside all of South-East Asia, they requested a Genghisid heir following the death of a Pretender of the throne. There could well have been a great many more to come from Sayid's diplomatic skills, but alas he died in his fifties leaving behind a firm legacy. The Qara Koyunlu Khanate may be lost, but there are others that rose to replace it. And though they may not be great powers, they show great potential. Sayid left everything to his own son, Karim Berdi. he was named after his grandfather.