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Legosim

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enf91: It was supposed to be..uhh. Hmm. I think footnoted it to provide a translation. It roughly means "Gamma Army Corps", as I've mentioned before.

Dr. Gonzo: Thanks! Hopefully soon, as I always say. :p This weekend is hectic, but I've got notes and screenshots, just need to whip up some maps. Hopefully I can get it up.
 

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Just in case anyone is still waiting for this to be updated (or people who are actually viewing the Vicky I forums. :p), this is not dead. I had to reformat my computer, so some of my graphics software won't reinstall correctly, so I'd prefer to not do the war updates without good maps. As soon as I can get my hands on a new computer (this one is pretty much dead of old age anyway), I'll hopefully get an update up.

Hopefully. :3
 

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You're still on my subscribed list so when you're back I'll still be reading.
 

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The Second Crimean War (Part 2)

Excerpt from The Wars that Forged an Empire by Prof. Brian Maddow:

The death of General Samaris in the final stages of the Battle of Athens was perhaps the biggest success of the northern European landings in the city. Perhaps the man most single responsible for the incredible Greek military successes of the previous forty years, he symbolized the pinnacle of Hellenic military thinking, and is indeed remembered by historians as one of the best strategic and tactical generals of the Victorian Era. [1] Cutting off the head of the Greek military machine reduced their overall efficiency, but to Samaris' credit, he had surrounded himself with a group of talented subordinates, and a system capable of surviving his demise.

Perhaps his greatest legacy however is what at that moment saved the Kingdom of Greece. The highly efficient reserve system that the Hellenes could rely on allowed the relatively quick mobilization of a large force. Athens, being the administrative center of the nation was the mustering point for almost 300,000 reservists. The Germans and Belgians only held the city for seen days before the G' Sóma Stratoú, reinforced by twenty-eight divisions of reservists (all under the command of Otto) surrounded Athens and completely overwhelmed their northern fores. With little naval capacity left, only 2,300 northern Europeans escaped, with the remaining 18,000 enemy troops marching to Greek prisoner of war camps in the Peloponnese. With the capital now secure, the Greek military could turn its' attention back to winning the rest of the war.

Back up north, the front against the Turks never really suffered an Athens-style setback. The Bulgarian town of Plovdic was captured on April 19, and Niš in Serbia two weeks later, both with minimal Turkish resistance. With D' Sóma Stratoú's victory over a lone Ottoman division in the Black Sea coast city of Varna in mid-June, the Turks found themselves almost entirely pushed out of Bulgaria. Greek forces had successfully split the Ottoman troops down the middle, with the remaining enemy divisions in Bosnia essentially stranded.

While all of this was happening, the rest of the war continued to develop as well. The Germans had managed to wrestle Warsaw from the Bear in a rather bloody battle, losing 23,000 of their 110,000 troops in the process. Countering this though, eight Russian divisions under General Vladimir Lushenko snuck around the main German lines and recaptured Lithuania in May. The generally good strategic situation Russia was in at the time was only extended when the main Ottoman force in Mesopotamia retreated north into Turkey proper in early June, leaving an undefended Baghdad in their wake.

On the 14th of July, the Ottomans made a last ditch effort to thrown the Greeks off balance by landing troops on Crete. Due to information provided by Turkish POW's however, this fleet was intercepted off the coast of Rhodes by the bulk of the Hellenic Navy. All four Ottoman frigates were destroyed, leading to the surrender of the entire Turkish transport fleet, and about 8,500 on-board troops. This victory was followed up by the capture of Alexandroupolis on July 23rd, leaving most of Thrace in Greek hands.

At this point (at least on the Ottoman front), the Second Crimean War essentially ceased to be a competitive conflict, and became along series of Turkish retreats. The Russians entered Turkey proper with the capture of Adana on August 14th, and Greek troops entered the gray two weeks later when the 5th and 6th Reserve Corps landed in the province of Mentese, seizing it with few losses. A small Russian force of two divisions began the long fight for Ankara on November 12th, a fight that would include over 400,000 troops on both sides by the end This battle would essentially ending up breaking the back of the Ottoman Army by the end of the year. On the same day, Genera Lushenko surrounded and captured 60,000 Germans in Parayezy, essentially securing the Polish front for Russia.

Something that must be stressed as well is the performance of 'colonial' troops in Africa. Almost all of the undefended Greek territory in Egypt had been under Ottoman control since early 1882. Through a string of successes, a force of 40,000 Egyptian troops loyal to Athens (backed up by 70,000 Ethiopians) would manage to recapture most of the region. This campaign climaxed with the capture of Alexandria from 60,000 Turks on November 27th, an absolutely stunning victory that put to shame many opinions on the quality of Africans as soldiers, and perhaps citizens, something that would have far reaching effects in the near future.

Regardless, on the first day of winter in 1882, Hellenic troops had finally reached their target; Constantinople. The city walls did little in a modern war, but the Turks still made the Greeks pay dearly for every inch of ground they took. Records indicate King Otto's army numbered 129,422 strong, facing 59,600 defenders. In brutal street fighting that would last until the final day of January, the Queen of Cities would cost the Hellenes dearly. By the time the Ottoman flag was lowered for the last time, over 30,000 Greeks and 29,000 Ottomans lay dead or inured. The remnants of the destroyed Turkish Army (led by the Sultan) retreated over to Anatolia on the first of February, 1883. The shock of this defeat crumbled the remnants of Ottoman morale, leading to the surrender of the last Serbian division in Bosnia four days later. Only a week later on the 12th, Greek and Russian soldiers met and shook hands in the Anatolian town of Sarakukan.

By this point the Sublime Port had ceased to be a functional state, with 90% of it's territory occupied. The last Ottoman Army, under the command of Sultan Abdülhamid II surrendered to Otto in Sinop on the 20th, effectively ending Greek participation in the war. A little less than a month later, on March 12, with the front in Poland at almost a complete standstill, Germany called for a ceasefire. St. Petersburg accepted this offer the next day. Greece was the only nation to gain anything tangible from the war, with the Treaty f Warsaw stripping the Turks of all of their European territory (including and most importantly their capitol). With this success, on May 8, 1883, the Kingdom of Greece ceased to exist, and the Byzantine Empire was reborn.


Map of the Byzantine Empire directly after the signing of the Treaty of Warsaw, 1883.



~~~~~

[1] Well, the bloke is a time traveler with hindsight-based knowledge of the ins and outs of Victorian Era warfare.


Anywho, apologies to anyone who was reading for not updating in over a year and a half. It was nice to get back and write an update, as I managed to find some free time in between classes. Look forward to writing the next update, but I'm not sure when that will actually be. Thanks for looking!
 

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It lives!:) Welcome back!
 

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The Treaty of Warsaw and the Imperial Government


The official flag of the reborn Byzantine Empire.

With the drastic change in nature from the pre-war Kingdom of Greece to its' successor, the Byzantine Empire, it is important for us to take a more in depth look at the actual function of the new Byzantine government. We'll start with the agreement that ended the Second Crimean War:

The Treaty of Warsaw:
Signed on April 8, 1883 between the governments of Russia, Greece, Romania, Ethiopia, the Ottoman Empire, Serbia, Germany, Belgium, and the United Kingdom, the Treaty of Warsaw changed a number of things regarding the makeup of Europe. Most importantly, the status-quo result of the Polish front solidified the slowly reforming Russian Army as a decent-quality force to be reckoned with, and conversely, shocked the German General Staff out of their bubble. Used to the well-earned reputation of the best army on the continent, the rather poor showing and series of...lacking strategic maneuvers [1] on behalf of the German Army was cause for many cannings of General officers in Berlin. The treaty itself left this area basically open-ended, with a simple white-peace being signed between the Russian and German empires. Berlin's smaller friend however was not so lucky, as Otto specifically demanded reparations from Belgium for their role in the capture and destruction of a portion of Athens, something the small western European Kingdom was forced to agree to. The only real victor in the War was Greece, a title they earned by miles essentially. The Ottoman Empire was forced to cede a large chunk of their territory; all of their European possessions, their capitol city of Constantinople included. Not only this, but further land was also handed over to the Greeks as a sort of buffer zone between the eastern city and the new border. The international community also agreed to let Greece completely annex the small Ottoman puppet nation of Serbia, something that it turned out the Serbs in general were not opposed to for a number of reasons. [2] The Ottomans also lost territory in Armenia and Kurdistan to the Russians as well, although these losses could have been more drastic. Originally, Moscow demanded more territorial gains in the Middle East, including all of Mesopotamia. However, the British, who were observers at the treaty sessions, would have none of it. Their delegation in fact, went so far as to threaten war on the side of the Germans and Ottomans to keep the Bear from having any direct control over the Middle East. As it stood, at the signing ceremony of the treaty, the delegation from the United Kingdom exclaimed quite loudly that any further offensive action by the Russians against the Ottoman Turks would result in immediate war with the British Empire. This would have some rather far-reaching effects as well. Regardless, in the end no one came out really pleased, except the Greeks, who of course came out ecstatic. This war, and its' end would only lay the groundwork for future conflicts to come.

Government Structure of the Empire:
The most important change from the Kingdom of Greece was the underlying structure of the government system itself. Greece ran on a strictly unitary, parliamentary system, where the new Imperial constitution instead was a federal one. But we'll get into that in a bit. The Imperial government was nominally split up into three separate branches of government (executive, legislative, and judiciary [although the first two tended to blend a bit in function]), based heavily off the British Westminster system. The executive was headed of course by the Emperor, who served as the head of state, but also actively partook in everyday governance (although this would again parallel London, with the actual intervening of the monarchy in the day-to-day governance being almost nil by the present day). The monarch was advised and assisted by the Consul, or Próxenos (basically a Prime Minister). He or she was the leader of the party or coalition that emerged victorious from the parliamentary elections, thus, moving into the legislative branch. A single house national parliament, the Imperial Senate is elected by party-list proportionate vote every five years (although extra elections can and are called in the case of a no-confidence vote or hung parliament), with the leader of the victorious party taking up the position of Consul, and forming their Cabinet. The 400 voting members of the Senate are elected via the federal subjects (Themata), with each Theme getting the number of seats proportional to its' population compared to the total national population. All of this is completed with an independent judiciary, with the national constitutional court, the Imperial Supreme Court (Anótato Dikastírio) at the top. This court sits dominant over the minor courts at the Themata level, and is capable of overturning any Imperial or Theme law as unconstitutional.

Looking specifically at the levels of federal governance in the Imperial structure from the information in the above paragraph, it's probably confusing. The overall national government is the Imperial government, centered in Constantinople. The Empire however is broken up into a number of 'Themes', mostly around ethno-linguistic lines to make governance simpler (the only national language is Greek, but Theme governments often operate on both Greek and the local language as well). Each Theme has its' own separate state government, consisting of their own legislatures, executives, and courts. The specifics on how each Theme organizes its' local governments however is up that individual Theme, and sometimes differs widely across the Empire. All elections however are held in a unified way at the Theme level. As stated above, the Imperial Senate is elected by party-list proportional voting at the Theme level which then travel to Constantinople to work, so there is somewhat of a system of local representation.

Below the Themata, there are also Imperial Territories, administered more centrally by the national government. These territories are areas that usually do not fill one or more of the requirements to become a Theme (usually population), Each territory has a directly elected legislature, but the territorial Governor is appointed by the Emperor and confirmed by the Imperial Senate. In turn, each territory gets five non-voting directly elected Senators. It is possible for territories to become Themata, however as stated, there are requirements that must be filled. The only other level of federal administration in the Empire is an outlier, Constantinople. Being the Imperial Capitol, it is not part of any of the Themata. The city is directly ruled by the Imperial government, although in practice, the directly locally elected city council and mayor run the day-to-day business. However, just because she is not part of a Theme, the Queen of Cities is still allotted population-based seats in the Senate in the same way that any of the other Themata are, giving her full and equal representation among the rest of the Empire.


The federal subjects of the Byzantine Empire in 1883.

The names of the above subjects in English are:
a) Constantinople, the Imperial Capitol District
1) Greece
2) Macedonia
3) Bulgaria
4) Aegean Archepelego
5) Cyprus
6) Albania
7) Serbia
8) Bosnia
9) Marmara
10) Egypt
11) Socotra
12) Tunis
I) Eritrean Territory
II) Saharan Territory

Hope everything is clear.

~~~~~

[1] Invading Athens...really?
[2] A pretty large Serbian population has been part of Greece for about thirty years at this point, plus, the Serbs and Greeks share a religion, in-game at least.

Thanks for looking!
 

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enf91

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I think 6 should be Albania, not Armenia. Also, what's 12 called? Carthage?

Other than this typographical nit-picking, the update gives a good insight into how you imagine your government to be.
 

NikoHoI3

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This is a extremely well written, and enjoyable AAR to read! I will be following.
 

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Thanks everyone! It means a lot to me that some of you guys have stayed subscribed or come back to the Vicky I sub-forum after all this time to read this.

I've actually reached the end of where I've played so far, so I'll need to play through another decade or two before I can get back to writing. Hopefully that'll be soon.
 

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Keep it coming, I don't visit this part of the forum anymore, but you are on my subscriptions.:)
 

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Onward!

Excerpt from The Byzantine Empire in the Victoria Era: 1836-1936 by Prof. Charles Whitsford:

With the reformation of the perhaps-no-longer-really-Greek government complete, Otto and Karamanlís has to look towards two landmark occasions as signs of the continued stability of the new nation. These were the continuing overhaul and reformation of the Imperial Armed Forces, (a process that began very soon after the end of the Second Crimean War) and the upcoming general elections- the Empire's first.

On September 28, the finalized plan for the Imperial Army and Navy was presented, outlining a streamlined and reorganized force. The Army would consist of six 'Legeónas' (Legions) of three divisions each. This would be further implemented by three more independent 'native' quality divisions garrisoning the outlying territories. This active duty force of 220,000 soldiers would be supplemented by the 320,000 strong combat-proven reserve force. On the naval side of things, losses from the recent war would need to be repaired, as some of the newest vessels had been destroyed before being completed by the northern European landing forces during their occupation of Athens. In 1883, the Imperial Navy consisted of only ten monitors, two commerce raiders, three frigates, and four squadrons of steamer transports. Because of the limited nature of funds at the time, the military reform approved by Otto only allocated the funds to purchase two modern ironclads. Unfortunately, this left the Empire in a situation where they would be unable to face a significant modern naval threat, due to the outdated nature of basically their entire fleet. On top of all of this, massive renovations were to be undertaken on the port facilities in Thessaloniki, to allow the complete transfer of the entire fleet there.


One of the two newer ironclads, the Krinthós became the flagship of the Imperial Navy after her commissioning in 1885.

On the political side of things, the first general election in the Byzantine Empire actually ended up going rather smoothly, with minimal conflicts. The results of the Imperial Senatorial elections are as follows:
Conservative Party - 45.44% - 182 seats
Progressive Party - 22.29% - 89 seats
Socialist Party - 15.26% - 61 seats
Democratic Movement - 13.38% - 54 seats
Traditionalists - 3.59% - 14 seats

With the new constitution in action, the post of Prime Minister (now known as Consul, or Próxenos in Greek) was no longer an appointed position, meaning unless Karamanlís could pull off an electoral victory, he would no longer be in a position of power, something that the diaries of the aging statesman show he was sincerely worried about. Although his own Progressive Party did not achieve a sincere electoral victory, this is most likely due to the relative fracturing of the political left in the Empire at this time. Again, the former Prime Minister's personal writings show his frustration at not being able to unite the liberal factions into a cohesive front. Regardless of these setbacks, the three leftist parties were able to agree on one fact, that their united front when it came to extending full citizenship to all residents of the Empire was something they considered a founding tenant of the new constitution. From this small commonality, Karamanlís was able to forge a functioning coalition of the Progressives, the Socialists, and the rather radical Democratic Movement [1]. This alliance secured about 51% of the Senate, giving the newly elected Consul a majority, but only just. Despite this, as the artful politician he was, finding cooperative Senators across the isle was never really a challenge for the elder statesman.

One of the first foreign interactions for the new government was the sale of Imperial colonial outposts on the Kenyan coast to Great Britain. This provided not only an injection of capital into the coffers of the Imperial government, but also created a sound base for future interactions with the British, with who relations at this point were quite warm. London, although quite aggravated that Otto had maintained such a pro-Russian foreign policy in the past, showed surprising willingness to be diplomatically cooperative. Records from Cabinet meetings show that the British obviously saw the writing on the wall; that the Ottoman Empire was not long for the world, and as a fellow (fairly) democratic constitutional monarchy, could successfully court Constantinople, and sway them from the Russian sphere. This line of cooperation was something Karamanlís heavily encouraged the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to pursue heavily. Respectively, the Imperial ambassador in London was key in convincing the British government to accelerate the process of Irish Home Rule, something that was finally achieved on October 8th, 1884, with the declaration of Ireland as a full dominion of the British Empire, with equal status to Australia and Canada.


The British Isles in 1884.

The decade after the war was also a great one for scientific research in the Empire. Advances were made in many industrial areas including Organic Chemistry, iron ore smelting techniques, and further application of the Martin Steel process, making steel production even more productive. September, 1885 also saw the completion of the first phase of the expansion of the the Imperial railroad network into Bosnia, something the Ottomans had completely neglected. Between 1885 and 1889, a huge number of heavy industrial factories sprung up in Bosnia, Serbia, and Bulgaria [2], further increasing the national industrial output. The Imperial firearms industry also saw expansion due to the immense profit gained due to Japanese purchases between 1887-1889, thanks to their successful war of domination over the Koreans.

With five years of peace and prosperity, the Empire once again descended into election mode, with the Senate's first five year term coming to a close quite quickly. The results are as follows:
Conservative Party - 42.46% - 170 seats [-12]
Progressive Party - 32.92% - 132 seats [+43]
Socialist Party - 18.39% - 74 seats [+13]
Democratic Movement - 3.51% - 14 seats [-40]
Traditionalists - 2.71% - 10 seats [-4]

The biggest change was not one between major ideologies, or right to left per se, but rather one of defection from 'within the ranks'. Karamanlís' Progressives (most likely due to the very productive previous term) made huge gains, mostly at the expense of their ally, the Democratic Movement. This not only allowed the Progressive Party to consolidate their control as the principle leftist party by removing the DM from the governing coalition, but govern without the sometimes quite radical opinions of the later having to be a part of their platform. There are a number of reasons for the essential total collapse of the Democratic Movement as a major party, but the principle one is perhaps the 1883-1888 period dissuading much worry on behalf of the left on whether the Imperial system could actually work.

However, the eight years of peace in Europe was shattered, when on January 6, 1890, an alliance of Sardinia-Piedmont and France jointly declared war on the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in yet another effort to unite the Italian peninsula under one banner. Austria responded to the call of their ally, and in the span of three days, most of south-central Europe found itself again at war.

~~~~~

[1] Obviously the radical party in-game. I'm assuming in this case they are mostly non-Greeks suddenly given full voting privileges and not really confident the monarchy is looking out for their interests, perhaps due to mistrust fostered under the evil Ottomans.

[2] About six in-game factories total, two in each state.

Does anyone know why my capitalists refuse to make money? Their taxes are at zero. I'm falling behind in industryyyyy. :( Help!

The 1890 census is next. Thanks for looking!
 
Last edited:

enf91

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Haven't played much Ricky, but if it's anything like V2, they're simply too stupid to pick profitable factories. I despair of seeing the umpteenth ammunition factory when supply already crushes demand and there's a huge opening in luxury furniture.

Typo freak alert: the Socialists gained 13 seats, not 15. But it's probably just minor OCD on my part. ALL MUST BE PEFRECT!!!
 

Nikolai

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I'm afraid I don't know enough of the game mechanics to tell you why your capis don't earn money, but I'm sure there's people willing to help in the main forums?
 

Viden

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Are your industries profitable? If I remember well, that's where capitalists money comes from.
 

Legosim

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enf91: Ehhh. I usually don't have this issue when playing as bigger countries though. Oh well. More reason to get a socialist party in power then I guess. And thaaaaaaanks again lol.

Nikolai: Thanks anyway. Do people even post in the V1 regular forum anymore haha?

Viden: That's the odd thing, all my factories are profiting, and rich taxes are at 0%. Losers.