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Mar 15, 2009
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The BBC reports! A 10 player online Arsenal of Democracy AAR
Version: 1.08 using Pang Bingxun's proposed 1.09 edits, changes 25*

Scenario: 1936
A. Rules for peacetime, that is until Danzig.

1. All play will be 100% historic until Danzig with the exception that if an event allows several choices, a player may chose a a-historic path. Germany must DOW the Allies on 1 SEP 39. After that date, players are free to no longer follow history with the exceptions as listed below.

2. Germany must give the full MR pact and the USSR must accept. The pact must be honored at least until 30 APR, 40, when the non aggression pact expires.

3. The USSR must accept the full purge.

4. Countries may not disband their starting units. The only exceptions are Cavalry, level one ships and Militia.

5. All trades must be at 100% and remain so until both countries are in the same alliance or at war with the same player controlled country. Free trades are allowed after either of these conditions are met.

6. Unit trading or selling via the diplomacy screen is not allowed. This prohibition continues for the entire game.

7. SR for the sole purpose of avoiding supply or unit maintenance costs is forbidden.

8. Countries may reduce unit salaries to 10% of required but they must supply their units at 100%. Players are forbidden to run on 0 supplies. If some unforeseen event such as in the war for Japan or Italy causes supplies to drop into negative balance, players must take action to return to a positive balance immediately even if this means reducing production to nil.

9. The US and USSR must accept fully funded trades with the Axis powers. After Danzig the trades must be maintained with Germany as long as the MR pact is honored. The USA should continue trades with Japan until either the oil embargo; the fall/ annexation of China; the Japanese declaration of war on the Allies."

10. We will not edit the game to change the AI. Prior to the start, we will select an AI to use and will stick with it for the duration of the game.

11. the UK may not deploy province constructions to Poland or France before July, 40.

12. We will try and use the intelligence feature to spy on other countries only. No sabotage or blueprint stealing for example, only spying. This does tend to cause the game to crash and so players may only access this screen at the start of a session or immediately after a crash. In this fashion, if it does result in a crash, we can immediately reload. If we end up with repeated crashes, we will again ban use of this feature.

13. Player controlled countries may not grant military access to other countries until after Danzig and until they are in the same alliance. Military access granted as the result of an event is an exception to this rule.

14. Players are allowed to have unlimited BDEs in their deployment queue but only 10 units to include ships, planes and land units.

B. Rules for the conduct of the war.

1. Paratroopers and rockets are not allowed.

2. VoV is only allowed for units belonging to player controlled nations.

3. Expeditionary forces are not allowed. Non player controlled countries may only be controlled via MC.

4. NON historic alliances are not allowed. No Japan/ USSR, for example. Japan may join the Axis. China may join the Alliance after the US is in the war. After Danzig, ahistorical alliances are allowed between a player controlled country and an AI controlled one.

5. No form of unit stealing is allowed. Annexed countries units are gone for good to include all land, sea and air units.

6. Capitals cannot be directly targeted for logistical strikes in order to reduce infrastructure. This can cause units to go out of supply wherever they are located. When targeting a capital, the entire region must be selected rather than just the capital. This rule only applies to capitals. Any other providence can be individually selected for logistical strikes.

7. It is forbidden to move ships directly from port to port and coast to coast. Ships moving between ports must enter at least one sea zone.

8. After Danzig, there is no restrictions on disbanding units. However, all units to be disbanded must be in supply, not adjacent to enemy controlled provinces and at full ORG. Units in a pocket or about to be may not be disbanded. If there is any question about a forming pocket, the player that wishes to disband the units must pause and get a reading from the other players.

9. Before joining any alliance at war, you have to declare war on the head of the opposing alliance beforehand (i.e. USA has to declare war on Germany before allying with the UK).

10. Only the head of an alliance may issue a DOW. Countries aligned, but not in the Alliance, still retain the right to make a DOW. Player controlled countries in an alliance headed by an AI country may declare a DOW. Once Japan joins the Axis, it may DOW countries exclusively in Asia while Germany must DOW countries in Europe

*Slightly modified - we made a slight edit to the misc file for historical accuracy and edited the Xi'an event due a slight issue.

The players:
Germany- El Duck
Hungary - MagooNZ
Italy - Logan
Japan - boz
Nationalist China- desev
USA - doshite
UK- Evil Overlord
USSR- Mr_B0narpte
Brazil- Cera.Bee (from 27 March 1939 - we did a single-player 1936-39 run through as Brazil, and edited it into our online save)
Canada- Jarski (from 24 Sep 1939 - he had to live with the mess the AI had put it in)

The layout
This AAR will be presented as if the BBC were reporting on the public events of the game. The aim is for it to be impartial and accurate throughout, if you spot anything inaccurate or partial information feel free to point it out and the BBC will respond to such feedback. Alongside recording general events, the BBC will be following the development of the nations of Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Nationalist China, USA, UK and the USSR from 1936 to the present day. The nations of Brazil and Canada will become a further point of interest from March and September 1939, respectively.

1936: an overview
Seven years after the Wall Street Crash the democratic world is still reeling from its aftermath. At the start of the year the United States of America operated at just 40% of its potential industrial capacity, while for the UK and France it was at 75%. Even with such disparity, the US economy was still greater than both the economies of the UK and France. The emerging dictatorships of Japan, Italy and Hungary appeared to be unaffected by the Crash, with their economics operating at their full potential. In fact the only dictatorship whose economy did not operate at 100% was that of Germany’s, with it working at 90% capacity.

The year soon light up as German Chancellor Hitler unilaterally ordered the remilitarisation of the Rhineland on 5 January 1936. This move represented another direct refutation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, following Hitler’s announcement of the formation of the Luftwaffe in March 1935 and the Anglo-German naval agreement in June.

Germany’s economy was boosted by such a bold and confident move, with its industrial output rising by 10% and thus reaching its maximum potential capacity, ignoring technological advances, in peace time. Additionally, 50,000 men volunteered themselves for the German military; and the 'hawks' in the German government had also reacted positively to the event. The UK and French governments reacted similarly, boosting their industrial capacity by 5%. The British hawks also gained in strength, with a massive wave of volunteers, with 150,000 men signing up for the British military. 50,000 Frenchmen had also decided to join their country’s military.

On 21 January 1936 the world mourned the loss of a great man, British King George V. Having guided the UK through the turbulence of the Great War, its subsequent aftermath and the entirety of the Great Depression, he was not the King people wanted, but the one the people needed. His four sons, Edward, Albert, Henry, and George, paid their respects by mounting the guard, known as the Vigil of the Princes, at the catafalque on the night before the funeral. His body was laid to rest at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 28 January 1936. The country's industrial output fell by 10% as 15 factories closed down, while consumer goods demand temporarily increased by 5% in an apparent nationwide mourning for his loss. Edward VIII assumed the throne soon after his father's death.

"The most magnificent of men" - BBC's political editor Rick Bobbinson

On 26 February 1936 Japanese militarists appeared to have performed a successful coup d’état. Every person of the cabinet, bar the Head of State, Foreign Minister and Chief of the Army, were apparently forced out or killed. Even Japan’s Head of Government, Okada Keisuke, was reportedly assassinated. Hayashi Senjuro, an influential figure in the Japanese army who was part of the Supreme War Council, has taken over the role. The new cabinet denied allegations of violence and assassination, claiming they were acting on the wishes of Emperor Hirohito.

On 4 April 1936 violence erupted in Xilinhot, Chahar province, between the Chinese inhabitants and the Japanese colonial forces, who were quickly evicted from the province. It soon spread into a full scale rebellion. Nearby Changde fell to the Chinese rebels a month later. The Japanese army was able to repel attacks on Tangshan in September but was otherwise reluctant to fight the rebels. The rebels held hopes that the Manchukuo puppet state of Japan would also revolt in retaliation for the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria. Japan has labelled the rebels as terrorists who threaten the world imperialist order. Most of the European governments remained silent while Soviet General Secretary Stalin and Chinese general Chiang Kai-Shek announced their moral support for the rebels. Most spectators believe this was due to ongoing tensions between the locals and the colonialists, although some have alleged it was a response to the 2-26 Incident. Others claimed that the radical transformation of Japan’s Culture and Social Policies were the cause, pointing out that the ideas of ‘Conformism Focus’ and ‘Individualist Enterprise Culture’ are antithetical.

In early May, after taking Changde the rebels began to repeatedly attack the coastal province of Tangshan, being repelled every time. Insiders told the BBC that Japan's military salary, at a stagnate 10%, had to be increased before its army could launch a successful counter-offensive. Changde was re-taken by the Japanese on 1 August. However, presumably because of the attrition caused by keeping forces in the area, Japanese units soon evacuated Changde, with it falling to the rebels for a second time on 19 September. The conflict stalemated for the rest of 1936.

Pictures of the Chinese rebellion

Several weeks later, on 24 April, the world was further shocked as what began with Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek’s apparent kidnapping ended with the annexation of all the Chinese warlords under his control. Only Tibet and Communist China remained independent nations. It is believed Marshal Zhang Xueliang, former head of Manchuria, kidnapped Kai-Shek in an attempt to end the conflict between the Nationalist and Communist factions. After discussions it appeared Kai-Shek rejected proposals of allying with the Communists, but has indeed formed alliances with the warlords of Sinkiang, Xibei San Ma, Shanxi, Guangxi Clique and Yunnan, and annexed them all soon after.

On 5 July the Second Italo-Ethiopian War finally came to a close with the complete collapse of the Ethiopian state. Having started on 3 October 1935, it had proved a bloody conflict for both sides. From the start of 1936 to the end of the conflict, 11,363 Ethiopians and 7,214 Italians were killed and 46 Italian bombers and 3 Ethiopian fighters had been lost.

On 17 July 1936 the Spanish Army of Africa, led by General Franco, landed in Seville and immediately forces all across Spain, labelling themselves as ‘Nationalists’, rose up in what appeared to be an apparent coup facilitated by Franco’s invasion. Defenders of the current regime are collectively known as ‘Republicans’. As Franco identified himself with fascism, both the leaders of Germany and Italy announced their support for the Nationalists. The British and Soviet governments sent their support to the Republicans in an apparent response. The 'interventionist' wings in three of the countries, Germany excluded, strengthened as a result of this foreign support.

German Chancellor Hitler and Head of the Italian Government Mussolini had collectively ordered the sending of approximately 7,000 tonnes of supplies, 400 barrels of oil and $400,000 in aid. However, an estimated 1,000 tonnes of supplies did not reach their destination and allegations of corruption emerged. Additionally, 30,000 Italians and 10,000 Germans volunteered to fight for Franco’s army. Reportedly, the majority of German volunteers were soon used to modernise the Nationalist’s military as they formed an armoured division, an interceptor and a tactical bomber wing. The numerous Italian volunteers provided assistance in a variety of ways; joining the crews of a destroyer and a squadron of submarines, three infantry divisions, a light tank division, an interceptor and a naval bomber wing.

Soviet General Secretary Stalin sent 3,000 tonnes of supplies and 200 barrels of oil to the Republicans. It is believed approximately 500 tonnes of those supplies were lost, creating further claims of corruption. 10,000 Soviets volunteered, forming an armoured and an infantry division, in addition to an interceptor and tactical bomber wing. British Prime Minister Baldwin sent 1,800 tonnes of supplies and $400,000 in support. Somehow 300 tonnes of supplies, again, did not reach their destination. Allegations of a worldwide conspiracy abound. Around 10,000 Brits volunteered, some helping form an infantry division and most being placed on reserve.

As of 15 December 1936, 15,724 Nationalist and 12,908 Republican troops had been killed. The war also revealed its modern nature, with 212 Nationalist and 41 Republican tanks, alongside 110 of Franco's and 25 of Lobo's trucks being destroyed. Nationalist bombers had also been able to sink a transport ship, 2 merchant ships and an escort ship.

The territorial exchanges in the Spanish Civil War

Edward VIII's reign proved a short one, with his abdication on 11 December 1936. Having told the Prime Minister of his intentions to marry the divorcée American Wallis Simpson on 16 November, it soon became clear he could not remain King. He signed the instruments of abdication at Fort Belvedere on 10 December 1936 in the presence of the Duke of York, the Duke of Gloucester, and the Duke of Kent. Britain's industry soon recovered from the slump it had been suffering since the death of George V. Prime Minister Baldwin felt it upon himself to resign his premiership as a response, with Armaments Minister Neville Chamberlain taking his place alongside holding his current cabinet position. King George VI assumed the throne soon after.

Britain's new King, son of the beloved George V

1936: a year of political transformation?
Perhaps the biggest points of interest for the year were the radical changes many governments were under-taking, either with their national ideas or ministers, or more commonly, both. These are listed below.

Minister Changes

Armaments Minister: Werner von Blomberg replaced by Franz Xaver Schwarz.
Having been a member of the Nazi party since 1922, Franz Xaver Schwarz appeared to take von Blomberg’s place as part of Hitler’s attempts to strengthen control over the German government. However, Schwarz is also a self-styled ‘Resource Industrialist’ and his inclusion may primarily be on economic grounds.

Minister of Security: Wilhelm Frick replaced by Rudolf Diels.
Rudolf Diels, head of the Gestapo in 1934, appears to have been chosen in order to reduce the strain of the civilian economy on Germany’s remilitarisation. Publicly identifies himself as a ‘Crime Fighter’.

Head of Intelligence: Wilhelm Canaris replaced by Richard Walther Darré.
Richard Walther Darré’s appointment appeared to also have been on political grounds, having been a member of the Nazi party since 1930. He was Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture up until this appointment, and is believed to have been partly chosen because of his knowledge of industry. He is characterised as an ‘Industrial Specialist’.

Armaments Minister: Fabyini Tihamer replaced by Winchkler István.
Little is known about Winchkler István other than that he fitted relatively well into the Fascist regime, as a Paternal Autocrat who has been identified as a ‘Resource Industrialist’.

Minister of Security: Kozma Miklos replaced by Andor Lázár.
Having been state secretary for the Ministry of Defence, Andor Lázár is also a Paternal Autocrat who has presumably been chosen for his abilities to reduce the civilian demands on the economy. Just like Germany’s Diels, he is characterised as a ‘Crime Fighter’.

Minister of Security: Guido Buffarini-Guidi replaced by Geovanni Gentile.
Titling himself the ‘philosopher of Fascism’, he is devoutly loyal to Benito Mussolini and has apparently been rewarded for this loyalty. Perceived to be a ‘Crime Fighter’, he is the third such characterised person to have been placed in the post of Minister of Security this year.

No minister changes. Similar to the USSR, the country is closed off to foreign journalists. It is believed that Japanese militarists aim to strengthen their hold over the government.

Nationalist China
Armaments Minister: Yan Xishan replaced by John Rabe.
Nicknamed an ‘Administrative Genius’ John Rabe has been appointed Armaments Minister in an apparent attempt to stimulate China’s militarisation efforts. His presence in the country is part of the mission of co-operation between China and Germany.

On 9 December 1936, perhaps the most significant political development of the year if not the century occurred. The renowned and internationally acclaimed Pang Bingxun was appointed Nationalist China's Chief of Staff. The Chinese leadership in its great excitement apparently misspelled his name when announcing his appointment. The Japanese government, a historical enemy of China, has yet to respond to this momentous development.

Head of Intelligence: Sir Hugh Sinclair replaced by William Gallacher.
While the British government only replaced one minister this year, it was perhaps the most controversial. The Left-Wing Radical Gallacher was the last choice any political commentator had expected for the Conservative dominated coalition government. However, similar to Germany’s Darré, he is accredited for being an ‘Industrial Specialist’ and is believed to have been chosen primarily for this quality.

No minister changes. A White House source claims this is because of Roosevelt’s confidence in his current cabinet, and partly because of a lack of other suitable candidates.

No minister changes. Due to the closed nature of the regime, only pure speculation can be made. The BBC’s Political editor Rick Bobbinson believes it is because Stalin wishes to keep his most trusted cronies in power, especially considering the ongoing political purge that appears to have been initiated by the assignation of Sergei Kirov on 1 December 1934.

National Idea Changes

National Identity: Frustrated Expansionist Outlook to Parochial World View
Social Policy: Ethnic Focus to Militaristic Focus
Culture: Ethnic Nationalism to Conformist Work Ethic
The German government underwent the most radical change as it transformed all of the three major pillars that underpin the nation. It is believed, considering Adolf Hitler’s widely publicised views on race and people, moderates in the government had been able to persuade the Head of State to compromise his own moral values for the sake of furthering Germany’s rearmament efforts.

National Identity: Frustrated Expansionist Outlook to Parochial World View
Culture: Culture of Absolute Duty to Conformist Work Ethic
This was seen by most commentators as a diplomatic manoeuvre by Admiral Horthy Miklos done to develop Hungary’s relationship with Germany.

Social Policy: Militaristic Focus to Conformism Focus
Culture: Culture of Absolute Duty to Individualist Enterprise Culture
The BBC’s political editor had this to say: Viewing these two changes separately, they appear a bizarre move by a government increasingly dominated by militarists, but when pieced together they suggest a grand strategic move to strengthen Japan’s war industry.

Culture: Libertarian Individualism to Individualist Enterprise Culture.
The government’s Armaments Minister Neville Chamberlain told the BBC the move was done in order “to keep on the right track” in reinvigorating Britain’s ailing economy. Rick Bobbinson additionally views the move as politically motivated, with it being an attempt by the Conservatives to imprint their ideology on the public.

While Stalin’s government had decided against any change to the three underlying pillars of the state at the start of the year, within three months it had changed its’ mind and, on 23 March 1936 underwent the six month long transformation of:
Culture: Civic Nationalism to Conformist Work Ethic
Spectators believe this is a reaction to the other changes already under-going in major nations in order to maintain its worldwide industrial superiority. However, as per usual, no official has been able to comment on this.

1936: a year of industrialisation?
In 1936 the world was witnessed a dramatic rise in industrial capacity as all the major powers devoted much of their efforts to further industrialisation. The inclusion of many industrial experts into top-level government positions; the radical shifting of country's social, cultural and national policies; technological developments; and diplomatic events were all part of this transformation. Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist China, by far, witnessed the most significant increase, but this was primarily due to the annexation of the Chinese warlords in April. However it is believed some additional factories were built in places such as Nanjing, Chongqing and Hefei. Germany could be said to have been the country with the most effective self-sufficient industrialists having achieved a 63% increase in its industrial capacity. Nonetheless, the country that most intrigued BBC's economics editor Colbert Trenton, was Japan. He said "it boggles belief that this country has somehow produced more factories then is physically possible given its limited economic strength. Undoubtedly, the concentrated area of its industry has helped, but this rate of industrialisation is astonishing".

Meanwhile the rest of the world had taken a different approach, with France leading what has been termed as the 'infrastructure frenzy', with countries all over the world developing their country's infrastructure level, giving little to no development to its industrial base. President Albert Lebrun have overseen the dedication of over 30% of France's total industrial output to these infrastructure projects. Economic experts have been united in their condemnation of such an approach, pointing out France's base industrial capacity only grew by 5% and it's effective capacity by 7%. This is particularly seen as a waste considering the significant efforts dedicated, with it being believed 95% of France's total production consisted of infrastructure developments. Other nations, such as Portugal, South Africa, Peru and Siam, have been accused of being extremely wasteful, developing infrastructure in provinces of little economic importance to the country when they already have a small industrial base.

Were you, or do you know of, someone affected by these developments? If so please contact the BBC by commenting below.

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At the start of the year the United States of America operated at just 25% of its potential industrial capacity,

The USA start at 40%. Their effective ic however would increased by 75% of base ic if no peacetime penalty applies. The tool tip is somewhat misleading. Further confusion might have been created by the fact that earlier version had in fact a penalty of 75% which would show up as -93.75%. At 80% malus it would show up as -100% and at 90% malus it would show up as -112.5%.
The USA start at 40%. Their effective ic however would increased by 75% of base ic if no peacetime penalty applies. The tool tip is somewhat misleading. Further confusion might have been created by the fact that earlier version had in fact a penalty of 75% which would show up as -93.75%. At 80% malus it would show up as -100% and at 90% malus it would show up as -112.5%.
I think I understand. The BBC thanks you for the correction, has independently verified it, and has edited the article accordingly.
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Subscribed. Don't you think that human-controlled Brazil AND Canada is too much of a boost for the Allies? The Axis only gets human-controlled Hungary...
True, but Canada was AI controlled from 1936 to September 1939, with the human taking over then. Brazil was also AI controlled from 1936 to June 1939, but then we did a 1936-39 run through as Brazil on single-player, and edited into our online save. But, even then, it seems unbalanced. However there's a specific reason we added two more Allies around that time, that reason will be disclosed in good time ;)
1937: an overview
The Chinese partisans held Changde until 6 February, with them being over-run during their retreat. With the Japanese capture of Changde and Xilinhot the rebellion, which had begun in April 1936, came to an end. 5,500 Chinese rebels and 301 Japanese troops had been killed.

On 10 February 1937 German, Italian and Japanese delegates met in Berlin to sign the ‘Anti-Comintern Pact’. Its signatories desired “to co-operate for defense against communistic disintegration”. Ostensibly it was aimed to counter the Communist International, but is agreed by most spectators to be specifically targeting the USSR. The interventionist factions in all three governments strengthened from this development.

On 8 July 1937 what began as a skirmish between Japanese and Chinese troops turned into full scale war. Two days after the Japanese invasion, Chiang Kai-Shek authorised the moving of Chinese industry from the coast to China’s western interior. Within two weeks, it was not Japan but China on the attack. Both Tangshan and Changde had fallen to Chiang Kai-Shek’s forces. On 20 July more of China’s industry was moved westwards. Xilinhot and Erenhot also fell to the Chinese by late-September, with Chifeng being additionally captured before the year was out. The Manchu province of Jinxi came under repeated attack by China’s army, but the Japanese forces held firm. It is believed this is primarily because of help from Japan’s navy bombarding the Chinese forces. All of this suggests that Japan’s industrialisation had come at a significant cost to its militarisation; however the Japanese government has said it remains confident of victory.

The war, similar to the Spanish Civil War, had an international element, with the intervention of the USA and the USSR. The US Congress passed the Pitman Act in support of Nationalist China just hours after the Japanese declaration of war. 1,000 tonnes of supplies and $50,000 was sent in aid with the promise of more. Claire Lee Chennault, a military aviator, flew to China as part of the USA’s support. On 23 July Stalin put Operation Zet into action, sending 1,000 tonnes of supplies and $500,000 to China. 5,000 Soviet volunteers helped form an interceptor and a tactical bomber wing for the Chinese. The USSR and Nationalist China signed a non-aggression pact as a further sign of co-operation. The hawk lobbies of both countries strengthened in light of these events.

Japan's industrialisation came at a cost to its military development

The Spanish Civil War remained stalemated until mid-December, when Nationalists forces won the battle of Sigüenza. Franco’s forces captured the province within days, and Guadalajara soon after.

The permanent casualties of the Second Sino-Japanese war totalled 51,579 Nationalist Chinese and 35,073 Japanese troops by 23 December 1937. For the period July 17 1936 to 23 December 1937, the losses in the Spanish Civil War had reached 22,181 for the Republicans and 21,630 for the Nationalists. The conflict in Asia has clearly been the most bloodiest, and does not appear to be ending anytime soon.

1937: political developments
Compared to the previous year, little political change occurred. The governments that did perform cabinet reshuffles have been listed below.

Minister Changes

Chief of Staff: Ludwig Beck to Erich Hoepner
A firm believer in Fire Support, Hoepner’s selection appears to be based on a desire to modernise the German army. His knowledge on armour and artillery will further efforts in researching and building such equipment for the Wehrmacht.

Chief of the Air Force: Hermann Göring to Carl Friedrich von Siemens
The removal of Göring, a long-term friend of the German Chancellor, appears to have been a strategic one. It is assumed the Luftwaffe’s current focus will be on interceptors and fighters because of this appointment.

Having made no minister selections at the beginning of the year, on 24 March 1937 Hirohito ordered the removal of Inada Satoru as Chief of the Army, replacing him with Sugiyama Hajime. Unusually, Japan publicly announced the rationale behind this change, claiming it was made in response for Pang Bingxun’s appointment as China’s Chief of Staff in December 1936. Hajime’s selection appears to have furthered, or started, Japan’s development of land infantry and artillery.

Minister of Security: Genrikh Yagoda to Sergej Uritskiy
Stalin had decided his first minister change since 1935, installing 'Crime Fighter' Uritskiy for what appears to be a desire to reduce the consumer demand of the Soviet people.

Chief of Staff: Michail N. Tuchatjevskij to Boris M. Shaposhnikov
A self-professed believer in the ‘People’s War’, Shaposhnikov appears to have been made Chief of Staff because of his appeal to the population, with it being used to encourage more volunteers for the Soviet military.

1936-37: a period of industrialisation?
All the major countries underwent further industrialisation, with our economics editor Colbert Trenton recording both the 1937-38 increase, and the 1936-38 rise. Germany’s economy has grown staggering quickly, doubling its industrial capacity in the space of two years. This is attributed primarily to its new ministers, many of them industrial experts. The USSR, apparently bereft of industrial specialists and decent infrastructure, has built the most factories but has now lost its industrial superiority to Germany. But, once again, Japan is the country that reaches the corner of Trenton’s eye. Starting from an industrial base 66% the size of Germany’s in 1936, it has produced virtually the same amount of factories.

France's pioneering efforts in leading the way for the 'infra above all else' industrial strategy led to its effective industrial output increasing by 10%, and its base industry improving by a meager 6%.

The BBC apologies for the rushed nature of this report, much of its editorial team are going on holiday tomorrow and we decided it was best to publish what has been written. Future updates and edits should occur in 8 days time.
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Japan eagerly uses the combination of concentrationbonus and high Infra, which is most powerful at Tokyo starting at 27 factories and thus 34.29 base ic. Within less than 3 years Infra can increase to 200%. Using triple ic on factories aswell factories can increase to 33 and thus 57.057 base ic. Germany seems much less eager to utilize high ic on Infra to further base ic. Within 3 years factories in Berlin could have increased from 19 to 25 and base ic from 22.61 to 40.625.

Italy seems also reluctant to utilize high ic on Infra where reasonable. Was this done in favour of building more factories because Infra could still increase soon enough? The USA however seem reluctant to build additional factories. They clearly have the resources and the ic. In fact their rate of growth should not only accelerate because of the usual gearing bonus on infra and concentration bonus, but also due to higher money imports and more money from unused manpower. In most other countries the rate of growth of base ic has accelerated in 1937 compared to 1936:

Germany: +11.8% vs. +21.1%
Hungary: +4.3% vs. +16.7%
Italy: +12.1% vs. +18.9%
Japan: +24.8% vs. +21.4%
China including the 4 warlords and Xinjiang: +10.2% vs. +14.8%
UK: +7.7% vs. +13.1%
USA: +7.1% vs. +4.3%
SOV: +20.1% vs. +20.0%

This acceleration is to be expected. SOV was skewed by dissent, which explains the seeming high rate of base ic growth in 1936. Japan and china had to adjust to special circumstances and war. The USA however seem to have chosen to divert ic to purposes of not increasing base ic within their national territory. This is somewhat suspicious. :ninja:
Japan eagerly uses the combination of concentrationbonus and high Infra, which is most powerful at Tokyo starting at 27 factories and thus 34.29 base ic. Within less than 3 years Infra can increase to 200%. Using triple ic on factories aswell factories can increase to 33 and thus 57.057 base ic. Germany seems much less eager to utilize high ic on Infra to further base ic. Within 3 years factories in Berlin could have increased from 19 to 25 and base ic from 22.61 to 40.625.

As of 25 December 1938, the IC level of Berlin was 33.12 - made from 22 factories. Berlin's infrastructure was 180%.
The IC level of Tokyo within the same period totalled 54.91 - made from 32 factories. Its infrastructure level was indeed at 200%.

The USA however seem reluctant to build additional factories. They clearly have the resources and the ic. In fact their rate of growth should not only accelerate because of the usual gearing bonus on infra and concentration bonus, but also due to higher money imports and more money from unused manpower.
After doing some further research, the BBC's economic editor believes the USA's industrial growth substantially slowed down in 1937 due to the hawk lobby making a radical move to improve its political support, at the cost of high dissent, in either September or October. As of 16 January 1938, the USA had at least 10,000 tonnes of oil, energy and metal but only 2,580 tonnes of rare materials, 2,608 tonnes of supplies and $334,000 stockpiled.

Hungary: +4.3% vs. +16.7%
Hungary's case appears to have been caused by the country fulfilling the pre-existing demand to build infrastructure in much the country, with it placing a low priority on factory building in 1936.

SOV was skewed by dissent, which explains the seeming high rate of base ic growth in 1936.
From what can be gathered in the tightly closed off society of the USSR, it appears the Red Army had been able to suppress much of the dissent from March or April 1936 onwards.
1938: an overview
On 14 March 1938 Germany invaded and peacefully annexed Austria. By the end of the month, 14 of Austria’s factories were up and running for German production. Less than two months later, another 9 Austrian factories had been successfully incorporated into Germany’s industry.

Britain and France had the same response as they did with the remilitarisation of the Rhineland. Britain’s hawks strengthened their support base. The country’s industrial output increased by 5% and 150,000 people volunteered for the British military. France’s industrial output also rose by 5%, with it gaining 50,000 volunteers.

After much of 1937 being stalemated, the Spanish Civil War ignited in 1938 with Madrid falling to Nationalist forces in early-January. Tarragona, Castellón, Guadalajara and Valladolid had fallen to Franco’s armies less than three months later. A Republican force had been pocketed in Bilbao, presumably after being over-zealous in its counter-attack. The victor of the conflict soon became apparent.

With the end of the Spanish Civil war on 12 April 1938 it was clear Spain had been devastated the conflict. 149,225 Spaniards had been killed; 79,555 Republicans and 69,670 Nationalists. 1,626 aircraft had been destroyed; 762 Republican bombers and 322 fighters, 320 Nationalist bombers and 222 fighters. 640 tanks and 356 trucks were put out of commission; 478 Nationalist tanks and 270 trucks, 162 Republican tanks and 86 trucks. The naval losses were minor, with the Republicans taking all of them. They lost 1 transport ship, 4 merchant ships and an escort.

Germany and Italy, having used Spain as a testing ground for their latest weapons, had managed to use the experience in developing their militaries. 5,000 Germans, having returned to their homeland, quickly signed up for the German military. The country also had learnt important lessons in the use of tactical and close air support bombers. German public opinion, having been on the side of the Nationalists, increased their support for Hitler’s regime after Franco’s victory. 20,000 Italians, returning to their country after fighting in Spain, volunteered their services to the Italian military. Italy used the Spanish experience to develop its artillery and interceptor technology.

On 24 July 1938 Japanese and Soviet forces entered combat around the disputed territory surrounding Lake Khasan. Both Japan and the USSR lost 3,000 men in the ensuing battle, and had expended 500 million tonnes of supplies. The hawk lobbies of both countries strengthened in response. The battle ended in a stalemate, with both countries remaining at peace afterwards with no territorial gain on either side.

On 30 September 1938 Germany peacefully annexed the Czech Sudetenland. Neville Chamberlain, having met Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden on 15 September, agreed to the German Chancellor's demands for the Sudetenland. France's Prime Minister, Édouard Daladier, acceded to the demands three days later. The leaders of Britain, France, Germany and Italy signed the agreement on 30 September in Munich. British and French industry benefited from it, with another 200,000 volunteers for the country’s militaries and increased support for Britain’s hawks. Soon after the agreement, Prime Minister Chamberlain returned to cheering British crowds after landing at Heston airport in west London.

British Prime Minister Chamberlain promised 'peace for our time'

The Japanese had demonstrably taken the initiative in the second Sino-Japanese war. Japan inflicted heavy losses on the Chinese through attacks on Tangshan in early-1938, which was made worse by Kai-shek's order of units to fight to the death, generating great dissent and opposition to the decision. This appeared to have broken the back of China, with Shanxi falling quickly. By September Japanese forces had cut China in two, forcing Chinese units in western China to live off the land they controlled. Fierce Chinese counter-attacks in October and November showed Japan had not won yet. However, it appears China had moved forces from its coast to launch its offensive, with Japan exploiting this by landing on much of the southern coast by late-December.

A Chinese plan to land what was believed to be an expendable militia division in undefended Tokyo was foiled by Japanese ships in the North Ryukyu Sea. After repeated retreats to and from the Shanghai port, the transport ship was sunk on 28 November 1938. Insiders told the BBC an attempt had been made previously, with the ship reaching Tokyo Bay undiscovered, but had to be retreated as it lacked the sufficient supplies needed to carry out the landing.

By Christmas day 1938, 496,363 Chinese, 200,130 Japanese and 5,416 Manchu soldiers had been killed in the Second Sino-Japanese war. Chiang Kai-shek’s airforce had lost 302 fighters and 213 bombers; for the loss of 224 Japanese fighters and 209 bombers. With the sinking of the Chinese transport, the shipping losses then totalled two as a light cruiser had been sunk soon after the war started.

1938: Political Developments
1938 was an even quieter year than 1937; only one nation out of the 8 the BBC is following decided to change a minister.

Nationalist China

Minister of Security: Chen Guofu to Dai Li
Considered a ‘Crime Fighter’, Dai Li’s appointment appeared to have been caused by a desire to reduce the drain of civilian consumption on China’s industry.

1936-38: an era of industrialisation?
Hungary proved to be the most efficient in industrialising, with its industrial output growing by 43% in 1938. The Soviet Union was a close second, edging it with a 32% increase compared to Germany’s 31% and the UK’s 29%. The BBC’s economics editor considers this particularly remarkable as Germany acquired the industry of Austria and the Sudetenland in this period, with the UK’s economy also benefiting from this, while the USSR’s borders remained the same and experienced no event to stimulate its industry.

For the first time since 1936, one country experienced an industrial decline. Nationalist China had lost a significant amount of territory, but just 5% of its industrial output. In contrast, Japan had continued to industrialise during the war, albeit at a much smaller rate of 18% compared to 56% in 1936 and 25% in 1937.

France continued its much criticised policy of ‘infra-isation’, with its base industry increasing by 5% having dedicated all of its production to developing the country’s infrastructure. Its’ industrial output rose by a significant 23%, but this was primarily due to the country’s response to the German Anschluss and annexation of the Sudetenland.
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I believe Japan took the Chinese alternative capital, does it mean it crippled the Chinese industrial potential, or did the events to send the industry to the interior not happen yet?
i'm also known as boz, playing japan this game.

all transfer events fired correctly. chongqing did not fall. china lost very few ic, it's base was over 80 after this action.
also the aar declaring chinese forces has been overrun in the north is an exaggeration. only 12 chinese inf is lost in the whole process to my best knowledge.
The western part of china despite being completely separated from capital did not run out of supplies. So while it seems Japan steamrolled China this north-south line in the middle was a huge strategical mistake. Making it even worse Japan garrisons were redeployed to hold the frontline. Which later turned out to be a serious mistake as Japan lost the ability to give up low ese, useless territories (without very serious unit losses).
The western part of china despite being completely separated from capital did not run out of supplies.

Chongqing alone could supply all the western army of china, but it did still reduce ese below 10%. So while the western part of china did not run out of supplies the divisions there would run out of supplies if the seperation is maintained long enough.
I believe Japan took the Chinese alternative capital, does it mean it crippled the Chinese industrial potential, or did the events to send the industry to the interior not happen yet?
It seems somewhat safe that all industry transfer events did happen. The screnshots indicate that Chongqing did not fall.
all transfer events fired correctly. chongqing did not fall. china lost very few ic, it's base was over 80 after this action.

The BBC can confirm the Chinese move their industry multiple times. The dates when this occurred were: 10 and 20 July 1937, 15 April 1938, 13 July 1938 and 10 August 1938.
Chongqing remained in Chinese hands throughout 1937-38.

also the aar declaring chinese forces has been overrun in the north is an exaggeration. only 12 chinese inf is lost in the whole process to my best knowledge.
The BBC is more then open to feedback but would like to point out that certain Chinese forces were over-run, thereby not making it an exaggeration. The BBC deliberately avoided the use of such words as 'significant' or 'a large portion of' when describing the event.
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1939: an overview
On 15 March the German army unilaterally invaded Czechoslovakia unopposed; after Chancellor Adolf Hitler reportedly threatened President Emil Hácha to bomb the capital city of Prague should the Czechoslovak army fight. A day later, Hitler proclaimed the creation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from the Prague Castle, effectively making the Czech lands part of Germany. Hungary was given control of Slovakian lands in return for forming an alliance with Germany. This invasion sent ripples around the world, with most of the world leaders being damning in their response. Notably, the heads of Japan and Italy remained silent on the matter. Both the British and French economies experienced a 5% boost due to the increased government investment in order to boost their capability to combat Germany. 150,000 British and 50,000 Frenchmen signed up to join their country’s militaries. The British hawk lobby also strengthened due to the addition of Poland into their alliance.

On 27 March the nation of Brazil shook the world as it had not only changed it's leader, but had also re-written it's history from 1 January 1936 until the present day. It had done so for the better, improving its effective industrial capacity by 53%. Economists believe this is because the new leadership had taken a more 'sensible' approach, building both factories and investing in infrastructure; rather then focusing all efforts onto developing infrastructure.

Italy declared war on Albania on 29 March after King Zog I refused an Italian ultimatum demanding Albania accede to annexation. The Italian army landed unopposed in Tirana, annexing it on 7 April.

On 30 March the British, and subsequently French, government guaranteed the independence of Poland in an apparent response to the German acquisition of Czechoslovakia just two weeks prior. Additionally, the guarantee was furthered by Poland being invited to join the Anglo-French alliance, something the Polish government readily accepted. Britain and France experienced a very similar response as the one which occurred after the annexation of Czechoslovakia, with a rise in industrial output, military volunteers and stronger hawk lobby.

After an offensive which appeared to begin on 12 February with a Japanese attack on Changde in the Hunan province, the Chinese forces in the west had been decisively defeated. The industrial epicentre of Chongqing fell on 1 March. China’s industry fell by 43% as a result of this campaign. By June, most of western China was in Japanese hands. Soon after that the Imperial Japanese Army advanced deeper into central and eastern China. BBC's political editor Rick Bobbinson believes "it is just a matter of time, perhaps a few weeks, until Japan annexes China".

On 30 August Europe entered into while most likely turn out to be a major war. With Germany’s requests for Poland to hand over Danzig being rejected, the Germany government soon invaded the nation. Britain and France, after having their request for all German forces to leave Poland ignored, declared war on Germany and Hungary. Britain’s colonies and dominions soon followed suite. The only Allied leader opposed to war was South African Prime Minister James Barry Munnik Hertzog, a man determined to promote Afrikaner culture at the expense of British influence. Jan Smuts, a member of Britain’s war cabinet in the Great War who commanded various British armies in Africa during that conflict, became South Africa’s new Prime Minister after being out of office since 1924.

After declaring war on the Estonia-Latvia alliance on 30 August, the Red Army occupied both Riga and Tallinn within a fortnight. Both countries were annexed by the USSR with it being apparent Lithuania was the next target. The Italian leader took the opportunity to criticise the Soviets, claiming the “USSR's industry is so weak they needed to annex Estonia”. The Soviets replied, stating “Outrageous claims that have no basis in reality! Italian industry is a joke, as is its leader!” The Chinese leadership defended the USSR, stating Italy’s claims made “no sense... Estonia can't make a difference” to Soviet industry. The spokesman for the Soviet Union also pointed out “It took Italy a month to annex a country with 1/20 of its industry. It took Stalin a week to take down two countries [which were] four times the size of Albania”.

By 15 September Polish forces ended their resistance, with the German annexation of their country. In an apparent collaboration, Germany announced they were honouring the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact by ensuring all of eastern Poland was in the hands of the USSR. Hitherto the pact was believed to have merely been a non-aggression pact between the two nations. With the Soviet invasion of Lithuania on 24 September and its annexation five days later, it appeared that Germany had also bartered the status of the Baltic States with the Soviet Union.

On 24 September another momentous event occurred: Canada, similar to Brazil, had a leadership change. Unlike Brazil, however, it was not able to re-write its history from 1936 onwards. Meaning it was left with just a 42% rise in effective industrial capacity, whereas it could have matched if not superseded Brazil had it been given the chance. Once again, the cause of this failure was an over-focus, if not obsession, on building infrastructure.

The German invasion of Belgium soon began after the fall of Poland, commencing on 9 October. Britain appointed Winston Churchill as their new Prime Minister to guide them through this tumultuous war on 13 October. The Belgian government capitulated four days later. Most of north-eastern France had fallen to Germany by 24 October. However, thanks to an estimated 40 British divisions working alongside the French army, the Heer was stopped. A stalemate in northern France lasted throughout November and much of December even in the face of constant German attacks. Strasbourg finally fell just days before 1939 came to an end. The outcome of the campaign appeared to swayed heavily in the Axis’ favour, with the Allied positions in Metz becoming untenable.

Churchill (centre) replaced Chamberlain as Prime Minister. He is to lead Britain, and the rest of the fighting free world, against the Axis. To the right is Anthony Eden and left is Sir Kingsley Wood

On 6 October Germany declared war on Yugoslavia. It was annexed by Hungary less than a month later, on 5 November. 31,918 Yugoslavians fighting for their country were killed by the Axis invaders. Five days later the German government announced the creation of the client state of Croatia. It is believed the German army received 3 Croatian infantry divisions alongside 15,000 recruits as part of this formation.

On 18 November the Soviet Union declared war on, and soon invaded, Finland. The country alleges Finnish artillery was firing on Soviet positions in Karelia and the invasion was a pre-emptive strike to protect Leningrad. This story is dismissed as a pathetic excuse by the international community, with the USSR soon being expelled from the League of Nations. Regardless of this fact, the Soviet Chief of the Army boasted to the world of the Red Army's successful invasion, providing the pictures shown below. Finland made peace with the Soviet Union with Viipuri and Sortavala becoming part of the USSR just 6 days later after Helsinki was captured by the Soviets.

On 24 November the Axis declared war on the fellow fascist nation of Bulgaria. It was annexed by Hungary on 21 December. 13,543 Bulgarians died at the hands of the expansionist Axis. The aggressor nation of Hungary lost just 7,032 soldiers in its conquest and destruction of both Bulgaria and Yugoslavia.

The German government announced the creation of the puppet states of Bosnia and Slovenia on 3 December. Most political commentators suggest this was done in order to further Hitler’s war efforts, rather than an attempt to garner international support.

Germany invaded Denmark on 16 December. Six days later, with an apparent threat of the Luftwaffe bombing Copenhagen, King Christian X and his ministers decided to capitulate in return for retaining political independence in domestic matters.

The US government geared for war on the same day of the German invasion of Denmark. It's response was staggering as its industrial output rose by 20%, 200,000 Americans volunteered for their military, its hawk lobby experienced a substantial boost, three factories were immediately constructed in Chicago and the USA retained its full drafted army status. All of this was apparently in response to the Soviet acquisition of the Baltic States and two previously Finnish provinces. Political commentators were bemused by this reasoning as Germany was seen as the immediate threat to American interests considering it is at war with Britain and France, both countries having close ties to the USA. The Soviet Union’s actions appeared to be minor in comparison to that of Germany’s, especially considering the Wehrmacht has begun its invasion of France.

By 27 December the Germans had lost 96,797 men. Poland alone had lost more men in its two weeks of combat, with 143,459 Polish soldiers dying in defence of their country. France had lost 53,381 men and the British 29,199; totalling 82,850. In addition, 10,881 Belgians and 562 Luxembourgians died defending their small nations against the might of Germany.

The Soviet Union had lost 12,658 men through its invasions of the Baltic States and of Finland. The Red Army had killed 101,359 opposing troops in comparison. Latvia lost 38,296 of its troops, Estonia 27,557 and Lithuania lost 28,460 men. Finland, after putting up the weakest fight of all, lost 7,046 soldiers.

However, Europe paled in comparison to the ongoing conflict in Asia. The losses of Nationalist China out-numbered the entire losses of every combatant in Europe, with 821,149 Chinese soldiers dying in the name of Chiang-Kai-shek and freedom. 290,791 Japanese and 8,574 Manchu troops had died along the way. This means, since 25 December 1938, 324,786 Chinese, 90,661 Japanese and 3,158 Manchu troops had perished. China’s Air Force had lost 217 fighter planes and 98 bombers in the same period. Japan’s aircraft losses totalled 16 fighters and 122 bombers. This demonstrates that fighting for independence and freedom means more than dying for imperialism and conquest in the eyes of most men.

One area where the European conflict was bloodier than the Sino-Japanese war was in the battle for the skies. In the space of four months the German airforce lost more planes than China had in nearly 30. The Luftwaffe’s losses totalled 680 fighters, believed to be mainly if not solely interceptors, and 202 bombers, primarily tactical. However it had killed far more, bringing down 1,044 enemy fighters and 566 bombers. 502 of these downed fighter planes were British and French; 366 planes of the RAF and 136 of the French Air Force. 416 Belgian, 94 Polish and 32 Yugoslavian fighter planes totalled the rest of the losses perished in the war against German expansion. The Soviet Red Air Force lost 61 fighter planes and 22 bombers in this period; while Lithuania lost 97 fighters and Finland 32.

Another was the increasing relevance of mechanized warfare. Germany had lost 671 trucks and 289 tanks by 27 December. 253 French trucks and 450 tanks were destroyed in the same period; Britain's losses totalled 194 trucks and 274 tanks. The USSR had 144 less trucks and 9 tanks at its disposal after its campaigns against the Baltic States and Finland. Neither Japan or China has lost a single truck or tank in over 2 years of combat, presumably because they have none in their armies.

British Spitfires Mark I from the 65 Squadron

French troops inspect a shot down German Heinkel He-111

The war against the Axis also showed the potential emergence of a significant naval conflict with 14 British merchant ships and 2 escort vessels, alongside five Belgian and two French merchant ships, being unlawfully sunk by Germany sea raiders.

Political Developments
As with 1938, there was only one minister change in 1939. However there was also a single change of national ideas.

Nationalist China
Head of Intelligence: Chen Lifu to He Yaozu
Made at the start of the year, Yaozu’s appointment appeared to have been done to further China’s industry, as he is considered an ‘Industrial Specialist’. However by the end of the year he had little to work as Japanese forces occupied all bar three Chinese provinces in the east, and several of no economic worth in the north west.

National Culture: Conformist Work Ethic to Ethnic Nationalism
The Hungarian government appeared to reveal a facet of its real intentions in its decision to shift the nation’s culture to an increasingly aggressive and militaristic one on 28 October.

1939: the end of industrialisation?
With the end of 1939 came also an apparent end to industrialisation on a significant scale. The main cause of is war and conquest. All nations have put themselves on a war footing or are increasingly doing so. Hungary's dramatic rise in industrial output is primarily due to its take-over of Slovakia and annexation of Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. Insiders tell the BBC that the USA's industrial decline is only temporary, having been caused by public outcry against a political manoeuvre by the senators who support intervening in the war in Europe. China's decline is much more permanent, with the states' very existence being threatened.

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Regarding the numbers of volunteers that are signing up in various armies from time to time, from what source is the BBC getting its figures? I am curious because this interesting AAR is using a mix of game statistics and historical facts. The figures mentioned regarding volunteers, in some cases, appear to be "creative".

Most outstanding is:

Regarding the Spanish Civil War:

Additionally, 30,000 Italians and 10,000 Germans volunteered to fight for Franco’s army.

Reportedly, the majority of German volunteers were soon used to modernise the Nationalist’s military as they formed an armoured division, an interceptor and a tactical bomber wing.

The numerous Italian volunteers provided assistance in a variety of ways; joining the crews of a destroyer and a squadron of submarines, three infantry divisions, a light tank division, an interceptor and a naval bomber wing.

10,000 Soviets volunteered, forming an armoured and an infantry division, in addition to an interceptor and tactical bomber wing.

Around 10,000 Brits volunteered, some helping form an infantry division and most being placed on reserve.

While all the above interventions are historic, from where derive the actual figures for numbers of volunteers, please?

Also questionable are:

On 30 September 1938 Germany peacefully annexed the Czech Sudetenland... British and French industry benefited from it, with another 200,000 volunteers for the country’s militaries...

On 15 March [1939] the German army unilaterally invaded Czechoslovakia unopposed... This invasion sent ripples around the world... 150,000 British and 50,000 Frenchmen signed up to join their country’s militaries.

Are these just MP increases gotten in the game by the countries mentioned... or is there historical accuracy to them?
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Regarding the numbers of volunteers that are signing up in various armies from time to time, from what source is the BBC getting its figures? I am curious because this interesting AAR is using a mix of game statistics and historical facts. The figures mentioned regarding volunteers, in some cases, appear to be "creative".

Are these just MP increases gotten in the game by the countries mentioned... or is there historical accuracy to them?
Good question!

All the statistics mentioned are manpower increases received in the game. The same goes for Spanish Civil War, with those units being received by the Nationalists and Republicans.
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However, another version of events is in the BBC's hands. It is believed that in a parallel universe, with all the same players, we mean world leaders, remaining the same that something astonishing happened by late-1939.

Here are the alternate version of events....

The Alternate Universe: September to November 1939

In a very similar to the 'first' universe', China continued to fall to the Japanese. Its defence finally centred around its capital, with its forces being able to re-organise at an astonishing rate. Japanese bombers were devastating the Chinese population in addition to its military forces.

However, in complete contrast, France fell within weeks of invasion. It is believed the UK pulled out its army sometime around September or October, leaving the French army to fend for itself. Given its failed economic policies the past few years, it was clearly not prepared for a war against Germany. Some commentators believe it could have even fell to the Italians it was so unprepared. Germany began its invasion on 7 October by invading Belgium. The Belgian government capitulated 6 days later. By 3 November the French government had given up, and signed an armistice treaty with the Germans. The German and French officials symbolically met at Compiègne forest, in the same train used when Germany surrendered just 21 years before. The Syrians and Lebanese used this opportunity to their advantage, quickly declaring independence from their French masters. De Gaulle, previously a low ranking officer in the French Army, had managed to escape to the UK and soon set up a base in the French Congo to continue France's opposition to Germany. However the vast majority of Frenchmen made their allegiance with Vichy.

Additionally, Yugoslavia fell quickly too. After Germany declared war on the the multi-ethnic state on 6 October Hungary annexed them by 8 November.

It is believed the UK forces previously in France were clandestinely moved half way around the world, with Churchill declaring war on Japan on 19 November. Just a few days beforehand, Japan had released the puppet of Laos, which unintentionally gave Britain valuable intelligence on the Japanese dispositions of forces, giving it firm evidence that the Honshu islands were undefended.

Soon afterwards Osaka and Nagoya fell with the Imperial Japanese Navy in disarray.

The inclusion of Italy into the Axis came far too late to compensate for what was now becoming the imminent fall of Japan.

And then the world was astounded to see the industrial, political, cultural and economic centre of Japan fall within two weeks of war with Britain. Churchill, and much of the free world, must have been jumping for joy at the sight! The Second Sino-Japanese war had clearly taken its toll on Japan, with it falling in such rapidity. It is believed even the UK did not expect such a quick defeat. The British military, aided by its allied nations, had comprehensively won in Asia in the space of 11 days.

With this bomb shell, the game ended with the unconditional surrender of Japan. Prime Minister Winston Churchill presided over the momentous event, but decided to allow the USA to over-see the signing as a gesture of goodwill and future co-operation with US President Roosevelt.

And with that, the alternate universe collapsed and the 'first' universe re-commenced from 24 September 1939. Somehow, an agreement was made between the two universes, with the UK promising not to attack Japan from September 1939 to March 1940.
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Ha hah ha... it's all too funny for words (or maybe to sad to comment upon since confusion might exist given the Alternate Universe).

Anyway, from a reader's understanding, it appears this is the 2nd time boz left his capital basically undefended.

@ desev: My hat goes off to you for having tried to be a David that slew a Goliath with your brilliantly daring attempt to take Tokyo with one TP carrying a militia. How truly sad the transport ran out of oil, and the following attempt was foiled by a far superior IJN.

@ Evil Overlord: Your name says it all - a wonderful evilness that pulls off the most brilliant Overlord in history. I bet it was sweet.

@ boz: Guess you were right - no online game you know of went past 1943... but I didn't realize it was you insuring that.

@ Mr_BOnarpte: Excellent effort, presentation and style to have created a very interesting read! I am confounded why you so attacked me over my neutral presentation of Japan versus USA made to give the view that USA does not need more IC, but fictionally used boz (in a very fair way) playing Japan in my current game with me as USA. Sorry, now I do not believe all you glowing said about mcganyol while you were slapping me - in fact I dismiss every word of it. This ending is a classic!

@ all of you: Sorry the game seems to have ended. It would have been nice to see what the USA can do and when. Best wishes for another sometime.

EDIT: Umh... seems my wish might happen. Sorry, the alternate universe creates reader confusion. It appears boz was the host, and he lost Tokyo only because it and/or other nearby provinces were improperly defended - if defended at all.

Anyway, most nice that UK promises to not be so unorthodox with its future evil - for some time. But bet there might be other good alternate strategies the UK can use. :D
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