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Aramenian

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We will see changes in Europe in the upcoming update.
I would like to focus on Silesia
Earlier, I published a thread on this topic, but this one will be its correction.
so let's get to the changes:


The first change is to increase the number of provinces from four current to eight.
This change results in better accuracy of Silesia.
20190601161410_1.jpg


numerki.jpg
1:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Żagań
(Polish: Żagań, Żegan or Zegan)
(German: Sagan )
(Upper Sorbian:Zahań)
(Czech: Zaháň)
2:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Głogów
(Polish:Głogów)

(German:Glogau)
(Czech:Hlohov)
3:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legnica
(Polish:Legnica formerly: Lignica)
(German: Liegnitz)
(Czech:Lehnice)
4:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrocław
(Polish:Wrocław)
(German:Breslau)
(Czech:Vratislav)
5:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Świdnica
(Polish:Świdnica)
(German:Schweidnitz)
(Czech:Svídnice)
6:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opole
(Polish:Opole)
(German;Oppeln)
(Czech:Opolí)

7:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racibórz
(Polish:Racibórz)
(German;
Ratibor)
(Czech:Ratiboř)

8:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cieszyn
(Polish:Cieszyn)
(German;
Teschen)
(Czech:Těšín)


Second change
regiony.jpg


Mapa_20.jpg


handel.jpg
Adding one new trade center in the province of Cieszyn.

In the Middle Ages, two important European trade routes led through the territory of the Duchy of Cieszyn. The first route led from Opava and Racibórz towards Hungary. In the territory of the duchy, it began in the vicinity of Ostrava and Bogumina, then continued along the Olza river to Cieszyn and Jablunkova. Traveling along this route was convenient, as individual cities were distant from each other by about 30-40 km, which is exactly as much as was usually covered in one day of the road. This means that merchant caravans or deputies were accommodated in convenient conditions during the two days of the Duchy of Cieszyn, staying overnight in individual cities. The last stop was therefore Jabłonków, where travelers could rest before continuing their journey to Hungary to the town called Žilina.
The second route was part of the road from Krakow to Vienna, from where you could then wander through the Alps to sunny Italy. Travelers from Krakow, going through Oświęcim and Pszczyna, entered the territory of the Cieszyn Duchy in Strumień, where there was a customs chamber. The trail continued through Skoczów to Cieszyn and Frydek, which was the last stop on the way to Moravia. This route had significant communication from the fourteenth to at least the middle of the sixteenth century.

The grounds of the Cieszyn Principality, apart from the mentioned communication routes of international importance, also crossed routes of more local significance, which were to a large extent connected with them. Two of them undoubtedly deserve special attention. From the late Middle Ages until the end of the 18th century, he ran the so-called the copper route, which transported copper mined in the Poprad river valley (now in Slovakia) north to Hamburg and then by sea to other parts of the world. The trail began in Jabłonków and ran further through Cieszyn and Bohumin to Opava. From there he went to Wrocław and Zgorzelec, connecting with the most important trade route of Europe - Via Regia.

Another important trade route, the importance of which grew in the fifteenth century, was the salt trail. Salt transported in Bochnia and Wieliczka to the Duchy of Cieszyn was transported this way. The Cieszyn princes owned a monopoly for the export of Wieliczka and Bochnia salt to Western Europe, so all salt transports went to salt stores in Bielsko, Skoczów and Cieszyn, from where, depending on orders and with the appropriate price margin, they moved west.

Medieval trade routes running through the territory of the Duchy of Cieszyn were partially "absorbed" in the eighteenth century by the new Imperial Way, joining now Krakow and Vienna.

Map of Europe in 1444

eee.jpg
As we can see, the Kingdom of Bohemia begins a game with 4 vassal states.

-And these are the Principality of Glogow, Opole, Raciborz and Cieszyn
possible for the release of the principality:
-Duchy of Zagan
-Duchy of Legnica
-Duchy of Wroclaw
-Duchy of Swidnica
What concessions I had to go to;
- The Duchy of Zagan, independent at that time, will be part of the Duchy of Glogow
- The Duchy of Legnica, independent at that time, will be part of the Kingdom of Bohemia
The Duchy of Legnica will be part of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Elisabeth Hohenzollern ruled the duchy until 1449 and only after her death the local nobles rebelled and asked the Emperor Sigismund for help, so Sigismund incorporated the duchy into the kingdom of Bohemia.

Silesia is possible to create
flag

85px-POL_województwo_dolnośląskie_COA.svg.png
Capital:Wroclaw(Breslau)
Information about the Silesian duchy:[URL]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Silesia[/URL]
the current Silesian flag is bad

Silesia.png


1;Duchy of Zagan
-Capital of Zagan
Flag

85px-Silesia_Inferior_COA.svg.png
Ruler Jan II the Mad:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_II_the_Mad
information about the duchy:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Żagań

2;Duchy of Glogow
-Capital of Glogow
Flag

85px-POL_księstwo_jaworskie_COA.svg.png
Ruler Henry IX the Elder;https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henryk_IX_Starszy
information about the duchy:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Głogów


3;Duchy of Legnica
-Capital of Legnica
Flag

85px-POL_księstwo_legnickie_COA.svg.png
Ruler of Elisabeth of Hohenzollern:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabeth_of_Brandenburg,_Duchess_of_Brzeg-Legnica_and_Cieszyn
information about the duchy:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Legnica

4:Duchy of Wroclaw
-Capital of Wroclaw
In 1335, after the death of Henryk VI Dobre, after 350 years of reign in Wrocław, Polish princes and kings, the city passed under the rule of Czech kings.
-Wroclaw, property of the Kingdom of Bohemia
Flag

125px-Banner_Konrad_des_Weißen_von_Oels.png
The coat of arms of the Piast dynasty of Oleśnica until 1492 was identical to the coat of arms of the Duchy of Wroclaw and depicted in the golden field of the black eagle's shield, beak and red claws, with a silver crescent-shaped patch with a silver cross on the inner arch of the patchwork. There are also versions of an eagle without a cross on a loincloth.
The coat of arms of the Oleśnica Piast dynasty (and Wrocław) was the basis for the later German coat of arms of Lower Silesia.


5.Dutchy of Swidnica

-Capital of Swidnica
Flag

POL_ksiestwo_swidnickie_COA.svg.png
In 1392 after Agnieszka's death - a widow of Bolko II - under the treaty of 1353 Swidnica passed into the hands of the Czech kings
-Swidnica, property of the Kingdom of Bohemia


6;Duchy of Opole
-Capital of Opole
Flag

85px-POL_województwo_opolskie_COA.svg.png
Ruler: Nicholas I of Opole :https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_I_of_Opole
information about the duchy:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Opole

7;Duchy of Raciborz
-Capital of Raciborz
Flag

85px-POL_województwo_śląskie_II_RP_COA.svg.png
Ruler: Wenceslaus II: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wenceslaus_II,_Duke_of_Opava-Ratibor
information about the duchy:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Racibórz
The ruler of Wenceslaus II, comes from the Přemyslid dynasty, which gives us the opportunity to restore Přemyslid to the throne of the Kingdom of Bohemia. It could be connected with the mission tree for Raciborz consisting in regaining the throne of the Kingdom of Bohemia.

Information about Přemyslid dynasty:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Přemyslid_dynasty

8.Duchy of Cieszyn
-Capital of Cieszyn
Flag

125px-POL_powiat_cieszyński_flag.svg.png
Ruler:Wenceslaus I:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wenceslaus_I,_Duke_of_Cieszyn
information about the duchy:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Teschen



Raubritter-Knight robber
He came from a Germanic knight family and in his life he made a real fortune - all due to numerous plundering. The most were suffered by merchants from Wrocław and Świdnica, but hardly anyone could feel safe with the soldiers of von Czirna. His innate flair and proverbial happiness enabled him to lead the robbery for several dozen years.
In the 15th century Silesia there were many similar robbers.
The complicated political situation favored this. The land was divided into many rival princes. In addition, the first half of the century was marked by Hussite invasions, during which many cities were burnt. In the second half of the century, it was not easy either. The Czech-Hungarian-Polish rivalry entered the decisive phase. Through Silesia, masses of the army were rolling, spreading chaos and destruction, which the "enterprising" people like von Czirna could perfectly use.
Brothers of the robber

Our hero was born into a wealthy knight's family, to which several castles belonged in the Sudeten Foothills. At first he was an exemplary knight, he took part in the battle of Grunwald (on the Teutonic side). He managed to survive it
and return to the homeland where, together with brother Opitz, they changed their lifestyle and became knights - robbers.


Initially, they did not have much success in this field, but the growing turmoil associated with the Hussite wars, greatly facilitated their task. Von Czirnow became acquainted with the favors of Elżbieta - the wife of the prince Ludwik II Brzeski, who, through her intercession, gave them all the land of Strzelin under their care. Hans even became a starost, and on the nearby hill he erected his stone castle - Gromnik. He had several other strongholds, including Niesolno or Sokolec.
In 1428, the Hussite army under the command of Prokop Łysa came to Strzelin. Von Czirnow showed great cleverness, as they not only gave the invaders to the city, but also went over to their side. They did not do it for religious reasons. Under the guise of the Hussite ideology, they were now able to plunder and rob with impunity, expecting the protection of strong Czech Protestants.
Execution seemed inevitable
The townspeople of Wrocław, Świdnica and other towns complained to the bishop Konrad of Wrocław on the vileness of von Czirna, but as long as the larger Hussite units were going to Lower Silesia. It was difficult to find the robber. It was not until 1432 that the townspeople, by the side of the bishop, suddenly set off for the castle of Niesytno and after a short siege, captured him, taking both brothers into captivity.

Execution seemed inevitable, but Hans proved cunning again. Not only did he promise to go to the Catholics' side, but he guaranteed them that he would hand over some Hussite leaders into their hands. Von Czirnow was released. They invited two local Hussite leaders, Bedrich and Michałek, to their castle of Sokolec, who were captured and handed over to the bishop. The furious Hussites attacked and destroyed the Sokolec castle, but von Czirnov had fled from there for a long time.

It is difficult to change old tastes, so after a few years of peace, von Czirnov returned to the old practice. They attacked caravans, villages, and even plundered the suburbs of Silesian towns. They especially bent on goods belonging to Bishop Konrad - the one who had previously given them all the blame. The base of the robbers was the Gromnik castle.
In 1443, the army of Wroclaw and several other allied cities and princes struck Gromnik Castle, quickly gaining it. Meanwhile, neither Hans nor Opitz was at the castle. Soon, through the intercession of the aforementioned Elżbieta Legnicko-Brzeska, the guilt was again forgiven and the legal purchase of the city of Strzelin and the reconstruction of the Gromnik castle were allowed. Whoever expected that von Czirnov would calm down was in great error. The famous Raubritteers continued their ravening activities. Its end was brought only ... alcohol.

The knight Gunzel von Swinka, the owner of the Swina castle, was famous for his passion for alcohol. His drunken displays were admired throughout central Europe and there was no one who could match him in drunkenness. In 1455, Hans and Opitz attacked a wagon that transported beer and wine to the Swina castle. The entire load was put to the Niesytno castle, where the celebration began.

Meanwhile, the constantly thirsty Gunzel von Swinka learned about the attack of von Czirnów. He raged, gathered a pack of armed knights, and struck with surprise at the headquarters of the robbers. Drunks did not put up much resistance. Hans tried to seek refuge in the castle chapel, but angry Gunzel did not respect the sacred land and murdered von Czirna mercilessly. That was the end of the most famous Silesian raubritter.
Guncel II (1410-1503) chose a very fashionable career in that century, in the midst of local knights. He was a brigand. Today, we define it nicer as a knight - robber. However, this does not change the simple fact that Guncel II was simply a bandit, living from a common robbery.
It was an extremely developed procedure at that time. The progressive pauperization of knights, the costs of reckless expedition against the Poles and the disastrous consequences of the defeat at Grunwald and the destruction of the Hussite wars expelled many knights on the valleys, making them ordinary robbers. However, Guncel II was prudent enough not to endanger the growing cities which, in time, had to win. He only robbed his colleagues. Thanks to that he earned fast, much and without much risk. His greatest achievement was the destruction of the famous (Hans von Tschirn). It gave way to the town of Świdnica that the townspeople put up an armed contingent, which they handed over under the command of Guncel of Swin.
He besieged Hans von Tschirn in the castle of Niesytno (Płonina) and after a short fight he killed (apparently in the castle chapel in which he took refuge, counting for asylum). According to legend, Hynek's treasury had to collapse under the earth at the time of his death. It is more likely that Guncel seized him (which was, after all, the main purpose of this trip). The grave of Guncel II is the oldest epitaph preserved in the local castle church in Świny.

The development of Silesia may be weaker, because after the Hussite wars in the destroyed Silesia for a long time there was political and legal chaos, and the population was persecuted by bands of soldiers and so-called. raubritter or bandit knights.


 
Last edited:

Mr.Grizzly

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Very nice looking indeed, I'm just wondering what made you keep Silesia in the Krakow trade node? Personally, I think that Silesia, both Upper and Lower, should be moved to the North Germany region since, just like the Czechs and Sorbs, were under heavy German influence which is reflected by them having Western tech group and in Silesia's NI. Just a small nitpick from me though. :p I would also hope that the duchies that aren't at the start would possible releaseables, would be a nice way of being able to still have them in-game but not at start unless Bohemia runs into problems. Good summary of the last thread though, hopefully it's incorporated to some degree, if not all.
 

Aramenian

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Very nice looking indeed, I'm just wondering what made you keep Silesia in the Krakow trade node?
Silesia got in the Krakow trade hub because of strong trade ties with Poland. For example, the Cieszyn Duchy had exclusive trade in salt from Wieliczka from Poland, where the salt was exported to Germany.
Personally, I think that Silesia, both Upper and Lower, should be moved to the North Germany region since, just like the Czechs and Sorbs, were under heavy German influence which is reflected by them having Western tech group and in Silesia's NI
20190602123029_1.jpg
 
Silesia, goods

Aramenian

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20190604170552_1.jpg



Due to the deposits of turf ores in the vicinity of Zagan and numerous forges, I decided to give iron as a product produced in Zagan.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bog_iron

Due to the fact that the duchy of Glogow had the city of Zielona Góra, the German name (Grünberg in Schlesien). It was a city that was famous for the production of wine and numerous vineyards. I decided to give wine production.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zielona_Góra

Swidnica was famous for the production of beer. In the years 1380-1382, there was a conflict on the European markets, after which Swidnica beer finally won its place on European tables. Winemaking was also developing. I decided to choose wine as a product produced by Swidnice.
It was also known from other products, such as knives, cloth,

as for Opole, I chose the grain because I was unable to find information about other goods.

In the early Middle Ages they began to develop in the north-eastern areas of the Racibórz poviat, i.e. near Rud and Kuźnia Raciborska, the germs of the metal industry. Peat ore deposits occurred in these areas. This is evidenced by, among others names of such places as: Ruda and Rudka. During this period, service estates were established, specializing in metallurgy, in which ore was melted. Such a settlement was, for example, Rudnik, from where the iron was delivered to the city of Raciborz(Ratibor).

There is also the possibility of adding a silver mine.
Repty Śląskie, a village, now within Tarnowskie Góry's limits, was mentioned in September 12, 1201. According to legend, the source of silver ore was first discovered in 1490 , when local peasant-farmer named Rybka found a strange, heavy, metallic stone while plowing near the village of Tarnowice. He presents the most important area in the area of the largest silver mining center in the area. Its population rivaled in the future, it is a large number of people in the world. it was said to be practically pure, metallic silver.
source of information:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarnowskie_Góry

As for Cieszyn, the Cieszyn Duchy was mainly based on agriculture, crafts and spas. Grains were grown on a large scale, especially wheat and oats, as well as buckwheat, peas, potatoes and pumpkin. Cattle, pigs and sheep were bred. The 18th century Duchy of Cieszyn was famous for its good quality leather and leather goods.

I chose Livestock. As a product manufactured at the beginning. Later it could change to glass production.

From the 16th to the beginning of the 19th century, it operated in the territory of the Duchy of Cieszyn, a glassworks in Brenna. Until the mid-nineteenth century, there were also flax spinning plants, the most famous of which were in Cieszyn and Jabłonków. Cieszyn's spinning mill was run by an Italian merchant from the Contessa family. Interestingly, at least until the 16th century, Italian buyers founded their commercial and industrial companies in the Cieszyn Duchy.


 
University of Legnica-Library of Augustinians in Zagan

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University of Legnica - a protestant university existing in the Duchy of Legnica and Brzesko-wołow.
The university was founded in 1526 by Prince Frederick II of Legnica as the first Protestant university in the world. Prince Frederick II, whose ambition was to be the protector of Protestant humanism, he ordered the establishment of a university based on the intellectual potential of the St. Law School of Legnica. Peter and Paul. According to the assumptions, it was planned to employ 24 professors in Legnica, each paying an annual salary of 50 zlotys of guilders.

Newly known lecturers from the empire came to the newly founded university, thanks to which the school quickly gained new students and began to count in this part of Europe. At the university, lecturers such as Bernard Ziegler, Valentin Krautwald, Johannes Werner, Kaspar Schwenkfeld, Johannes Rurer, Fabian Geppert, Bernard Ziegler, Konrad Cordatus, Teodor Buchmann and Valentin Trotzendorf began to lecture. Many of them managed to bring to Legnica from foreign universities (including from Wittenberg) thanks to personal contacts of Fryderyk II Legnicki or Schwenkfeld. Students of the classes probably held at the church of St. John in the former cloister rooms on three faculties: theological, philosophical and legal.

However, the university functioned only for three years, and several reasons for its downfall. Prince Frederick II of Legnica recognized that the Turks posed a danger to his estate, and therefore he began to devote his financial surpluses to prepare the princely cities for a possible defense against the Turkish threat. Cash, which until now fed the University's cash register and let it grow, ceased to flow. Importantly, the Catholic Church did not agree to participate in the costs of maintaining the university, refusing to transfer to the university part of its income from church goods. In addition to financial problems, the ideological conflict between professors rebounded very negatively at the University of Legnica. Some of them, including Trotzendorf, represented a moderate, conservative wing, while Schwenkfeld and Krautwald were keen supporters of the radical, progressive wing (Anabaptism). Eventually, the big problem was the plague, which in 1527 broke out in Legnica, decimating the students and discouraging new ones to study at the university. In 1529, the university leaves Schwenkfeld, Trotzendorf and many other professors, which in turn led to the university's solution

The activity of the canons of regular saints Augustine played an extremely important role in the history of the Duchy of Zagan and entire Silesia, both in the material and spiritual dimensions. Formed in the eighteenth century, the monumental complex of buildings of the Augustinian monastery in Żagan is a carrier of special artistic and historical values, and the rich legacy of the abbey established in the field of broadly defined culture, religion, science and modern education methods radiated far beyond the borders of the region. The monks came to Zagan in 1284 from Nowogród Bobrzański. For centuries, the abbey was the leading religious and scientific center in the field of theology, canon law and Roman law. The outstanding figures associated with it made Żagan famous in Europe. We are talking about scholarly scholars: Ludolf and Bernard Fabri, and especially about Ignacy Felbiger (Johann Ignaz von Felbiger, 1724 - 1788) researcher and meritorious in reforming education in Silesia, and later, thanks to the protectorate of Empress Teresa, throughout the Habsburg Empire
The monastery outside the monks' cells and the chapter-house also houses the chapel of St. Anna with Gothic vaults and a magnificent monastery library with an 18th century decor. In the collection of the library there is a fragment of the Bible from the eighth century and items from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century.
Since the 15th century, the Zagan library of monasteries belonged to the most famous in Silesia. To this day, it has remained almost intact. Its interior is famous for its excellent acoustics, which is due to a specially shaped vault called the whispered vault. An interesting fact is that you can whisper in it, even in opposite places of the room.