Philippine Unit Pack Ideas and Picture References

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Phoenix7998

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As Paradox has put in some new pre-hispanic philippine states, I figured if ever in the future that paradox decides to make a new unit pack or an entire new dlc focusing on southeast asia like those in both mainland and maritime southeast asia as I know paradox has made already some units in mainland southeast asia in the Buddhist unit pack and some players are suggesting additions and improvements to indonesia and thai areas, I think I can provide some cool picture references for the designers to see for what the units and art in the philippines could look like as I'm a filipino with some interest in history. I'm not a historian though so if any other filipino out there or historical enthusiast on the topic can correct or add their own ideas with the pictures.

For Tier 1,
I think the oldest picture references of the time period that I know of could be based off of illustrations from the Boxer Codex which was a manuscript written and illustrated by an unnamed spanish author and possibly a chinese illustrator completed around 1590 under orders of the then spanish colonial governor-general Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas to report back to spain about their territories. The governor-general himself was killed 3 years later by his sangley(chinese) rowers on his galley ship on his way to invade ternate in the moluccas. His son, Luis, succeeded him and kept this manuscript. The illustrations are just like those found in the portuguese-made Códice Casanatense. It has illustrations not just of pre-hispanic filipinos of the time but also peoples of east asia and southeast asia seen residing in manila at that time such as chinese generals and couples from the ming empire, japanese of the samurai caste, warriors from moluccas, siamese warriors from siam, warriors from borneo, tartar warriors from mongolia, and north vietnamese warriors and couple.

Tagalog = The people of the Grand Barangays of Tondo and Maynila in the game
Visayan = The people of the Grand Barangays of Madyas and Cebu in the game
Ilocano = The people living in the provinces of Ilocos and Cagayan in the game
Pangasinense = The people of the Grand Barangay of Pangasinan in the game
Kapampangan = The people of Pampanga living in where the province of Tondo is in the game
Bohol = The circular island as opposed to the elongated island (Cebu) where the game deems the province and Grand Barangay of Cebu is at
Moro = The muslim people (deemed as moors by spaniards) living in the provinces of Lanao, Maguindanao, Sulu in the game

Note: The martial arts used in the period commonly relied on by the peasant or commoner class, as opposed to the nobility or warrior class, was Kali or also known these days as Arnis or Eskrima which are derived from old spanish words of arnés (armor) and esgrima (fencing) as observed by the spaniards at the time. This was a martial arts that used dual blades from two hands. These days people perform the martial arts with wooden sticks or knives in both hands for training and safety reasons. The shift in using wooden rattan sticks and small knives instead of actual swords these days was also seen in spanish colonial times since the spaniards decreed the prohibition of civilians to carry full-sized swords (like the Kalis / Kris, and the Kampilan) and disallowed the propagation of this martial art, fearing that it could be used to train natives to effectively start armed uprisings. The modern martial art now also takes some influence from 15th century spanish fighting styles like old fencing and chinese, arabian, and indian martial arts. Today, practitioners of the art are called "arnisador(male) / arnisadora(feminine) for those who call it arnis, eskrimador(male) / eskrimadora(feminine) for those who call it eskrima, and kalista(neutral) or mangangali(neutral) for those who call it kali. Some of the population in the period also practiced a localized Chinese fighting style known as kuntaw.

From the Boxer Codex (1590)
d164c2b9ef52f0ac72e54b03dfc9d3d6--boxers-indiana.jpg


Warriors of the time:
Warrior holding Sibat (Spear)
Native-Warrior.jpg

Native1.jpg

Native warrior using Japanese weapons and armor
Native_Warrior.jpg


Warrior from Borneo
Pre-colonial_Native.jpg


Warrior from Moluccas
Native_Soldier.jpg

Some pictures too of Philippine Lords, Nobles, Commoners, and Native Warriors

Philippine Lords and Nobles:
Tagalog Datus(Lord) and Maginoo(Nobles) with Wife
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429px-Naturales_5.png

425px-Naturales_3.png


Binukot(Princess) from Cagayan
Cagayan_Woman.png


Visayan Datus(Lords) with Wife
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Visayans_3.png

Native_of_Visayan_origin.jpg



latest

The sentence reads "The King and his followers"
The above image is most likely edited but added with baybayin and tagalog sentence and illustrations from the Boxer Codex just like images prior.

Philippine Commoners
Visayan Timawa(Feudal Warrior Class Commoner)
Visayans_2.png

Visayan Pintados(Tattooed warrior class)
Visayans_1.png


Alipin/Uripon(slaves)
Naturales_1.png


Native Commoners (probably muslims in the muslim rajahnate of maynila at the time)
Naturales_2.png

Native Tribesmen Warriors or Nomadic Hunters around the country
Noble Warrior from Cagayan
Cagayan_Warrior.png


Negrito Nomadic Hunters
Negritos.png


Nomadic Hunters from Zambales
Zambals_1.png

Zambals_2.png

Zambals_3.png

There are more pictures of other people found in southeast asia at the time from the Boxer Codex to be found in wikipedia here although there are some not found online and are still within the book itself which can be browsed here.

Here are some pictures too of Visayans from Fr. Alcina's Historia de Las Islas e Indios Visayas (1668)
Visayan Datu(Lord) with Binukot(Princess/Lady)
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An enslaved visayan pintado(tattooed feudal warrior class)
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Visayan Warriors fighting
historia-de-las-islas-e-indios-visayas-1.jpg

historia-de-las-islas-e-indios-visayas-2.jpg

Pictures of the Kalis / Kris and the Kampilan. Famous swords of the period that are still collected or used by muslim Moros in Mindanao.
  • The Kalis / Kris is known to have been used in service to Tondo, Rajahnate of Cebu, Butuan, Rajahnate of Maynila, Sultanate of Maguindanao, Sultanate of Sulu, Bruneian Empire. Today, it is known to be used still by Moro people (Maguindanao people, Maranao people(Lanao), Tausūg people(Sulu)), Bugis people(from Sulawesi), and Visayans(Visayas).
  • The Kampilan is known to have been used in service to Ancient barangays around the country, Rajahnate of Cebu, Madja-as, Tondo, Namayan, Maynila, Rajahnate of Butuan, Sultanate of Maguindanao, Sultanate of Sulu. Today, it is known to be used still by Kapampangans(Pampanga), Ilocanos(Ilocos), Tagalogs, Visayans, Moros (Illanun(from Lanao/Sabah), Maguindanao, Maranao(from Lanao), Tausug(from Sulu)), Bajau(from Sulu/ Maguindanao/Sabah). The weapon has been known to have been used in the historic wars of Majapahit-Luzon wars, Bruneian Invasion of Tondo, Battle of Mactan, and the Moro wars.
Note: The Kalis / Kris is more popularly known to Indonesians and Malaysians as "Keris."
Kalis / Kris with other local names of its parts
Kris_nomenclature.jpg

The Kampilan with other local names of its parts
Kampilan_moro_parts_components.jpg

In the Spanish Colonial Period, these would be the knives used instead after spanish decree prohibited swords like the former.
800px-Filipino_knives.jpg

Philippine Weapons of Offense and Defense in Precolonial Times
320px-Philippine_weapons_krieger_collection_plate_1.png

Precolonial Filipinos made excellent armor for use on the battlefield, and swords were an important part of native weaponry. In some parts of the Philippines, armor was made from diverse materials such as cordage, bamboo, bark, sharkskin, and water buffalo hide to deflect piercing blows by cutlasses or spear points. Visayan chainmail and cuirasses were called barote: quilted or corded body armor. Spaniards called these "escaupiles", after the cotton-padded exemplars they found in the New World. The barote was woven of thick braided abaca or bark cords, tight enough to be waterproof and knotted intricately so that cuts did not spread. Burlap was worn against the body under the barote; the body armor itself extended to the elbow and knee with an ankle-length variety with sleeves for manning defenses, although for greater agility confident warriors preferred to go without them. "Pakil" and "batung-batung" were breastplates and back plates made of bamboo bark, hardwood like ebony or in Mindanao, and caraboa horn or elephant hide from Jolo. Sharkskin was used effectively for helmets or "moriones". Shields were important defensive weapons in all lowland societies of the Philippines. Visayan shields, kalasag, were made of light, fibrous wood designed to enmesh any spear or dagger that penetrated its surface and to prevent their retrieval by the enemy. Shields were strengthened and decorated with an elaborate rattan binding on the front, which was also coated with a resin that turned rock-hard upon drying. These shields were generally 0.5 meters by 1.5 meters in size and, along with missile deflecting helmets, provided full body protection that was difficult to penetrate. Thus, it is not surprising that most of the raids that were successful in terms of taking captives and heads, were surprise ambushes that literally caught the enemy with his shields down.
 
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Phoenix7998

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josc3a9-honorato-lozano-toma-de-los-fuertes-sipac-y-sungap-1848-detail.jpg

19th Century Painting by José Honorato Lozano. February 19, 1848
Toma de los fuertes Sipac y Sungap en la Ysla de Balanguingui el 19 de Febrero de 1848.
The Capture of Fort Sipac and Sungap in the Island of Balanguingui at 19th of February 1848.
-An amphibious campaign against Moro Pirates from the Spanish Expedition to Balanguingui Island in Sulu Archipelago, dated 16–22 February 1848.

Ships
Warships
Visayan Karakoa
Visayan_karakoa.jpg

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Garay (used for piracy by the Banguingui of Mindanao around the Sulu Sea)
Garay_warships_of_pirates_in_the_Sulu_Sea.jpg

1024px-Balangingi_Garay_ships_by_Rafael_Monle%C3%B3n_%281890%29.png

800px-The_%27Tartar%27_of_Captain_Forrest_%281863%29.png

800px-Garay_sketches_by_Rafael_Monle%C3%B3n_%281890%29.png

Garay with Lantaka at the bow
Illanoan_Pirates.png


Transport Ships and Sailboats
Balangay (Transport Ship) - etymological root of Barangay
1024px-Balangay_Replica.jpg

balangaylapingisland05.JPG

balangaydumaguete36.JPG

3-butuanboat.jpg

butuan-national-museum.jpg

Balangay from Butuan
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An armed merchant Biroko ship
800px-%22Parao_Mercante%22_-_illustration_of_a_biroco_merchant_ship_from_the_Philippines_%281890%29.jpg


Sail Ship Paraw
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800px-Coron%2C_veduta_dal_mare_08_imbarcazione_di_legno.jpg

Small Paraw sail boat
800px-Philippines%2C_sailing_boat_with_outrigger%2C_model_in_the_Vatican_Museums.jpg

Piratical Proa in full chase
A_Piratical_Proa_in_Full_Chase.jpg


Vinta sailboat canoes from Mindanao by Muslim Moros
800px-Vinta_Boat_of_the_Bajau_Laut_people.jpg

A_Moro_vinta_outrigger_canoe.jpg

Vinta_boats_in_Bigiw%2C_Samal_Island.jpg


Houseboats
Lepa - used by the Sama-Bajau people of Mindanao as houseboats but these days for fishing and cargo
Old_Moro_Sailing_Boat_%28A_Bajau_lepa_houseboat%29.jpg

front half of a lepa
800px-National_Museum_of_Ethnology%2C_Osaka_-_Houseboat_-_Bajau_people_-_State_of_Sabah_in_Malaysia.jpg


The Spanish naval engagement and bombardment
Bombardment_Balanguingui.jpg

Landing_Balanguingui.jpg

National_Museum_KL_2008_%2854%29.JPG

A Lantaka, swivel guns locally manufactured by the Moro in Mindanao for piracy and naval engagement
Rentaka_Melayu.jpg

800px-Lantakas.jpg

800px-Moro_cannon_or_swivel_gun_%28lantaka%29_from_the_Sulu_Archipelago%2C_brass%2C_Honolulu_Museum_of_Art.jpg
 
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Phoenix7998

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AC01269a.jpg

More pictures of the era
An Iranun Pirate from Tampassook, Borneo. These usually come originally from Sulu or Lanao of the Sultanate of Maguindanao
364px-Iranum_pirate.png

0b5bdd7591c995d0711c297e07d8d431.jpg

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Women-in-the-Precolonial-Philippines1.jpg

thepinoywarrior+battle+of+mactan.jpg

Maladok-war-god-Barangaw-Nagunid.jpg

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Raja%2BLapu%2BLapu%2B%25283%2529.jpg

tumblr_mjo6z5Hjai1rsqusgo3_1280.jpg

pre-colonial-life-and-culture-in-the-philippines-13-638.jpg

Lapu-Lapu, the man who met Ferdinand Magellan
Philippines_Lapu_Lapu.jpg

Moro Juramentado
Moro_of_the_Philippines.jpg

Sulu Warriors
MoroUniformGREGROSE.jpg

The Sultan of Maguindanao with other Datus(Lords) and his entourage
sultan-of-maguindanao-and-his-entourage-mindanao-philippines-1-datu-illustration-id681883271

Bayani_Art_Sultan_Kudarat_Mindanao.jpg

Tier 2
Based on 16th-17th Century Revolts of the Period
Arcabuceros de Pampanga of the 1585 Pampanga Revolt,
Kapampangan harquebusiers armed with arquebuses, wearing ‘‘turung’ (conical hats) and ‘balútî’ (armour).
Art by Kirby Araullo
tumblr_nnacqeDxBN1qf8z5ro1_500.jpg

arcabucero-pampangueno600.jpg

From the Letter of the Fiscal of the Audiencia of Filipinas, Licenciado Ayala, about the rebellion in Pampanga, dated 20 June 1585.

In the province of Pampanga which is ten to twelve leagues from this City (Manila), some Principales(Nobles) rose up in rebellion about the beginning of last April. One of them was named Don Juan de Manila and the other is Don Nicolas Managuete. Gathering a force of one hundred Indios(Natives), some voluntarily, others by force, they went to the next province of Candaba with fifty arquebuses, much gunpowder, and other arms. A chief of the Indios, some relative of Don Juan de Manila tried to restrain and contain their rebellion but they killed and robbed him of a great quantity of gold. From there they took a banca(boat) through the river where they met some bancas with almost forty Indios whom they all killed and stole their provisions and committed much harm and robbery. Your President dispatched later the Maestre de Campo(Fieldmaster/Marshal) with thirty soldiers. God willed that the Indios with more than sixty arquebuses and armors were defeated and the two leaders were separated, each one going his way.

Might be the sort of hat they had
IMG_2406.jpg~c200

From the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Money Museum Salakot Display
320px-Bangko_Sentral_ng_Pilipinas_Money_Museum_salakot_display.jpg

Tortoise-shell and silver-lined salakot
800px-Silver_enlaid_torquiose_shell_salakot.JPG

A silver-inlaid salakot fit for a Gobernadorcillo (Municipal Governor) or a Cabeza de barangay (Barangay Chief).
800px-Silver_enlaid_salakot.jpg


Lakan Dula
Lakandula.JPG

Rajah Sulayman
800px-UPmuseumjf2997_05.JPG

Magalat Revolt 1596
Magalat1.jpg

e9ba33a60733476665ac10a5bfcb4705.jpg

Carvings from Bohol of Tamblot from the Tamblot Uprising (1621-1622) and Datu Sikatuna
Sikatuna_and_Tamblot_carvings%2C_Bohol.jpg

Sculpture of Ang Sanduguan (El Pacto de Sangre/The Blood Compact) in Bohol
Datu(Lord) Sikatuna is the one on the left with Spanish Conquistadores Miguel López de Legazpi with his fellow spaniards on the right.
blood_compact.jpg

Sculpture is inspired from the 1886 painting of the same name by Filipino painter, Juan Luna, of the historic 1565 Sandugo(blood compact ritual) event, where Datu Sikatuna of Bohol and Spanish Conquistador and First Governor-General of the Spanish East Indies Miguel López de Legazpi sat down and drew blood from their arms then mixed them with wine for each other to drink as a sign of their alliance and friendship.
320px-The_Blood_Compact_by_Juan_Luna.jpg

The armor depicted on Sikatuna might be inspired from this carabao hide armor from the Badillo collection of the Ayala Museum.
It was described that this was used more than 1,000 years ago in the country, the body is made of carabao hide while the hat is of carabao horn. It is said to be possibly the only complete native armor of its kind in the philippines in existence.
CL00151b.jpg


Bas Relief Mural of the Malong Revolt (1660-1661) in Pangasinan by Andres Malong, Maestro de Campo of Binalatongan, Pangasinan. He wanted to be King of Pangasinan after heeding the call to arms from Francisco Maniago of Pampanga when the Maniago/Pampanga Revolt (1660-1661) first sparked. The following year, this then chain sparked another revolt up north by the ilocanos this time under the Almazan Revolt (1661) by Don Pedro Almazan who also wanted to be King of Ilocos.
From the Filipino Heroes Memorial at Corregidor Island
18261601959_26d12cb335_b.jpg

Here is video showcase by Spanish comic artists of a comic made about the 1582 Cagayan Battles where Spanish colonial forces either from spain, the americas, or filipinos headed by Kapitan Juan Pablo de Carrión battled Wokou Pirates off the Cagayan River in Northern Luzon. The Wokou Pirates were composed mostly Japanese and Chinese merchants (both legitimate and smugglers), fishermen, and rōnin(masterless samurai) on sampans (三板)(hokkien chinese fishing boat) headed by a leader heard by the spaniards as Tay Fusa but could just be a chinese or japanese courtier (大夫), pronounced in mandarin as "Dàfū", in hokkien as "Tāi-hu", in hakka as "Thai-fû", in japanese as "Taifu".
 
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Phoenix7998

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Tier 3
This would be marked by 18th Century Revolts spanning the period and going hand in hand collaborating with the British Invasion of Manila that occupied the spanish colonial capital, Manila, and the nearby principal port of Cavite from 1762-1764 as part of the Seven Years War.

Christian_Filipinos_under_Spanish_army_in_Mindanao_in_their_battle_against_the_Moro_Muslim%2C_circa_1887.jpg

The above image is actually of christian filipinos under the spanish colonial army searching for muslim moros in their battles against the Moro Muslim in 1887.

images


Dagohoy Rebellion (1744-1825)
-led by Francisco Dagohoy in Bohol, an 85 year insurgency rebellion sparked from the refusal of the local catholic parish priest of giving his brother a proper catholic burial due to dying from dueling which was deemed a mortal sin. His brother was a constable who was ordered by the priest to capture an apostate fugitive who resisted and killed him.

dagohoy-rebellion-eb72a323-ded5-4127-acff-27ebf664f87-resize-750.jpeg

Bas Relief Mural from the Filipino Heroes Memorial at Corregidor Island
Dagohoy-Revolt-1.jpg

Scenes from the British Occupation (1762-1764) from the Filipinas Heritage Library Catalog

HI00978a.jpg

HI00963a.jpg

HI00960a.jpg

HI00973a.jpg

HI00971a.jpg

HI00965a.jpg

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HI00962a.jpg

HI00961a.jpg

HI00953a.jpg

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Silang Revolt (1762-1763)
-Led by the couple Diego and Gabriela Silang. proclaimed a Free Ilocos calling it Ilocandia. This went hand in hand with the british invasion so the british decided to collaborate with them. The spanish paid off one of Diego Silang's friend to betray and kill him. Diego Silang died and his wife, Gabriela Silang, continued the revolt, earning the title "Joan of Arc of the Ilocos" because of her many victories in battle. The ilocanos were eventually defeated and she was executed by the Spanish authorities in Vigan on September 1763.

HI00974a.jpg

HI00975a.jpg

Silang_Revolt1.jpg

e06d5e44a.jpg

PP00088b.jpg

Palaris Revolt (1762-1764)
-Led by Juan "Palaris" de la Cruz. Another revolt that sparked in Pangasinan by the principalia(nobility) of Binalatongan during the British invasion after the spanish colonial government relocated to Pampanga. They too collaborated with the Silang revolt and the british.

Bas Relief Mural from the Filipino Heroes Memorial at Corregidor Island
10591415104_ee1e08b54e.jpg

1780s Spanish Colonial Military Militiamen Uniforms throughout the Philippines by Sr. Jose Bueno of Madrid from Retrato Photo Archive of the Filipinas Heritage Library

Milicias de Pampanga Filipinas c. 1780 (Militia of Pampanga)
CL00167b.jpg


Milicias de Tondo Filipinas c. 1780 (Militia of Tondo)
CL00168b.jpg


Capitan de la Milicia del Real Principe, Filipinas 1779 (Captain of the Royal Prince's Militia)
Tricornio: Negro, galón oro y escarapela roja. Casaca y calzón: Azules. Vuelta, collarin, y chupa: Blancos. Charreteras y boton: Oro. Polainas: Blancas. Bandoleras y cartuchera: Rojas con galón, hebillas y escudo oro.
Tricorn: Black, gold chevron and red cockade. Coat and shorts: Blue. Jersey, Collar, and Jacket: White. Epaulettes and button: Gold. Leggings: White. Bandoliers and holster: Red with chevron, buckles and gold shield.
CL00169b.jpg


Caballeria de Mariquina, Filipinas 1780 (Marikina Volunteer Cavalryman)
Sombrero: Marron claro amarillento. Casaquilla: Azul; solapa y vueltas blancas. Boton: Azul. Calzon: Marron.. Montura y Gualdrapa: Cuero natural.
Hat: Light yellowish brown. Dress: Blue; Lapel and Laps: White. Buttons: Blue. Breeches: Brown. Saddle and Horse Coat: Natural leather.
CL00164b.jpg


Milicias urbanas de Manila Filipinas c. 1779 (Urban Militia of Manila)
CL00165b.jpg


Milicias de Batangas Filipinas c. 1780 (Militia of Batangas)
CL00166b.jpg


Soldados de España, Tropas de Ultramar, Siglo XVIII Caballeria de Mariquina, Filipinas 1780 (Soldiers of Spain, Overseas Troops, 18th Century Cavalry of Marikina, Philippines 1780)
Sombrero: Marron claro amarillento. Casaquilla: Azul; solapa y vueltas.blancas. Boton: Azul. Calzon: Marron. Montura y gualdrapa: Cuero natural.
Hat: Light yellowish brown. Dress: Blue; Lapel and Laps: White. Buttons: Blue. Breeches: Brown. Saddle and Horse Coat: Natural leather.

Flecheros de Bataan, Filipinas 1780 (Archers of Bataan)
Gorro: Negro con galón y dibujo blancos corona amarilla, plumas verde abajo y rojas. . Bluson: Azul; cuello, solapas y vueltas amarillas. Boton: Oro. Calzon: Azul. Polainas: Blancas. Carcaj: Cuero natural.
Hat: Black with white chevron and yellow crown, with feathers of red and green underneath. Blouse: Blue; Collar, Lapels and Yellow Laps. Buttons: Gold. Breeches: Blue. Leggings: White. Quiver: Natural leather.
CL00160b.jpg


Caballeria provincial voluntarios de Filipinas, 1763. Oficial. (Official of Provincial Cavalry Volunteers)
CL00161b.jpg


Caballeria Provincial Voluntarios de Filipinas, 1763. Porta-Guion, Escuadron de Cagayan (Provincial Cavalry Volunteers of the Philippines, 1763. Flag Bearer, Squadron of Cagayan)
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Phoenix7998

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Tier 4
Would be based on 19th century revolts and military uniform art

CL00202b.jpg


Oil Paintings of the Basi Revolt (1807) by Esteban Villanueva y Pichay circa 1821

He painted 14 oil paintings with watercolor brushes and earthen colors on 36 x 36 inch panels in 1821 found stored in his family home in the 1950s. It is now housed in the Padres Burgos House - National Museum of the Philippines Ilocos Complex at Vigan, Ilocos Sur.

Don Esteban Villanueva was a simple farmer, businessman and unschooled painter, born in Vigan in 1797. From his painting style, he seems to have been used to painting religious images just like carved religious statues. He was ordered (1821) by the Spaniards governing Vigan 14 years after the Basi Revolt (1807) where rebel ilocanos marched from all over the north to Vigan to overthrow the spanish governors after they had forbidden the production and sale of the local wine, basi, in order to establish a wine monopoly supplied from other parts of the spanish empire instead of the local wine. The revolt lasted for 13 days and ended with the execution of the rebels in the neighboring town of San Vicente, along its river bank. The Spaniards wanted to send a bloody reminder to the northern rebel hotbed that any such future uprisings will be met with such a bloody end. Although with such a purpose, the painter inserted comets to bolster hope of coming victory via folk belief of a coming revolution signaled by it just like the comet that supposedly appeared before the commencement of the Silang Revolt of the previous century.
Here are 11 or 12 of the oil paintings. Not sure if the first one here is part of the 14. The remaining other paintings I didn't include because they didn't portray soldiers.
DSC05752+Basi+Revolt+folded+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05782+Basi+Revolt+Los+Ilocanos+insurgentes+del+Norte+dirigen+al+Sur+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05763+Basi+Revolt+Soldados+por+el+SDr+Alcalde+Mayor+para+hacer+frente+a+la+fuerza+Insurgente+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05765+Basi+Revolt+Tropa+de+Vigan+enviada+a+rechazar+los+ataques+del+enemigo+en+Bantaoay+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05771+Basi+Revolt+Sangrienta+lucha+estallan+en++Bantaoay+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05781+Basi+Revolt+Estrangulacion+de+los+4+caudillos+insurgentes+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05775+Basi+Revolt+Cuatro+complices+pocesados+debajo+de+la+korea+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05779+Basi+Revolt+Decapitacion+de+los+condenados+a+este+pena+Jan+29+2013.jpg

DSC05777+Basi+Revolt+La+victoria+de+la+tropa+de+Vigan+en+29+de+Septiembre+1807+Jan+29+2013.jpg

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Some Tipos del País 19th Century Watercolor Paintings and Illustrations by Jose Honorato Lozano
Some armed commoners and merchants
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Cuadrillero.
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Mercaderes Ilocanos (Ilocano Merchants)
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Carabineros de la Real Hacienda (Carabiners of the Royal Estate)
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Paso del Monte Caraballo Sur (Pass of the Southern Mountain Horse)
En La Ysla de Luzon (In the Island of Luzon)
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Officers of the Civil Guard (Guardia Civil)
JoseHonoratoLozano-OfficersoftheCivilGuard-S.JPG

Justiniano Asuncion's “Guardia de Vino" c 1841, New York Public Library.
Found from The New York Public Library Digital Collections, first digitized in 2014.
index.php

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The description in english script written when first registered in the library reads:
"No. XI
A "Guardia de Vino", an officer to look after the government monopolies, such as Arrack and Tobacco; from both of which the government derived considerable revenue. This Hat, (if such is may be called) is the most remarkable; it is similar to No. IX, only much better; it is quite firm and made of split cane; the inside being beautifully worked with different coloured grafses(?); On the outside in this instance is a covering of Horsehair, which can be taken off as Fileasure(?). These Hats sometimes cost 40 or 50 dollars."

(?) - sorry, I couldn't decipher the word lol
Fun Fact: The word for alcohol in Filipino is Alak. This probably comes from Arrack stated here.

Tagalog Headgear, 19th Century
Escudero Museum, Tiaong, Quezon
Photo shows an ornate headgear with silver filigree and feather tip decor, used by the Tagalog dandies during the 19th century. The hat, inspired by and shaped like the native salakot ( although smaller), is made of banahaw leaves lacquered in dark-brown shade. Hats of this type were worn more as status symbols-usually with fine jusi barong short-rather than functional personal possessions.
CL00154b.jpg

Another kind of 19th century decorated and lacquered headgear. During the Spanish time, gold and silversmiths had a thriving business, for many objects of daily use were beautifully embellished. Aside from hats, there were combs, slippers, earrings, necklaces, rosaries, reliquaries, walking canes, etc., which were richly embellished with gold or silver filigrees
CL00155b.jpg

Two more examples of decorated hats are shown in the photo. Shapes were influenced by Spanish models, particularly the light tropical helmets used by the colonial army officers. Philippine gold and silver filigrees were inexpensive for they utilized little precious metal. They, however, give an effect of mass and sparkle as well as lightness.
CL00156b.jpg

Hermano Pule's Revolt (1840-1841)
Bas Relief Mural from the Filipino Heroes Memorial at Corregidor Island
Hermano-Pule-Revolt-2-1024x687.jpg

1890s Guardia Civil (Spanish Civil Guard)
Guardia Civil with captured katipunero of the Katipunan(KKK) before the start of the 1896 Philippine Revolution
62583_1283719991762_1792989548_572048_7692066_n.jpg

Hunters and Cuadrilleros
Depart de Tagales, 1836 (Departure of the Tagalogs)
Using lances, the native hunters ride on spirited horses. Dogs chase the quarry, either deer or boars.
FI00077b.jpg

Hunters on macadamized road, 1857
Macadamized road near Manila.
FI00091b.jpg

Cuadrilleros, circa 1860
FI00230b.jpg

Cuadrilleros, circa 1885
FI00080b.jpg
 
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Phoenix7998

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1850s Colonial Philippine Spanish Infantry Soldiers illustrations from Retrato Photo Archive of the Filipinas Heritage Library
Anne S.K.Brown Military Collection, Brown University, Rhode Island
Photographed by Ayala Museum Research Team, 1968
Note:military officers usually probably were spanish peninsulares or mexican criollos
Infantry drum major and auxiliaries, 1857
Drum major in dress attire, leader in half gala, and corporal in half dress uniform.
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Infantry buglers, 1857
Leader and musicians in dress uniform.
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Infantry buglers, 1857
Buglers and drummer in ordinary uniform.
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Infantry drum and bugle band, 1857
Leader, guard and drummer in gala dress.
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Infantry water carrier, 1857
Water buffalo with native driver pulling large cask.
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Infantry laborers, 1857
Boatman with paddle and carrier.
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Infantry officers, 1857
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Infantry officers, 1857
Aide and Commanding Officer of Regt.8.
CL00223b.jpg


Infantry musician and officer, 1857
Drum major in gala uniform, and sergeant.
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Infantry soldiers, 1857
In dress uniform, middle one with knapsack.
CL00219b.jpg


Infantry soldiers, 1857
Cazador, Grenadier and Fusilier in ordinary uniform.
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Cavalry physicians, 1857
Wearing dress uniform and cane, and in ordinary uniform.
CL00221b.jpg


Infantry wagon driver, 1857
Pulled by a horse, with driver in top hat, containing provisions.
CL00216b.jpg


Infantrymen, 1857
Fusilier, Casador and Grenadier in dress uniform.
CL00217b.jpg


Infantry soldiers, 1857
Sergeant and soldier in daily uniform.
CL00218b.jpg


Cavalryman, 1857
Corporal wearing dress uniform and carrying lance with pennant.
Note: carried flag on bamboo pole is the 1845–1898 Provincial Ensign of Manila
CL00213b.jpg


Infantry cart driver, 1857
Pulled by two horses, covered and probably containing ammunition.
CL00214b.jpg


Cavalry foragers, 1857
Rancheros carried food canisters on pole, covered by mantle.
CL00215b.jpg


Cavalry soldiers, 1857
Batidor and Lancero in ordinary dress, unmounted.
CL00208b.jpg


Cavalry Sub-lieutenant, 1857
In ordinary uniform, mounted on charger.
CL00209b.jpg


Cavalry lancers, 1857
Bugler and guard in semi-gala uniforms.
CL00212b.jpg


Cavalry volunteer, 1857
Official of provincial cavalry volunteers wearing dress uniform, 1763. Contemporary drawing made especially in Madrid by Sr. Jose Bueno.
CL00210b.jpg


Cavalry soldier, 1857
In ordinary wear, carrying lance and pennant.
CL00207b.jpg


Cavalry non-commissioned officers,1857
Corporals wearing half gala uniforms.
CL00204b.jpg


Cavalry officers, 1857
Lieutenant, Chaplain and Sublieutenant of the Lancers in half gala and ordinary dress.
CL00205b.jpg


Cavalry scout, 1857
Wearing dress uniform and carrying pennant on lance.
CL00206b.jpg


Sub-lieutenant and two footsoldiers, 1857
Soldiers with knapsacks and wearing "salacot".
CL00202b.jpg


Cavalry non-commissioned officers, 1857
Sergeant and corporal in daily uniforms and swords.
CL00203b.jpg


Sr. Jose Bueno. Spanish soldier, 1898
Of the Batallon de cazadores, no. 2 , Baler, 1898. Contemporary drawing made especially in Madrid by Sr. Jose Bueno himself.
CL00179b.jpg


Native soldier, circa 1862 by Sr. Jose Bueno
Soldado del Quinto Batallon de Infanteria Indigena-Campaña Filipinas c.1862
Soldier of the 5th Battalion of Native Infantry, c 1862.
CL00180b.jpg


Manila riflemen/Native infantrymen, 1858/1862
From Spanish Embassy Exhibit, February 1975, InterContinental Hotel Manila.
Siglo XIX (Año1862) Filipinas Traje (de diario) Sargento 2 (de gala) Traje (de campaña)
From left: daily uniform of an infantryman, sergeant in gala dress, and campaign uniform, in 1862. Drawn by Villegas, and lithographed by the military office in Madrid.
CL00172b.jpg


Colonial officers, 1896-1898 by Jose Bueno
Tropas Coloniales 1896-98 1. Teniente de gala 2. Coronel de cazadores diario 3. Teniente coronel campaña 4. Soldado cuerpo de voluntarios 5. Cabo 2 6. Soldado en campaña
From left to right: 1. Lieutenant in gala uniform, 2. colonel of riflemen, in daily uniform, 3. Company Lieutenant-Colonel, 4. Soldier-Leader of volunteers, 5. Corporal, 6. Soldier in company, 1896-98. Contemporary drawing made especially in Madrid by Sr. Bueno.
CL00170b.jpg


Colonial troops, 1896-1898 by Jose Bueno
Tropas Coloniales 1896-98 1. Capitan de Cazadores Gala 2. Teniente Campaña 3. Sargento Campaña 4. Equipo del caballo 5. Soldado 6. Teniente Coronel de Cazadores--Diario
From left to right: 1. Captain of riflemen, in gala uniform, 2. Company lieutenant, 3. Company sergeant, 4. Equipment of horse, 5. Soldier, 6. Lieutenant-Colonel of the riflemen, in gala uniform, 1896-98. Contemporary drawing made especially in Madrid by Sr. Bueno.
CL00171b.jpg
 
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neondt

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Nice, well-researched.