- Mar 30, 2011
In 1301 Hungary was in a state of constant anarchy. András III of Hungary died without an heir, and with his death House of Árpád became extinct. After this unexpected happening, the royals, who had Árpád blood in their veins, started to plot for the hungarian crown. There was three contestant:
Wenceslaus Premyslid, the 11 year old son of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia. His great-great-grandmother was the daughter of Béla IV of Hungary. He was betrohed to Erzsébet, who was the only daughter of the late András III. And he had the support of Máté Csák, who was the lord of Upper Hungary. He was crowned in 1301 as the King of Hungary. But you must know, if you want to be the legitimate King of Hungary, you must fulfill three condition:
1. You must be crowned in Fehérvár
2. By the Archbishop of Esztergom
3. With the Holy Crown
But the Archbishop of Esztergom didn't support Wenceslaus, so the Archbishop of Kalocsa performed the cerenomy. Because of this, his coronation was illegitimate. Pope Boniface didn't favoured him also, and threated Wenceslaus and his supporters with excommunication, if he don't resign from the hungarian throne. An international coalition started to form against him led by Albert of Germany, who wanted to prevent the union of Bohemia, Poland and Hungary, despite the fact, that Wenceslaus was his son-in-law. The intervention was a success. King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia died and the newly crowned Wenceslaus III resigned from the hungarian throne in 1305. But he didn't give the crown to the Pope's favourite candidate, instead he gave it to Otto von Wittelsbach.
Otto von Wittelsbach, the 40 year old duke of Lower Bavaria. His mother was Erzsébet, another daughter of Béla IV of Hungary, so he had a claim to the hungarian throne too. He also was a participant in the coalition against Wenceslaus. Originally he didn't want to crown himself, but one of the oligarch, Iván Kőszegi convinced him. So the bishops of Veszprém and Csanád crowned him in Fehérvár in 1305. But we already spoke about the three conditions, so we already know, that this coronation wasn't legitimate also. Otto only ruled 2 years, and his rule ended with shame. He wanted to team up with László Kán, the oligarch of Transilvania, but according to the legends, Otto was cocky and arrogant, so László captured him, took the Holy Crown and simply threw him out from the country. After this, only one contestant remained.
Charles d'Anjou from Naples, the 13 year old grandson of Charles the Lame. His great-grandmother, Mária was the daughter of the late king István V of Hungary. He had the support of the croatian lords like the Subic and the Babonic family, and Pope Boniface also favoured him. During the Interregnum, he was crowned twice, but without the Holy Crown he couldn't be the legitimate king of Hungary. After Otto was kicked out from the country by László Kán, the oligarch kept the crown, so the Pope threatened him with excommunication, if he won't give it to Charles. After some negotiation Charles got the crown and finally on 27 August 1307 he was crowned as the only legitimate king of Hungary.