- Apr 15, 2006
After the humilitation of WW1, Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, blaming the entire war on Germany. The nation was forced to give up all its colonial holdings and yet they still were expected to pay the Allies reparation. In 1920, a radical group known as the Iron Guard, bombed the Reichtag and declaired the democratic government an abomination, and a disgrace to the German people. Their leader, Gunter Meyer, promised the German people a new beginning. But, it appeared the German people were not ready, Meyer was imprisoned while marching on Berlin, and not many people came to support him. While in prison, Meyer made new friends with his fellow cell mates, he promised them freedom when he was released.
When Meyer's trial came, they could not prove that he bombed the Reichtag, but he was imprisoned for assaulting a police officer. He spend six months in jail becuase of 'good behavior.'
He returned to Essen to begin rebuilding the Iron Guard. Only to find that membership had soared while he was in prison. It seems a young man named Adolf Hitler, convinced many to join the cause. Meyer took Hitler under his wing and promised him a seat of power in the new government.
The Iron Guard now sported two branches, the Civilian branch, and the Military branch, the military branch consisted of all former World War 1 veterans, and any ruffians who were willing to fight for the cause.
As 1924 rolled around the corner, the popularity for the Iron Guard was increasing. Membership soared throughout the country, the Iron Guard was kicking out all the Socialistic and Communist parties. They would destroy any democratic political rallies, much of the German police force rallied behind the
Iron Guard. In fact, 83% of the Police in Germany were members of the Iron Guard.
The Iron Guard marched only carrying the German flag with the Iron Cross. They believed any other version of the flag was a disgrace to Germany. Anyone who was in possesion of the flag would likely find their shop and home damaged, and many times destroyed.
In the 1924 Weimar Republic elections, the the Iron Guard was defeated by 1 percent when the other Political parties joined together to defeat them. Meyer was furrious, he vowed revenge against the other political parties. In one of his most famous speaches he was quoted, "There will be hell to pay!"