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    Real Strategy Requires Cunning

jpj1421

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Intertwining Fates: A Complete a History of the United States and the Confederate States of America from 1860 to 1936

Otherwise known as the thinly veiled How Few Remain Victoria game. Since I'm four books into the Timeline 191 series, I was in the mood to play a US game, with the Confederacy. The only problem is you can't just have the Confederacy be there, so someone has to go out there and win the Civil War. So for this AAR, assuming I don't lose interest, I'll be writing in a history book format, and playing as the CSA until the Second Mexican War, at which point I'll switch sides. I'll also manipulate things a bit if say, its 1913 and Russia is allied to Austria. I've got the first bit written, so I'll post in a bit. I hope you'll enjoy it.

/---------------------------------------------------------------------

Introduction: When I was contacted by my publisher, and asked to write a history textbook, I made it clear that it would be comprehensive. It would contain details on elections, policies and general history of both the Confederacy and the United States, not just the United States. I explained that the two countries fates have been intertwined since the Confederacy secured its independence. My editor was of course thrilled, because we could then sell this book in both countries, thus raising potential profits 100%. Now that’s its written, I should forewarn you about its contents. I do find much humor and absurdity in the past, and I may have from time to time brought levity to situations many would find gravely serious. Secondly, from the time of the Confederacy’s birth, to around the end of the Second Mexican War, it may seem that the focus of the book is on the Confederacy, while the time after may seem to focus on the Union. This may be caused by the simple fact that the actions and movements of the Confederacy decided the end of the War of Secession, more so than those of the Union, and the lead up to the Second Mexican War is an example of careful diplomacy laid out by the Confederacy. After that, the Union seemingly took off its gloves, shedding its Isolationism and making itself a world power. Anyway, I hope you enjoy reading this book, and I hope you have a greater knowledge and understanding of the history of the Americas.
 

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The Lead Up and the War

Of course, tensions between the North and South had been brewing just under the surface since America declared its Independence from Britain. Free States vs. Slave states, Industry vs. Agriculture, Urban vs. Rural. Many believe that the conflict between the regions was inevitable. It would be the election of 1860 that brought the tensions to ahead, and led to the eruption of war. The Democratic Party had splintered into 2, the Northerners nominating Stephen Douglas, and the Southerners nominating Vice President John Breckinridge. Despite the efforts of the Whig Candidate, Lincoln would win the electoral vote and become President with 39.8% of the vote. It should be noted, that had the 60% of the country that didn’t vote for Lincoln, voted for one candidate, Lincoln would have won the electoral college with 169 electoral votes, having lost California, Oregon and New Jersey.


Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Lincoln/Hamlin, spring green denotes those won by Breckinridge/Lane, orange denotes those won by Bell/Everett, and blue denotes those won by Douglas/Johnson. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

Ticket Popular Vote/Percentage Electoral Vote
Lincoln/Hamlin: 1,865,908 39.8% 180
Breckinridge/Lane: 848,019 18.1% 72
Bell/Everrett: 590,901 12.6% 39
Douglas/Johnson 1,380,202 29.5% 12

Very quickly, states began seceding from the Union, at first it was South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas who seceded before February of 1861. These states formed a Constitutional Convention in February, borrowing most of the US Constitution, while explicitly protecting slavery and providing the President with a line item veto, and gave more power to the states. Also important, the President had a 6 year term, with no chance of re-election. This Convention Appointed Jefferson Davis of Mississippi to be President, and Alexander Stephenson of Georgia to be Vice President. Despite the explicit 6 year term, the Convention allowed leeway for Davis and Stephenson, allowing them to be elected proper in November of 1861. Davis would be inaugurated on February 18th, 1861. He would quickly establish ties with Britain and France, in an attempt to bring them to recognize the Confederacy. Meanwhile, President Buchanan stood by, providing little resistance to the newly formed Confederacy.

Politically, the two major Parties that formed in the Confederacy were the Democrats and the Whigs. The Democrats, led by President Davis held a strong majority in the newly formed Congress. Only the wealthy were allowed to vote in the Confederacy.

The War of Secession (1861-1862)
Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4th, 1861. He quickly began manipulating the Confederacy into starting the war, sending supplies to bases in the South. On April 12, Confederates fired on Fort Sumter, and Lincoln called for troops 3 days later, the war having begun. This lead to Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina seceding. By July 4th, West Virginia had separated itself from Virginia, Southern Missouri had joined the South, Sequoyah’s government(at the time it was known as Oklahoma or “The Indian Territories”) joined the South, while 2/3 remained in Union hands, and Southern Arizona joined the Confederacy. Kentucky was preparing to secede, before being stopped by the Union.

July 4th would be an important day for the Confederacy. President Davis vetoed legislation that would keep cotton from being shipped overseas, declaring the need for cooperation with European powers. Also, Davis signed a law calling for the training of 4 divisions to be ready by September 13th. Also, 40 thousand men that had volunteered in the beginning of the war were ready to reinforce the divisions already raised. On the domestic front, Davis raised taxes on everyone to 50%, raised tariffs to 25% and passed wide reaching Education initiatives, and comprehensive law enforcement. He put signed into law legislation to keep the army and navy well maintained, and to improve recruiting efforts. The military spending would have to be reauthorized on the first of every year or cut to the bare minimum. General Johnston was put in charge of 3 divisions, with the intent of exploiting the Union’s weakness in Missouri, and Robert E. Lee was placed in charge of the Army of Northern Virginia, 70 thousand men strong, which would be ready in Fredericksburg. The plan, as laid out by Davis, Lee and Johnston, would be to draw Union forces to Missouri, and away from Washington D.C. Lee would strike up and capture D.C., then move onto Philadelphia, the planned emergency capital of the Union. Having captured both capitals, the Confederacy would ask France and Britain to negotiate a peace between the two powers. Incorporation of Border States would then be decided there. This had to be accomplished quickly, because in the long run, with the Union’s industrial superiority and larger numbers, the Union would eventually overwhelm the Confederacy. This plan went almost flawlessly.

Lincoln wanted Lee to head up the Union Army, to bring the Confederacy to its knees. When Virginia seceded, Lee went with it, so that responsibility fell on General George B McClellan. McClellan’s failings, when compared with Robert E. Lee’s strengths, would prove to be the edge the Confederacy needed. McClellan was a very passive General, whose strategy consisted mostly of defending Union territory, while only mounting minor skirmishes into the Confederacy, much to the annoyance of President Lincoln.

The Army of Northern Virginia would rally in Fredericksburg on July 16th, Lee would march them to Staunton to protect the steel mill there. Lee wanted to move into D.C. right away, but needed to protect the heart of the Confederate industry, and Lynchburg, so that the Federals couldn’t cut into Richmond. Also, McClellan had too many forces in D.C. to launch the invasion. Johnston would personally lead the 10K men to Jefferson City, Missouri, while Major General Cheatham would take 20K men to Rolla.



On July 25th, Union soldiers, led by Lt. Blodgett met with 12K of Johnston’s men, lead by Cheatham, who were supported by artillery in Rolla, Missouri. Three days later, 10K reinforcements would join the battle. On July 29th, the Confederate forces won the battle, the US lost 830 men, and the Confederates had lost 410 men. This first battle, the Battle of Rolla, would be a Confederate victory. Johnston’s men were reinforced by Missouri volunteers, and then pressed their advantage by advancing to St. Louis. On July 30th, Manassas fell to McClellan’s army.


On August 4th, 72K of Lee’s men met 10K men, lead by Lt. White, that were moving to capture Staunton. After 2 days of fighting, the Battle of Staunton was a Confederate victory. 900 Union soldiers died, 210 Confederates died. Lee quickly ordered Major General Stuart’s 10K cavalry to hold Lynchburg until the conscripted divisions were ready to take over. Lee started marching the army of Northern Virginia, 52K men, back to Fredericksburg, while Lt. General Jackson and 10K men were ordered to hold Staunton. Meanwhile the Union had 86 Men in Manassas, and was further fortifying West Virginia. The survivors from Rolla had made it to St. Louis. Right around August 9th, Davis refused an offer from the Governor of Nueva Leon for the annexation of his territory, Davis didn’t want a war with Mexico. August 10th was the beginning of the Battle of St. Louis, Major General Cheatham had once again engaged Blodgett’s forces. The battle ended on August 15th, another victory for the Confederacy. The Union lost another 740 men, bring it to 8340, and the Confederates had lost 610 men. Blodgett’s forces, overwhelmed retreated to Cairo, Illinois while, Cheatham continued marching to Rolla. On August 18th, 12K men lead by Lt. White engaged Jackson at Stauton, the same day that Lee’s army arrived in Fredricksburg. Lee stayed at the ready in the event that Jackson needed support. On August 20, Jackson’s men repelled White’s men. White suffered 240 casualties, Jackson only 100. The Second Battle for Staunton earned Jackson his nickname, “Stonewall.” Reinforcements were quickly sent to replace those killed.

September began with little movement from the Confederates. Lee was waiting for the soldiers promised him by Jefferson Davis. On September 7th, the Unionists in the state government fled from Jefferson City to Kansas City. The next day, Johnston took the city, he resupplied, and on the 11th, he left for Kansas City. On September 14th, those first 4 divisions were ready, 1 division was sent to Lynchburg, so that JEB Stuart could join Lee at Fredericksburg, the other 3 would be immediately dispatched to Lee, who would wait for Stuart before marching to Manassas. Johnston wrote to Davis asking for reinforcements, believing that he could bring Missouri into the Confederacy, with enough troops. This was a secondary objective for the Confederacy, so Davis promised that Johnston would get 10K men would join him in Missouri on November 5th. A delay in communication led to Stuart not leaving for Fredericksburg until September 16th. Johnston’s troops ended up outside Kansas City on September 19th. On September 21st, St. Louis fell to the Confederates, where Missouri volunteers filled in as reinforcements. Lt. Hindman would guard the city, while Cheatham would march to meet Johnston. At this time, 90K men, lead my McClellan guarded D.C. 52K men held Manassas, and 80K held West Virginia. At this time, the whole Confederate army was about 140K men, a little less than half the size of the Union forces. On September 26th, Stuart arrived in Fredericksburg, so Lee and his 92K men marched to Manassas. The confrontation there would prove to be the first blood bath of the war.

On October 1st, Lt. White attacked Cheatham’s position in St. Louis. Cheatham and his artillery turned back to St. Louis to hit the Union forces. After 2 days of fighting, the Second Battle of St. Louis was won by the Confederates. The Union lost 920 men, the Confederacy had lost 870. Cheatham would meet up with Johnston’s forces the next day, October 4th. On October 7th, Lee’s 92K met an army of 82K, led by General McClellan. Lee had been expecting a lighter force, and was dismayed to see so many Union soldiers. Word was quickly sent to Davis to get reinforcements ready. On October 16th, Lt. Higgenbotham attacked St. Louis. On October 20th, the Unionist legislators in Missouri fled to Iowa, and the next day Kansas city fell to Johnston. Johnston marched to St. Louis to help Hindham hold his position. On October 25th, more Union forces joined Higgenbotham in St. Louis.

On November 2nd, 50K men, led by General Meade attacked Jackson’s position in Stauton. On November 5th, the forces promised to Johnston were sent to Fredricksburg instead, they marched to Manassas to help Lee. On November 6th, Davis was elected to a full term as Confederate President with every state backing him for President, he was after all, unopposed. At the same time, Democrats won 60% of the House and Senate, actually losing ground to the Whig Party. If Stonewall could hold a little while longer, Lee could move from Manassas and help him. On November 14th, Johnston arrived in St Louis, and the new division arrived in Manassas the next day. So far, each side had taken almost 50% casualties at Manassas. Hindman’s division had taken 50% casualties, but Johnston’s efforts saved the day on November 16th. Reinforcements were immediately sent. Cheatham was sent back to Kansas City, Johnston moved on to Rolla. On November 21st, the first national flag of the Confederacy was selected.



On November 28th, Cheatham engaged 10K cavalry in Kansas City.

On December 5th, Johnston attacked the forces in Rolla. On December 9th, the Battle of Manassas was over, the Union only had 14K of their original 82K, and Lee only had 33K of their original 120K. It was a horrible and bloody victory for the Confederacy. Lee just had to get to Manassas, and then he could help Jackson. On December 24th, Manassas fell to Lee; where he was rewarded with over 70K reinforcements. He left Longstreet to defend Manassas, and marched to back up Jackson. But, by December 28th, it was becoming clear that Johnston was losing the Battle of Rolla, so Hindman marched to Rolla, while at the same time, reinforcements arrived in Kansas City to attack Cheatham. The year drew to a close with the Confederacy in a very strong position.

 

jpj1421

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I've got 1862 in the can...had to know if I was going to win or not. I also have pictures from the beginning of every month, if people think I should post those, I can.
 

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A new civil war AAR! Well, let's hope you can hold off the Union in Virginia and continue to make those impressive gains in Missouri...

As for your pictures, I suggest not to go picture heavy and not to post at too quick a rate, but I think you should post them, they would be very interesting ;)
 

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volksmarschall: Well, when it comes to wars, I can post as soon as the war is over, peace requires more thought to write out. As for the pictures

/--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Artist Representation of the first Year of the War











 

jpj1421

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1862
On January 3rd, the Missouri Legislature voted to secede from the Union. This development came on the heels of the sudden victory in Rolla and Kansas City. Johnston’s victory was especially astounding, considering he had fewer troops than his opponent, and was losing the whole week. He suddenly flanked the Federals, forcing their surrender. Davis ordered Johnston and his men to hold Missouri, and keep it in the Confederacy at all costs. On January 7th, Lee arrived in Staunton to relieve Jackson and his men. Jackson, despite being outnumbered 5 to 1, had killed 9 thousand Union soldies, while only losing 3 thousand. Just after Lee arrived in Staunton, McClellan counter attacked into Manassas. Now Longstreet would have to hold and wait for Lee. On January 11th, Lee had driven off the last of Meade’s forces in Stauton. He quickly turned around and marched back to Manassas. Now was the time to bring the plan to a close, and head for D.C. Unfortunately, McClellan drove Longstreet into retreat, the first battle lost by the Confederacy in the entire war thus far. On January 20th, Lee arrived in Manassas, beginning its Second Battle. On January 23rd, Lee won the Second Battle of Manassas; he then followed McClellan’s retreating army to D.C. On January 29th, Lee attacked 20K defensive divisions in D.C, having beaten McClellan’s army north.

On February 2nd, Longstreet arrived in Staunton, where he turned and headed back for Manassas. He passed word along to Richmond, that they need more men to hold their gains. On this day, McClellan arrived in D.C. looking to fight. On February 14th, 30K of Meade’s men joined McClellan in D.C., bringing the Union forces to just under 10K of what Lee had, but 1 more division was on its way for Maryland, and so was Longstreet. On February 15th, 10K more men arrive in D.C., thereby making the Union 100 men stronger than Lee. On February 22nd, Longstreet arrived in Washington, making the Confederate forces 10K stronger than the Union.

On March 2nd, Lee learned that his supply line in Manassas was being cut, so he sacrificed victory in the Battle of Washington to keep Manassas in Confederate hands. This led to Davis going to Congress and asking for the Conscription of 10 divisions, of 100 thousand men. On March 11th, the 66K remaining Men of the Army of Northern Virginia attacked the 30K led by Lt. White in Manassas. On March 22nd, the third Battle of Manassas was won by Lee. Things were becoming intense in Richmond. D.C. needed to be captured soon, because 100K Federals were approaching the Western border of the Confederacy. The Confederates couldn’t spare any forces to hold that front. On March 25th, Meade, who Lincoln had replace McClellan, took 82K men and attacked Lee’s 102K in the Third Battle of Manassas. On March 27th, Lee suffered another defeat. Suffering only marginal losses, he had to retreat to avoid being flanked. He returned his forces to Stauton for a rest.

As of April 1st, relations with the Confederacy and France have never been better. Jefferson Davis was considering offering an alliance to France. The language of the treaty was in the chest pocket of the newly appointed Confederate Secretary of State, Judah Benjamin, who Davis sent to France, to give to Napoleon III when word was given to him. At this time, the treaty was quietly being voted on in the Senate; quietly to avoid Union ire. The treaty would pass on April 5th, and sent to Davis’ desk. On April 2nd, the Conscription Act was passed, bringing 100K men into the service. 80K were sent to Fredericksburg, and marched to Manassas the Army of Northern Virginia, 10K were sent to Springfield and 10K sent to Jefferson City, Missouri. The West would have to fend for itself. On April 7th, Manassas fell to Meade. On April 12th, the Conscripted Division, lead by General Taylor attacked Meade in Manassas, they were outnumbered by 12K men, but they were to keep attacking till Lee arrived. On April 13th, Lee arrived in Staunton, resupplied, then head back to Manassas. It would take 11 days to march there. On April 16th, Major General McLaws and 20K men moved to Topeka Kansas, hoping to draws some Unions to their position. By April 19th, 11 divisions were fighting under Meade, 8 under Taylor, with Lee marching 10 divisions North. On April 24th, lee arrived in Manassas. The Confederates had lost 20 thousand and the Union had lost 10 thousand men, by this point.

May 13th marks two interesting events in the War of Seccession. One, it was the day that the number of Union soldiers in the Fourth Battle of Manassas dropped below half of the Confederates numbers. Secondly an uprising of 500 slaves occurred in Richmond, an uprising where no Confederates could abandon their position to put down. The Citizens of Richmond, members of Congress included, picked up their guns to shoot at the slaves. It should be noted that General McClellan had been sent out West, where he seemed to be actively doing nothing in the hopes of costing Lincoln the war. McLaws arrived outside Topeka on May 15th. On May 19th, France and Spain went to war with Mexico. Davis saw this as his chance to get his alliance with France.

On June 9th, Lee won the Fourth Battle of Manassas, having suffered 50% casualties, almost 90K men. This was better than Union losses, who suffered almost 90% casualties, also about 90K. Meade was sent retreating back to D.C. 32 thousand men from across the Confederacy were called up to reinforce Lee’s army. On June 18th, Manassas fell to Lee. Lee sent Longstreet and 10K to Richmond to put down the Rebellion. He asked General Armistead to hold Manassas with 10K men. Lee would take 16 division, over 162 thousand men and march them to D.C. Meade had mustered 100K to defend D.C. These Orders were called Lee’s Special Orders 191, though they were fairly obvious to any casual observer. By this point, Lincoln was demanding that McClellan capture some territory, or bring that 100K men army back to D.C. to defend. According to McClellan, he never got those orders; which is possible, with his army being in Tuscon, half a continent away. On June 23rd, McLaws took Topeka, then marched on Oklahoma City. It was also the day that Emperor Napoleon accepted the Confederate Treaty. However, he stipulated that France would not land troops in the US, and that the Confederacy would not be asked to move troops into Mexico. Napoleon told the Secretary of State Benjamin that he would honor the alliance after the US surrendered, and that it would recognize the Confederacy as a legitimate government. He would also talk with Queen Victoria, about getting Britain’s recognition. Davis was ecstatic at the news. Sure, he would have liked French military assistance, but this was half of his Diplomatic objectives achieved, and could lead to Britain’s recognition. On June 26th, Lee arrived in D.C. outnumbering the Union by 60K.

On July 3rd, Longstreet arrived in Richmond, 10 thousand trained soldiers against 357 slaves with rifles. 50 of the slaves had died so far, at the expense of 25 of Richmond’s citizens. It was on July 5th that a report ended up on Davis desk called the Point Defense System, a more clinical term for what Lee was doing. A less than mobile army, with a certain point being chosen for an assault. Davis, impressed by this report, wrote to the Secretary of the Army, and the President of the small arms factory in Virginia, to get a new rifle, one that would allow the soldiers to reload from any position. On July 7th, Longstreet crushed the rebellion in Richmond. Though the fight was severely overmatched, Longstreet was labeled the Hero of Richmond, and became famous throughout the country. On this day, 30K men, lead by Lt. MacKinnon attacked Armistead at Manassas. Longstreet moved quickly to try and help Armistead. July 8th, McLaws arrives outside Oklahoma City. On July 21st, Lee won the Second Battle of Washington. He had lost 50K men, while Meade had lost 40K. The problem for the Union, was that at this rate, they couldn’t keep up with Lee. On July 22nd, Armistead was driven from Manassas, having lost 41 hundred men, they had taken 20 hundred Federals with them. Longstreet arrived in Manassas on July 28th and engaged MacKinnon. On July 29th, Lee sent General A.P. Hill to Manassas with 30K to help win the day. D.C. fell on July 30th, and reinforcements were immediately sent to Lee. Lee asked Vice President Breckinridge, now a Major General to lead 20K and hold D.C. Lee was going to go to Philadelphia, after with 110K after the Union government. Meade had 100K waiting for him. At the same time, Davis made preparations to welcome French and British Diplomats to Washington D.C. to discuss the cessation of hostilities between the US and the CSA.

On August 6th, Armistead arrived in Staunton than headed for Manassas. At the same time, 10K men attacked D.C. in a hopeless charge, which resulted in the pause of AP Hill’s men. It took 2 days to drive them off. On August 9th, Lee attacked Meade’s 80K men with his 110K, thus beginning the Battle of Philadelphia. Longstreet retreated from Manassas on this day, also, having killed 2000 Federals at the expense of 7 thousand Confederates. McClellan had finally begun to besiege Tucson. On August 11th, Hill arrived in Manassas, he lost 2 days later. On August 16th, concerned with losing Manassas began to march towards it. Oklahoma City fell on August 16th, McLaws marched towards Topeka away from McClellan’s 70K in Beaver. On August 19th Lee won in Philadelphia, taking twenty thousand casualties, while inflicting 10 thousand casualties. Armistead lost in Manassas yet again. On August 20th, Davis went to D.C. by boat to the White House. He would stay here and wait for his guests to arrive. Stephens would remain in Richmond in case something went wrong. On August 26th, Breckinridge arrived in Manassas, Hill, who had just arrived in D.C., shipped out for Manassas. On August 28th, Philadelphia fell to Lee’s armies, the Union government fleeing to New York the day before. He decided he would leave 2 divisions behind with General Hood, he would take 92K men and march on New York. August 29th, McLaws arrived in Topeka.

On September 2nd, the French and British arrived in Washington D.C. for negotiations. Davis sent word North that his soldiers should provide safe passage to Lincoln for the negotiations. British and French riders were sent to New York to bring Lincoln to Washington. September 3rd, Longstreet arrived in Staunton, he resupplied and headed North. Also, Meade attacked Lee with 40K outside of Allentown, Pennsylvania. The Battle of Allentown would be won by Lee on September 6th. By this time, 6 divisions had converged on Manassas, surrounding MacKinnon’s forces. On September 7th, Lee’s army beat Meade’s to New York, engaging the 40K defenders of the city. On September 15th, Lee drove the defenders from New York. On September 16th, the diplomats brought Lincoln out of New York and presented him before Lee, and a cease fire negotiated. Lincoln was granted safe passage to D.C. as ordered. Lincoln arrived in D.C. on the 19th. Intense discussion went through the next 2 days. It was decided that the Confederacy would be an independent nation, and that Arizona, the Indian Territories and Missouri having voted to join will join. West Virginia will stay in the Confederacy, as it had not voted to leave Virginia. A point of contention was Kentucky, Davis indicated that Kentucky had planned on joining the Confederacy, but the US wouldn’t allow the vote; Lincoln suggested that it did not matter as the vote didn’t happen. The British and French delegations called that session, on the 20th, to a close, saying that it can be discussed the next day, and that the signing of a peace treaty will commence at noon. Quickly, Davis telegrammed to the Governor Robinson of Kentucky and that night, before midnight Kentucky voted to join the Confederacy. On the morning of September 21st, Davis placed the telegram of the news before the other members of the discussion. Lincoln was horrified, but had no choice, he signed the treaty. British and French delegates also signed, providing protection of the Confederacy for five years from any acts by the United States. And finally, Jefferson Davis signed, securing the independence of his country.

Lee had done the seemingly impossible. He took a smaller force, with a smaller industrial base and led it to victory. Not only that, his plan helped bring in two new states, and all right before the 1862 midterm elections. Two things were clear, the fate of North America, and probably the world had changed forever. And, the Republican Party was going to have a very bad year.

/------------------------------------------------------------

Heh, when Missouri joined the Confederacy, the Union soldiers were forcibly removed from its borders, which was a very lucky break for me.
 

Enewald

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Always be prepared for the unexpected.
Nice civil war!
More!
 

jpj1421

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Enewald: Ask and you shall receive.
I've got the election of 1864 sorted out, I just need to Paint a map. For those reading; election results are determined by the percentages the day before the election. For the House and Senate, percentage are applied directly. For Presidential races, the percentages are applied to the number of states, as opposed to the number of EVs...it was just easier that way.
/-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Postwar Map

Closing out 1862
Immediately after the end of the war, the Confederacy had to deal with the problem of western Virginia, and the Indian Tribes, and Arizona Territories. Without much contention, Arizona was brought into the Confederacy as a state (November 12, 1862). With a little more grumbling, the tribes the Oklahoma Territory were granted the same autonomy any other state would be given, and the state of Sequoyah was welcomed into the Confederacy (November 20th, 1862). The real point of contention was western Virginia, which didn’t want to be in the Confederacy. Virginia was calling for it to be reincorporated into the state, which western Virginians didn’t want. The delegates of western Virginia came before the Congress, and cut a deal; they wouldn’t raise any fuss about being forced into the Confederacy, so long as they get to be their own state. After weeks of debating, the measure passed by a close margin, bringing West Virginia into being (January 20th, 1862). This measure was not well received by Virginia, souring the state to the Democratic Party.

Despite having the backing of France and Britain for five years, Davis knew that the Confederacy would have to be made ready to stand strong in any future conflict. In the few months before the war ended, Congress passed, and Davis signed several pro military pieces of legislation. First, a law that would increase a mobilization pool to around 50 divisions over the following decade. Also, legislation was implemented to expand the navy drastically, with a focus on transports for amphibious landings. After some wrangling with the governments of the states bordering the United States, Davis was able to get a law signed that would build a defensive wall along the border of the Confederacy and the United States. Davis also realized that the Confederacy would need friends to help in the event of another war. European nations opened their countries to Confederate ambassadors in the wake of the peace treaty. Davis had picked the Ambassadors to be sent, with the most diplomatic being sent to the powers most influential in North America; Britain, France, Mexico, and Russia. With a careful and deliberate plan, Davis was hoping to prove the War of Secession hadn’t been a fluke, and that the Confederacy would survive.

Things were much more chaotic in the United States. Having lost the war, the Republican Party faced a hostile populace that was angry that the war had been lost. The people were intent on taking out their anger on the Republican Party, and only a little over a month before the election, little could be done. The Democratic Party, smelling blood, utilized this anger to their advantage. War Democrats in the Northern states claimed that if they had been in power, the war would have been one. Peace Democrats and Confederate Sympathizers called the Republicans foolish. On Election Day the inevitable happened, Democrats swept 55% of Congress, Republicans getting the rest. In both the United States and the Confederacy, the Democrats would hold Congress.

House: 165
Republicans: 74
Democrats: 91

Senate: 46
Republicans: 21
Democrats: 25

Republicans were understandably bitter, and still in possession of a large majority until March. Legislatures across the country, and Republicans in Congress, quickly issued and then voted on the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments of the Constitution. These three amendments freed the few slaves in the North, granted them citizenship, and gave them the right to vote. When the Democrats took over, many states implemented Segregation, looking to keep blacks and whites apart, by creating separate facilities for each. Maryland, the last slave state in the Union, passed Jim Crow laws making it difficult for freed slaves to vote. Many freedmen would move to urban centers further North; primarily Chicago, New York and Philadelphia. The Republicans hadn’t gotten their own revenge before being evicted from Washington, but with their exile in 1863; they had to think about the 1864 election.

1863, The Year of Democratic Dominance
For the Democratic Party in both the Confederacy and the United States, 1863 would be the banner year. The two parties had close ties, having once been one just two years prior. Unfortunately for both, they let their victory go their head, and let the electorate move away from them. Being an election year in the Confederacy that Democratic Party would flounder first. In Spring of 1863, Robert E Lee announced he would be running for Governor of Virginia, and the Hero of Richmond, James Longstreet would be running for Congress in Georgia; both as Whigs. Both said that as military men, with great respect for their troops, they preferred the more progressive Whigs to the Democrats; saying that it sought to help out average Confederates, in contrast to the strictly hands of Democrats. Many other officers and returning soldiers announced their intention to run for office, most of them as Whigs. The Whigs were more than happy to take in all of these conquering heroes.

Around the same time as Lee’s announcement, the Democrats were inaugurated into Congress. This began a quiet time for the United States, legislatively. The government still functioning, with Congress voting on legislation. However, the Democrats deeply resented Lincoln, and Lincoln more than felt the same. 90% of the legislation passed in Congress were intended to reverse the policies set in by Lincoln, all of which were vetoed. Unfortunately for the Democrats, they didn’t have enough members in Congress to override those vetoes. The bickering of the United States government of the time being uninteresting and unfruitful at the time, I’ll focus on the Confederate government for the rest of the year.
On May 1st, the Confederacy made the Stainless Banner the new national flag.



Meanwhile, Davis was becoming increasingly concerned by the rise of the Whig Party, and began leaning on SecState Benjamin to secure another alliance, other than France, before the election. He was travelling abroad at the time, and the word got to him while he was in Moscow. Instead of travelling to London as planned, he decided to stay, and work with the Czar Nicholas I.

Since the previous year, Mexico had been at war with France and Spain, who were trying to collect money to repair their debts. France had been trying to install an Emperor for the country, but with the capital in Spanish hands, the transition couldn’t be made. And so the war continued on. I bring this up because on August 5th, Mexican smugglers were caught in Texas; they were trying to sneak weapons from one side of the country to the other. Davis, looking to gain favor with Mexico, ordered the smugglers be turned over to Mexican authorities. This tarnished the Confederacy slightly in the eyes of the world, and in response the Whigs cried foul. The Whigs said it was embarrassing to the country, and a betrayal of their friendship with France. The Confederate people saw it the same way.
This event led into another, just 2 weeks later. On August 19th, the Mexican government asked Davis to join them in war against Spain. Davis, unwilling to get into a war, less than one year after earning the Confederate’s independence, declined. This had two negative effects for his administration. The Mexican government lost some respect for Davis, and connections were weakened. Whigs called Davis a hypocrite and a coward. Going farther, they suggested a war with Spain would help France secure dominance in Mexico on its own.

Davis would spend the next few months trying to stem the bleeding before the elections in November, to no avail. The Whigs campaigned on helping the average Confederate, a stronger unity between states, a commitment to Continental powers and their saviors, Britain and France; and they campaigned on Davis’ weak stance on Mexico. Davis and the Democrats campaigned almost exclusively on winning the War of Secession the previous year. Perhaps that’s why their loss wasn’t so bad; lingering loyalty. When it came to election day, Whigs won 55% of Congress, with the Democrats getting the rest.

House – 86
Whigs - 48
Democrats - 38

Senators – 32
Whigs – 17
Democrats – 15

As 1863 drew to a close, Democrats in the South were preparing to give up control of Congress in Richmond. In Washington, Lincoln was quietly passing the word along to Republican leaders that he would not seek the Republican nomination in 64, and that Vice President Hamlin should get the nod. He was also suggesting that at the Convention, the Republican Party get a new name and a new focus. These leaders would begin referring to this rebranding as the Union Party.
 
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Enewald

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Heh, Democrats in North and Whigs in South... who would have guessed. :rofl:
 

jpj1421

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Heh, Democrats in North and Whigs in South... who would have guessed. :rofl:
Heh, well it helps that the Democrats take power by event.

I edited the previous post because I realized I was one state short in the Senate, I had forgotten to add in Sequoyah into my calculations. Also, I'm switching between the US and CSA every time there's an election year so that I can hit the "Hold Election" Button, to simulate midterms and such. I now have a colored in map, electoral and popular vote totals, I just need to write up the campaign.
 

jpj1421

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1864 - The End of the Republican Party
When we last left President Lincoln, he had decided not to run for re-election. As he saw the Whigs take charge in the Confederacy on the back of Democratic failings, Lincoln had come up with his own plan. While in constant contact with Vice President Hamlin, the presumptive nominee, he would kill the Democrats with kindness. He would sign into law every little and unpopular thing the Democrats wanted, to alienate them in the eyes of the people. 1864 would be a banner year for bipartisanship in both countries.
When the Whigs took power in February, it would be The Hero of Richmond, James Longstreet, who would lead the way, becoming Speaker of the House. He would meet with Davis just days after taking office and discuss common ground. Longstreet was willing to fund whatever military initiatives Davis had in mind, and fund all diplomatic endeavors. Davis was unwilling to support direct intervention by the federal government, but was willing to endorse spending for education and law enforcement, so long as standards were set by the states. Davis would also cave on tariffs, letting the Whigs raise them as high as they want to protect Confederate businesses and farmers.

Meanwhile, Lincoln went to speak with Speaker Clement Vallandingham, saying that he’ll work with him to sign various pieces of legislation into law, saying that the work of the people needs to get done. Over the next few months, Lincoln would sign a cut on tariffs, and cuts to the military. He would also, after much grumbling authorize changing the American Flag to show the loss of the South. Lincoln’s plan was in motion, and he’d just have to hope it would work.

In May, the Democrats began their Presidential Convention in Chicago, Illinois. The platform that was decided upon was written by Speaker Vallandingham, calling for the cooling of relations with the Confederacy, and eventual cooperation between the two nations. When it came to picking the Presidential candidate, the Democrats decided on picking General George McClellan. Since McClellan was the first of two head Generals for Union forces, they believe he was a very visible fighter from the war. For Vice President, Speaker Vallandingham had maneuvered his way into the number two spot, arguing to the delegates that he would be best able to sell the message of the Party. Many historians say that the relationship between the two men was strained, that they couldn’t stand one another. But, for better or worse, this would be the Democratic ticket.

General George McClellan (D-NJ)


Speaker Clement Vallandingham (D-OH)


In June, the Republicans would hold their own convention. On the very first day, the delegates voted to disband the Republican Party, and change the Party to the Union Party. The platform that was decided on called for the containment of the influence of the Confederacy, and plan for the eventual reunification of the country. They would move away from helping out workers, and towards a more hands off approach; if they were going to beat the Confederacy, they’d have to let industry grow without any sort of restrictions. Many black Republicans and quite a number of radicals were horrified by this change in domestic policy. Lincoln himself was furious with the change, and would spend the Convention trying to convince Hamlin to change the platform. Hamlin easily secured the nomination for President on the first ballot. For Vice President, Hamlin had found what he thought was the perfect counter for the Democratic ticket. Hamlin had asked General George Meade to take the number two spot. Meade had handed the Confederacy its few defeats in the war, and had defended the three capitals of the Union during the war. He was more visible and more popular than McClellan.

Vice President Hannibal Hamlin (U-Maine)


General George Meade (U-Pa)


As the convention drew to a close, Hamlin refused Lincoln’s request, Lincoln announced that he would be leaving the Party. With him went most, of the admittedly few, black Americans, and a few Radicals and Free Soilers. They would be forming the Socialist Party, utilizing the teachings of Marx as its platform. The Socialists would hold their own convention in Chicago in July. They would select Lincoln to be their nominee for President. For Vice President, they selected African American activist Fredrick Douglas. This choice would quite a few heads, and may be why the Socialists could only get on the ballot in Illinois, Lincoln’s home state.

President Abraham Lincoln (S-IL)


Fredrick Douglass (S-MD)


The Confederacy would watch quietly and anxiously, waiting to find out which party would lead the Union for the next four years. It was clear that the Confederates wanted McClellan to win, hoping for an administration that would heal the wounds of the war. The Union Party’s calls for revenge greatly concerned them. Lincoln’s Socialists didn’t even register in the public consciousness. Oddly enough, Lincoln may be the one who decided the fate of the election.

On September 20th, the day before the anniversary of the Confederate’s Independence, Lincoln had a private meeting with Speaker Vallandingham. The next day, Speaker Vallandingham had a meeting with Jefferson Davis in Richmond, calling for cooperation between the two countries. The next day, the Union papers went berserk. Almost all called for the resignation of Vallandingham as the Vice Presidential candidate and from Congress. Over the next few weeks, protestors would show up in Washington calling for Vallandingham to step down as Speaker. Vallandingham is said to have been surprised, having believed the people supported his beliefs, having voted for the Democrats in 62. It seemed to have never occurred to him, that the people just wanted to punish Lincoln. Vallandingham would spend the time before Election Day trying to pass the blame off on Lincoln, saying that the President had asked him to go. Lincoln denied this, pointing to the Democrat’s platform as evidence of why Vallandingham went. McClellan was of course not happy, but didn’t know what to do. Hamlin just smiled as he attacked the “weak” Democrats.

The results in November were almost inevitable. Hamlin would win in an electoral landslide, with 53% of the vote. McClellan would carry his home state of New Jersey, Maryland, and Delaware. He couldn’t bring in Vallandingham’s home state, Ohio. Lincoln and Douglas would win the only state where they were on the ballot, in Illinois, with 40% of the vote there. Hannibal Hamlin would be the next President of the United States, and George Meade would be the next Vice President. Going with him would be a large majority in the House and the Senate, roughly 80% of both chambers.



Hamlin/Meade: 178 - 1,953,376 – 53.5%
McClellan/Vallandingham:: 17 - 1,586,123 – 43.3%
Lincoln/Douglass: 16 Evs 110,748 – 3%
Other – 947 – 0%
Total: 3,651,194
Note, 1 elector from Nevada was unable to reach Washington due to a snowstorm.

Speaker Vallandingham was not pleased with these results, and blamed Lincoln. In the aftermath of the election, he got together the outgoing Democrats together and formed a plan of revenge. This plan revolved around the European intervention in Mexico. Spain and France had been fighting Mexico since 1862. On December 16th, Congress voted to ally Mexico, and go to war with Spain; stating the need to enforce the Monroe Doctrine. Without hesitation, Lincoln began sending U.S. soldiers over the border into Mexico to help. He told the papers, “Well, if we are going to be in a war, we may as well fight.” The last 2 weeks of the year would see thousands of Union soldiers pour into Mexican territory.
 
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Enewald

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But first these yank soldiers must travel through Rocky mountains into California and from there a long journey southwards?
How long shall this three party system survive I wonder...
 

volksmarschall

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Quite a turn of events for your Northern brotheren, wouldn't you say? I must agree with Enewald on this one, The Three Party System is doomed to fail, but which party will be lost, maybe the Republicans after that poor performance.

Oh I wish I was in Dixie!
 

jpj1421

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Enewald - Yeah, they're mostly the soldiers the Union AI put on the border, they're traveling 1 division at a time, and being put under Mexican command. It'll max out at about 10 divisions.

volksmarschall - Well, the Republicans won't be coming back...it'll be the Union Party from here on out. Looks like the Socialists and the Democrats will be fighting over the number two spot. This reminds me, I forgot to post the results for the House and the Senate
/--------------------------------------------------------------------------

House: 165
Union (Formerly Republican): 132 (+58) 80%
Democrats: 31 (-60) 19%
Socialists: 1 (+1) .5%
Nationalist Party: 1 (+1) .5%

Senate: 46
Union (Formerly Republican): 36 (+15) 76%
Democrats: 8 (-17) 17%
Socialists:1 (+1) 2%
Nationalist Party: 1 (+1) 2%
 

unmerged(46967)

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Pretty good so far, keep it up
 

jpj1421

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Reconstruction an Early Industrialization: 1862 into the mid 1870’s

Now’s an appropriate time to take a step back from the year by year analysis to look at the effects of the War of Secession in the time immediately after its end. Many have dubbed this time The Reconstruction. In many ways its apt, millions of Americans had lost loved ones in the war, or lost them to the founding of a new nation. Many veterans and more than a few civilians had been wounded, losing limbs or suffering in almost imperceptible ways. On an obvious note, factories that were destroyed had to be rebuilt, and farms destroyed had to be rebuilt. On a national scale, it saw both the United States and the Confederacy try to put things back to the way they were. The Confederacy had an easier time pretending nothing had changed, being intent on keeping its head down and letting the state’s work things out for themselves. The United States on the other hand, was filled with an anger, and anger that helped them prepare for the massive era of industrialization to come.

This is where the second part of my title comes from; Early Industrialization. Especially in the United States, and to a smaller degree the Confederacy, America was setting the groundwork for the Industrial Revolution. Train tracks were being laid down connecting the East and West coasts. Weapons and steamer factories were springing up across the United States, war being a very successful industry for that country. The Confederacy, however, was more than content with King Cotton, with only a handful of capitals expanding the industrial base.

And with this industrialization came exploitation of the lower classes; long hours, low pay, and no safety standards. This would only help the Socialist Parties in both countries. By 1866, the Socialist Party would become a national Party in the United States, though centered in Illinois. In the Confederacy, West Virginia, the contrarian of the country and generally fans of Lincoln and the United States, would become mostly Socialist in 1865. With the few factories in the Confederacy, the Socialist Party would really only have light influence on Confederate politics; a few supporters in the major cities, and the majority of the support coming from Sequoyah, Arizona, and West Virginia, states that considered themselves minorities in the face of the rest of the country.

For our purposes, however, the Socialists were a third party in these two countries during this time period. The Unionists would hold dominance in the United States, with the Democrats being the second Party. Revenge at the expense of most other things would be the rallying cry for Union supporters; while the Democrats were mostly looking for peace with their brother nation and Populism would begin to take root in the Party. Things would be a little different by 1880, but for simplicity sake, this explanation will do. The Whigs were the dominant player in the United States, the Democrats coming in second. The Populism starting to grow in the United States was strong in the Confederacy, keeping the Whigs in power. The small government die-hards had found their home in the Democratic Party, for now anyway. The Confederates were looking for jobs and schools now that the war was over, so they turned to the slightly less militaristic Whigs, ironically consisting mostly of soldiers. Things would change in 1881.

Which brings us back to a more chronological and specific look at the time period. The American-Mexican skirmish, as it became known lasted until 1866. Hannibal Hamlin, upon taking office announced his commitment to continue the defense of Mexico, started by his predecessor. Thousands of veterans from the War of Secession poured into Sonora and Chihuahua and began pushing out the Spanish in those territories. After years of fighting, Hamlin would negotiate a peace with France, giving away one province to France in exchange for peace, with Emperor Maximilian being recognized as leader of Mexico, on August 19th, 1866. Spain would end the war with the United States on September 9th. It would be one bright spot for the United States in this time period.

1865 would be an important year because of the inauguration of a new administration in Washington D.C. President Hamlin, and Vice President Meade would work to build up the military for another bout with the Confederacy. To help this along they’d keep the government away from the private sector, letting things sort themselves out. Oddly enough, Hamlin wouldn’t authorize the building of a wall opposite of the one the Confederates were building. When asked, Hamlin said the Union wouldn’t be on the defensive in a future war. Also this year, the Confederacy implemented a new flag, The Blood Stained Banner; a symbol to remember all that was lost in the struggle for independence:


In May a Mexican Officer tried to flee into the Confederacy. Davis offered him sanctuary, but he was overridden by Longstreet’s Congress. The man was handed to Mexican authorities in June. This event would still be fresh in people’s mind during the election, which contributed to the trouncing that the Democrats received.

House – 84
Whigs – 62 + 15 73%
Democrats – 21 - 17 25%
Socialists -1 +1 2%
Senators – 32
Whigs – 23 +7 73%
Democrats – 8 -6 25%
Socialists- 1 +1 2%
This election would set the trend for the rest of Reconstruction.
 
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unmerged(46967)

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Still looking good, keep it up
 

jpj1421

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1866
There would be three highlights for the year 1866. As mentioned before, the United States would end the conflict in Mexico in late summer. On January 24th the Confederacy will have finally filled its Supreme Court. The process of getting the Supreme Court had begun in the fall of 1865, with the final vacancy being filled on the 24th. Davis would fill the court by selecting 9 of the District Court Judges from around the country.

The First Confederate Supreme Court:
Chief Justice James Dandridge Halyburton from Virginia
William G Jones from Alabama
Daniel Ringo from Arkansas
Jesse Finley from Florida
Asa Biggs from North Carolina
Andrew Magrath from South Carolina
West H. Humphreys from Tennessee
Thoma J. Devine from Texas
John W. Brockenbrough from Virginia

There was of course another Congressional election this year, showing more decisive support by the people for the Union Party. However, third Parties such as the Socialist and Nationalist Parties did make some gains in this election.
House: 165
Union : 123 (-9) 75%
Democrats: 27 (-4) 16%
Socialists: 8 (+7) 5%
Nationalist Party: 7 (+6) 4%

Senate: 46
Union (Formerly Republican): 34 (-2) 75%
Democrats: 8 (+0) 17%
Socialists:2 (+1) 4%
Nationalist Party: 2 (+1) 4%

Also, Britain would grant Canada its independence, albeit as a dominion. Elections would be set for the Spring of 1868.

The Election of 1867
1867 was met with excitement and great interest by people on both sides of the Mason Dixon Line. It would be a Confederate Presidential election year. The Whigs were looking forward to election, confident in their ability to take Richmond in the election. Democrats mostly eyed Virginia suspiciously, worrying quietly that Governor and General Robert E. Lee would be running for President. The United States was anxious to find out what sort of administration would have to be dealt with.

The Democrats being the Party in power would hold their convention first in April. In the days before the convention, Jefferson Davis wrote a letter that was released to the newspapers stating his Vice President Alexander Stephens. The Democrats decided on a simple platform; continued diplomatic relationship with Russia, France, Britain, and Mexico, while looking for a more hands off approach to the economy. Alexander Stephens would select on the first ballot to be the nominee for President. For Vice President, Governor John W. Stevenson of Kentucky would be selected. The Democrats would be campaigning on keeping things just the way they were.

In May, the Whigs would hold their convention. There was no doubt in the mind of the delegates who would nominate for President. And so it was, with much fanfare that the Governor of Virginia, General Robert E. Lee was nominated by acclimation on the floor. Lee’s acceptance speech is considered one of the most eloquent endorsements of Populism in history. He called for rights to be extended to all Confederate men, who had fought for independence and a helping hand for those that needed it. Lee promised to navigate the country in a new way from the Davis administration. To balance out the ticket, the Whigs selected conservative Governor Thomas Caute Reynolds from Missouri.

The Socialists held their convention in Charleston, West Virginia, the very city the Party was founded. The delegates would choose Governor Arthur I. Boreman of West Virginia for President and Governor Nimrod Smith (Tsaladihi) of Sequoyah for Vice President. The platform and campaign followed by the Socialists would be almost identical to their Northern brethrens.

The Democrats were despondent, realizing that they would need a perfect storm to keep Robert E. Lee out of Richmond. Things didn’t get better in the months after the conventions. On June 6th, the United States bought Alaska from Russia, thereby surrounding British Canada and removing one power from play in North America. Davis promised to continue relations with Russia, but the Confederate citizens were worried about the United States expanding influence, thereby making Lee look even more palatable. On June 18th, the Franco-Confederate alliance expired, and on September 22nd, the anniversary of Confederate Independence Day, the British and French ended their protection of the Confederacy; thereby leaving the Confederacy alone, and making Confederates look forward to a Lee Presidency. Two days later, Davis would renew the alliance with France, but it was too late; the tone of the campaign was set. The people of the Confederacy wanted a strong President who would keep the United States in check. And more than a few liked the Populism that Lee was looking to bring.

Election day came and no one was surprised to find that Lee had won in a landslide. With Lee would go a strong Whig majority in the House and the Senate. For now it would seem that the country had unified behind one figure, and it seemed the country would have a bright and sure future.



Stephens/Stevenson: 29 - 729,040 – 41%
Lee/Reynolds: 82 - 977,980 – 55%
Boreman/Smith : 5 – 71,125 - 4%
Other – 302 – 0%
Total: 1,778,347 - 116

House – 84
Whigs – 62 (+0) 74%
Democrats - 21 (+0) 25%
Socialists – 1 (+0) 1%

Senate – 32
Whigs – 23 (+0) 74%
Democrats - 8 (+0) 25%
Socialists – 1 (+0) 1%
 
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