- Aug 20, 2006
You could only move to city if you got a job at factory or study at uni.
Or after serving in army or numerous other facts. 60 mln. people of new urban populaton till 1962. All urban population was more than rural one by the 1960s. This is my answer to your statement about "not having passports and thus unable to leave due to propiska".
It was honest deal between communist and rural population. While older generation hard worked on farms their young generation (chilren and grandchildren) received ability for new life in news cities and plants as elite of young state - Soviet men. Their children formed USSR and formed elite of state. As example, Gorbachev from south village and Yeltsyn from Tambovs village (family of repressed Kulak).
Getting job at factory was always a pretty corrupt process - because it often occured because of connections, especially if you were not entitled to it (like, say, a city dweller).
60 mln. people of corrupt process?
You could also volunteer to move to newly built cities. That is how often USSR built new towns in Central Asia and added new housing districts with international population in Ukraine, Belarus, Baltic states...
You mean new cities in all USSR parts?
I meant farmers, not factory workers. And your text doesn't apply to farmers.
Farmers as in kolhoz workers ofc, not kulaks.
Somebody had to work on land while young generation had chances for their choice.
For example, from my family grandfather was in village while all his sons and daughter moved in city.