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    Real Strategy Requires Cunning

Katapraktoi

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En Svensk Tiger
by Katapraktoi
A Victoria AAR​

Prologue - An empire's rise and downfall


It is hard to determine when Sweden came to be. Some say that it was created as early as the Viking age, and yet other people say it was not until the Union of Kalmar that the nation was formed. In any case, the spirit of a nation grew during the troubled years of the Union of Kalmar, when king of Denmark and Norway, Eric of Pomerania, also became the king of Sweden during the early 15th century. This union, called the Union of Kalmar because of the simple fact that it had been formed in the city of Kalmar, located in the south of Sweden, which by that time belonged to Denmark, lasted for approximately one hundred years, until 1523.

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Erik of Pomerania

In 1433, a Swede named Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson (Engelbrekt the son of Engelbrekt), rose against the king of Denmark with help of fellow Swedes because he wanted to throw out the king from Sweden and create an independent Sweden, ruled by a body obedient to all the people of the nation; the Riksdag, and abolish the Union of Kalmar. Engelbrekt did not succeed to accomplish all of his dreams, despite a successful war during 1433-36 – the Danish lost their rule over Sweden for a while, but the Union stood fast. However, Engelbrekt did succeed in creating the Riksdag, but ironically that made it easier for the Danish to regain control in Sweden. Aristocrats in Sweden, loyal to the Danish crown, formed their own party in the Riksdag which tried to reintroduce the Danish as Swedish overlords. This made several Danish kings lord of Sweden for short periods, Kristian I (1457-64) and Kristian II, also known as Kristian Tyrann (Kritian the Tyrant) (1520-21).

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Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson

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Kristian II

It would be another man, a front figure of Swedish history and seen as the liberator of Sweden in Swedish history, Gustav Vasa, who would complete what Engelbrekt had yet to succeed. He rallied an army from deep within Sweden to throw out the Danish and successfully dissolve the Union of Kalmar once and for all. Vasa had a lot of indirect help by the Reformation. The clergy in Sweden had become corrupt, and were in no small measure as bad as the aristocracy in the form of taxes and greed. Saying the people was unhappy with the priests was an understatement. The contempt helped Vasa to make new reforms, claiming much land that the church owned, to the state and thus gained money and influence.

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Gustav Vasa

The son of Gustav Vasa, Erik XIV was insane and the crown therefore passed to Gustav’s second son, Johan III. His son, Sigismund, became the heir of the throne and he was also king of Poland. When Johan III died Sigismund inherited Sweden, however, his uncle Karl IX, the third son of Gustav Vasa, saw his chance as Sigismund was weak in Sweden, claimed the crown and proclaimed himself king of Sweden. All this led to a major insolvency in the politics of Europe and soon Sweden faced three wars in just a few years.

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From left to right; Erik XIV, Johan III, Sigismund and Karl IX

When Erik XIV had been king he had had his eyes upon the shores of Estonia and thought that Sweden should watch for any opportunity to make it Swedish territory. His interest drew scornful gazes from the Danish crown as they had also planned for this territory to become Danish. When Sweden claimed Estonia, Denmark declared war which led to the Nordiska sjuårskriget (The seven-year-long war of the North) (1563-70). The war ended with Sweden keeping Estonia but Erik XIV was dethroned and his brother Johan III was titled king of Sweden. Johan had not been king for long until Russia declared war upon Sweden for the intention of taking Estonia. Johan fought back and in 1595 Sweden won and got to keep Estonia; Russia retook their claim of the land. However, Johan did not see the end of the war as he died in 1592 and the crown passed to his son Sigismund (Sigismund III Vasa). As Sigismund also was king of Poland he was first and foremost a catholic, in direct contrast to the rest of the Swedish kings who were protestant. Sigismund wanted to introduce the catholic faith in Sweden, something that Karl IX, brother to Johan III and uncle to Sigismund heavily opposed. As duke in Sweden, Karl had a lot of influence, and being the son of the king who liberated Sweden did not make things harder. Sigismund raged over Karl’s decision and applied pressure to the German trading-federation, the Hanseatic League, to block Swedish ports to halt trade in the nation. Karl IX fought on and had Sigismund dethroned in 1599 which led to war with Poland.

To weaken Sweden, Sigismund drew Sweden into the conflict of the Russian throne succession and thus Sweden had to war on both Poland and Russia. Seeing that Sweden was attacked by two foes, Denmark took its chance again and attacked Sweden in 1611, making Sweden face three adversaries at the same time. That same year Karl IX dies and is replaced by yet another famous figure in Swedish history, the man who expanded Sweden’s borders the most; Gustav II Adolf (Gustavus Adolphus), known as the Lion of the North, son of Karl IX. His tactics were instead of the linear army a very mobile one and he is famous for using a highly mobile artillery. Generals like Napoleon and von Clausewitz admired him because of his courage of being in the front with his soldiers instead of the background. He was also known to travel Europe incognito with the name Gars (Gustavus Adolphus Rex Sueciae).

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Gustav II Adolf, the Lion of the North

Against impossible odds he defeats Denmark after only two years and secures the southern provinces of Sweden from attacks. Turning his attention to the Russian front and fought the Russians back, achieving peace with the Bear, gaining the south-eastern part of Finland and the county of Ingermanland, the Russian province where St. Petersburg is located. In 1617, with two of three adversaries beaten, turn his total concentration on Poland, the last and greatest enemy. After twelve years of fighting Poland is defeated at last and has to let go of Livland (Livonia, a part of modern day Estonia and Latvia) and Sigismund had to let go of his dreams for the Swedish crown for the time being. This does not stop him from craving for it though. He sees an opportunity to once more claim it. A war, not between specified nations as such, but nations of religion, battling it out in the middle of Europe, it fought; the Trettioåriga kriget (Thirty Years’ War). The war, already having raged for eleven years, bled Europe as compatriots fought each other because of faith instead of nationality. Sigismund, thinking that if the catholic side won, he could gain help from them to invade Sweden and thus gain what was rightfully his. Gustav, not so interested in the outcome of the war itself as it had little to do with this plans of a Swedish Baltic Sea, joined the war on the protestant side since he knew that if the Catholics won, he would face a reinforced Poland hard to defeat.

In 1648 the war is ended with the Protestants as winners and in the Westfaldiska freden (Peace of Westphalia) and Sweden gained the provinces of Pomerania, Wismar and Bremen-Verden, in northern Germany and Poland. Gustav never had the chance to taste the sweetness of victory, as he was mortally wounded in the Battle of Lützen in 1632. It was instead his heiress Kristina who would assume the leadership of the throne and control the now almost entirely Baltic Sea-stretching Swedish kingdom. Kristina’s rule was a short one though, as she gave the crown up by her own will and passed it on to Karl X Gustav, son to Gustav II Adolf’s half-sister.

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Gustav II Adolf successful campaign and death in the Battle of Lützen

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Gustav II Adolf's successor, Queen Kristina

After only a year on the throne, Karl declared war on Poland. The country had never seized with their threats directed to the Swedish crown and Karl thought them weak as Cossacks ravaged the countryside, wanting Poland to join the Russian empire. However, if Poland was split up in favour of the Russians, not only would Sweden be threatened, but all of Poland’s neighbours. Also, if Poland could be defeated again, it would give Sweden even more land around the Baltic Sea, continuing the plans Gustav II Adolf had started, with a Swedish Baltic Sea trade-empire in mind. Karl decided that intervention was the only thing to do. When Russian troops marched into Poland, Karl threw himself out in battle, attacking Poland to defeat an old enemy and stop the Russian expansion at the same time.

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Karl X Gustav

The successes in Poland made Karl over-confident and wanted to conquer the whole of Poland instead of only the costal provinces. He went so far as to proclaim himself king of Poland as he met little resistance which could oppose him. This aggravated the populace who rallied against Karl, forcing him to cancel his plans for a total conquest. Plans to divide Poland in favour of Sweden were brooding in Karl’s mind instead. If total conquest could not be achieved, at least Sweden would receive the original costal provinces in the victory.

Russia became worried by Sweden’s actions in the war for Poland and attacked the Swedish Livland (Livonia). Germany’s emperor saw how Poland fell without resistance and wanted to attack Karl in his back. With the Swedish army in Poland, Denmark saw its chance once again to attack. The Netherlands figured that if the Baltic Sea became Swedish territory, their trading would be severely diminished there and thus joined in the war against Sweden. Karl’s numerous successes in battle made the opposite effect throughout Europe, instead of being celebrated as a great general, he was seen as a major threat instead.

Still despite his successes, he could not quell the uprisings in Poland by the locals. As Karl’s luck faded away, the German emperor strengthened his bond to the Polish crown. The Russian army still ravaged the lands of Livland and Denmark finally declared war upon Sweden. The plans for a divided Poland had not only been an utter failure; it had created a coalition of nations bent on destroying the Swedish empire.

While this played out, Karl suddenly made a quick turnabout. Instead of trying to quell the Polish uprisings, he left a very small division in Poland and marched his whole army toward Denmark. In 1658 he won and the Treaty of Roskilde followed. Karl wanted to destroy Denmark totally and had plans of dividing the land between Sweden and England. This never passed though, as England’s Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, a potential strong ally, who Karl wanted help from to crush the Netherlanders, did not accept Karl’s offer. Karl had to do the opposite to secure his plans; he offered a treaty of friendship. The two kings agreed to help each other to repel hostile navies entering the straits between Denmark and Sweden, keeping the Baltic Sea clear of any non-Nordic fleets. In this way, Karl tied Denmark down politically and could still keep his plans of a Swedish Baltic Sea.

However, nothing ever seems to go as planned, and that happened to Karl as well. A year after Sweden’s initial attack on Denmark in 1657, the German emperor had died and a new emperor was to be elected. The election created differences of opinion among the German states and Austria wanted a part as well. In the end, the winner was the king of Austria, Leopold of Austria. With Denmark defeated, Karl was more than eager to attack Germany now, and Austria as well, but the two combined was a too great foe and Karl had to abandon his plans.

He instead turned to Denmark again, not being able to let go of the thought of a Swedish empire with its long-time enemy Denmark included. This second attack did not play out as successfully as Karl had thought though. The Danish army held fast in Copenhagen long time enough for the Netherlander fleet to arrive and help. A last charge of the city’s defences failed and Polish and Austrian troops rallied from the south to attack and isolate Swedish Pomerania and Prussia. Karl tried to receive help from Cromwell again, and from France as well, but both declined. The year after, in 1659, the Swedish army located on Fyn was attacked by combined Danish, Netherlander, Polish, Austrian and Brandenburg troops. Karl was forced to accept defeat but refused to hand over his conquered provinces procured during the Treaty of Roskilde (southern provinces in Sweden which were Danish) when he called for peace with Denmark and Poland. Karl hoped to gain strength again to be able to once more wage war for a Swedish Baltic Sea. His plans had to be cancelled when he fell ill in 1660 and died soon after.

When Karl X Gustav died a new form of government was introduced. It was a total monarchy, in charge of everything, called the Karolinska enväldet, dictatorship is another word. This meant that in contrast to before where a government had been in charge of the country together with the king, the crown was now given total authority and leadership of the nation. One single body ruled the entire country and its policies. Despite this change, Sweden’s position as a great power could not be maintained. One king who tried was yet another of Sweden’s most famous war-kings and a superb general. He claimed the throne in 1697, at the age of 15, later to be called the Krigarkungen (lit. the king of wars) and Hjältekonungen (lit. the king of heroes); his name was Karl XII.

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Karl XII, king of warriors and heroes

His first years as a king, peace spread through Sweden, though it would not be long before war found itself claiming most of Karl’s life. Already after the death of Karl XI, Karl XII’s father, who had ruled in a quite peaceful era of the Swedish empire, Denmark had been planning and scheming together with Russia and Poland against Sweden in secret. In 1700 the Great Northern War broke out when Saxon (Polish) troops attacked Swedish forts in Riga while Danish-Norwegian troops attacked Sweden’s ally Holstein-Gottorp. Karl was unprepared for the attack and he wanted to strike back at Denmark first. He ordered a fleet to be prepared while ordering Finnish troops to reinforce the forts in Riga. He called upon his allies England and Holland whom he had befriended before the war. The combined Swedish-Hollander-English fleet forced the Danish to accept the terms to dissolve their alliance with Russia and Poland and to leave Holstein-Gottorp. Karl then prepared to leave for Riga, but was reached by the news that the Russian Tsar Peter the Great, later renouncing the title for emperor instead, had begun a siege of the city of Narva. With Poland giving up their fruitless efforts to capture Riga and abandoning their siege, Karl set out to relieve Narva of Russian hands. Instantly when the Swedish arrived, Karl ordered the attack. With the help of general Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, Karl won one of the most greatest victories in Swedish military history.

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The victory at the Battle of Narva

During the winter that year, the Polish king and the Russian tsar met to further deepen their pact. Poland wanted greater assistance from Russia to be able to beat the Swedish defences of Riga, while Russian troops would attack the Swedish-owned Russian province of Ingermanland. In this way they thought they could confuse and divide the Swedish to more easily beat them. Karl took his whole army and marched to Poland though, in the intention of annihilating the Polish army. During the summer of 1701, the Swedish army arrives at Riga and attacks the Saxon fortifications. With the defeat of the Polish, Sweden gained the duchy of Kurland (Courland) Karl had but one enemy left to beat; the Russian tsar.

A fragile peace with Poland led to a change of king in 1705. Already in 1704 a general confederation had dethroned the Polish king Augustus den Starke (the Strong) and elected Stanislaw I to take his place. For two years, Karl had the favour of preparing, without the intervention of either Danish or Polish troops, for the inevitable.

Because of his earlier victories, Karl thought that he would win again when he faced the Russians. That did not happen. After a few battles, all being lost, Karl and his army of 18000 men had to flee south to the lands of the Tatars. Karl was confident that once he reached further south, he would get help to beat back the pursuing Russian army. When Karl reached the river Dnjepr, Carl Rehnskiöld, who had followed on all Karl’s campaigns, forced the king to cross the river to save his life. He had to promise the king to cross himself afterwards, however Rehnskiöld never upheld his promise but stayed fast on the other side and surrendered to the Russians. Only 400 Swedish soldiers and a few Russian Cossacks, opposing the rule of Peter the Great, made it across and could continue south. Behind them, the whole Swedish army surrendered to a Russian army half the size of the Swedish.

Karl’s visit to the Turks did not become the one he thought though. Even though he was allowed a safe haven for his men in the materialisation of a fort, the Swedish army did not impose the political superiority that Karl had predicted they would get in order to convince the Turkish sultan to attack Russia with Sweden’s help.

Situations worsened when a coup was made to retake the Polish crown by Augustus den Starke from Stanislaw. Once back in power Augustus renewed his alliances with Denmark and Russia. Denmark attacked Skåne instantly. Karl pleaded to the sultan to attack Russia and promised that he would receive Swedish support once the Swedish army had defeated the invading Danish one. In 1711 the Turkish attack finally took place. It could have ended with Russia being totally destroyed; the army was annihilated, and Peter the Great was captured by the sultan. But the momentum was lost as the Grand Vizier, who was quite the scornful man toward Karl, made up a peace treaty that was in favour of Russia instead of Sweden. When Turkey won instead of losing, Augustus had to figure out a new way to get to his rival. He tried to get Karl banished from the Turkish lands, this way Karl could be captured by Polish troops as he made his way homeward. When Karl was asked to leave he bluntly refused and took up arms to defend his position in his fort, resulting in the Kalabaliken i Bender (Kalabalik (or Tumult) in Bendery) in 1713.

The whole incident ended with the king’s capture and imprisonment, however, the sultan was curious as to why he was so against leaving Turkey, not accepting the “freedom” he was given. When the sultan was informed of the conspiracy he made ready for a new war with Russia, but it was never accomplished. Instead a new Grand Vizier, no less scheming than the last one, struck a deal with Poland and Austria. The Vizier was very keen on improving the relations with these countries and released Karl from his prison, forcing him to leave the Turkish lands once more to let the Polish and Austrians capture him. The Turkish escort that was to protect Karl on his journey home never came to be though, and Karl had to travel through Europe alone with his remaining army of around 1500 men. They took a detour and travelled through the Swedish-friendly German states in 14 days before they reached Swedish territory. Once at home, Karl was informed that Pomerania had been invaded by Prussian troops, Finland had been lost to Russia and the remaining German holdings had been occupied by combined Prussian-Danish forces. Karl was forced to flee from his North-German holdings to true Swedish soil. From Lund he commanded his forces to attack Denmark in the same fashion he had done before. Unfortunately for Karl the ice thaw and thus he could not cross the strait between Sweden and Denmark. Karl redirected his army north to the city of Kristiania (Oslo) in Norway in belief he could take it in a surprise-attack, but which failed due to the lack of artillery.

When he could not capture the capital, Karl turned his attention to the fort of Fredriksten and besieged it with the whole of his remaining army. It was a last, desperate attempt to conquer Norway. The siege was progressing in a quick pace until Karl was shot in the head. Some speculate it was a stray shrapnel from a Norwegian cannon, some people believe that he was assassinated by one of his own soldiers to stop the warring. It mattered little though, as the death of the king in 1718 ended the siege, the war with Norway and put an end to the Swedish empire. Sweden lost all of its possessions within years and was reduced from a great power to just a nation among others.

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The death of Karl XII, he is carried all the way from Norway

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Karl XIV Johan (Jean Baptiste Bonaparte and his son and successor Oscar I

After the era of a great power, Sweden experiences quite the tranquillity except for a war with Russia in 1809 where Sweden’s Finnish possessions are officially lost. That same year, a constitutional form of government is introduced, taking away the power the king had before, making him a mere front-figure of the nation, while the real power is invested in the Regering (Government) which is elected every five years. The current king, Gustav IV Adolf is dethroned as the last king with power, and Karl XIV Johan, born as Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, originally from France and brother-in-law to Napoleon’s brother Joseph Bonaparte, is introduced to the Swedish throne. In 1818 he is crowned the king of Sweden and Norway, as these two nations joined in a union in 1814, a work of Karl XIV. He never learned to speak Swedish, but gained a son, Oscar I, who would come to take his place 1844 as king of Sweden. But history may change by a single event. After all, one man’s fortune is another’s downfall…
 

Katapraktoi

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En Svensk Tiger - Introduction

Introduction


Welcome to my second Swedish after action report. I hope that this will work out better than my last one as my computer crashed and everything disappeared. So this time I will go for it again and write in a little different way, I hope you will like it.

My goals are a bit different now as I am now playing with the modification called VIP 04b. This has altered a few things, especially Sweden. Playing as Sweden I have lost control of Norway but Skåne has received coal instead of grain, which is great! At last Sweden has coal.

In any other case, not much has changed and thus my goals look like this;

- Receive Great Power status and maintain it.
- Receive 500 prestige in the end of the game.
- Conquer Norway!
- Crush Denmark totally, ending a 1000-year-old enemy’s existence.
- Control the Baltic Sea.
- If I am able, I can move even further into Europe when these goals are done or if opportunity shows itself.


As can be seen in these screenshots, almost the whole of the Baltic Sea will be controlled (except a few Russian provinces) by me if all goes well.

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North Germany prospective conquests

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Plans for a Swedish Finland yet again

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The Baltic nations rightfully belong to Sweden!

Another thing I will try, which I had to do in my last game, is to avoid cheating. When I was working on my last AAR I kind of sucked at playing Victoria. I did not know how to raise manpower for example, leading to my waiting for about 70 years before the manpower hit 0 unless I mobilized. When I now have figured out how to convert populace into soldiers, I hope that I will be able to forcefully take provinces from other nations and thus expand my territory, instead of trying to buy provinces through NEVILLE. Of course, I will trade provinces and such now as well, but without the cheating part. :)

The AAR will be written hopefully in a historical way but with my own influences. Oscar I will not rule for long, I promise you that. I will try to write in the way Corrado does in his Italy AAR because I really like the way the story flows in that manner, but some interaction between characters may occur as well. Perhaps it will be a mix, who knows.

All that said, I hope that those of you who read this will enjoy it, and if there is something that you do not like, tell me so I know for next time! Now, please step into the 1830s Sweden and enjoy this AAR to the fullest.
 

jmc003

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Wow! Great story, and it hasn't even started yet! ;)

I'm definitely looking forward to the Swedish rise. Any plans to form Scandinavia, or are you planning to befriend Prussia and just annex what you can from Denmark?

And thanks for the compliments! You're doing a great writing job so far, and I'm honored to be considered as someone to emulate! :D
 

Katapraktoi

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En Svensk Tiger - State of Nation

The State of the Nation


Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. That means that the nation has a constitution that limits the rule of the monarch, leaving the decisions to another form of government, in Sweden’s case, the Regering. The Order value makes military research easier, a good thing for all the coming wars Sweden is to experience. From the beginning, it is Sweden’s conservative party which is the ruling one, and there is another party, the liberal party, which is banned from the start. Protectionism and jingoism before free trade, laissez faire, and anti-military! Taxes goes up to a point where Sweden makes money but still does not lose any habitants because they are too high. Tariffs goes up to maximum as does education. Sweden has such nice populace so crime fighting will not be necessary. Defence spending is maxed out to keep the military standing high, but all else is dropped to zero. In time, those farmers will be converted into soldiers instead, readying Sweden to become an empire once again.

aartotalsituation5ar.jpg

Political, Economic and population overview

The economic situation could be better, but once goods are thrown out on the world market, the cash will start coming. Relationship-wise, Sweden starts out pretty good. With +100 with both Denmark, Russia, Prussia, surprising since they were arch enemies just 100 years ago, and also with Norway which is obvious because of the union.

The Swedish army consists of 30000 men; 20000 infantry and 10000 dragoons. The navy consists of eleven ships totally, where three of those are transports.

Industrially Sweden has quite a bad standing. Norrland has but one Lumber mill, Svealand has three factories; an Ammunitions factory, a Small arms factory and a Steel mill, and Götaland has only two factories; another Lumber mill and a Paper mill. What makes this go around is the coal deposit in Skåne (Malmö) so that Sweden does not have to import it to make the steel. The woods provide material for paper so cash can be earned that way. But money will not come for real until the Small arms factory is producing enough Small arms to sell, and for that sulphur is needed, which can become expensive.
 

Katapraktoi

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Corrado:
Thank you! Actually it is not as much a story as the real history of Sweden, but still, yes I find it intriguing as well. :) It is amazing how much more fun it is to study history by yourself when you can focus on the fun parts instead of listinening to the history teacher bringing up boring parts of history you don't "need to know".

I am not planning on creating Scandinavia, it has such an ugly flag, and if I did I would not be able to crush Norway and Denmark, I would instead join up with them; not my plan! :) Good idea if you want to play a less hostile beginning I guess? I have never managed to create them since I did not have VIP before. Because it did not happen in the vanilla version did it? In any case, no Scandinavia, despite the nice blue colour, same as Sweden's, will be created. I will take Norway and Denmark piece by piece until there is nothing left, despite bad-boy. :) Sorry all you Denmark and Norway-lovers, you can play a game of your own where you can crush Sweden instead. :)

Prussia is no friend of Sweden. They are hiding behind a veil of deceit, mistrust and they shall perish in the flames of war! Sweden will stand supreme now that I know how to create troops! Before I had to bow and kneel to Prussia's every decision, but not anymore. As you can see on the map, I am planning on taking the northern part of Prussia and a great deal of all the other minor northern Germanic nations.

Yourworstnightm:
Yes it will be interesting to see what I can come up with since I still consider myself to be a newbie at this game. :) Just wait for the first real update and then you can analyse the results, until then! :)
 

unmerged(33638)

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Excellent start i loved the whole history of Sweden, helps for a guy like me who has no clue, except from playing EU2. I was surprised you didn't mention that Sweden refused to jump in on Russia with the French and Nappie.

I love the line that the Swedish are too nice to need police! :rofl:

You can make Scandanavia (sp?) in vanilla, I would suggest alliances with Russia and Austria so you can crush Prussia like a vice when the German Wars start.
 

yourworstnightm

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You playing VIP right?? That's why you don't own Norway. Is it wise DOWing them if they are your satellite, or is there a annexation event?
 

MAlexander06

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Good start. As much as I hate to see you going after Denmark, I always make Sweden public enemy number 1 when I play as the Danes, so it balances out, I guess. So good luck (except in your Danish expeditions)!
 

Katapraktoi

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En Svensk Tiger - Part One

En Svensk Tiger

Part One – In a-wait for Power

Chapter One 1799-1835


aarswedenscoatofarms0jn.png
The Swedish Coat of Arms

aarensvensktiger3eu.jpg
En Svensk Tiger

Arvid Henriksson was from birth your ordinary man and more. He took responsibility, he made sure his tasks were carried out properly and he had a great sense for details and perfection. Right from his days as infant, in 1799, he was declared by neighbours both near and far away that he would surely be somebody. They could not have imagined how true that would come to be. As a very special case, Arvid was allowed, despite his working-class-background, to go to school when he was a boy. At his time, that was something quite unusual in his parts of the nation. Born in the north of Umeå, not every boy (or girl for that matter) was privileged to attend school. It would take several years until the law that obligated every single Swedish boy and girl to attend school, was passed. While he went to school, the few friends Arvid had, worked at the sawmill.

Arvid was a bright boy and he quickly learned the arts of mathematics, science, economics, social science, but not the least, history. The subject preoccupied Arvid’s mind with the romanticised battles Sweden had had with the Russians, Germans and Danish. It affected him so that after graduating in 1815 he applied to the Royal College of War in Stockholm. With the war in Europe raging, Napoleon trying to conquer Russia by pushing through Prussia, Arvid wanted to join the Swedish ranks helping to hold back Napoleon, but to no avail. Arvid was accepted to the college, but the war was ended just months after his conscription, and he was heart-broken by the lack of action.

At the war-college he was trained as a man of the rank-and-file. Training hard with the cumbersome rifle and bayonet, Arvid was confident that he would progress through the ranks. However, after five years in college, including two years of practice service in the army, Arvid understood that he would never be allowed an officer’s post. Only nobles were allowed to command. Yet fate would have it that Arvid still would have his wishes come true.

In 1810, Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, was singled out as the successor of the Swedish throne and arrived in Stockholm. With him he brought his son, Josef Frans Oscar, who would become the heir once Baptiste, renamed Karl XIV Johan, became the king of Sweden. Oscar was trained in the arts of war and classics by the best of teachers and was a fine student, though he was a very weak-spirited person indeed. Attending the same war-college as Arvid was, though never meeting him as Oscar was trained as an officer, they came to serve the same company. While Oscar rose in ranks, earning titles as general and lieutenant-general, Arvid stayed in the lowest ranks yet. It was only good fortune that made Oscar and Arvid meet finally.

While attending the war-college, Oscar I, a title which he now had received being the heir of the throne, he studied hard, especially the Swedish language and history. With the best teachers around, Oscar progressed in great speed until his teacher in history died in what later is thought to have been a heart attack. Desperate in finding a new teacher to continue his studies until a more suitable and prestigious one, the King swept Stockholm clean of historians who were brought to the royal palace. Every single type of historian was there, and each as worthless as the other. Among the entire crowd, Arvid, with a cool face but a racing heart, was standing amongst those who would be tested as a proper history teacher for the Prince of Sweden. It took days before Arvid was allowed inside the chamber where the test was prepared. While Oscar and his advisors had dismissed almost all of the people before Arvid, the prince became most curious about this young man. While the advisors spoke to each other in hushed voices about the probable total ignorance of the boy, Oscar was intrigued and positively surprised by the age of this contender in front of him. The surprise was replaced by fascination when Arvid was allowed to speak. With his total interest for history, which may be added stretched far beyond only Swedish history, that was fuelled by his own teacher’s teachings and his own research, Arvid displayed a knowledge that surpassed the rest who was tried afterwards. In the end, Arvid was chosen, against the will of the advisors, by Prince Oscar, as temporary Royal history teacher. This odd way of coming near the prince was the beginning of maybe an even odder friendship, which would later come to change the face of Europe.

aararvid2qh.jpg

Arvid Henriksson in his later years

King Karl Johan showed concern though that a man from a class not of Oscar’s own was spending time with his son, and worse yet, the boy was just that, a boy. A teacher should be old and schooled, not the same age as his student. The king tried to change Oscar’s mind but the prince stood firm. Being quite the liberal man, Oscar had thoughts of meritocracy before aristocracy. Being a very talented boy, Arvid was a perfect teacher for Oscar. The sessions made them friends and met beyond the time for school, especially enjoying discussions of war and battles, of Swedish generals like the Lion of the North and the times when Sweden had the possibility of becoming a great power that lasted. The only thing the two could not agree upon was whether it would be best to join an alliance together with the Danish if such opportunity would show itself. Oscar, quite interested in the newly reissued thoughts of Scandinavism. Arvid was of another character though, wanting to conquer the lands of Norway and Denmark and claim them Swedish in response to Denmark’s constant declarations of war during the 16th and 17th-century.

aarskandinavism9oh.jpg

Scandinavism; a unified Denmark and Sweden-Norway

In 1826, Prince Oscar, already finished with his studies and Arvid being dismissed from the post of teacher with good recommendations, appointed Arvid to be his most trusted advisor. Arvid, being 27 years old and no boy any longer, was officially, though reluctantly, accepted by the king and found himself a new home in the palace in Malmö where the prince lived. Arvid’s career as a teacher had stretched beyond his military service. Already in 1822 he had quit the army, still being an ordinary infantryman, but a respected such, as he carried connections to the royal family. In 1824, when Oscar had quit his studies to command the army and bad been appointed other tasks, Arvid became heavily involved in politics. When he later rejoined his friend, he had been actively supporting the Conservatives who wanted to change backwards to the old days where a small, influential elite was crème de la crème and supported the ruling faction with economic and popular support.

The prince, having grown in self-confidence was still easy for Arvid to influence. His ideas of a stronger Sweden quickly found their way into the prince’s mind. Using his friendship, Arvid was more and more introduced to the politics of the nation by Oscar, and with his knowledge of different states, Arvid quickly figured out how he could use the prince for his own agendas. Without being aware of Arvid’s scheming plots, Oscar put more and more faith in him. Having less need of his party, Arvid began to distance himself from the Conservatives, but was nonetheless not in any way less interested in politics itself.

Several years passed as Arvid gained influence and prestige among the politicians in the Regering, the Riksdag and the royal court. His ties to the prince helped him a good way, but his charisma, his good knowledge and seeming good will, was also major factors to his introduction to the elite of society. At the age of 35, with the prince totally in his grasp, and having been promoted to Minister of Defence (one of the youngest so far in Swedish history), he began to plot for the overthrow of government. Arvid was ready to lead a nation. He intentionally let the prince on the plan in order to use him. Once the king, Karl Johan, had died, Oscar would be king. Not wanting the populace or military to revolt, he had to wait for the king to die naturally. This, he figured, would not be long, for the king was old and would surely die within years.

A year later, 1835, Oscar was introduced to the thought that he would take over the throne one day. The king, feeling quite weaker than in his youth, felt that Oscar had but one thing left to learn, something that not any teacher but himself could teach; how to rule a nation. Being put in semi-charge of Sweden, Oscar was careful to appoint this advisors, for he did not keep many he had had from before except for Arvid. Being appointed Lead Diplomat, Arvid gained yet another rank in society, and would see many of his own plans being carried out by himself by the order of Prince Oscar. This however, was just the beginning of Arvid’s scheme of a grand Sweden; a powerful Sweden; a new Sweden; a new Lion of the North; En Svensk Tiger...
 

Katapraktoi

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BBBD:
Thank you very much. :) I hope you enjoyed the history introduction and learned something. As a future history teacher I am a bit inclined to make a good presentation of historic events, we'll see how it goes further on as well! EU2 gives a bit information I guess, as Paradox's games follow history at least quite closely if you play it "right". When I tried Sweden and attacked Denmark 100 years too early I got a message if I wanted to break free and start the Gustav Vasa event earlier than it was supposed to play... in any case, I did not bring the Napoleonic Wars into my story simply because I knew too little about it and would have had to read up on it which would take too much time I think. It would have brought a broader historic perspective to my introduction, but starting in the 1500s and to the beginning of the 1800s I still think that I have covered quite a lot of Swedish history, and also considering Sweden had lost its great power status during Napoleon, I decided not to write about it.

Once I post my in-game reports you'll see my strategic choices, whether they be good or bad. :) Alliance with everybody and everything is tempting so I live long, but then I cannot extend by border. We'll see about Russia...

Yourworstnightm:
Yes, because I play with VIP 04b, Norway is now a seperate country of its own. Not for long though I hope...
But no, there is what I know of no event that grants Sweden annexation of Norway. I think I must do that by myself.

Malexander06:
Thank you. :) I will do my best.
And yes, I know of your reluctance to Denmark being crushed. I have read your Denmark AAR in the EU2 forum, hehe hilarious that one. I was mighty suprised that Sweden joined the Union of Kalmar! Would have been fun to see the Gustav Vasa event kick in instead so you would have a CB toward Sweden. :)
 

unmerged(45852)

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Jul 1, 2005
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As someone who knows little about Swedish history, it was a great introduction. I'll be interested to see how you take those lands off of the Green Giant. :(
 

yourworstnightm

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I guess you can go for Russia if they are doing bad in the Crimean war, but the russians are allways unpleasant, then you maybe can buy some land, the finnish provinces are not russian core provinces. Anyway, will be interresting to see how this will end.
 

unmerged(45852)

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yourworstnightm said:
I guess you can go for Russia if they are doing bad in the Crimean war, but the russians are allways unpleasant, then you maybe can buy some land, the finnish provinces are not russian core provinces. Anyway, will be interresting to see how this will end.

He better not just buy the land. Imagine the AAR: "Sweden penny pinched for 100 years, then splurged and bought Finland from Russia. The End." Pretty boring.
:D

Taking down Russia will be tough. The only power that rivals Russia is the UK, and the UK may not be a lot of help. Perhaps if Sweden allies with Austria, the OE, and Prussia things could work out, especially if the UK is in on the mix. I've seen some pretty nasty colonial wars between Russia and the UK, it could be something to take advantage of. It helps that the Russian capital is near Sweden.
 

unmerged(33638)

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Aug 27, 2004
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Great update, will our man lead the nation via the king or allow democracy to bloom? By siding with the conservatives earlier I doubt it, but doesn't he remember his peasent roots?

I understand I just read about Nappy's Russian adventure, he was sure that if need be then his old mate Bernodette would come to help him, but as much as Bernodette wanted to take finland he hated Nappy even more.

I say ally with the Bear, wait for the CW to be in full swing and disslove it then attack, hopefully with Prussian assistance, take some Russian cores and then build up relations and trade the land back to the russians you should get four finland provs for the price of one russian! :D
 

Katapraktoi

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En Svensk Tiger - Part One

Part One – In a-wait for Power

Chapter Two January 1st 1836 - December 31st 1840


From the beginning of 1836, Arvid took it slowly. He did not want to lose the new post he had received from his puppet prince, though he was certain that he would have to do some very drastic changes for that to happen. Still it was not prince Oscar he was suspicious about, it was the king himself, and the other councillors that Oscar had appointed. Being Minister of Defence and the top diplomat of the nation, Arvid held a strong position indeed, but he knew it could all go away just as easily as he had received it, if he was not careful.

Right from the start, both Arvid and Oscar wanted to introduce some changes of the constitution of the nation. Being a liberal, Oscar felt strongly for a free press for the people. Freedom of the printed word was a right everybody should have, Oscar claimed, and no form of government should be allowed to tamper with it. Arvid, seeing that if the masses were given too much knowledge, his plans would go to ruin. To create an empire, the ruler had to have loyal subjects who did not question the decisions he came up with. Thus a more or less ignorant populace was the best, but still not uneducated, otherwise the nation itself could never progress and would submit to another stronger nation. That was not Arvid’s intentions at all. After discussing the facts about free press with Oscar, Arvid attempted to change his mind and finally Oscar agreed to freedom of press but with a governmental censorship introduced so that special columns of critique against the crown could be censored if need be. Arvid also introduced another reform with Oscar’s partially ignorant concurrence. Wanting to keep rioting down, and not wanting people to be able to meet up legally to discuss the leadership of the nation, a law forbidding public meetings was introduced nation-wide. Oscar, fooled by Arvid’s talks of how it was the best for both the nation and its populace, agreed that it was the best out of a liberal point-of-view.

Not only did Oscar and Arvid make decisions about the future of Sweden. The king was still king and in the early ’37, Karl Johan received complaints about Norwegian fishermen and merchants operating in the sea generally not being allowed to use the Norwegian flag. They demanded that the king would abolish the law, but Karl Johan, being the opposite of his son Oscar, a Conservative as much as any other of high status, denied the Norwegians the privilege of carrying the Norwegian flag in the waters. The tensions between Norwegians and Swedes became even more strained.

1838, a year of inventions for the Swedish, great success in diplomacy and a rebellion of liberals, was both a success and disaster for Arvid. With prince Oscar visiting Russia in his youth out of politeness, relations had been built up with Russia, led by Tsar Nikolaj I (Nicholas I), by the Swedish king. As much as Arvid hated Russia, he saw the intelligent thing in this. Russia was a great power, had massive armies, and was potentially a good ally. After several trips to Russia’s capital St. Petersburg, Arvid had come to an agreement of an alliance with the Russians. While not going as far as a full alliance, the two nations settled for an alliance where one would help each other should they be attacked. But should they choose to attack another nation, no help would be given for the offensive. With the east border free, Sweden would be able to turn south-west should it come to that.

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The Russian Tsar Nikolaj I

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A Russian alliance, negotiated by Arvid Henriksson

It would also be that Johan Eriksson (John Ericsson), a Swedish-American inventor, living in Sweden at first but travelling to the United States later, and being a remarkable engineer, invented the screw propeller. The propeller was used to accelerate ships and boats. The propeller already existed, but Johan improved it, adding another screw so that two screws span in opposite directions. The name of the propeller comes from just that; propellere (Latin; “move forward”). Earlier on Johan had also invented another machine to drive vehicles forward; the oxygen-engine. Compared to other engines in the same time, which all ran on steam, Johan figured out how to let oxygen in to the fire-bed to increase the power. With such inventions Sweden’s reputation rose in the eyes of other nations.

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Johan Eriksson

The alliance of ’38 led to some hard-won negotiations with Russia. Arvid, aware that Sweden was the weaker nation if relations would suffer and a possible war could occur, pushed on in negotiations that Finland was Swedish and demanded that Russia return it to Sweden. Russia’s head diplomat and negotiator, Mikhail Nashchokin, agreed to a six-year-deal. Within six years, Russia would give away Finland, piece by piece to Sweden, starting with Finnish Lapland in the north. In return, Sweden’s scientists would introduce Russian engineers to the new rifle-designs and market-structures that Sweden possessed. The Russian government lacked in tax-efficiency, not everything would be paid by the subjects and with an already instable economy, Russia had to improve its taxes. Agreeing to this, worried deep within his mind that Swedish guns could come to be used against themselves later on if Russia decided to break their alliance, Arvid signed the diplomatic deal and secured Finland.

aarlaplandfinland9ps.jpg

After but a few months, Sweden receives northern Finland, as decided

But there was another event that neither the king or Arvid wanted to slip out of the nation’s borders. A coalition of newspapers, among them the liberal Aftonbladet led by Lars Johan Hierta, high-standing politicians and other members of an opposition to the crown, wanted to abdicate the king because of a huge debt of more than a million Swedish Riksdaler. If the king had abdicated, the nation would have been seen as weak, not being able to control its own populace, and so to the displeasure to the opposition, Karl Johan and Oscar paid the whole debt out of their own treasuries to remain. Arvid had been furious about the opposition. Wealthy citizens being liberal, outrageous. If they had succeeded Arvid would have lost his post and all his fame. With the danger behind them, Arvid calmed down, but the event had given him an even more suspicious nature and with it came another stunning reform, but not a public one.

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Lars Johan Hierta, founder of the paper Aftonbladet, Sweden's first liberal one

Because of the liberals’ attempt to dethrone Karl Johan, Arvid’s hate toward liberals rose. It had nothing to do with Arvid’s feelings toward the king himself, he regarded the king with such contempt equalling that of the liberals if not less. It was the fact that if the liberals won, Karl Johan would be dethroned but his heir would also be denied the throne. If that happened, Arvid would lose all that he had worked hard for. Therefore, being politically aware, he executed an order in secret. It would either give him immense power once he had taken control of the crown, and once Karl Johan was dead that would come to pass, or it would surely kill him. His order was such a freedom-depraving that he would most likely be executed whatever his ties to the crown was; he wanted to eliminate the liberal faction.

Being Minister of Defence he had a control of the military vaster than anybody else in the nation but the king himself. Listing all members of the liberal party was no difficult task. The difficult part was two-folded; how to replace the liberal party members with people he could trust who would do everything they could to be as inactive as they possibly could. Arvid wanted nobody to recognise the party when people saw them, nobody would vote for them, he wanted nobody to know the liberals existed any more. The second part was to keep it all away from the liberal heir to the throne. If Oscar would be aware of Arvid’s changes he would lose all trust in Arvid, something he could not risk at a moment like this. Still if he did not act, a possible second liberal “revolution” could happen. It looked like a no-win situation.

Yet Arvid knew something had to be done and before the full autumn of 1838, Arvid’s plan had sprung to life. Without giving away any hints to Oscar, Arvid used his influence and the military against his own populace. Ringleaders of the liberal party was gathered discreetly and under gunshot treat they were ordered to go out in public the very next day to officially break up the liberal party, announcing that such internal turmoil raged that they decided the party was no longer in function as they could not serve the pubic. After the annunciation, Arvid, with a very angry Oscar arguing afterwards of the ill decision he had made, banned the liberal party from ever appearing again to lead the Swedish population into ignorance about the crown and the leaders of Sweden. The coalition, which had been disappointed the last time they were cheated out of their game, became furious with the decision, claiming it did not make any sense as to why the liberal party dissolved. Liberal demonstrations clashed with police and military and hundreds of members of the opposition were put in gaol at the order of Arvid. His scheme had played out fine, despite the troubled look initially. With the liberal party gone, a dying king, demonstrations and public meetings made illegal, and with himself in a powerful position, Arvid had but to wait for a calm 1839 to pass until expansion of the Swedish border would occur in the late 1840 and early 1841.
 

unmerged(33638)

Colonel
Aug 27, 2004
953
0
great work, I have always gone Democratic simply as I am not sure how I would go keeping the population under control.
Is there a possibility of military dictatorship in the future? or does Arvid prefer to rule through his puppet indefinately?
 

Katapraktoi

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En Svensk Tiger - Part One

Part One - In a-wait for Power

Chapter Three January 1st 1841 – March 8th 1844


The serene momentum that followed the gaoling of the liberals was to Arvid a mystery. For several years the liberals kept quiet and no disturbance of any kind was heard. This was of course good for Arvid and the rest of the crown, but Arvid would not let this pass without more thought. He could not accept the fact that the opposition would give in so easily. Or was it just his being obstinate and stubborn, he would never know, compared to others. Where he would have carried on, others let go of their dreams and failed as such.

During the first months of 1841, Arvid made several trips to St. Petersburg in order to meet with Mikhail again to see to it that the next portions of Finland were passed over to Sweden. With him travelled revered scientists from Sweden under royal military protection who carried the secrets of Swedish engineering and national funding programs. Together with Russian economists and high military command, the Swedes showed the new Swedish rifle Järvjärn, a muzzle-loaded type of rifle, 4,5” long, still forcing the soldier to stand while reloading, but the carbine was lighter than previous rifles and thus decreased the cumbersome reload- and aiming process. With a few modifications, the Russians would rename the rifle and call it their own. Still this did not matter for Arvid. He knew it had to be done, and felt that a Finland in Swedish hands yet again was worth it. The process of meeting only further deepened the relationship with Russia, which was to Arvid a more natural cause now than before. This was because Arvid had focused his attention elsewhere now that he knew Finland was secured. What he had in mind were the now the lands to the south.

Wanting to expand Sweden’s territories even more, enough interested and familiar with the finances of a nation, he knew that larger lands meant more expenses in the form of education, housing, facilities, and wages for working men. But it also led to an increase of money from taxes, tariffs and what was more; more men to mobilise if need be. As Arvid left St. Petersburg, he casually dropped a comment about Estonia to Mikhail. He was not sure if his Russian comrade was in any way interested, but as he left the room, Arvid could see in the corner of his eye Mikhail studying the map of Russia.

As Arvid came back, the king, probably under pressure from his son Oscar, was readying a change in the constitution yet again. To Arvid’s annoyance and liking, the Act of Compulsory Elementary School passed in the Riksdag in January of 1842. From the day the act was accepted, every boy and girl was forced to attend elementary school and parents were obligated to see to it that their children received a proper education. Family life was centred for parents instead of just supporting their spouse and children. There were several reasons as to why Arvid both liked and disliked the act. First, it would enhance the progress of the nation as brighter children grew into brighter adults, and in such a time as this, modernisation and industrialisation were essential to a nation’s survival. But at the same time it would be what Arvid fought; a conscious and liberal populace, ready to stand against a ruler if they did not see him fit. It was known that only the intelligent and educated were the ones who were really able to see the faults in a nation’s government. These were the ones who could oppose it. It created a certain dilemma for Arvid. While he needed loyal subjects, ignorant of their so-called suffering, intellectuals were needed as well to form a great nation instead of still being a backwater peasant country. He was the living proof of that.

In early 1843, while the last parts of Finland were still to be seeded to Sweden, Arvid returned to St. Petersburg and met with Mikhail, whom he now had befriended in another level of mere professional friendship. With a planned visit for over three weeks, Mikhail invited Arvid to join him in his tranquil house further south in Russia, near the Black Sea. Not wanting to seem rude, and also curious about the surrounding world as he had almost never left Sweden’s fields and forests, Arvid humbly accepted the offer. In a private train bound toward Odessa (Odeca), Arvid and Mikhail enjoyed the luxurious food and drinks Russia could offer. For three days they travelled until they finally reached Odessa. From there they went out of the city by car to Mikhail’s private villa. The visit was pleasurable in itself, but Arvid knew there had to be something more to it than just because of the friendship that had prospered between the two diplomats. Arvid could not have been more right. Two days after arriving at the villa, Mikhail announced that he wanted to meet Arvid in his study. Arvid, having already prepared for such a meeting even before he left Sweden, had looked through every paper he possessed, every kind of trade available by Sweden and the Swedish economy, what could be offered and what could not. He would find that although the preparations were indeed flawless they would not come to be necessary. Almost at the instant Arvid entered the study, Mikhail began his preaching about the friendship between their two nations, and how such a friendship should be used more. He had considered Arvid’s proposal from before very carefully, discussing it with the gracious Tsar and he had approved of Mikhail’s plans. Estonia could become Swedish, if proper payment were received. Despite the market regulation acts that Sweden had shared with Russia those years ago, Russian economy was labile. With so many enemies surrounding them, praise Sweden for being an ally instead of potential enemy, Russia had to keep its armies well trained and well equipped or else somebody would surely decide the Tsar was a weak fool and attack, it could be from outside as well as inside. This was a heavy burden for Russian national economists and Mikhail grieved when he said that Russia was in dire need of funds. Arvid, cautious as ever, decided to think about the offer. The opportunity was as great as ever, but the willingness to give Estonia away, after trying so hard just fifty years or so, to take it back, was tearing at Arvid’s mind. He could not figure out why they wanted it loose from the Russian federation.

Weeks passed and when the time came for Arvid to journey back home to Stockholm, he had papers guaranteeing a trade for Estonia as well as Latvia and half of Lithuania in exchange for funds. With these documents, Arvid went by ship from St. Petersburg to Stockholm and delivered a renewal of the defensive alliance that Sweden and Russia had and instantly began to work on a diplomatic solution for a Swedish Estonia. Despite the willingness to give it away, Arvid could not let the thought of a Swedish Baltic Sea once again slip his mind. In summer ’43 he went back to St. Petersburg, having worked the deal out with king Karl Johan and prince Oscar, and presented it to Mikhail. The diplomat had received the grants from the Tsar himself to declare the deal official and to produce the legitimate documents needed for Estonia and its surroundings to become Swedish territory. A one-year-plan was set up where Russia would give Estonia, Latvia and parts of Lithuania in return for huge amounts of funds, raised by Swedish manufactories of wood, cement and steel.

The plan worked out perfectly fine and within the first month the northern parts of Estonia were already seeded to Sweden. It was, however, not until after the seeding that Arvid understood why Russia had been so willing to give the Baltic nations away so easily. The amount of funds needed to take care of social, educational and to a certain degree of financial problems were enormous and the Swedish economy was not ready for such a disastrous hit. Already weakened by the funds for the land, the economy barely withstood the pressure which Estonia gave. Arvid felt worried about the future when the rest of Estonia and Latvia would become Swedish. If the next seeding would be as catastrophic as the last one, Sweden’s economy would burst and inflation would surely spread when the value of the Riksdaler went down. But as a gigantic stroke of luck, the next seeding of Estonia went perfectly fine, and Arvid’s worries could be settled. Parts of Riga, the biggest and most populated land that Sweden would receive in the diplomatic deal, was also the most economically developed with a good educational standard, at least by Russian standards Arvid thought. It produced instead an economical boom, bringing back the Swedish economy to a surplus once again despite the costly transport fees from over the Baltic Sea.

In early 1844, when most of Latvia had been seeded and only parts of Lithuania remained, King Karl Johan fell ill. Doctors could do nothing about the decease and ordered the king to rest instead, to see if he would get better. Despite his love for his father, Oscar could not think of much more than a succession. Together with Arvid he began his plans which they had been forming since years past, just waiting for the right opportunity. And that moment had now come. In serene silence and secrecy, the same command that had been used against the liberals were now ordered by Arvid to stand ready. On his command, the troop would dispatch the whole Riksdag and Regering. With those two bodies gone, Oscar would be able to claim the title of king of Sweden and Norway and also the head of state of Sweden. As they both had predicted, Oscar and Arvid needed not wait long until the old king Karl XIV Johan died in the 8th of March, 1844. Taking his place as king the very same day, Oscar waited until his coronation to strike. The 28th of September, 1844, the coronation of Oscar I took place in Stockholm. At the same time, the Riksdag and Regering were rounded up by the Swedish military and were summarily executed in the streets. A new form of government had come, and Oscar had no intentions of letting it de dissolved once more. The last time it had happened, the Riksdag had stopped the king from ruling the entire nation. Without a Riksdag, Oscar could not see any resistance to his new reign, and indeed, there was none.

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The coronation of Oscar I, new King of Sweden and Norway

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Execution of the Riksdag and Regering at the same time
 

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En Svensk Tiger - The State of the Nation 1844

The State of the Nation 1844


Things have happened since the beginning. Sweden is working its way upwards and I have been at rank 7 for some time, though Belgium is finally getting itself up from the satellite-swamp and is being a pain in my ass about rank. I am at 8th place now I think. Still the economy is steadily growing, and new taxes are being pulled from Finland and the Baltic region. Sweden is beginning to look like its old self again. Now I just need to focus my attention on Prussia. The nation has got a pretty decent army and I am not sure if I will be able to beat it once war breaks out. I am planning on tanking Denmark’s side in the conflict, hopefully Norway and Russia will join with me, but I am not sure if the defensive alliance will allow that or not. Still no Scandinavia is going to be formed. Denmark and Norway will get their turn later on…

Russia is a great ally, I can buy land from it really easily, that is how I acquired Finland and Estonia. There is but one more province to go in Lithuania but I am going to wait with that one until war with Prussia is over.

Research is going well, I get 0.91 research points per month and as you can see in my screenshot the education bar is at full. My main focus is in military research as these take less time because of my Order focus as a nation, and I need advanced weaponry if I am to beat Prussia and the rest of the German states. I tried to ally France but my relationship with those southerners are not progressing as I wanted. You really could think that it should as Sweden’s king is a Frenchman but…

With new people in the nation I get more money, but also more expenses. Estonia especially is a very ill-developed region and I was fortunate to get Riga at least so I could get some money for all the trouble I went through with the low-populated areas which only cost money without giving any back. :)

That is it for now, not much more to tell I think that cannot be viewed in the screenshots. Now I will play with Oscar I as ruler, we will see what he cooks up for his nation! Until next time.

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A geographical map of Sweden just days after the death of King Karl Johan

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The political and economic situation, and populace of Sweden in 1844