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    Real Strategy Requires Cunning

Fredrik82

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Ottoman Empire

خليفة - Khalîf, successor to the prophet Muhammad
The first Ottoman sultan with the title of Khalîf was Muhammed II, 1451 - 1481. The Khalîf is the protector of islam, the holder of this title claims temporal and spiritual authority over all Muslims. The title also justify conquest of other Islamic nations. As the leader of the Islamic world the Khalîf protect its people. It is the Khalîfs duty to punish the infidels and convert them to the muslim faith, in the honor of the prophet Muhammad.

The heretics of the Shiites is a big problem for the Khalîf, there impure belief is treacherous towards the prophet Muhammad. Therefore it is the Khalîfs duty to punish the heretics and put them on the correct path in the name of Allah!

Khalîf, Selîm I Yavuz
servant of Allah
 

Slargos

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Rebellion, a timeline​

As told by Von Slargenhielm, king's aide​

1520:

Got home from Lübeck. Gustav skimped on accommodations again. And he snores. May kill him.

Decided that this is a good year for rebellion.

Convinced Gustav to stop eating his boogers. Disgusting habit.

1521, spring:

Declared independence from Denmark.

1521, summer:

Still no word from Denmark. Perhaps they didn't get my postcard.

I shall send another.

1521, fall:

Still no word from Denmark. Perhaps they don't care?

That would indeed be droll.

Gustav skimped on accommodation again, and his snoring condition has not improved. Seriously considering killing him and replacing him with less robust pretender.

1521, winter:

Denmark declared war! Surely, now we shall see some action after all this waiting!

Gustav has caught a cold. Snoring worse than ever.

1522, spring:

The expected spring offensive has not materialized. Scattered reports of plundered women and raped cattled from Finland.

It is a heathen place, full of finns. We shall not send the army.

1522, summer:

Nothing.

1522, fall:

More of nothing.

1522, winter:

Again, nothing.

Killed Gustav. Replaced with lookalike.

1523, spring:

Danes attempted assault of Stockholm. Driven away by stalwart defenders.

Punch and Pie.

Gustav's replacement has a constant cough.

1524:

Nothing.

This new doctrinal thought is intriguing. Perhaps the Dane hopes to lure us into thinking he has accepted our declaration of independence and thus fooling us into going back to the fields? We shall out-wit him by attacking!

1525:

Disaster.

Army molested by rampaging Holsteiner festivalgoers.

Navy sunk by marauding Danish fishermen.

Replaced Gustav with ugly woman. Hope no one will notice.

Punch and Pie.

1526 - 1530:

Sitting around. Waiting for Danes to take Stockholm.

Long wait.

Danes stumped by brave defending garrison and cow.

Punch and Pie.

1531 - 1535:

English intervene.

Raising new army out of Finnish rabble.

Fight like cows.

Moo.

Smell funny.

Perhaps a mistake has been made? No matter. They still defeat the danes.
 

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The chronicle’s of Denmark’s history 1520-1535
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Christian II was true to his word and allied the Grand Master of the Teutonic order in exchange for protection and peace but the power hungry Hohenzollern religious zealot soon sent his armies against Lithuania, a clear violation of the treaty discussions and Denmark refused to aid in this aggressive war.


Soon thereafter the Swedish rebel chieftain, of questionable heritage, known as Gustavus Vasa proclaimed independence from the Kalmar Union and resigned the vassalship to Denmark without any further warning whatsoever. The Danish government would have been willing to discuss things but all that ever was heard from the Swedish nobles was that they were satisfied with the situation as it was.


The war started with 3 years of skirmishes were Danish raiding parties were sent to Finland that was left undefended. Some minor naval encounters reduced the Swedish navy as well. Once Denmark’s ally Holstein-Gottorp had prepared its armies and invaded Sweden Danish forces struck with force. After a brief summer campaign all of Sweden’s armies were annihilated. Still the Swedish nobles refused to re-enter the Kalmar Union. King Christian II threathened that if his conditions weren’t accepted Sweden would have to pay for the future campaigning on Swedish territory.


Once enough provinces had been taken for Denmark to demand a return to status quo, and the Swedish nobles had finally accepted, England intervened with the claim’s that any war payments from Sweden could not be accepted. Only vassalization was acceptable. Thinking of his nations honour the Danish King refused to adhere to a foreign monarch meddling in internal Union business.


Denmark then defeated English squadron’s around Denmark multiple times but thinking that Sweden had lost all of its navy the Danish admiral made a mistake and sent unescorted ships with forces to Finland. A Swedish minor navy with 6 Warships sallied and sunk all the merchants, man and all, within hours. Although not critical to the war effort the loss of the merchant squadron made the Danish government willing to discuss peace and England was informed that any war claims versus Sweden would be dropped if peace was signed.


The English regent then informed that Denmark would have to pay 500 ducats to England and give up Skåne to Sweden for peace. Considering Denmark’s victories both at land and at sea these demands seemed ridiculous. Soon thereafter 15.000 Englishmen were annihilated in Jylland and Copenhagen was liberated from her occupants. Still the demands were upheld.
Very unfortunate the newly constructed manufactory in Copenhagen was burned to the ground by marauding invaders. A staggering blow to the Danish economy!


Years later the conflict turned to England’s advantage as a huge flotilla of over 70 ships entered the sound and defeated the Danish navy allowing Sweden to start retaking her own lands. At this point the Danish government realized that the combined might of the 2 united nations would be too much and offered Sweden peace in return for land. The Swedish government stubbornly refused and soon internal stability was at an all time low and rebellion struck in many parts.


At the same time Danish rebels waged a civil war of whom should rule Denmark, greatly disturbing stability in Denmark as well. The Danish people are longing for peace but will not give in to excessive demands from foreign powers. We shall fight for our rights!
 

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News from the court of Copenhagen
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“Sire, the populace is outraged” the chancellor spoke. “They claim papist mercenaries invade their homes, raze their fortifications and destroy their factories for no reason but greed and want of destruction.”


King Frederic of Denmark paced nervously in the magnificent study in the damaged citadel of his capital Copenhagen. He knew well enough why the English troops had landed in the Danish heartland to bring fire and the sword to his lands. When his ancestor had sent a messenger to the Spanish court 15 years ago to discuss the issue of Catholicism and Lutheranism this was far from the aid he had wanted and expected. That Spain would fund and approve of an invasion from his ally England that only could work detrimental to the struggle to keep the reformist religious voices at bay! If things continued as they were he might be forced to listen and yield to the priests, bishops and nobles that wanted to break free from papal ties.


On the other hand he also knew that the English treasury was extremely taxed, owing huge sums of money to one and everyone. Soon enough these loans would have to be paid off or the English Crown’s economy would capsize like a broken ship. Denmark’s ally Holstein-Gottorp had in fact landed in Calais with a minor corps and reported that the English home islands were empty of defenders leaving them wide open to any potential invader. It would suit them right if just that was to happen, Frederic snickered smugly to himself.


Also with his army and navy intact Frederic knew everything wasn’t lost. Civil war was raging in his domain but he expected to have the situation in control within a few years at which time it would be a great opportunity to go on the offensive once more.


The Swedes had been beaten in so many battles that it would only take a minor effort to be able to send a peace offer that would send the nation into revolt if it was refused. The newly constructed Swedish army was of course a problem, and a mystery? Where had the gold come to raise it? Well if it could be defeated, as had shown very possible in the past.


“My dear chancellor” spoke Frederic more confidently than in a long time. “Do not worry, my friend. Time works in our favour and surely God will smile at us in the end. We shall defend our capital until it is time to strike back at our enemies and then all will be well.”
 

juv95hrn

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News from the court of Copenhagen
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Casualties of the War of 1523-1535

Losses of Denmark's vassal Holstein-Gottorp are not included.

Land losses:

Denmark 63.000
England 43.000
Sweden 100.000

Naval losses:

Warships: Galleys: Transports:
Denmark 5 36 16
England 23 23 1
Sweden 4 - -
 

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News from the court of Copenhagen
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Current forces:

Denmark 29.000
England 30.000
Sweden 17.000
Holstein-Gottorp 18.000

Current navies:
Warships: Galleys:
Denmark 25 14
England 50 45
Sweden 6 6
 

PJL

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England: 1520-1535
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Henry VIII
TUDartists1.JPG


The period started well with our Danish explorer (Denis Pedersen) that we funded for 750d, who explored much of the N American coastline, and some inland areas. Furthermore, we were given permission by the Pope to annul the marriage with Catherine of Aragon, and given loans by Spain to help convert the evil Protestants in our realm (of which all finished conversions were successful).

However, we became increasingly concerned with the Kalmar Union war, especially when Denmark began demanding payment from Sweden on top of vassalisation and the yearly tribute that would bring. Although we felt that the internal affairs of the Kalmar Union were none of our business, we did think that such demands were extremely unreasonable, therefore we intervened on the Swedish side.


To be continued.
 
Last edited:

unmerged(10146)

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VENICE 1520-1535

Dennis Kvist Expedition

Venice put a considerable effort to transform from a stagnating Mediterranean trading power in a modern expanding nation. The Danish explorer was hired for a huge amount of money equal to about 3-year budget and send to chart the oceans and seas for the Serenissima.

First he sailed northwest and charted the coasts of Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada, a cold lands not too suitable for Italians, but we were not in the position to be picky. A few trading posts were established on Canadian shores and on an larger island north of them, towards Danish settlements on Greenland.

After a few years in the north, Kvist sailed south, charting the coasts, islands and provinces along the way to Spanish Mexico and part of famous Caribbean islands. More colonies were founded on North American coast and on small islands on the route there.

post-23-1116158937.jpg


But the mission was to find Spanish COTs, so the expedition entered Mexican Gulf and started patrolling… But as the time was passing and the crew was becoming more and more restless, a word came from Spain: Venetian merchants were to stay out of Spanish COTs. Well, than, no rush with charting them, is there?

And so Kvist decided to go even further south. He kept sailing along the Spanish and later Portuguese coast… but what use could have come from it if land was already claimed? Also, there was that cursed Treaty of Tordesillas… No, the Doge was very clear: Kvist was to find lands not to close to the current Portuguese and Spanish lands, we do not want to alarm them too much, regardless of the establish principle that "allies should not claim each others land".

So, the expedition left coastal waters and sailed on the open oceans until there was no land to be seen. Further and further they sailed, always south, until finally an island was spotted. Well, two islands in fact. Small islands, far away from any land, were claimed for the Republic of Venice. Soon a bit more south another island, but than nothing but ice and wind – it was time to turn… where? Well, the goal was India and everyone knew it was both east and west, and since Portugal was guarding the eastern route, Kvist decided to go west. West…west…more and more west… Perhaps it was a mistake, perhaps the western route was only theoretically possible but not in practice, without bases for supplies and ship repairs? Finally a small island was spotted and Kvist ordered a base to be arranged, because ships indeed were in the need for repair. Almost half a year was lost for the base to finally be finished, and when ships were equipped and repaired Kvist again sailed northwest, in the hearth of the ocean. And again no land to be seen for months, until a small archipelago of a few islands was found, some of the islands even inhabited! Excellent, a new base!

Sadly, they were not exactly friendly and in one fight, just before again sailing for the glory of Serenisima, Kvist was seriously wounded. Almost 10 years has passed since he sailed from Venice, and Kvist decided he was not going to die on the land, so what was left from the expedition, two transport ships, sailed further in to the ocean, into the unknown. What a glorious voyage it was, so many lands discovered, so long route charted. Kvist was content.

But God was apparently still not finished with him, because on the dawn of the day when he called Kvist to himself, God showed him the shores where he would be buried. The crew named it Terra Kvista and they kept claiming it was more than a small island they were founding so far. A new expedition was in order…

post-29-1117187630.jpg



Trading Crisis: New Trading Nations and Old Rivals Pressing Competition

The crisis in our trade that began in the beginning of 1500es continued in 1520 with a sharp decline due to the internal instability and fierce competition by new trading powers (Portugal, Spain and Denmark), as well as old ones (Ottomans, Genoa and Dubrovnik). In 1530es the recovery began and Venice is now the third world trading power, as can be seen from the following report:

post-29-1117186272.jpg


Nevertheless, in total income Venice is lagging far behind our ally Spain and the rest of the leading powers (Ottomans, France, Portugal and Russia). A lot has to be done and we keep relying on trade and colonization:
  • return on our historical eastern markets
  • more presence on European markets
  • competing or controlling Dubrovnik and ending their monopoly on trade in Balkan
  • establishing of new colonies to increase tax income
  • establishing of Venetian colonial centre of trade

Well, being small has some advantages: at least Venetian technology development is not that bad. We are ahead of Ottoman Empire to start with, and hopefully with the increase on income we will catch up with our distinguished ally Spain.

post-29-1117186423.jpg



Military Affairs: Navy Ready but No Luck So Far

Although The Serenissima made all the preparations for the possible conflict against Ottoman Empire. our great navy, build in the greatest shipyard in the world, so far remained unused. During the war for Morocco our main fleet under admiral Grimani kept searching for the Ottoman navy but unsuccessfully: Turks remained hidden in their ports :( .
 
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1520-1535: The Rise of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain
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Carlos had always been a very promising young man. But now he has also managed to turn the good fortune that threw an empire the like the world had never seen into great fortune and an empire that dwarfs the one he started with. The Sun never sets on the Spanish Empire any more, he now truly is El Rey Planeta.

Having risen to the throne of a very varied conglomerate of holdings, some initial reorganisation had been necessary. As his grandfather Maximilian had succeeded in getting him elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire he was the legal and lawful ruler of the many German and other principalities in this realm, along with the hereditary crown lands of the Habsburg dynasty in Austria. However, with Spanish matters firmly requiring his attention, administration of the Austrian lands and internal HRE matters were left to his brother Ferdinand though Karl evidently kept the Imperial title.

Carlos himself was to rule Spain, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Burgundian Lowlands where he himself had been born in 1500. The Area of Franche-Comté and the claim on Milano were transferred to his brother to be dealt with. The Low Countries and Southern Italy were peaceful areas, the Spanish kingdom however was in turmoil as the local aristocracy wasn’t very open to Carlos I as king. The revolt of the Communeros however was swiftly beaten down by the new King but certain concessions were to be made anyway. His successor was to be educated in Castilla. However with that revolt out of the way and the nobility either beaten or placated Carlos could focus in earnest on the centralising of his new realm.

A great dynamic was present in this realm. Following the example of Colón, discoverer of the New World, Castillians flocked to cross the Atlantic and populate these new lands for Castille and the Christian faith. Wondrous stories of great gold reserves reached Iberia and opportunities seemed limitless. An adventurer named Cortés who had managed to beat the local tribe of the Aztecs with a very small amount of men was crowned virrey of the New World and put in charge of further expansion, building upon the work of Colón, a job he would complete in style. As the first gold shipments arrived in Spain, the mood was excellent.

cortes.jpg

However there also was a less optimistic dynamic that occupied Spain and its new ruler. The spread of the muslim faith spearheaded by the Ottoman Sultan was a great worry as they kept expanding and expanding across the Mediterranean, Balkans, to the East, … A new Sultan also recently had climbed to the throne there, named Süleyman, who had similar great credentials as the new Emperor. He, with his near limitless hordes would xurely prove to be a dangerous enemy and worthy foe.

Having just smashed the Mameluke dynasty aside and conquered Egypt for the Ottoman Empire, various claims were now made on even more Venetian holdings in the East of the Mediterranean and now the Sultan even offered protection to the Barbary Coast pirates of Algeria, who have been a scourge to Spanish shipping for ages now. It was obvious war was inevitable.

As Carlos realised that the outcome of any such a war would depend heavily upon naval superiority heavy investments were made to construct the largest navy in the world, which has proven successful up till now. To stop the Turkish aggression a Holy League was formed together with Venice (as an extra aid to his brother, Carlos forced Venezie to give up its claim on Austrian Istria though Venice was allowed to take over Mantua in return) and Portugal who also embarked upon a big naval construction scheme with large navies each as a result. Strangely enough Süleyman for now kept off building a big navy to counter this but we remained suspicious as his empire very much so had the means to compare a vast fleet.

We didn’t neglect our army however and made xure that our forces were both feared because of their numbers, quality and leadership. The best army of the Christian world was the result. However Süleyman apparently used the unused efforts in the naval area to firmly expand his military capabilities on land. As it was bigger, it was rated better than Spain’s. For now though the heathens lacked the means to transport them. But that didn’t help poor Hungary or even the infidels in Persia as they were brushed aside easily by the young Sultan and his army gaining amongst others the Armenian goldmine, the glorious city of Bagdad and denying Ferdinand the full inheritance of Hungary.

In 1527 the first clash between the Infidels of the Ottomans, the Algerian pirates and the Tunsian king on one hand and Portugal, Venice and Spain on the other ensued. The Algerians shortly before had invaded Morocco taking all but its capital in war reparations. Portugal, claiming the Moroccon lands decided to then go in and invade Morocco to annex its last and richest province. The Sultan however strongly disliked that, claiming Morocco for himself, and declared war upon the Portuguese, drawing the Holy League into action for the first time.

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The war was rather short but the great Spanish and Ottoman armies squared off for the first time while the Holy League navies proved their worth. A wise investment it has been, a good decision by Carlos. However the Ottoman Empire still managed to send numerous armies to the battlefield even though they weren’t led by the Sultan himself. Veterans from the Inca war which saw the thus named empire annexed, returned home and threw the Ottomans out of Morocco, leaving the door open to annex that nation itself as a prize for their efforts and for the greater glory of Spain, Christianity and the Holy League. A first blow was struck to the Ottoman cause in North Africa with hopefully many more to come, may God help us. The Sultan had to acknowledge defeat as his goal to safeguard the province of Fez from Christian hands had not been reached and his plans for expansion to even West Africa had been foiled.

However this would be far the last we would see of this Sultan … But until that time matters other than the Ottomans managed to seize our attention. Internal turmoil in the HRE was handled by Carlos’s brother, who proved to be an able statesman and military leader as he previously had managed to make good the Habsburg claim on Milano by taking it from France assisted by the able leadership of von Frundsberg. However heretics also sprung up in England and Scandinavia! Spain urged all nations to remain staunchly catholic and convert these heretics in this realm, providing cash for this through loans. England was the main beneficiary as it managed to convert nearly all the Lutherans in its realm with Spanish gold. Another success for Carlos, a blow to the cause of Luther. England was invited into a special relationship as a reward for its efforts for the faith.

As a result Spain did not make many objections to England exploring and colonising parts of its zone of the New World designated to it by the Holy Father. It was in the North anyway, far away from the ever expanding Spanish colonies who steadily but assuredly were establishing cities on every Caribbean island and connecting its Mexican holdings to its Peruvian ones. Cortés xurely know what he was doing.

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But not able was he an able steward, his military prowess was his strongest side. Bitten by the war bug and his zealous nature, he couldn’t control himself any longer and set sail for the tribes known as the Creek and Cherokee. These heathens did not wish to convert to the true faith willingly so Cortés launched a military campaign the lies the New World had only seen in the Inca campaign before, and after subjugating the heathens, a conversion campaign the like the New World had never seen before. Christianity was now truly spreading! But Cortés was not satisfied still, he marched on northwards following the trail of other natives who do no see the light of the true faith. On that road he encountered not only English but also Venetian establishments and heard rumours of French ones even further North. Halted by the winter he contemplated his next moves and possible reactions.

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Meanwhile in Europe, the economy was booming driven by the many gold shipments that arrived from the new world. The economical basis had been solid already but now the Spanish capabilities had really taken off, possibilities seemed limitless. Loans were dispensed to nations more challenged in the monetary department by the many bankers that had assembled in Andalusia. Meanwhile the aristocracy that had its stronghold in Toledo urged Carlos to claim Béarn from France as he was the King of Navarra and Béarn formed a part of that kingdom. As the court resided in Toledo influence of the nobles was still strong despite the many centralising efforts and the rise of the merchant banker group in Andalusia so that Carlos in the end had to agree with that claim. And the Anadalusian lobby wanted to expand colonies even further in the New World, which was also acknowledged. Of course, however matters in the Mediterranean especially were still deemed more pressing by the King. But question marks surrounded the future: who would replace Cortés as the most influential man behind the king? Would the new merchant banker class be able to rival the traditionally very strong aristocracy? Only time would tell but one thing was certain: Spain was on the rise under the glorious rule of

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Carlos I, por la gracia de Dios, Emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico, Rey de Castilla, de León, de Aragón, de las dos Sicilias, de Jerusalén, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Menorca, de Sevilla, de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaén, del Algarve, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar, de las Islas Canarias, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, de las Islas y Tierrafirme del Continente Oceánico, Archiduque de Austria, Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante y de Milán, Conde de Abspurg, de Flandes, del Tirol y de Barcelona, Señor de Vizcaya y de Molina.
 
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FRANCE 1520 – 1535 – The renaissance years


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François I, king of France 1515 -

François I, le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres, crowned King of France since 1515 started his reign by centralizing his power and push France in making immense cultural advances. While his predecessor, Louis XII did not much embrace the new intellectual movements coming out of Italy, François did.
François let the Renaissance come into full swing in France. He became a major patron of the arts and lent his support to many of the greatest artists of the time and encouraged them to come to France. Some did and worked for him, like Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo brought with him the famous Mona Lisa.

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Look at her smile!

Artworks by Italian masters such as Michelangelo, Titan and Raphael were procured by French agents and shipped to France. François started a magnificent art collection and ordered the rebuilding of the Louvre, turning it from a gloomy medieval fortress into a building of renaissance splendour. Many more buildings followed, like the Château d’Amboise, the Châteu de Blois and the reconstruction and expansion of the royal châteay of Fontainebleau, his favourite place of residence.

But François I was not allowed to concentrate solely on the letters and arts, for Austria was and is a war-obsessed nation. The Holy Roman Emperor pursued a war in Italy, to defy François claims on Milan. It was a devastating war and the French soldiers fought bravely, but they lacked the skills of an able general. The Habsburgers were under the comment of the great Von Frundsberg and after two years of fighting France had to admit defeat.
In 1530 France dropped her claims on Italy and Milan was relased as a vassal. No longer would Lombardia be considered as a French national province. And François was bitter over it.
However, François Reign was more successful politically. France secured Savoy as a vassal and Lorraine followed, though Austria protested the latter furiously.

King François financed the expedition of Giovanni da Verrazano to North America and on his expedition, Verrazano claimed vast territories in the cold north for the French crown.

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The expedition of Verrazano

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The French New World

In 1534 a new expedition under Jacques Cartier followed, to explore the St. Lawrence River in so-called Quebec, to find "certaines îles et pays où l'on dit qu'il se doit trouver grande quantité d'or et autres riches choses."
Cartier did not find the riches, but rumours reached France that Spain had acquired access to a fabulous source of gold in the new world. François ordered therefore Cartier to set sail for the south and see if these rumours were true.

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Jacques Cartier

Spain and Portugal have signed an infamous treaty, the Treaty of Tordesillas and Carlos I soon made outrageous claims about the New World being solely his dominion. An imaginary line was drawn along a meridian of longitude 250 leagues west of the Azores for discoveries before 1493 and 375 leagues west for later discoveries -- everything west of this line would belong to Spain, everything east of the line would fall to Portugal. Where did this treaty leave the other European countries? Out in the cold! They had absolutely no legal rights to any lands or treasure in the New World.
François responded in kind when he said: “ le soleil luit pour moi comme pour les autres. Je voudrais bien voir la clause du testament d'Adam qui m'exclut du partage du monde!

Yet has to be seen how Spain will respond when she finds out about the French possessions in North America, but that they will react is certain. Most likely Carlos I will be pleased to announce his claims in Béarn at that time.

It is uncertain what the future will bring for France. Her enemies are gathering. The Habsburg defy his claims on Lorraine, claim Béarn themselves. In the meantime François has noticed the dire situation the fortresses of Calais are in and he claimed that area for himself. But France lacks a navy and England and Spain rule the seas.
However, the Ottoman Turks are moving and their aggression might prove to be useful for France.
 

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Portugal: 1520-1550
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1520 was a year of much hope and excitment. Vast areas of far away worlds - some of which we had no idea existed - had been charted through earlier explorations, and more was to come. The brave sea farer De Queros sailed out to map more of the African coastline and furthermore set sails for the far east, where he added several interesting areas to our already impressive maps. Amongst his discoveries were a previously unknown, but very rich, trade center on the Ganges river in India.

Brave bands of conquistadorers landed on the beaches discovered by De Queros in order to explore and claim these new lands. Most of the land has been discovered to be inhabited by savage pagans, some more organised by others. They will be introduced to the true faith, of course - or be sold as slaves. We have very good prices for slaves, incidently - and they are of really good quality; fine teeth, strong bones, very young and work eager. We will be running a special offer up untill 1555: Buy 2 slaves, get one for free!

But conquest is not needed everywhere in the new world; in many places, the local natives quickly surrender to the Portuguese crown with our obviously more rightful set of beliefs. New colonies and trade posts have been established in the Americas, Africa, India and Indonesia. Merchants are being sent to far away exotic nations in order to bring back luxerious goods like spice, tea and chinaware.

Sadly though, Portugal was not allowed to keep all focus on the new world. The Ottoman-Algerian alliance of barbarians decided to strengthen their influence in Northern Africa, by invading Morocco and thus prompting Portugal to move in order to secure the remnants of the attacked nation. While we could in principle care less about heathens slaying heathens, we could not risk the Ottomans getting access to the West African trade route, where salt and gold have flown back and forth for centuries.

The war went bleak untill our glorious Venetian and especially Spanish brethren moved in to help us, resulting in Spanish annexation of Fez. It was, though, a poke in the eye that the Spanish troops decided to burn the Moroccan state library before Portuguese laymen could examine the maps present there - but the it mattered little, as it was later discovered that the dogs of Algiers had stolen the maps on their raid. The maps finally came into the rightful possesion of Portugal in a later war against Algiers - a war that saw most of the previous Moroccan land end up in Portuguese hands.

But the wars vs. the heathen Turk were not over; for soon, they decided to prey on our Spanish brothers, God bless their rightful souls! Portugal wanted to call to arms and go to battle for our brothers, but was blocked by the traiterious and heretic king of France, who let no doubt remain: he is conspiring with the heathens! We await the (surely forthcoming?) excommunication of this unworthy king with anxiety.

But disturbing it is to discover new muslim nations all over the previously uncharted world. These filthy heathens are a plague upon the world, and all muslim states shall be vanquished for the eyes of God! The king of Portugal officially requests the pope to grant Portugal holy casus bellis on all pagans and muslims within the Portuguese part of the world, given to us in the Treaty of Tordesillas, so that we can rid the world of these unbelievers with God's backing. We have already begun this good work in West Africa, where we from our African headquarters of newly conquered Timbuktu conducts missionary work for the region, spreading the word of God. But we seek the Pope's (and thus, indirectly God's) blessing for our work, as it will undoubtedly boost the morale of our brave priests and conquistadors.

Trade must be expanded in the near future, as cash is needed in our conversion efforts around the globe. We must also invest in our navy in order to curb the evergrowing Ottoman threat.
 

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HISTORY OF VENICE 1535-1540

Creation of Italian Republican League

1535 saw Venice as part of the Holy League, an alliance with Spain and Portugal oriented primarily against Ottoman threat in Mediterranean. However, the recent events in Italy were simply asking for a more active Italian politics.

After the League of Cambrai was finally dissolved in 1517, the situation in northern Italy was by no means resolved. Lombardia was French, which was in the direct conflict with the Imperial policy, which allowed diplomatic vassalisations of Italian city-states, but no annexations. The conflict was unavoidable. After French defeat against Austria in Milan and subsequent renouncement of her claims on Italy, Lombardia was again an independent country, although under the vassal obligation to the French crown. Mantua, a willing Venetian vassal, was acknowledged as Venetian sphere of influence by all relevant parties To the south there were Papal lands, but the Pope was in a strange alliance with Lowlands city-states Geldre and Freisland, with apparently little interest to try mediating in the unstable Italian situation. Or was it intentional? Because as long as Italian countries are divided, his possessions were safe. Apparently that was the opinion in the Republic of Tuscany as well, because after the death of Pope Leo X, born as Giovanni de Medici, their alliance was dissolved and republics of Tuscany and Genoa formed a new Italian alliance.

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Italy 1535

Clearly, the situation was all but stabile, with Lombardy again in the middle of the events. Even the smallest incident could have set the entire area into new devastating war. It was time Venice to try mediating between all the interested parties: Emperor of HRE, France, Pope and Doge of Genoa, who apparently held some old grudges against Sforza family. The goal was to ensure peace and prosperity in the area where Renaissance was born and keeps shining as a symbol of a new era in Europe, an era oriented towards people wellbeing, science, technology, philosophy and art.

The way to go was clear: Venice was to strengthen relations with Genoan alliance. The first step was Royal Marriage in January 1535, which set the foundations for the negotiations that should once and for all end the hostilities between Venice and Genoa. Sadly, the joyous event was interrupted by Milanese provocation on the Genoan border, which ended up in war: a sparkle that set Italy to fire once again :( . But even in the time of war Venetian diplomacy did not stand still: in July 1535 we entered Royal Marriage with Tuscany. We also kept helping the alliance with money, especially Tuscany, so the war was soon over: in October 1535 Genoa annexed Lombardy.

In this same month a war erupted between Holy League and Algiers. It was assessed Spain and Portugal would deal with heathen Barbary coast pirates alone, without Venetian help. That opened the space for Venetian formal alliance with Genoa and Tuscany. The time was short and diplomatic activities extremely intensive, because it was clear France would not just close her eyes upon this Genoan provocation. Sadly, Doge of Genoa apparently didn't see that coming, because he kept raising some insignificant and decades old issues as the preconditions for the alliance with Venice… until it was too late: in February 1536 France declared war upon Genoa with the intention to again size control over Lombardia.

For the whole year war fortunes were changing from one side to another, until it finally seemed Genoa has lost. And than in February 1537 Austria finally intervened, which changed both the odds and battlefields, shifting the center of the conflict to France-Austria Rhine border and province of Lorraine. Once again Italy was lucky, because the war was not so devastating as it could have been. Lombardy was still one of the richest provinces with flourishing infrastructure manufactory when the war ended with Genoa paying 156.000 ducats to the crown of France for it in January 1538.

That French military pressure combined with the huge price for Lombardy helped Venetian cause, though, because the Doge of Genoa finally realized Venice would indeed be a valuable ally both in war, but especially in diplomacy to prevent future wars and maintain peace in Italy, through our good relations with HRE and France. Soon after the war was over two Doges met in Milan and Venice agreed to compensate Genoa for 1/3 of the price she paid for Lombardy. Finally in April 1538 the new alliance was formed: The Italian Republican League, with three republics as members: Genoa, Tuscany and Venice with Mantua as vassal. Soon Tuscany as well saw the interest in closer ties with us and became Venetian vassal, which clearly indicated the true relations in the League, regardless of formal Genoan leadership.

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Italian Republican League, 1538

With this the foundations for peace and prosperity in northern Italy were set. What followed were talks with Emperor about Spanish and Austrian policy in Italy and with France about French policy in Italy. And naturally, as the future would show, talks with the Pope would have been useful, but he still seemed much more interested in far away Lowlands…
 
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The Dutchy of Bavaria

The mad monk Luther had long been preaching his heretic ways in Northern Germany and it was now rife for rebellion. The government of Wurzburg was first to convert. Openly defying the pope and bowing to pressure from the godless peasants. Bavaria had to act! Our troops marched forward and met the heretics on their own soil. At first our troops were beaten back by heavy resistance but soon we took control of their capitol. A peace was signed forcing them to covert back to the true faith. The emperor was much pleased with this. In the following years other nation states rebelled from the church. A holy coalition of Saxony, Brandenburg and Bavaria fought these with all our might. Some nations were converted while others vassald. A decree from the emperor in Austria was made to permit the vassaling of unruly states and to bring order to the empire.

Suspicion of the other great German states was keen though. Protestants were common in Brandenburg and Saxony. We suspected that they would soon bow to pressure from their people and convert despite their denials. This turned out to be the case which enraged our people. Church property was seized and added to the greedy dukes treasury. In response we declared war on Hanover and Bremen. The plan was to curb their expansion and to use Hanover as a satellite state to keep order in north Germany. We ran over their lands and force converted Bremen to the true faith and thus completed our mission. Hanover, who had resisted conversion so far, was visualized. This enraged the prince of Brandenburg who swore revenge on us. Later that year he declared war on Bavaria. Using the funds stolen from the church he raised a large army and invaded Hanover. Bavarian forces set out to meet them in open battle. Although poorly led, the morale of our troops was far superior. God was on our side and the battle was successful. Much hard fighting followed and eventually a white peace was arranged. Taking full advantage of the confusion in Germany, Denmark invaded Bremen and forced them into vassalship. This was done with the blessing of Brandenburg.

The war had hurt bavarias treasury. No funding was received from either the Papal States or the Hapsburgs who were busy fighting the ottoman threat in Africa. Our economy is now in serious trouble. The war cost 15 years savings and our standing army is draining reserves..

Drastic action is now needed. We are considering a move to increase taxes in our realm. Using these funds we intend to force Denmark out of Germany and revitalize the army. Measures to be taken include.

- sending recruiters to foreign lands to find brave Catholics to fight for the faith
- increase taxes in Bavaria to replenish the treasury
- Demand the withdrawal of Denmark from Germany proper – if they refuse then the holy legion will remove them
- reform of the army – all Bavarian citizens will now be required to serve in the holy legion for a minimum of 2 years.
- An appeal to the papacy for aid in our quest
 

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Ottoman Empire
1535-1550

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Süleyman the Magnificent

The greatest sultan of all times now rule the mighty Ottoman Empire. Süleymans ambitions was to rule the Mediterranean sea, this would only be possible with a mighty fleet that was blessed by Allah. The old venetian republic that has been the leading nation in this area for centuries was in decline, and the Ottoman Empire will take there place.

The heretics in Persia
It was time to do something about the infidels in Persia. Their impure rendering of the holy book of Koran is a treacherous act towards our beloved prophet, Muhammed. As Muhammeds servent, and Kalïf of all true muslims, it is our duty to punish this infidels and kill everyone whom refuse to convert to the only rightful claim, serve the prophet muhammed or die.

This Shiite rebels was crushed easily, and Persia was later force converted to the only true faith. We will now watch them closely, their is still lots of shiite rebels alive in this unholy land. We'll do our best to execute all none belivers whom refuse to serve Muhammed in the proper way, with respect and dignety.

The annexation of Rhodes, the end of the Knights Hospitaller
The capture of Rhodes was a big triumph for the muslim world. This christian knights that in the past caused alot of misery to many muslims. Süleyman decided to destroy once and for all the troublesome Knights. An enormous attack force 40,000 strong landed on Rhodes, later the sultan himself took command of the seige. After reports of several failed assaults on this relative well defended island. The third, and last assault with Süleyman was successful. The island was taken. Most of the knights was killed on the battlefield, but their families was still alive. It was necessary to slay all of them, no christian soul was allowed to leave this island alive. It was a matter of respect for all those muslims that was slayed by the knights swords in the christian crusade era. Many muslims had waited for this day..
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The siege of Rhodes

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The assault of Rhodes, the end of the Knights Hospitaller

The holy war in Northern Africa
The last christian present on muslim grounds was in North Africa, in which both Portugal and Spain control some lands. Süleymans dream of a united muslim world, free from christian oppression, started one of the most severe operation in the ottoman history. Hundreds of thousand of troops was recruited and three hundred fifty ships were built for this operation. The main goal was to weaken the christian present in northern africa and unite with our muslim brothers in western africa. When the Spanish were beaten and severe weaken it would only be a matter of time till another glorious muslim victory, and the muslim world finally free from christian oppression.
But Süleyman was very well aware of the Spanish military power and their enourmus riches. This would not be an easy operation.
But the muslim morale was excellent after the destruction of the invincible knights of st john. It was clear that Allah was on our side, thus no-one can stop us.
Several scout ships was dispatched with orders to locate the Spanish armada. Süleyman prefered a surprise attack, to prevent the Spaniards to preper there defences. It was later clear that the main army of Spain, commanded by the feared general duke of alba, was located on the italian peninsula. With the main spanish army far away from the war to come itself, this would end within months, military experts stated to Süleyman.
And with our mighty fleet sinking the Spanish armada early would mean a crushing victory for the muslim people.
With the Spanish fleet located near sicily a decleration of war was immediately declered and the Turkish fleet was on its way to the Spanish armadas last known possition. Outside Tunisia a scout ship had spotted the Spanish armada which was sailing towards this possition.

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The Spanish armada engaged the Turkish fleet outside Tunis,
the Turkish fleet won a decisive victory with over hundred
Spanish ships sunked, and with limited turkish losses.


This victory proved to be decisive for the war, the spaniards was unable to land there main army in northern africa and with the spanish fleet beaten for now our armies would have no problems with invading spanish land in africa.
With Süleyman leading the main army, both Fez and Orania was taken fairly easy. Süleymans plans was now to hold this lands and crush the Spanish main army that unfortunately was evacuated from the italian peninsula and
sent back to iberia. The commander of this scout ship that was ordered to closely watch every move the Spanish fleet made, was executed for betrayal.
Misstakes like this was unacceptable.

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The Spanish main army commanded by Duke of alba enter the region, outnumbered we had to retreat to Orania to make a stand there.

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This battle was very close for Ottoman victory, but the lack of cavalry ment that the Spaniards could flank us. Süleyman ordered a full retreat to
Al-Djazair were further reinforcments waited to join the main army.


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Main army in Al-Djazair prepering for another offensive against Fez after two clear defeats. Süleyman notice the importence of cavalry, he would surely not make the same misstake twice. At the same time the Spanish armada attacked the Turkish fleet outside Al-Djazair. A defeat would most likely mean that the spanish would stop further Turkish reinforcments from motherland. A Victory was the only option, Admiral Salih Reis knew this and with Allahs help the Spanish vessals would hit the bottom of the ocean within hours. But the losses was minimum for both sides, but more importently the victory was ours and our reinforcment route was safe for now

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It was now time for a counter attack, the spanish army waited in Fez. The Spanish army must be kicked out of Africa at any costs.

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"A glorious victory mighty sultan", the Spanish army is retreating and Fez is about to fall. A Ottoman victory was near.

Treaty of Tunis
The battle in Fez would proved to be the last battle in this war, the sultan started to discuss peace with the spanish king.
Süleyman was very well aware of that other fronts in the empire was rather unstable. And conflicts could interupt at any time.
It was a matter of prioritizing the fronts, Africa was not the most importent one.

BiB - King of Spain said:
- Spain accepts the annexation of Algeria as Ottoman lands.
- The Ottoman Empire accepts the annexation of Morocco, including Oran, as Iberian lands.
- Spain will pay 400 ducats to chip in for the tasty catering of the peace talks the Ottomans so lavishly provided..
 
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A Polish Tale

Zygmunt and his closest advisors were gathered in Zygmunt's private meeting room in an emergency meeting to discuss the State of Affairs in the realm. The Russian War had not been Kind to them or their allies the Lithuanians and so Zygmunt had called these people to him to discuss what they were going to do, to improve their fate.

'Well Gentlemen, the Orthodox Hordes proved to strong for us during the previous encounter, did they not? If they were to march against us again, It will be extremely difficult for us to stop them, especially as they have a border with us now. So I ask you. What do we do?'

One of the counciliors raised his hand and Zygmunt motioned for him to speak. 'Your Majesty, if I may be so bold, the path you have taken us down is a good one. We must continue to centralise power into your hands, by doing so we can mobilise more forces to your banner, increase our revenues and more importantly I feel sire, improve our weaponry. Our contacts in Ivan's court suggest they they shortly will be bringing out a new form of handgun. If we do not match them in the weapons department, soon they will be an even greater threat to Christianity.'

Another of the counciliors spoke up. 'Sire, can we not improve relations with the Russians? Perhaps if we open up a dialogue with them, we can turn them into friends, if not allies? They have not taken any of Poland Proper and with them as friends, we can focus our attention on The Holy Roman Empire. The Protestant surge is growing there and the Emperor's deputy seems to weak to do anything.'

'You raise an interesting point there Waloski and I shall consider it. No harm can be caused by sending an emissary to the Csar's court anyway' mussed Zygmunt. 'Any further points to consider before we talk about more mundane matters?'

'My Lord, if I may, might I suggest we look at ways to improving our cash flow? If we were to impove our Merchants transport facilities, more could be sent out thus making you more money. This can be done by relaxing certain laws, or by weakening the Aristocracy, both of which could help make Us an increasing strong Power'

'Noted Zaboli, I will look into doing such things, but only after the centralisation plan has been achieved. Now, to more mundane matters'.
 

Boris_FB

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AAR Danish:

Данная рукопись найдена археологами в 200.. при раскопках на месте древнего поселения даннов.Рукопись ветхая,страницы по 2354 отсутствуют.

«…. и погиб король Датский в пучине далекого моря называемого испанцами Карибским. Пираты сожгли его корабль, а самого его с семьей высадили на острове необитеаемом.
И был ропот в народе Датском великий, и восстали шведские вассалы,науськиваемые англами.
Собрались лучшие датские дворяне и решили,что будут просить государя иноземного сесть на престол Датский и спасти страну от раззорения проклятыми католиками.
И отправили они посольство в великий город Москву и упали в ноги государю Российскому Ивану Васильевичу: «Земля наша обильна и богата,но порядку в ней нет.Приди и владей нами.»
И решил Иван Васильевич,прозываемый Грозным, отправить своего лучшего советника Borisa на царство Датское.
Приплыв на боевом дракаре в столицу даннов Копенгаген, новый король Датский первым делом замирился с предводителями шведских разбойников королем АI.
Собрав всю датскую рать и приказав бросить в море каждого деятого,по примеру древних римских легионов, новый король навел в войске жесткую дисциплину.
Англы тем временем, увидев силу войска Датского оробели.Пришли воины простые к своему сюзерену и сказали ему: «….Эль в Англии подешевел….етит….хватит дурака валять, мирись с королем Датским».
И испугался король Английский войска датского и решил: «Возьму 50 дукатов и уйду подобру по здорову.»
Видя успехи нового монахра присмирели соседи грозные. И стал он нести веру правильную, протестанскую соседним странам. И стал он защитником веры и народа Датского.
В это время злобный…»

Рукопись обрывается.Дальнейшая часть требует расшифровки.

The given manuscript is found by archeologists in 200.. At excavation on a place of ancient settlement danes. The manuscript shabby, pages on 2354 are absent.

" …. King Danish in abyss of the far sea named by Spaniards Caribbean also was lost. Pirates have burnt its ship, and most it with family have landed on not habitat island. Also there was a grumble in people Danish great, and the Swedish vassals set englishmen have risen.

The best Danish noblemen have gathered and have solved, that will ask sovereign overseas to sit down on a throne Danish and to rescue the country from ruins Catholics. They also have sent embassy in the great city of Moscow and have fallen in legs to sovereign Russian Ivan Vasilevichu: " our Earth is plentiful and rich, but to the order in it is not present. Come and own us. " Ivan Vasilevich nicknamed Terrible, to send best adviser Borisa on an empire Danish also has solved. Having come on fighting drakon-ship in capital danish Copenhagen,
New king Danish first of all peace with leaders of the Swedish robbers king AI. Having collected all Danish host and having ordered to throw in the sea of everyone tenth, by an example of the ancient Roman legions, new king has guided rigid discipline in an army. English in the meantime, having seen force of an army Danish have quailed. Send soldiers simple to the suseren and have told to it: " … .beer in England has fallen in price … .етит … . Will suffice the fool to drag, be reconciled with king Danish ". King English of an army Danish Also was frightened and has solved: " I shall take 50 dukat and I shall leave to goods. " Seeing successes new kings neighbours terrible have grown quiet. It also began to bear belief correct, protestant to neighbouring countries. Also there was it the defender of belief and people Danish. At this time spiteful … "

The manuscript breaks. The further part demands decoding.
 

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HISTORY OF VENICE 1540-1550


New Italian Policies?

On the New Year’s Eve of 1539 honorable Pietro Lando was elected Doge of the Serenissima Republic of Venice. A man of diplomacy, he was fully aware of the fact that Italian Republican League was just a startingpoint for a dream he shared with a few of his predecessors: a peaceful and prosperous northern Italy. So many things could go wrong and destroy the fragile status quo in the area…

And than it happened: the Emperor chose to make a short presentation who was the real power in Italy. In November 1540 Spain declared the war upon the Lowlands provinces of Gelre and Friesland, which “accidentally” were Papal allies. In less than three months Gelre was defeated and accepted to become Spanish vassal. The same was the fate of Friesland in September 1542, which left the Pope alone and unallied against the Emperor. The Doge was heard saying: “What a foolish alliance this was. Still no one has any idea why, but must be something really smart, if it came from the Pope, right?”

Well, only 10 days later honorable Pietro Lando wished he could take back those words, because his Genoan counterpart, a formal leader of Venetian alliance, and this same vise Pope signed a treaty by which Papal States, a most perfect possible example of a monarchy, became a member of the Italian Republican League :wacko: .

Well, at least this also brought peace with the Emperor, although the Pope had to pay the war indemnities of 65 d. Was this swift Emperor’s reaction a sign of trust in Venetian guidance of the Italian countries, now all members of her alliance, or was it the answer on the French and English repeated demands to sign peace with the Pope we still don’t know, because the Imperial policy in Italy is more or less unchanged, with the exception that Italian Republican League is recognized as a factor of stability.

The same signals were coming from France, with the addition that France would not meddle into Italian affairs as long as Habsburgs stayed aside as well. The Royal Marriage with French princess ion 1545 only confirmed it.

Was the Serenissima on the way to accomplish by the means of diplomacy all that was stopped by means of arms at Agnadello more than three decades ago by the same three powers, Pope, France and Habsburgs?


Internal Policy: Plutocracy and Innovativennes

The Maggior Consiglio continued it’s evolution into what will one day be a democratic national assembly, with the share of rich traders in it constantly rising. This process did not go without problems: at two occasions the Maggior Consiglio favoured plutocratic over aristocratic policy, but this was followed by a moderate instability [events towards plutocracy on the expense of –2 stability]. Nevertheless, the Serenissima was generally a very stabile society and the overall effect was favourable, with trading efficiency becoming the highest in the world. This was only confirmed in 1548, when Venetian Pacific Trading Company was formed with the base and centre of trade on island of Tahiti.


Economical and Technological Recovery


History of Income, Wealth, Technology Speed and Technology Multiplier by Countries

Venetian trade is looking good now, but apparently trade is our only business, and that's not enough to compete with the others, we must develop production also, as well as increase taxation, for the wellbeing of the whole population. The answer is colonization, and for that we need an explorer to continue Dennis Kvist’s work.

1550 Income
post-29-1117186742.jpg


Innovativennes helped with technological development and Venice is now second only to Spain, followed by France and Portugal. With the exception of Poland and Papal States (really, what are they looking for in Italian Republican League?) all countries are more or less equal, although continental ones are not using the benefits of naval neighbor bonus.

1550 TechSpeed
post-29-1117186830.jpg
 
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VENETIAN COLONIAL AFFAIRS 1535-1550


Pacific Trading Company

After a successful Dennis Kvist expedition and colonization that followed, merchants came to establish trading routes with Europe. Naturally, the policy was the same as for all other goods Venetian merchant ships carried: everything had to pass through the Venetian market, where the customs were paid before the goods were shipped to other markets or sold to Venetian people, who were both enlightened enough to value the particular goods and wealthy enough to afford it.
Gradually, though, it became obvious the Canale Grande was becoming more and more crowded with vessels from all sides of the world, carrying goods from Malacca in the east to Lisbon and Brazil in the west. Well, little could have been done with that, but the Serenissima was certainly capable and smart enough to reorganize her share of the world trade. On the special session of the Maggior Consiglio in 1548 it was decided that a separate trading company was to be established: Pacific Trading Company, with a base and a local market [a COT] on Tahiti island.


K. Haekie Expedition

A most strange things can happen… While Italian explorers and conquistadors are seeking finance mostly in Spain, daring man from Baltics approach the Serenissima for the same thing. After hearing with what kind of honour and national pride Danish explorer Dennis Kvist was treated, getting even the province named by him, an Estonian captain K. "the BiB" Haekie approached the Council of Ten asking finance. Although his timing was the worst possible, with the Turks openly claiming Cyprus from Venice, after they just defeated Spain in Morocco and seized the control of 3/4 of the Mediterranean with their mighty navy, it was decided the exploration of the world must be continued at all costs. Venetian economy was flourishing only based on our overseas trade. The huge amount of money (2.000 d on top of 1.500 d already spend for Kvist's expedition) was to be invested in Haekie's expedition.


Consolidation of American Colonies

Upon Spanish repeated requests for the explanation of the purpose of Venetian trading posts on the North American eastern seaboard, Venice accepted the fact that she was not rich enough to colonize the area herself, especially not now, faced with the Ottoman aggression in Mediterranean. Therefore it was decided to honour Spanish and Popes wishes and sell five Venetian trading posts to Spanish ally England.

Code:
[center][b][size=3][color=yellow]TREATY OF DELAWARE[/color][/size][/b][/center]

[center]~1~
Venice sells trading posts of Roanoke, Chesapeake, Massachusetts, Micmac and Bas St. Laurent to England.

~2~
Venice sells maps of provinces of Massachusetts, Micmac and Bas St. Laurent to England.

~3~
280 d transferred from English treasury to Venetian treasury.
[/center]

Franco Donato, Doge of the Serenissima Republic of Venice
Edward VI, King of England

The remaining Venetian holdings in North America were three trading posts on the island of Newfoundland, one trading post and one colony in Canada and colony on the island of Bermuda. Well, it was no secret Venice was in the desperate need for money, so it was decided to sell the isolated trading post of Anticosti to Denmark, a nation that gave us the first explorer.

Code:
[center][b][size=3][color=yellow]TREATY OF STADACONE[/color][/size][/b][/center]

[center]~1~
Venice sells trading posts of Anticosti to Denmark.

~2~
50 d transferred from Danish treasury to Venetian treasury.
 [/center]

Franco Donato, Doge of the Serenissima Republic of Venice
Christian II, King of Denmark

This had absolutely nothing to do with the fact that we heard some rumours about France wishing to expand in Canada… well, perhaps it was somewhat connected, but not in the way some would suggest: that Venice gave in to some threats. No, we have a full confidence in our Ocean Fleet being able to defend Venetian part of Canada, for we intend to keep it and possible one day form a separate Canadian Trading Company with it's own market, just like Tahiti.
 
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1535-1550: Consolidation of Habsburg power and on the barricades for the faith
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With the gold flowing in from the New World the two factions argued heavily each for the glorious Emperor Carlos I to spend it on their causes. The bankers of Andalusia wanted it to be invested in further colonial expansion and consolidation of the existing colonial empire, the aristocrats centred in Toledo wanted to see forts in Europe expanded to prepare for upcoming wars they wanted to wage for the completion of the unification of the Lowlands that was wanted by them and also the addition of Béarn that belonged to the title King of Navarra Carlos held.

Carlos, wise as he was, saw partly to both their needs and then focused on his own, keeping his realm in relative peace for yet another decade. Further expansion was achieved in the north of America by Cortés as he conquered the tribes of the Shawnee, Iroquois and Dakota and already establish colonies were built up to full cities with walls included. In Europe various forts were constructed and plans were being made for the invasion of Friesland. Most resources went towards the plans of the Banker faction but then Cortés, virrey of Nueva España was the man with Carlos’s ear while the aristocratic faction was in dire need of a strong leader.

The plans Carlos had on his own still revolved heavily around the ever increasing threat that was the Ottoman Empire. They had annexed their way across North Africa up to the Spanish holdings in Fez and Oran, they had beaten down the Persians, taken over Iraq, and force converted them, they were eyeing Vienna but most of all were looking to get into West Africa now. Carlos I had already recently managed to regain the lost Moroccon lands for Portugal from Algiers but now the Sultan himself looked to interfere with these matters. These moves had to be halted at all costs!

Still, war was not here yet, the two strongest empires in the world still had other business to attend to and preparations to make seeing how strong each empire was. Though infidels, their military might was great and their empire rich. Carlos understood why they dubbed Süleyman the Magnificent. However magnanimous he was not as when he sieged the island of Rhodes and then successfully captured it, he tried slaying all these valiant Knights. Luckily most managed to escape to Naples with help from the new governor there, an up and coming nobleman general and statesman who also happened to be a staunch catholic. They would fight on by his side for the faith.

Now the Pope did not accept this fact as he ordered the Knights to come and serve him. It was well known that the Pope wanted even more temporal power in Italy and that he had laid claims to the Republic of Tuscany. However grateful and true to their word as the Knights were, they decided to remain in Naples at the side of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, the Duke of Alva. The Duke was unhappy as a catholic that the Holy Father rather spent time expanding his personal wealth then act in force against the new protestant tide. Harsh words were exchanged. Some uneasiness ensued but nothing came of it, it seemed …

alva.jpg

The protestant threat had become a reality by now. One for one former catholic kingdoms fell to the dark side. Sweden, Denmark, Brandenburg, Saxony, … At least England remained catholic thanks to missionaries funded by Spanish loans. Even the people of London were converted back! That Protestantism also spread in the Holy Roman Empire especially was a thorn in the eye of the Emperor however he had left it up to his brother Ferdinand to take care of matters there even though it seemed he was more interested in hunting and lifting women skirts. This situation couldn’t last …

Especially as he also had managed to let France increase their influence. France had regained Calais easily from England and had managed to beat Austria in a war to keep Lorraine as a vassal and a loss for the HRE. While France was at least kept out of Italy apart from Savoye, Austrian influence in Italy was by now non-existant. Luckily our ally Venice managed to set up a Republican League to at least exert some control over that area. In Germany electors were running wild, measures would soon have to be taken at this rate …

Because of the daring act that was the rescue of the Knights, the King decided to now grant Alva and the aristocrat faction its wish to add the realm of Friesland to the Empire. The recently popped up herecies of Calvinism in amongst others the Netherlands were an extra element in the decision making of the King, one that was very much liked by the fanatically religious Alva. Alva, chosen as leader by the noblemen in Toledo, prepared to embark for Friesland to lead the campaign when the Pope himself for some reason objected to this smackdown of these heretics and declared war upon Naples!

This pope, Paulus III, had never been a solid diplomat but now he had gone too far. Alva let the annexation of Friesland to local commanders and set forth for Roma. This pope had to be reminded off his duties and made clear that petty personal issues should not interfere with those. The Knights Alva rescued from Rhodes joined in his cause. As Alva also was an awesome military commander, the papal armies didn’t stand a chance, Rome soon had fallen to the armies of Alva.

Even though the pope would have xurely deserved this punishment, Alva personally, aided by the Knights, stopped his soldiers from sacking the Eternal City. He received a small fortune from the Pope himself for this effort out of gratitude. Alva gave the money to the Knights. Military access for the future was also granted to Spanish troops. The pope realised he had strayed from the righteous path. Alva urged him to take a much harsher stand against Protestantism and ordered for a Spanish style Inquisition to be installed in Rome. The Pope started a Council in Trent to discuss this fightback against the protestant wave over Europe. A Counterreformation was in the making, just like Alva wanted.

Friesland meanwhile was subdued and vassalized. Alva was not exactly happy with this, ruthless as he was, but he had left it to local commanders while he was occupied in Roma. Now however Gelre, recently annexed by the protestants of Oldenburg, would form his next target. The Emperor wanted it so. With Cortés having died a few years ago, the Caribbean being named the Cortesinas as a tribute, Alva had in a few years managed to become the primary influence on the King. Even though Alva was a nobleman in heart and soul, he also was totally devoted to absolutism and thus devotedly loyal to his King. Carlos I thus was extremely happy with his new right hand man.

However, before Alva could even leave Rome and set sail for the Lowlands, the Turkish threat had finally materialised! A declaration of war was dispensed under the form of the partially sinking of the fleet that was under way to pick up Alva, a most dastardly act! Süleyman himself started sieges in Spanish North Africa and quickly proved successful, he was an extremely able commander as we all know. Meanwhile the Spanish general was separated from the action in Italy …

The Turks had clearly finally seen the light on the need of a large navy and had embarked upon a huge naval build scheme. The navy that upended the heavily escorted Spanish transport fleet was huge in size. The shipyard in Andalusia instantly started building more and more ships. The Spanish navy was already big but the money was there to build even more. The Turkish navy now equalled the Spanish Mediterranean fleet in size, this was not to last! We did not call in the help of our Holy League allies Venice and Portugal as they were not prepared for war and didn’t want them to endure this duress.

Meanwhile Alva and the Knights were smuggled to Spain from a harbour in Emilia to Barcelona from which he then moved quickly to Granada to take command of the Spanish armies. By now the whole of North Africa was under Turkish control but before Alva could land to fight back, the seas had to be controlled. Though a first very big naval encounter was lost a 2nd was won and passing from Gibraltar to Tangiers was secured. The Turkish navy still large in size never seriously threatened again after the built up Spanish fleet engaged it in the largest naval battle ever in which Spain lost 74 galleys and the Turks 94. 164 vessels lost in one battle in an age where most nations could only dream of such a fleet!

post-23-1116592993.jpg

After the steady regaining of the upper hand on the seas, the time was now ripe for Alva to start a counterinvasion. Aristocrats turned up in number to support the cause whereas peasants were somewhat less enthusiast to die in the sands for some muslims. Their performance and morale would be lacking in battle and Alva would have to see to that after the war. They also didn’t see the strategic importance of the province of Fez, the gateway to West Africa but well, what was to be expected from lowly peasants? Successes came on both sides, the Sultan’s Janissaries proving to be a fearsome foe while the cavalry had overtaken the tercios as the main weapon of the Spanish army. Alva of course was an excellent shock leader and the aristocrats were most willing to die for him in battle.

post-23-1116592940.jpg

However as could be expected beforehand when two such empires met on the battlefield, neither side really could get the upper hand. After 5 years of heavy fighting and with Russians looming in the Caucasus and the French assembling by the Pyrenées, common sense prevailed and the Spanish and Turkish leaders met to negotiate and end this stalemate. A status quo was decided when it came to territory and Spain would pay 400 ducats for the expenses made by the Sultan for hosting the peace conference in Tunis.

This war had made several things clear to Carlos. His son and successor would be able to rely on very solid help in his first years of ruling in the person of Alva. Somewhat exhausted by managing such a large empire for so long he now considered abdicating in favour of his son who now was close to reaching a ripe age to rule such an empire. Alva would stand firmly by his side and he would also always still be there to give advice. However, what to do with the HRE lands?

Also realised was the fact that the plutocrats and aristocrats working together achieved more than when fighting each other. Keeping them in one league would prove to be a difficult but rewarding task for any future king. The combination of the ships provided by the Sevillan bankers out of their shipyard and the many cavalry units supplied by the aristocrats had proven to be successful and serving the goals of both factions. However, with Alva in charge, the nobility for now had an upper hand and were looking to even increase that position. However some good news was also there for the merchants as the means to establish and uphold an embargo system were developed. Spanish colonial goods now definitely were secured for them and them alone.

Alva was feasted in Toledo by the King, his position now firmly secure. As a reward for the performances rendered by the Knights and so that they could continue their fight for Christianity, Alva and the King decided to rant them the island of Malta for them to build another stronghold and bulwark against the heathen Turk. After that had been decided Alva set sail for the Lowlands and Gelre in specific. With Alva on his way, tensions at protestants courts all over the Holy Roman Empire rose significantly …

karlv.jpg

Carlos I, por la gracia de Dios, Emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico, Rey de Castilla, de León, de Aragón, de las dos Sicilias, de Jerusalén, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Menorca, de Sevilla, de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaén, del Algarve, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar, de las Islas Canarias, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, de las Islas y Tierrafirme del Continente Oceánico, Archiduque de Austria, Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante y de Milán, Conde de Abspurg, de Flandes, del Tirol y de Barcelona, Señor de Vizcaya y de Molina.
 

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The life of Kurt, Lord of Brian

English history 1550 - 1568 seen from the eyes of Kurt of Brian, chancellor of England​

Excerpts from the diary of Chancellor, Lord Kurt of Brian, closest advisor to the English Crown and the real power behind the throne.

The life of Brian:)p) up until he was summoned to the English court, was very uneventful. He was a strong believer in Catholicism, and although he tolerated other beliefs like the orthodox and the protestant churches he was very much against the Calvinists, who had burned down whole villages in England and led armies to overthrow the Monarchs, in the quest for “religious freedom” which basicly meant to the English Calvinists to kick out all other cherries….err..churches from England.

7th of January 1550
Was promoted chancellor. Office has very nice and comfy chair, must buy more shelves though there is paper all over the place that needs to be archieved.

9th of January 1550]
Getting the hang of this chancellor business. Ordered our daring explorers to further explore the great ocean. For the moment I will promote trade and exploration, According to my cousin Albert in Venice Trade is the way to go if you want money.

7th of July 1552
Queen Mary is now our leader and I must say that she is a queen after my head; she is catholic and married to the heir to Habsburg empire. Things are looking good!

8th of august 1552
Damn those Calvinists have they got nothing better to do than raise an army and try to conquer Kent? Luckily the royal army was nearby and it was promptly sent to slay the rebels.
A conversion programme was begun to drive the Calvinists away from England


26th of January 1555
Sir Thomas Greshams was put in charge of the finances and his reforms magically removed all of our inflation. That man is a genius with state finances.

18th of November 1558
Damn! Queen Mary is no more, and now her younger sister is leading England.
Allthough she is brighter I feel it might not be as easy getting her believe in the right things. Luckily she is a loyal catholic, so my conversions will still be funded adequately.
Frobisher is busy exploring the oceans beyond Africa; this is possible because of much goodwill of our Spanish and Portuguese allies. Frobisher is allowed to dock and resupply in their harbours but is under strict orders not to venture outside of those harbours as to not anger our generous allies.


19th of November 1560
Declared war on the Scotland. Renouncing the pope will not go unpunished.
The goal of the war is force the Scottish leaders to reconvert to Catholicism. Apparently Poland has entered our alliance with Spain and Portugal, and the Emperor and the polish King is now fighting a bitter war against the Russian hordes. England has chosen to stay out of said conflict since the English army is not strong or welltrained enough to fight as strong a nation as Russia.


30th of March 1562
Curses! France has converted to Calvinism, for the moment there is nothing we can do except double our patrols in the channel to keep French spies from entering England and causing havoc.

The chancellor wrote in his diary daily but most of the writing was about everyday stuff, trade plans, and colonial expansions.
 
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