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    Real Strategy Requires Cunning

zanaikin

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Sino-German-Coop.png

Premise:

History is filled with so many 'what ifs'...​

When the name 'China' is evoked together with World War II, most people realize that the Middle Kingdom fought for the Allies as part of the crusade against Fascism. However, few people -- even among the modern Chinese -- truly realize the tightrope act that the official government had to walk during this tumultuous time, or how the events left a lasting mark on Chinese sensibilities that continues to the present day...

After the Xinhai Revolution and the collapse of the Qing dynasty, the Nanjing Assembly elected Sun Yat-Sen as the first president of the Republic of China (ROC). But with no military power to back up his political position, Sun handed the presidency to the Imperial General Yuan Shikai. Yuan put an end to last Qing Emperor, Puyi, only to declare himself the next Emperor of China in 1915. His deeply unpopular reign lasted no more than a year, but it left China in total anarchy. The various groups who rebelled against the Qing resented Yuan's betrayal of the revolution and despised his attempt to re-establish a centralized monarchy. As a result, one region after another declared their independence from the Beiyang Government, plunging China in decades of Warlordism.

It did not help that many of these warlords were supported by foreign powers, who found them easier to manipulate than a united, nationalistic, and democratic assembly. Supplied with arms from outsiders, China became a quagmire of infighting and regional conflicts. It would take a decade before Chiang Kai-Shek, the military autocrat of the Nationalist Kuomingtang (KMT) party and Sun Yat-Sen's successor, launched the successful Northern Expedition in 1925 and returned a semblance of unity to China.

But in defeating the northern warlords of the Beiyang Executive Government, Chiang antagonized their foreign backer -- Japan -- which lead to direct Japanese interference in Chinese affairs. This would led to the Mukden Incident (1931), the Shanghai Incident (1932), and others, all counting down to an inevitable outbreak of hostilities between the two historic powers of Far East.

Chiang knew that his time was short. He would have to win his Civil War against the Communists, solidify his authority over the remaining warlords, and modernize China both industrially and militarily, all within the span of just a few years. Otherwise, there was no doubt that the Middle Kingdom would lose its independence and fall to foreign subjugation once more.

He almost succeeded too... except in the game of power and politics, there was no 'almost'.

In our timeline, Chiang and his Kuomingtang (KMT) government made great leaps and bounds, yet failed to accomplish any of those objectives in time. He routed the Communists from their southern enclaves and forced them into the Long March, but they were not wiped out. He subjugated the various warlords in name, yet they retained both local and military autonomy which they used to undermine him at every turn. He befriended the Germans -- the only European power who treated the Chinese on equal footing thanks to their defeat (and loss of colonies) in WWI. But war struck before either his industrialization or military modernization efforts could mature, and Hitler would pull out in favor of a Japanese ally in WWII.

This abject failure led to a slow death of the KMT government. The Second Sino-Japanese War would severely weaken the Nationalists, while the Communists were strengthened by their populist land-reform policies and their conduct during the war won the support and trust of the rural populace. Worse yet, Chiang's insecure hold on power led him to rely on wealthy elites and corrupt officials, which lead to disorganization, low morale, and hyperinflation. It opened the path to power to his Communist adversary, Mao Zedong, a populist reactionary who understood little about state administration and economy. It would not be until the 1980s -- under Deng Xiaoping -- when China would see another attempt at modernization that was unmarred by revolutionary politics.

But what if...

German-Scout-Cars.jpg

German Sd.Kfz.222 Scout Cars equipped to the KMT Central Army

What if Chiang was able to crush the Communists and solidify his authority as the legitimate government of China prior to his showdown with the Japanese? With his positioned secured, he would no longer have to rely on the support of corrupt officials and warlords to stay in power. The armies of China would be brought under his heel, held accountable to centralized command rather than local power brokers. As such, the KMT would have entered WWII with a vast (if poor quality) army that actually worked together, instead of squandering several hundred thousand men in the opening years as various army groups focused on their own interests with no regard for their allies' flanks.

What if Chiang retained the support of his greatest allies -- the Germans -- in his attempt at rapid modernization? He would have kept the German advisors that he considered his personal friends, instead of being saddled with a toxic relationship with the American General Stilwell. He would have an ally whom he actually trusted and was grateful to, instead of the US, UK, and USSR whom he all saw as Imperialistic powers that only sought to manipulate China for their own benefits.

How might have this affected Asia? Chiang was a staunch Anti-Imperialist and a devotee of Sun Yat-sen's Pan-Asian revolution philosophy. Even in our timeline when he relied on the Allies for aid, he openly supported Asian independence movements, much to the annoyance of the British and French. How might a unified China have affected the Indian, Burmese, Vietnamese, and Indonesian independence movements? Might the Azad Hind and India's great hero -- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose -- actually have succeeded?

And in turn, the Germans might actually have the support of reliable allies in the Eastern Front which truly decided the war. After all, Japan had lost all interest in Russia after Khalkin Gol, and never saw Germany as anything more than an ally of convenience to tie down the European powers while they claimed the Pacific for themselves.

This is the alternate history scenario: "Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Fort".​

3_Kung-Bose-Hitler.jpg

(Meeting Hitler: left- H.H.Kung, ROC Minister of Finance and step-brother to Chiang Kai-shek; right- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian Independence Hero)

Author's Preword
This AAR will be driven not just by the events represented in the game, but also the colorful personalities of China during this crucial time in history. Playing Stellaris has taught me that a strategy game is far more interesting when it is treated less like a game and more like the story of a nation and its leaders, and the story of China during WWII is a truly fascinating one. Because of this, I will be attempting to stay as true to some of the main characters as possible (minus tweaks necessary to make this premise work), and this work will draw heavily upon historical sources.

To enhance this goal, I will be using the Edge of Darkness mod, which is dedicated to the 1933 scenario and built on top of WiF2 (World in Flames 2). Furthermore, as a modder myself, I will be scripting many more events myself to set up the premise and add flavor to it.

I actually first attempted this AAR run five years ago in late 2012, though it is highly unlikely anyone here now has read that. Unfortunately, circumstances in life at the time kept me from finishing it, and the DH v1.03 scenario for 1933 wasn't great at modeling the Chinese situation in the mid-1930s. Well, all of that has changed. DH v1.04 greatly enhanced the events of pre-war China. Meanwhile, several years of historical reading has also left me far more knowledgeable than before, as well as far more interested in historical immersion than simply having a good time in-game. It is partly because of this that Hearts of Iron 4 has proved so thoroughly unsatisfying, so as a result I'm returning to this old title that its developers have imbued with so, so much love and replay-ability.
Sino-German-Coop-2.jpg

It's just not the same without the feldgrau and jackboots...



Table of Contents:

Prologue - December 11, 1949, Taipei

Nanjing Decade
Chapter 1 - The Fourth Bandit Extermination Campaign (Jan - July 1933)
Chapter 2 - Unity or War! (1933 - Feb 1934)
Chapter 3 - The 60+6 Division Plan (1934 - May 1935)

The Second Sino-Japanese War
Chapter 4 - The Tianjing-Shanghai Incident (May 11, 1935 - May 18)
Chapter 5 - Washing the Young Marshal's Shame (May 18, 1935 - June 22)
Chapter 6 - Grinding through Narrow Korea (June 22, 1935 - September 11)
Chapter 7 - Five 'Must's and Three Offers (September 12, 1935 - October 1)
Chapter 8 - The Red Sun Fades, The White Sun Rises (October, 1935 - November 9)

The Push for Modernization
Chapter 9 - Leader Paramount (November 10, 1935 - December 30)
Chapter 10 - The Anti-Comintern Proposal (January 1, 1936 - February 8)
Chapter 11 - The Sturmtruppen and the Yangtze Project (February 9, 1936 - April 1)
Chapter 12 - The Seeds of Conflict (April 2, 1936 - October 9)
Chapter 13 - Xinjiang Uprising, Taiwan Bloodstained (October 10, 1936 - December 30)
Special 1 - National Rural Reconstruction Movement

The Road to War
Chapter 14 - The Germany Affinity (January 1, 1937 - May 30)
Chapter 15 - Roots of A Global War (June 1, 1937 - December 30)
Chapter 16 - Clash of Propaganda (January 1, 1938 - March 30)
Chapter 17 - The Future Dream (April 1, 1938 - December 30)
Chapter 18 - A Rising Thunder (January 1, 1939 - August 30)

The Twilight Hour
Chapter 19 - Blitzkrieg on Speed (September 1, 1939 - November 30)
Chapter 20 - The New CC Clique and Azad Hind (December 1, 1939 - March 15, 1940)
Chapter 21 - The Final Hour (March 16, 1940 - June 4)
Situation Report - June, 1940
Special 2 - Chiang Kai-shek's Generals and the ROC

The Hindustan Liberation War
Chapter 22 - Vanguards of the Revolution (June 4, 1940 - June 11)
Chapter 23 - The Old Alliances Fracture (June 12, 1940 - June 24)
Chapter 24 - The Partition of Indochina (June 24, 1940 - June 26)
Chapter 25 - The Axis Alliance (June 27, 1940 - July 2)
Chapter 26 - The Red Fort (July 3, 1940 - July 13)
Chapter 27 - The Drive to the Sea (July 14, 1940 - July 22)
Chapter 28 - The Domino Effect (July 23, 1940 - August 10)
Chapter 29 - The Final Push (August 11, 1940 - September 15)


Chapter 30 - The New Order in Asia (September 16, 1940)
Chapter 31 - The 59th Indian National Congress (September 17, 1940 - September 18)
Chapter 32 - United Front in Southern Asia (September 19, 1940 - September 21)
Chapter 33 - Churchill's Gambits (September 22, 1940 - October 23)
Chapter 34 - Honor of the Navy (October 24, 1940 - November 13)
Chapter 35 - The Singapore Question (November 14, 1940 - December 30)
[ ... ]


Miscellaneous Bookmarks
Why Bose is an Indian Hero despite allying with the Nazis
Would America Enter WWII without Pearl Harbor
 
Last edited:

zanaikin

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Settings:

Difficulty: Normal with Aggressive AI
Modifications: Edge of Darkness

House Rules:
Scenario Changes: Using vanilla DH's dissent values instead of EoD's dissent values, which I found way too low to accurately reflect China at the time. However, I will be keeping EoD's "Nanjing Decade" change to wartime IC (only -1% instead of -50%) so China can actually produce supplies to feed its troops during the early wars. Chinese troops were poorly equipped and paid during this time but they weren't literally starving to death.
  • Starting Dissent: 30% (DH) vs 3% (EoD)
  • Nanjing Decade: +10% (DH) vs +3% (EoD)
  • End of 3rd Encirclement Campaign: +5% (both)
  • 4th Encirclement Campaign: +5% (both)
  • Tanggu Truce: +5% (both)
  • Sino-German Cooperation -5% (DH) vs 0% (EoD)
    Total Start-of-Game Dissent: 50% (DH) vs 21% (EoD)

Enabled Tech Team Takeover, but only when annexing nations within Chinese territory, and only within reason. Individuals and teams that are against in-setting character interests will be removed (i.e. all Communist leadership personnel and PLA teams).

To improve the worth of anti-tank weaponry and armored brigades (which the AI builds a lot), all armored brigades have their softness reduction drastically increased:
- light armor (-3% to -10~15%)
- medium armor (-5% to -15~20%)
- heavy armor (-7% to -20~30%)
- amphibious armor (-3% to -10~12%)
- glider armor (-3% to -10~12%)
- self-propelled artillery (-2% to -5~8%)
- tank destroyers (-3% to -9~12%)
- armored cars (-2% to -3~5%)
- mechanized cavalry (-5% to -8%) and armored cavalry (-5% to -12%)
None of this can reduce a division below 20% softness thanks to the minimum softness setting.
Light armored brigades also receive +1 soft attack, or +1 hard attack for 1944 model.

All 1939 and later model Engineers receive +1 soft attack. Flamethrower (secret weapons submod) events disabled in exchange.

To rebalance the absolute overpoweredness of naval bombers vs ships, I did the following. This might get tweaked more later, but my main intent is to make any fleet with air cover (carriers) have some defense vs naval bombers... and also to highlight the importance of radar (as the IJN suffered heavily due to their lack of it).

- Carrier Air Groups / Light CAG: +20% bonus to air defense, +20% bonus to air attack
- Escort Carrier: +20% bonus air attack (since they don't use CAG attachments)
- Naval Anti-Air attachment: -1 (bonus) extra air defense
- Naval Radar attachment: +50% sea/air detection (by 1941 they match floatplanes in sea/air detection, though still lacking in other fields)

- Improved Light Infantry (1946) may now path into either Hunter Groups (1948) towards Unified Axis Doctrine or Modern Branch Interoperability (1949) towards Unified NATO Doctrine
- Armored Cavalry (1946) now require Advanced Light Tank (1944) in addition to Mechanized Infantry (1945) and Mechanized Cavalry (1942).
- Nuclear Cruiser Propulsion requires either Missile Heavy Cruiser (1952) or Missile Light Cruiser (1953)

Major Sources Used:
  • Chang, I. (1995). Threads of the Silkworm. Basic Books
  • Fay, P. (1994). The Forgotten Army: India's Armed Struggle for Independence, 1942-1945. University of Michigan Press
  • Lee, H.G., Lee, L.T. (2011). Sun Yat-Sen, Nanyang and the 1911 Revolution. ISEAS Publications
  • Mitter, R. (2005). A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World. Oxford University Press
  • Mitter, R. (2013). Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937-1945. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing.
  • Paine, S.C.M. (2012). The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949. Cambridge University Press
  • Taylor, J. (2000). The Generalissimo's Son: Chiang Ching-kuo and the Revolutions in China and Taiwan. Harvard University Press.
  • Toprani, A., Phil, M. (2012). Oil and Grand Strategy: Great Britain and Germany, 1918-1941. Retrieved from https://repository.library.georgeto...822/557628/Toprani_georgetown_0076D_11993.pdf
  • Wakeman, F.E. (2003). Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service. University of California Press.

 
Last edited:

zanaikin

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Code:
#########################################################################
# CUSTOM EVENTS - Blue Sky White Sun Scenario
# China's Extraterritorial Concessions (9500000)
# The Muslim Cavalry Corps (9500001)
# The Dare-to-Die Corps (9500002)
# Seizure of Private Banking (9500003)
# The Return of Chiang Ching-Kuo (9500004)
# Treatment of Japanese POWs (9500005)
# February 28 Incident (9500006)
# Gannan New Deal (9500007)
# The Great Chinese Hyperinflation (9500008)
# The Chiang-Kung Family Clash (9500009)

# Establish the Frontier Corps (9500010)
# China Geological Surveys (9500011)
#    New Coal and Steel Industries (9500012)
#    Daqing Oil Field (9500013)
# Repair the Grand Canal (9500014)
#    The Grand Canal is Repaired! (9500015)
# Yangtze River Project (9500016)
#    Progress on the Three Gorges Dam (9500017)
#    1954 Yangtze River Floods (9500018)
#    Sabotage events? (9500019/9500020)
# National Rural Reconstruction Movement (9500021)
# Chinese Nuclear Program (9500025)

# China Signs the Anti-Comintern Pact (9500030)
# Kung's Embassy to Germany (9500031)
# Chiang Wei-Kuo in the Wehrmacht (9500032)
# Request German Advisors (9500033)
# NRA 200th Division (9500034)
# War in Europe (9500035)
# Renounce the Unequal Treaties (9500036)
# Tri-Partite Pact (9500037)
# Export the National Revolution ? ()

# Ili Rebellion (9500100/9500101)
#    Peitashan Incident (9500102)
# Zhenbao Island Incident (9500103)
# Reclaim Outer Manchuria (9500104)
#    Outer Manchuria is Retaken (9500105/9500106)
#        Settle Outer Manchuria (9500107)
#             Outer Manchuria is Integrated (9500108)
# Integration of Tannu Tuva

# China Demands French Concessions (9500200/9500201/9500202)
#     The Great Kingdom of Thailand (9500203/9500204)
# Azad Hind and the Indian National Army (9500205/9500206)
#    Operation Clear Sky (95000206/95000207)
#         Decolonization of the British Raj (9500208-9500212)
#            Colombo Fleet Base (Colombo + Madurai as a support base)
# Integration of Singapore
# Liberation of Indonesia
# Break the First Island Chain
# Host the Pan-Islamic Conference
#    Formation of the Arab Federation
#        Suez Fleet Base

# OTHER:
# Fading Sun - Korea is Demilitarized (9510001)
# US Embargo against China #remove Chennault TT
#     { more to come }
#
# MODIFIED EVENTS:
# The Changing Geopolitical Situation [JAP] (AI Japan no longer magically vanish 80% of Shanghai's industry when they historically don't even control the city, just the concessions)
# Tanggu Truce [CHI] (delayed to May, per its true date)
# The Long March [CHC] (no longer requires event 1330110015: 19th Army Defects, thus can begin during the 4th Encirclement Campaign)
# Operation Zet [SOV] (disabled Soviet assistance to China)
# Japan Pressures Germany over Manchukuo [JAP] (German AI deny chance set to 100)
# Italy Signs the Anti-Comintern Pact [ITA] (requires China or Japan to sign it first)
#
# EoD Mod EVENTS:
# Fujian's People Government [CHI] (requires event 1330110015: 19th Army Defects)
#
#########################################################################

# China's Extraterritorial Concessions (9500000)
# EVT_9500000_DESC;After their defeat in the Opium Wars and Boxer Rebellion, the Qing government was forced to sign a number of 'Unequal Treaties' which surrendered many aspects of China's sovereignty. Although some concessions have since expired or been reclaimed, the British and French still have enclaves in all the major trading cities in China -- Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Hankou. Through these enclaves (plus territories like Hong Kong), the two powers exercised their rights of extraterritoriality, which allowed their enterprises to sell goods (including opium) in China while ignoring Chinese laws, taxes, and market controls. This inability to control the flow of goods and manage its own economy caused the Republic of China's wealth to steadily leak out.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {    
    id = 9500000 
    country = CHI
    random = no

    name = "China's Extraterritorial Concessions" 
    desc = EVT_9500000_DESC
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"

    date = { day = 2 month = january year = 1933 }

    action = {
        name = "We must recover China's sovereignty!"       
            ai_chance = 100
            command = { type = trade which = CHI where = ENG money = -1 value = 1 }
            command = { type = trade which = CHI where = FRA money = -1 value = 1 }
            command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_extraterritoriality }
    }
}

# The Muslim Cavalry Corps
# EVT_9500001_DESC;During the Republic of China era, the regions of Qinghai, Gangsu, and Ningxia were entrusted to the rule of three Chinese Muslim families. Collectively known as the three 'Ma's of the northeast, the Ma Clique warlords became enthusiastic supporters of the Kuomintang government. Their famed cavalry armies were born and raised in the arid mountains and deserts of the region. Organized on a tightly-knit clan basis, they were ceaselessly drilled and highly motivated, going as far as proclaiming that following the Kuomintang was the will of Allah and declaring Jihad against Japan. They would fight against the Japanese, the Soviets, the Chinese Communists, the Turkestan secessionists, and even the Tibetans with equal ferocity, most notably destroying the CPC 4th Red Army during the Long March and driving back multiple Japanese thrusts towards northwestern China.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {    
    id = 9500001 
    country = CHI
    random = no

    trigger = { 
        NOT = { exists = CXB }
        control = { province = 1264 data = CHI } #Lanzhou
        control = { province = 1354 data = CHI } #Ganzhou
    }

    name = "The Muslim Cavalry Corps" 
    desc = "EVT_9500001_DESC"    
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"

    date = { day = 1 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 30 
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action_a = {           
        name = "ACTION_NAME_GREAT"       
            ai_chance = 100
                command = { type = max_organization which = cavalry value = 1 }
                command = { type = morale which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = desert_attack which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = desert_defense which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = desert_move which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = hill_attack which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = hill_defense which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = hill_move which = cavalry value = 3 }
                command = { type = mountain_attack which = cavalry value = 2 }
                command = { type = mountain_defense which = cavalry value = 2 }
                command = { type = mountain_move which = cavalry value = 2 }
                #command = { type = build_time which = cavalry when = on_upgrade where = relative value = 15 }
    }           
}

# Dare-to-Die Corps
# EVT_9500002_DESC;Throughout the Xinhai Revolution, the Northern Expedition, the Chinese Civil War, and most of all, the Second Sino-Japanese War, Chinese armies would frequently assemble 'Dare-to-Die' corps. Formed by volunteers and driven by nationalism, these assault teams were given hazardous if not suicidal missions. Most common examples involve attacking Japanese tanks with explosives and grenade vests (due to the Chinese lack of anti-tank weaponry), as well as launching countercharges into contested trenches with 'broadsword companies'. Although they achieved only mixed tactical results, their martyrdom often set an example, inspiring their comrades to fight to the last man.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {    
    id = 9500002
    country = CHI
    random = no

    trigger = { 
        or = {
                war = { country = CHI country = JAP }
                war = { country = CHI country = SOV }
                war = { country = CHI country = ENG }
                war = { country = CHI country = RUS }
                war = { country = CHI country = USA }
                war = { country = CHI country = GER }
                war = { country = CHI country = DDR }
                war = { country = CHI country = U08 }
                war = { country = CHI country = FRA }
            }
    }

    name = "Dare-to-Die Corps" 
    desc = "EVT_9500002_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"

    date = { day = 1 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 30 
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action_a = {           
        name = "ACTION_NAME_GREAT"       
            ai_chance = 100
                command = { type = morale which = land value = 3 }
                command = { type = counterattack value = 1 }
                command = { type = assault value = 1 }
    }           
}

#  Seizure of Private Banking - http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article1068.html
# EVT_9500003_DESC;After Chiang Kai-Shek's Kuomintang came to power in 1927, they initiated a long process to eliminate free banking in China. The KMT favoured using bank loans to finance their programs instead of unpopular and administratively difficult taxation. In the first year, loans accounted for 49% of the government's revenue. However, when banks became concerned about the government's ability to service its blossoming debt, bankers refused to loan additional funds. The largest private bank, the Bank of China, decided to sever its ties with the Nationalists and began selling its holdings of government bonds at a loss. In order to prevent a wide-spread bond market collapse, the Nationalists began a propaganda campaign against the bankers. It blamed China's economic woes on the private bankers who placed their profits above those of public interest. On March 23, 1935 the Nationalist government seized control over the two largest private banks – the Bank of China and the Bank of Communications. They then used the resources of the three banks under their control to takeover smaller private banks, effectively ending private banking in China as it achieved a majority shareholding in each bank. Later that year, the Central Bank of China announced the Currency Decree and officially took the country off the silver standard and placed the country on a fiat currency. With a complete monopoly over the money supply, the Nationalists could monetize their debt.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {    
    id = 9500003
    country = CHI
    random = no

    date = { day = 23 month = march year = 1935 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 1 month = january year = 1950 }

    name = "Seizure of Private Banking" 
    desc = "EVT_9500003_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "Credit_flow"
    # picture = "money_devaluation"

    action_a = {           
        name = "Our debts are managed at last!"       
            ai_chance = 100
                command = { type = money value = 100 }
                command = { type = dissent value = -1 }
                command = { type = local_clrflag which = bank_bankruptcy }
    }           
}

#  The Return of Chiang Ching-Kuo (9500004)
#  EVT_9500004_DESC;The only biological son of Chiang Kai-Shek, Chiang Ching-Kuo (Jiang Jingguo) was born by his father's first wife Mao Fumei. In 1925, Ching-Kuo was sent to Beijing for his college education, where he began identifying himself as a 'Progressive Revolutionary' and partaking in Communist activities. Later that year, he left for the Soviet Union to study at the Moscow Sun Yat-Sen University, where he became an enthusiastic student of Trotskyism. He even applied to become a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, but was rejected and later forced to denounce Trotskyism during the Great Purge. After his father began purging the CPC from the Republic of China's government and military in 1927, Ching-Kuo was detained as a hostage and sent to work in the Urals. There in 1935, he met and married Faina Ipat'evna Vakherevich, a native Belarussia, who gave birth to his son later that year. During his captivity, Stalin would attempt to use him as barter on several occasions. However, Chiang Kai-Shek refused to even negotiate, recording in his diary "I would rather have no offspring than sacrifice our nation's interests." It would not be until April 1937 (three months before Marco Polo Bridge Incident) when Stalin allowed Chiang Ching-Kuo to return to China with his Belarussian wife and son, as an offer of goodwill to the KMT government for potential cooperation against Japan.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500004
    random = no
    country = CHI

    trigger = {
        exists = SOV
        NOT = {
            war = { country = CHI country = SOV }
        }
        OR = {
            war = { country = CHI country = JAP }
            year = 1937
        }
    }

    name = "The Return of Chiang Ching-Kuo" 
    desc = "EVT_9500004_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"

    date = { day = 1 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 15 
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1940 }

    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_GREAT"
            command = { type = relation which = SOV value = 10 }
            command = { type = wakeminister which = 55057 } #Jiang Jingguo: Armaments
            command = { type = wakeminister which = 55058 } #Jiang Jingguo: Security
    }
}

# DPERSONALITY_JINGGUO;The only biological son of Chiang Kai-Shek, Ching-Kuo studied at a Communist school in Moscow during the same years when his father began purging the Communist Party of China. He became an enthusiastic student of Trotskyism, going as far as applying to become a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. His Soviet education would influence him through the rest of his life, as Ching-Kuo identified himself as a 'Progressive Revolutionary' which led to repeated clashes with his father and step-mother's family. He successfully cracked down on corruptions and vices, attempted socialist economic reforms, and -- while he was the Chief of Secret Police -- adapted Soviet-style military organization, surveillance, and political officer corps. After Chiang Kai-Shek's death, he succeeded his father as the President of China and began the ROC (Taiwan)'s transition into a Democracy.;;;;;;;;;;X
# minister =  { 
#    trait        = "Progressive Revolutionary" # Jiang Jingguo : Security - 55058
#    id            = 900
#    name        = "Progressive Revolutionary"
#    desc        = DPERSONALITY_JINGGUO
#    position    = MinisterOfSecurity
#    value        = 0
#    command        = { type = production which = consumer value = -0.1000 }
#    command     = { type = dissent value = -0.10 }
#    # same bonus as Media Magnate
#}
# Note: turn Jingguo to paternal_autocrat to make him available in Chiang's government


# Treatment of Japanese POWs (9500005)
# EVT_9500005_DESC;After the Second Sino-Japanese War, the KMT was known for leniently treating the Japanese personnel in China and protecting them from civilian reprisals. Many top KMT generals, including Chiang, had trained in Japan and once maintained close personal friendships with top Japanese Generals. As a result, many Japanese in China regarded Chiang Kai-shek as a magnanimous figure to whom many owed their lives and livelihoods, and large numbers of the Japanese officers and specialists were absorbed into the KMT forces to train their men. In 1971, Prime Minister Eisaku Sato would explain to the Australians that many senior members of the Japanese government felt strong bonds of personal obligation towards Chiang, due to his generosity following the Japanese surrender, which made it hard to cut ties with the ROC (in favor of PRC).;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500005
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    # triggered by Fading Sun or Surrender of Japan in 90 days
    name = "Treatment of Japanese POWs"
    desc = "EVT_9500005_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"

    action = {
        name = ACTION_NAME_GOOD
        command = { type = relation which = JAP value = 50 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 6390 } # Light Infantry doctrine
        command = { trigger = { year = 1936 } type = gain_tech which = 6400 } #Grand Battleplan Doctrine
        command = { trigger = { year = 1937 } type = gain_tech which = 6420 } #Trench Warfare Doctrine
        command = { trigger = { year = 1938 } type = gain_tech which = 6410 } #Mass Assault Doctrine
        command = { trigger = { year = 1940 } type = gain_tech which = 6430 } #Preplanned Defense Doctrine
        command = { trigger = { year = 1942 } type = gain_tech which = 6440 } #Central Planning Doctrine
        command = { trigger = { year = 1943 } type = gain_tech which = 6160 } #Infiltration Assault
        command = { trigger = { year = 1944 } type = gain_tech which = 6190 } #Infiltration in Depth
    }
}

# February 28 Incident (9500006)
# EVT_9500006_DESC;After the surrender of Japan in WW2, Taiwan was returned to the Republic of China, ending fifty years of colonial rule. The locals welcomed KMT troops at first, but soon grew resentful of their heavy-handed policies, widespread corruption, and economic mismanagement -- all in stark contrast to Japan's efforts to turn Taiwan into a 'model colony'. The breaking point came on February 27, 1947, when disputes between the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau and a tea house owner lead to the death of a bystander. When officials ignored the protesters' call to arrest those responsible, civil disorder escalated into violence. Taiwanese gangs raided arsenals and began shootouts with soldiers, while mobs gathered to lynch mainlanders. In response, Governor-General Chen Yi dispatched reinforcements from Fujian and began a massive crackdown with systematic purges (exact details disputed and remain contentious in ROC politics).;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500006
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    # triggered by Fading Sun in 360 days
    name = "February 28 Incident"
    desc = "EVT_9500006_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"

    action = {
        name = "Dismiss Chen Yi for Incompetence!"
        command = { type = domestic which = freedom value = -1 }
        command = { type = dissent value = 3 }
    }
}

# Gannan New Deal (9500007)
# EVT_9500007_DESC;In 1939, Chiang Kai-shek appointed his son, Chiang Ching-kuo, as the commissioner of Gannan Prefecture in Jiangxi. Determined to improve the social outlook in rural China, Ching-kuo began a crackdown on corruption and instituted new government management. He banned smoking, gambling, and prostitution, instead beginning a policy of employing former prostitutes in factories. He implemented a 'public information desk' where ordinary people could petition him if they had problems, and created the 'Chinese Children's Village' dedicated to war orphans. His efforts were hailed as a miracle in the political turmoil of wartime China, then coined the 'Gannan New Deal'. Using his popularity, Ching-kuo formed the paramilitary 'Sanmin Zhuyi Youth Corps', which would spearhead his later anti-corruption campaigns.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500007
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    trigger = {
        event = 9500004 #Return of Chiang Ching-kuo
    }

    name = "Gannan New Deal"
    desc = "EVT_9500007_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = december year = 1939 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_GREAT"
        command = { type = dissent value = -1 }
        command = { type = add_corps which = "Sanmin Zhuyi Youth Corps" value = land where = 1350 } #Jingdezhen
        command = { type = add_division which = "1st 2nd 3rd Youth Corps Brigades" value = militia when = 4 where = police } #outdated equip
    }
}

# The Great Chinese Hyperinflation (9500008)
# EVT_9500008_DESC;The outbreak of WWII in China saw severe disruptions to its economy. The KMT government, having struggled to balance its budget in prior years due to corruption and poor taxation (from both mismanagement and extraterritoriality), saw its revenues dry up as a result of the hostile blockade, fleeing businesses, and loss of territories. The government was forced to cover 65 to 80 percent of its annual wartime expenditures by printing new currency, and the massive monetary expansion caused the yuan to sharply devaluate. In June 1937, 3.41 yuan traded for one USD. By the end of 1945, the yuan had fallen to 1,222 to 1 USD. Money printing continued after WWII due to the demands of the Chinese Civil War, and by May 1949, 1 USD fetched 23,280,000 yuan for anyone who cared to have some. When the government attempted economic reforms by pushing out a new currency in August 1948, the official exchange rate was 3 million 'fabi yuan' to 1 'gold yuan'.
# (Note: this event will cycle every year China is embroiled in a major war, until successful economic reforms have been achieved: which requires large foreign reserves and end of extraterritoriality).;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500008
    random = no
    country = CHI
    persistent = yes
   
    trigger = {
        ai = no #Player ROC only
        OR = {
            war = { country = CHI country = SOV } #At war with a major power
            war = { country = CHI country = JAP }
            war = { country = CHI country = ENG }
            AND = { country = CHI country = CHC NOT = { exists = MAN } } #PostWW2 Civil War
        }
        NOT = { local_flag = NO_hyperinflation_evt }
    }

    name = "The Great Chinese Hyperinflation"
    desc = "EVT_9500008_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = september year = 1933 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action_a = {
        trigger = { atwar = no }
        name = "The war is over. We can stop, for now."
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = NO_hyperinflation_evt } #until next war
    }
    action_b = {
        trigger = { atwar = yes }
        name = "Fund the war by printing money."
        command = { type = peacetime_ic_mod value = -2 }
        command = { type = wartime_ic_mod value = -2 }
        command = { type = dissent value = 1 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500008 where = CHI when = 360 } #Keep cycling
        command = { type = local_setflag which = NO_hyperinflation_evt }
    }
    action_c = {
        trigger = { money = 500 }
        name = "Temporarily shore up needs using foreign currency."
        command = { type = money value = -500 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500008 where = CHI when = 360 } #Keep cycling
        command = { type = local_setflag which = NO_hyperinflation_evt }
    }
    action_d = {
        trigger = { 
            NOT = { local_flag = CHI_extraterritoriality }
            money = 4000
        }
        name = "Enact economic reforms!"
        command = { type = money value = -4000 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500009 where = CHI when = 10 } #Chiang-Kung Family Clash
        command = { type = local_setflag which = NO_hyperinflation_evt }
    }
}

# The Chiang-Kung Family Clash (9500009)
# EVT_9500009_DESC;Chiang Kai-shek appointed his on, Ching-kuo -- a diehard opponent of corruption -- to begin economic reforms in Shanghai. Distrustful of local officials, Ching-kuo called in several brigades from the paramilitary Youth Corps he created to seize control of the city. There, he enforced a low price on goods to raise public support, while beginning a crackdown on those who horded silver, gold, rice, and other supplies for profiteering. Corrupt officials were given severe punishments, as Ching-kuo soon executed two garrison commanders and arrested many prominent individuals. Among those seized included the son of the Green Gang syndicate leader Du Yuesheng (Chiang Kai-shek's one-time ally) and David Kung, son of H.H.Kung (ROC Minister and Chiang's brother-in-law). In response, the Kung family blackmailed Chiang Kai-shek and threatened to expose his past secrets, while Chiang's wife Soong Mei-ling sided with her brother-in-law against her stepson.
# (Historically, Ching-kuo resigned after his father forced him to back down, putting an end to his anti-corruption drive and without it, the economic reforms failed.).;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500009
    random = no
    country = CHI

    name = "The Chiang Family Clash"
    desc = "EVT_9500009_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        name = "Support Ching-kuo in pushing economic reforms through!"
        command = { type = dissent value = 10 } #Scandal and ire of big capitalists
        command = { trigger = { exists = CHC } type = dissent value = 5 } #Ammunition for the Communists
        command = { type = domestic which = political_left value = 1 }
        command = { type = domestic which = free_market value = -1 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55044 } #Kong Xiangxi
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55045 } 
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55046 } 
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55047 } 
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55044 } 
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55044 } 
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55038 } #Song Ziwen
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55039 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55040 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55041 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55403 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55004 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55032 } #Chen Guofu
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55033 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 55034 } #Chen Lifu
    }
    action = {
        name = "Force Ching-kuo to back down (reforms fail)."
        command = { type = dissent value = 2 } #Upsetting the merchants of Shanghai
        command = { type = domestic which = political_left value = -1 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500008 where = CHI when = 360 } #Go back to cycling
    }
}

###### POST-UNIFICATION PROJECTS ######

# Establish the Frontier Corps (9500010)
# EVT_9500010_DESC;After the reunification of China, the Chinese government created several massive 'corps' to be sent into the sparsely-settled, frontier regions of Manchuria, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Yunnan. These corps were organized on a military basis from war veterans leaving service, following the traditional 'Tuntian' system used throughout dynastic China. They were later joined by youths from both sexes and all backgrounds to balance out its ratios. Operating on the principle of "not competing for benefits with the local people", the corps settled on barely habitable lands such as the fringes of the Taklimakan and Gurbantunggut Deserts. Aiming to become self-sufficient in food and basic living necessities, they cleared jungles, drained marshes, irrigated deserts, and excavated mountains -- creating new farmlands, towns, and roads out of raw wilderness. They also served as paramilitary border militias, and assisted the regular army in consolidating border defense. The most famous of these corps was the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), which started with 14 divisions and 175,000 military personnel in 1954 and grew to 1.48 million people by 1966.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500010
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }

    decision = {
        atwar = no
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        manpower = 1000
        supplies = 5000
    }
   
    trigger = {
        atwar = no
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
        manpower = 1000
        supplies = 5000
    }

    name = "Establish the Frontier Corps"
    desc = "EVT_9500010_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_invest_infrastructures"
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        ai_chance = 100
        name = "Let us secure China's frontiers!"
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = -1000 }
        command = { type = supplies value = -5000 }
        command = { type = building_prod_mod which = infrastructure value = 50 }
        command = { type = building_prod_mod which = air_base value = 10 }
        command = { type = build_time which = militia when = on_upgrade where = relative value = -20 } #-20% militia prod time
    }
}

# China Geological Surveys (9500011)
# EVT_9500011_DESC;After the reunification of China, the Chinese government aimed to establish resource self-sufficiency. Large scale geological surveying began in an effort to find China's natural resources. Over the coming years, they discovered that China held the world's third largest deposit of coal, as well as significant reserves of iron, tin, copper, lead, zinc, molybdenum, tungsten, mercury, graphite, antimony, magnesite, and rare-earth minerals. Yet despite this boon of resources, as China industrialized, its production of both energy and mineral resources would consistently fall behind domestic demand, forcing them to rely on imports to fill the gap.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500011
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }

    decision = {
        atwar = no
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        supplies = 2000
        money = 1000
    }
   
    trigger = {
        atwar = no
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
        supplies = 2000
        money = 1000
    }

    name = "China Geological Surveys"
    desc = "EVT_9500011_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_rough_terrain_equipment_stop" #decision_ersatz_conversion#
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        ai_chance = 100
        name = "We will become self-sufficient!"
        command = { type = supplies value = -2000 }
        command = { type = money value = -1000 }
        command = { type = free_ic value = -10 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500012 where = CHI when = 1080 } #New Coal and Steel Industries
        command = { type = event which = 9500013 where = CHI when = 1800 } #Daqing Oil Field
    }
}

# New Coal and Steel Industries (9500012) #after 3 years
event = {
    id = 9500012
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
    persistent = yes
   
    name = "New Coal and Steel Industries"
    desc = "New coal and steel industries are now operational!" 
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
    #all based on industries founded by the PRC in the years immediately following unification.

    action = {
        trigger = { NOT = { local_flag = COAL_STEEL_IND } }
        name = ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1215 value = 50 where = energy } #Fushun Mining Group
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1252 value = 30 where = energy } #Taiyuan Coal Group
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1214 value = 30 where = energy } #Shenyang Coal Industry
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1251 value = 30 where = energy } #Datong Coal Industry
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1238 value = 25 where = metal } #Baotou Iron and Steel
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1252 value = 25 where = metal } #Taiyuan Iron and Steel
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1317 value = 25 where = metal } #Wuhan Iron and Steel
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1252 value = 10 } #Taiyuan
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1238 value = 10 } #Huhehaote - Baotou
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1215 value = 10 } #Fushun
        command = { type = event which = 9500012 where = CHI when = 720 } #New Coal and Steel Industries
        command = { type = local_setflag which = COAL_STEEL_IND }
    }
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = COAL_STEEL_IND }
        name = ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT
        command = { type = free_ic value = 10 }        #Return development IC
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1252 value = 30 where = energy } #Taiyuan Coal Group expansion
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1253 value = 30 where = energy } #Shanxi Coking Group
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1323 value = 25 where = metal } #Hansteel Group
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = 1337 value = 25 where = metal } #Maanshan Iron and Steel
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1253 value = 20 } #Linfen
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = COAL_STEEL_IND }
    }
}

# Daqing Oil Field (9500013) #after 5 years
event = {
    id = 9500013
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
   
    name = "Daqing Oil Field"
    desc = "Discovered by Li Siguang and pioneered by 'Iron Man' Wang Jinxi, Daqing became China's first major oil field."
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"

    action = {
        name = ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = oil where = 1203 value = 15 } #Qiqihaer
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1203 value = 10 } #Qiqihaer
    }
}

# Repair the Grand Canal (9500014)
# EVT_9500014_DESC;First linked during the Sui dynasty, the Grand Canal reaches from Beijing to Hangzhou (1,776km) and is the world's longest artificial river. In 1855, the Yellow River changed its course and severely damaged the canal, leading to its slow decline into disrepair. After the reunification of China, the Chinese government took great pains to repair, restore, and expand the canal, which connected the major rivers of central-eastern China and helped to spur its economic development. Through the canal, simple barges could transport vast quantities of bulk goods (i.e. petrol, coal, grains, bricks), annually carrying thrice the amount of cargo conveyed by rail between Beijing and the Yangtze Delta. The canal greatly reduced the strain on local road and rail networks, while its waterways and reservoirs doubled as a system of agricultural irrigation and flood control for eastern China.;;;;;;;;;;X
# http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095263512000052
event = {
    id = 9500014
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }

    decision = {
        atwar = no
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        money = 2000
    }
   
    trigger = {
        atwar = no
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
        money = 2400
    }

    name = "Repair the Grand Canal"
    desc = "EVT_9500014_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_invest_infrastructures"
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        ai_chance = 100
        name = "Restore our great cultural heritage!"
        command = { type = money value = -2400 } #same as max Invest in Infracture with <80IC
        command = { type = dissent value = -1 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500015 where = CHI when = 360 }
    }
}

# The Grand Canal is Repaired! (9500015)
event = {
    id = 9500015
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
   
    name = "The Grand Canal is Repaired!"
    desc = "EVT_9500014_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"

    action = {
        name = ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT
        command = { type = dissent value = -1 }
        command = { type = tc_mod value = 15 } #more trucks and trains available for elsewhere
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1244 value = 10 } #Changzhou
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1323 value = 10 } #Anyang
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1327 value = 10 } #Heze
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1330 value = 10 } #Jinan
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1332 value = 10 } #Zaozhuang
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1336 value = 10 } #Xuzhou
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1333 value = 10 } #Huaiyin
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1339 value = 10 } #Suzhou
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1334 value = 10 } #Nantong
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1343 value = 20 } #Huainan #Yangtze-Canal transit hub
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1337 value = 10 } #Nanjing
    }
}

# The Yangtze River Project (9500016)
# EVT_9500016_DESC;In the 'International Development of China' (1919), Sun Yat-Sen envisioned a great dam downstream from the Three Gorges, capable of generating 22GW of power annually and protecting millions downstream. In 1932, the KMT government under Chiang Kai-shek began preliminary planning in the Three Gorges. Work then stopped as China prepared for the Second Sino-Japanese War. But in 1944, US Bureau of Reclamation Chief Engineer, John L. Savage, surveyed the area at the behest of Chiang and designed a dam that would irrigate 10 million acres and control the Yangtze River that prone to deadly floods. 54 Chinese engineers were sent to the US for training, though work on the project was interrupted in 1947 by the civil war. It would not be until 1980s when the idea would reemerge in the PRC, with work beginning in 1992 and taking 17 years to complete.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500016
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
    persistent = yes

    decision = {
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
        NOT = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
        NOT = { flag = CHI_3GDAM_Finish }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        money = 2000
        metal = 10000
        OR = {
            atwar = no   
            event = 9500018 #1954 Yangtze River Flood
        }
    }
   
    trigger = {
        NOT = { # China is unified
            OR = { 
                exists = CGX exists = CSX exists = CXB exists = CYN
                exists = TIB exists = SIK exists = UPE exists = MAN
                AND = { exists = CHI exists = CHC }
            }
        }
        NOT = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
        money = 1500
        metal = 10000
        OR = {
            atwar = no   
            event = 9500018 #1954 Yangtze River Flood
            local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1 #Work already started
            local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2
            local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3
            flag = CHI_3GDAM_Finish
        }
    }

    name = "The Yangtze River Project"
    desc = "EVT_9500016_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_invest_infrastructures"
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1933 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        trigger = { 
            NOT = {
                local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1
                local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2
                local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3
            }
        }
        name = "Draft designs and train engineers for the great dam."
        command = { type = money value = -100 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500017 where = CHI when = 720 } #2 years
        command = { type = relation which = USA value = 10 }
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1 }
        name = "Prepare the area for construction."
        command = { type = money value = -3000 }
        command = { type = supplies value = -2000 }
        command = { type = metalpool value = -5000 }
        command = { type = free_ic value = -2 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500017 where = CHI when = 1800 } #5 years
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2 }
        name = "Begin construction on the main dam and shiplift."
        command = { type = money value = -1000 }
        command = { type = metalpool value = -30000 }
        command = { type = free_ic value = -10 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500017 where = CHI when = 2160 } #6 years
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 }
        name = "Finish dam construction and install power stations."
        command = { type = money value = -1000 }
        command = { type = metalpool value = -20000 }
        command = { type = free_ic value = -10 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500017 where = CHI when = 360 } #1+3+2 years
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
}

# Progress on the Three Gorges Dam (9500017)
# http://britishdams.org/about_dams/3gorges.htm
event = {
    id = 9500017
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
    persistent = yes
   
    name = "Progress on the Three Gorges Dam"
    desc = "Work on the current stage of the Three Gorges Dam has been completed."
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        trigger = { 
            NOT = {
                local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1
                local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2
                local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3
            }
        }
        name = "The design is finished and our engineers are ready to begin!"
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1 }
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
   
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1 }
        name = "The cofferdam is finished and the river has been diverted. Phase 1 is complete!"
        command = { type = free_ic value = 2 }
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1315 value = 20 } #Yichang
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1310 value = 10 } #Changde
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2 }
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Phase1 }
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
   
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2 }
        name = "The main dam and shiplift is finished. Phase 2 is complete!"
        command = { type = free_ic value = 10 }
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1315 value = 20 } #Yichang
        command = { type = local_setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 }
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Phase2 }
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
   
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 }
        name = "The last cofferdams have blocked off the river. Reservoir filling begins."
        command = { type = dissent value = -1 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500017 where = CHI when = 1080 } #3 years
        command = { type = setflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Finish }
    }
   
    action = {
        trigger = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 flag = CHI_3GDAM_Finish }
        name = "The Three Gorges Dam is finished! Turbines 50% operational."
        command = { type = dissent value = -2 }
        command = { type = free_ic value = 5 }
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1315 value = 20 } #Yichang
        command = { type = construct which = ic where = 1315 value = 5 } #Yichang
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = energy where = 1315 value = 100 } #Yichang
        command = { type = industrial_modifier which = supplies value = 5 } #increased agricultural productivity
        command = { type = event which = 9500017 where = CHI when = 720 } #2 years - final installation
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 }
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_3GDAM_Constr }
    }
   
    action = {
        trigger = { NOT = { local_flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 } flag = CHI_3GDAM_Finish }
        name = "Turbines 100% operational!"
        command = { type = dissent value = -2 }
        command = { type = free_ic value = 5 }
        command = { type = construct which = ic where = 1315 value = 5 } #Yichang
        command = { type = add_prov_resource which = energy where = 1315 value = 100 } #Yichang
       
    }
}

# 1954 Yangtze River Floods (9500018)
event = {
    id = 9500018
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
   
    date = { day = 0 month = june year = 1954 }
   
    name = "1954 Yangtze River Floods"
    desc = "EVT_9500018_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action_a = {
        trigger = { OR = { flag = CHI_3GDAM_Phase3 flag = CHI_3GDAM_Finish } } #Main dam finished
        name = "Stop the flood."
        command = { type = dissent value = -2 }
    }
    action_b = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_DAMN"
        command = { type = dissent value = 3 }
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1313 value = -10 } #Shashi
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1317 value = -10 } #Wuhan
        command = { type = construct which = infrastructure where = 1318 value = -10 } #Huangshi
        command = { type = construct which = ic where = 1317 value = -1 } #Wuhan
    }
}

# Sabotage events?

# National Rural Reconstruction Movement (9500021)
# EVT_9500021_DESC;In 1923, Dr. Y.C. James Yen formed the National Association of Mass Education Movements (MEM) with the support of Chinese National YMCA. After organizing campaigns to promote education and literacy across China, Yen came to the realization that illeracy was not the only problem for rural China. He then identified the 'Four Weaknesses' of China as "poverty, ignorance, disease, and misgovernment." In 1926, Yen invited Chinese experts to tackle each of these problesm in the Ding Xian Village Experiment, which found effective innovations and programs ranging from hybrid pigs to village health workers to land ownership reforms. These successes spawned the National Rural Reconstruction Movement which pooled the collective efforts of several hundred local and national organizations, leading to a mass movement of rural development that relied upon neither the KMT's centralized government nor the CPC's violent revolutions. The outbreak of Second Sino-Japanese War disrupted these efforts, but they returned after the war. Dr. Yen's efforts received significant support from American organizations, and later expanded to Phillipines, India, Africa, and Latin America, with affiliate 'Rural Reconstruction Movement' organizations in nearly 40 countries that taught improverished people modern agriculture, health, family planning, and literacy.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500021
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
   
    trigger = { 
        random = 5
        OR = {
            event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
            event = 2011028 #Japan surrenders in WWII
        }
        supplies = 5000
        money = 2000
    }
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    name = "National Rural Reconstruction Movement"
    desc = EVT_9500021_DESC
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        name = "Relase the people's potential!"
        command = { type = dissent value = -2 }
        command = { type = relation which = USA value = 10 }
        command = { type = supplies value = -5000 }
    }
}

# Chinese nuclear program (9500025)
# "Historically, Mao Zedong began the Chinese nuclear program in 1958, after the First Taiwan Strait Crisis when Eisenhower threatened to use nuclear weapons against China. The Soviet Union initially pledged assistance, but the widening Sino-Soviet Split in 1959 ended all military and technological cooperation. As China did not have computers or even calculators at the time, the development team had to calculate large quantities of data by hand. But the fervor of Chinese physicists such as Chen Kaijia and Deng Jiaxian would produce the first successful nuclear bomb by 1964, and the first hydrogen bomb just three years later."
event = {
    id = 9500025
    random = no
    country = CHI

    name = "Chinese Nuclear Program"
    desc = "PLACEHOLDER"
    style = 2
      picture = "wunderwaffen"
      decision_picture = "decision_atomic_research"

    decision = {
        war = { country = CHI country = USA }
        event = 2049106 #Manhattan Project
    }
   
    decision_trigger = { 
        money = 5000 
    }   
   
    trigger = {
        war = { country = CHI country = USA }
        event = 2049106 #Manhattan Project
        money = 5000 
    }

    date = { day = 1 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 2
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = "We must become a nuclear power!"
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 5490 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 5500 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 5510 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 5520 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 5530 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 5540 }
        command = { type = money value = -5000 }
    }
}



###### WW2 EVENTS ######

# China signs the Anti-Comintern Pact (9500030)
# EVT_9500030_DESC;The Anti-Comintern Pact originates from the autumn of 1935, shortly after the Seventh World Congress of the Comintern, when German officialed were attempting to balance the competing foreign policy demands between its traditional alliance with China versus Hitler's desire for friendship with China's archenemy, Japan. However, the defeat of Japan by China in the Second Sino-Japanese War convinced Germany to focus on influencing China.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500030
    random = no
    country = CHI

    decision = {
        event = 2003007 #GER anti-comintern pact
        event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
        exists = GER
        exists = SOV
        NOT = {
            war = { country = GER country = ITA }
            war = { country = GER country = CHI }
            war = { country = CHI country = ITA }
            alliance = { country = GER country = SOV }
            alliance = { country = CHI country = SOV }
            alliance = { country = ITA country = SOV }
        }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        OR = {
            alliance = { country = GER country = CHI }
            event = 9500100     #Ili Rebellion
            NOT = { relation = { which = SOV value = -50 } }
        }
    }
   
    trigger = {
        event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
        alliance = { country = GER country = CHI }
    }

    name = "China Signs the Anti-Comintern Pact"
    desc = EVT_9500030_DESC
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_anticominternpact"
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = "Sign the pact."
        command = { type = domestic which = interventionism value = 1 }
        command = { type = domestic which = political_left value = -1 }
        command = { type = relation which = SOV value = -10 }
        command = { type = relation which = GER value = 10 }
        command = { type = setflag which = CHI_Anti_comintern_pact }
    }
}

# Kung's Embassy to Germany (9500031)
# EVT_9500031_DESC;In 1937, Chinese Minister of Finance H. H. Kung (Kung Xiangxi), the brother-in-law of Chiang Kai-shek, visited Germany after his attendance of King George VI's coronation. There, Kung met Hans von Mackensen, Hjalmar Schacht, Hermann Göring, and Adolf Hitler -- whom he voiced a "deep satisfaction" towards. Kung emphasized the close Sino-German friendship and obtained a promise from Mackensen that the Sino-German relationship will not falter so long as as he and Konstantin von Neurath controlled the Reich's Foreign Ministry.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500031
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    name = "Kung's Embassy to Germany"
    desc = EVT_9500031_DESC
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 9 month = june year = 1937 }
   
    action = {
        name = ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT
        command = { type = relation which = GER value = 15 }
        command = { trigger = { flag = CHI_Anti_comintern_pact } type = relation which = GER value = 10 }
    }
}

# Chiang Wei-Kuo in the Wehrmacht (9500032)
# EVT_9500032_DESC;The adopted son of Chiang Kai-shek (although not disclosed until 1988), Chiang Wei-kuo was sent to Germany to study at the Kriegsschule in Munich. There, he learned the most up-to-date German tactical doctrines and organization, as well as completed the specialized alpine warfare training and earning the coveted Gebirgsjäger Edelweiss insignia. Wei-kuo took part in the 1938 Austrian Anschluss as a panzerwaffe officer-candidate, and was promoted to Lieutenant of a Panzer unit awaiting to be sent into Poland (historically, he was recalled on the eve of war and sent to the US, where he gave lectures on German tactics).;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500032
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    trigger = {
        event = 2003010 # Anschluss of Austria
    }

    name = "Chiang Wei-Kuo in the Wehrmacht"
    desc = "EVT_9500032_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1937 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_GREAT"
        command = { type = relation which = GER value = 5 }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 6900 } # Armored Division formations
    }
}

# Request German Advisors (9500033)
event = {
    id = 9500033
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    decision = {
        flag = CHI_Anti_comintern_pact
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        OR = {
            relation = { which = GER value = 100 }
            alliance = { country = CHI country = GER }
            war = { country = CHI country = SOV }
        }
    }
   
    name = "Request German Advisors"
    desc = "With the declaration of our joint enemy, the Republic of China officially requests advisors from the German Luftwaffe and Kriegsmarine to help develop and train the young ROCAF and ROCN. In exchange, China will increase its supply of natural resources to Germany, accelerating the 1936 HAPRO agreement where China would repay $100 million Reichsmarks of German equipment through exports of Tungsten and Antimony."
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_rotterdam"
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT
        command = { type = trade which = CHI where = GER rare_materials = -20 value = 1 }
        command = { type = waketeam which = 55025 } #Luftwaffe Militärmission #Reduced from skill 6 to skill 4
        command = { type = waketeam which = 55026 } #Kriegsmarine Militärmission #Custom
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 9040 } #Battlefield Destruction Doctrine
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 9090 } #Operational Destruction Doctrine
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 81330 } #Fleet Interdiction
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 81340 } #Hunter-Seekers Submarine
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 81350 } #Encounter Groups
    }
}
# tech_team = { 
#         id = { type = 10 id = 55025 } 
#         name = "Luftwaffe Militärmission" #Beraterschaft
#         picture = "100794" 
#         skill = 5 
#         research_types = { training centralized_execution fighter_tactics bomber_tactics piloting } 
#         startyear = 1936 
#         endyear = 3001 
#         } 
# tech_team = { 
#        id = { type = 10 id = 55026 } 
#        name = "Kriegsmarine Militärmission" 
#        picture = "T6" 
#        skill = 4 
#        research_types = { centralized_execution naval_training seamanship small_taskforce_tactics submarine_tactics } 
#        startyear = 1936 
#        endyear = 1970 
#        } 

# NRA 200th Division (9500034)
# EVT_9500034_DESC;The National Revolutionary Army 200th Division was the first mechanized division in the Chinese army. Created by General Du Yuming in 1938, it was formed by pooling together multiple smaller units that used purchased foreign vehicles. It had two light tank regiments, one armored car regiment, one motorized infantry regiment, and one artillery regiment. The division would distinguish itself in Battle of Kunlun Pass where it wiped out the elite IJA 21st Brigade, as well as during the Yunnan-Burma Campaign.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500034
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    decision = { }

    decision_trigger = { 
        OR = { 
            AND = { NOT = { event = 9500035 event = 2012002 } } #German assist still here
            event = 2007002 #Soviet assist
        }
        money = 1000 
        supplies = 1000 
    }

    name = "NRA 200th Division"
    desc = "EVT_9500034_DESC"
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
    decision_picture = "decision_licensed_unit"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1938 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_GREAT"
        command = { type = money value = -1000 }
        command = { type = supplies value = -1000 }
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = -16 }
        #command = { type = add_corps which = "200th Division" value = land where = 1317 }
        command = { type = add_division which = "200th Division" value = motorized when = 0 where = light_armor_brigade }
        command = { type = gain_tech which = 1396 } #'35 motorized
    }
}

# War in Europe (9500035)
event = {
    id = 9500035
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    trigger = {
        NOT = { event = 2012002 } #German recall
        OR = { #WW2!
            war = { country = GER country = ENG }
            war = { country = GER country = FRA }
            war = { country = GER country = SOV }
        }
    }

    name = "War in Europe"
    desc = "The Germans are at war with the Allies! Their ability to assist us is at an end."
    style = 2
      picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 2
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = "We must prepare for interesting times ahead."
        command = { type = end_trades which = CHI where = GER }
        command = { trigger = { event = 1330110049 } type = build_cost which = infantry when = on_upgrade where = relative value = 20 }
        command = { trigger = { event = 1330110049 } type = build_cost which = artillery when = on_upgrade where = relative value = 20 }
        command = { trigger = { event = 1330110049 } type = build_cost which = armored_car when = on_upgrade where = relative value = 20 }
    }
}

# Renounce the Unequal Treaties (9500036)
# EVT_9500036_DESC;PLACEHOLDER;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500036
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    decision = {
        OR = { #WW2!
            war = { country = GER country = ENG }
            war = { country = GER country = FRA }
            war = { country = GER country = SOV }
        }
    }
   
    decision_trigger = {
        garrison = { country = CHI province = 1247 size = 1 } #Beijing
        garrison = { country = CHI province = 1241 size = 1 } #Tianjin
        garrison = { country = CHI province = 1338 size = 1 } #Shanghai
        OR = { 
            war = { country = CHI country = JAP }
            event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
        }
        OR = {
            war = { country = CHI country = ENG }
            alliance = { country = CHI country = ENG }
        }
        OR = { 
            war = { country = CHI country = FRA }
            alliance = { country = CHI country = FRA }
            event = 2002006 #C'est Foutu ! #France collapsing
        }
    }

    name = "Renounce the Unequal Treaties"
    desc = EVT_9500036_DESC
    style = 2
      picture = "Tripartite_pact"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        ai_chance = 100
        name = "We are free from foreign imperialism!"
        command = { type = end_trades which = CHI where = USA }
        command = { trigger = { alliance = { country = CHI country = USA } } type = relation which = USA value = -60 }
        command = { type = end_trades which = CHI where = ENG }
        command = { trigger = { alliance = { country = CHI country = ENG } } type = relation which = ENG value = -80 }
        command = { type = end_trades which = CHI where = FRA }
        command = { trigger = { alliance = { country = CHI country = FRA } } type = relation which = FRA value = -80 }
        command = { type = peacetime_ic_mod value = 10 } #reach 100% capacity
        command = { type = wartime_ic_mod value = 10 } #reach 100% capacity
        command = { type = local_clrflag which = CHI_extraterritoriality }
    }
}

# The Tri-Partite Pact (9500037)
event = {
    id = 9500037
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    trigger = { 
        event = 2003033 #German event
    }

    name = "The Tri-Partite Pact"
    desc = EVT_75_DESC
    style = 2
      picture = "Tripartite_pact"
    # Triggered by German event 2003033
   
    date = { day = 26 month = september year = 1940 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action_a = {
        ai_chance = 100
        name = "Asia will be freed from Western Imperialism!"
        command = { type = domestic which = interventionism value = 1 }
        command = { type = relation which = SOV value = -10 }
        command = { type = relation which = USA value = -10 }
        command = { type = relation which = ENG value = -10 }
        command = { type = relation which = AST value = -10 }
        command = { type = relation which = NZL value = -10 }
        command = { type = relation which = GER value = 10 }
    }
   
    action_b = {
        ai_chance = 0
        name = "We will not be part of this."
        command = { type = domestic which = interventionism value = -1 }
    }
}


###### SINO-SOVIET EVENTS ######

# Ili Rebellion (9500100/9500101)
# EVT_9500100_DESC;After Xinjiang rejoined the Republic of China, many local Uyghurs who resented Chinese rule escaped to the USSR to form the Sinkiang Turkic People's Liberation Committee (STPNLC). They were led by the Moscow-educated Ehmetjan Qasim, and several turkic cavalry units were formed with Soviet equipment and training. When a revolt of local Uyghurs began in Ghulja, turkic forces crossed into China with ground and air support from the Red Army. They declared themselves the Ili National Army (INA) of the Second East Turkestan Republic.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500100
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    trigger = {
        random = 1
        NOT = { exists = SIK }
        NOT = { exists = UPE }
        NOT = { war = { country = CHI country = SOV } }
        OR = {
            event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
            event = 2011028 #Japan surrenders in WWII
        }
    }
   
    name = "Ili Rebellion"
    desc = EVT_9500100_DESC
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_DAMN"
        command = { type = relation which = SOV value = -100 } #End of pragmatic relations
        command = { type = end_trades which = CHI where = SOV }
        command = { type = revolt which = 1280 } #Ghulja
        command = { type = event which = 9500101 where = REB when = 0 }
    }
}
event = {
    id = 9500101
    random = no
    country = REB
   
    name = "Ili Rebellion"
    desc = EVT_9500100_DESC
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        name = "For Uyghur Independence!"
        command = { type = add_corps which = "Ili National Army" value = land where = 1280 } #Ghulja
        command = { type = add_division which = "1st INA Division" value = cavalry when = 10 }
        command = { type = add_division which = "2nd INA Division" value = cavalry when = 10 }
        command = { type = add_division which = "3rd INA Division" value = cavalry when = 10 }
        command = { type = add_corps which = "Ili Allies" value = land where = 1280 } # separate to prevent overcommand
        command = { type = add_division which = "INA Red Army Support" value = infantry when = 9 where = artillery }
        command = { type = add_division which = "INA Red Army Support" value = infantry when = 9 where = artillery }
        command = { type = add_division which = "INA White Russian Settlers" value = militia when = 5 where = cavalry_brigade }
    }
}

# Peitashan Incident (9500102)
# EVT_9500102_DESC;After the Ili Rebellion broke out, the Republic of China dispatched forces to reinforce the various border checkpoints in Xinjiang. For reasons disputed but likely involving disagreements on where the border actually was, skirmishes soon broke out between the National Revolutionary Army and the Mongolian People's Army (with Soviet air support) around Peitashan (Mt. Baitag Bogd). Over the following year, more than thirteen clashes would be reported between the two sides, only to result in a return to the status quo.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500102
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    trigger = {
        event = 9500100 #Ili Rebellion
        NOT = { war = { country = CHI country = SOV } }
    }
   
    name = "Peitashan Incident"
    desc = EVT_9500102_DESC
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_OK"
        command = { type = relation which = SOV value = -30 }
        command = { type = relation which = MON value = -50 }
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = -1 }
    }
}

# Zhenbao Island Incident (9500103)
# EVT_9500103_DESC;After the deteroriation of Sino-Soviet relations, a series of border clashes began over disputed territories on the borders. The most serious of these was on Zhenbao (Damansky) Island, when a band of Chinese border troops crossed onto the uninhabited island during winter and ambushed the Soviet border patrol. The Red Army retaliated by bombing Chinese troop concentrations, attempting to storm the island, and when that failed, launching massive rocket attacks. Heavily used as propaganda by the government, Zhenbao Island Incident engraved the threat of a Sino-Soviet war upon the Chinese public consciousness and began its thorough militarization.;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500103
    random = no
    tag = { CHC CHI }
   
    trigger = {
        OR = {
            random = 1
            year = 1940 #Great Purge is over; USSR ready for war
        }
        NOT = { relation = { which = SOV value = -100 } }
        NOT = { war = { country = CHI country = SOV } }
        OR = { 
            month = december #winter only, river must be frozen
            month = january
            month = february
        }
    }
   
    name = "Zhenbao Island Incident"
    desc = "EVT_9500103_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 15
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action = {
        name = "We must prepare for war!"
        command = { type = domestic which = defense_lobby value = 1 }
        command = { type = relation which = SOV value = -50 }
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = -1 }
    }
}

# Reclaim Outer Manchuria (9500104)
# EVT_9500104_DESC;XXXXX;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500104
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    decision = {
        war = { country = GER country = SOV }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        OR = {
            relation = { which = SOV value = -100 }
            local_flag = CHI_Anti_comintern_pact
            war = { country = CHI country = SOV }
        }
    }
   
    trigger = {
        war = { country = GER country = SOV }
        war = { country = CHI country = SOV }
    }
   
    name = "Reclaim Outer Manchuria"
    desc = "EVT_9500104_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    decision_picture = "decision_anticominternpact"
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 2
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action = {
        name = "We will retake our lost territories!"
        command = { type = war which = SOV }
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1170 } #Never
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1176 } #Blagoveshchensk
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1171 } #Ekimchan
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1189 } #Nikolayevsk-on-Amur
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1174 } #Kuybyshevka-Vostochnaya
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1175 } #Birobidzhan
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1188 } #Elban
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1187 } #Sofiysk
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1185 } #Gavan
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1190 } #Khabarovsk
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1195 } #Tetyukhe
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1194 } #Lesozavodsk
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1196 } #Nikolsk-Ussuriysky
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1192 } #Semyonovka
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1193 } #Nakhodka
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1191 } #Vladivostok
        command = { type = addclaim which = 1541 } #Okha
    }
}

# Outer Manchuria is Retaken (9500105/9500106)
event = {
    id = 9500105
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    name = "Outer Manchuria is Retaken"
    desc = "Outer Manchuria is our again!"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT"
        # Soviets gib
        command = { type = dissent value = -5 }
    }
}
# SOV side event

# Settle Outer Manchuria (9500107)
# EVT_9500107_DESC;Chuang Guandong;;;;;;;;;;X
event = {
    id = 9500107
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    decision = {
        event = 9500104 #Reclaim Outer Manchuria
        event = 2007033 #Bitter Peace
        NOT = { war = { country = CHI country = SOV } }
    }

    decision_trigger = {
        event = 9500010 #Establish the Frontier Corps
        manpower = 500
        supplies = 3000
    }
   
    name = "Settle Outer Manchuria"
    desc = "EVT_9500107_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
    decision_picture = "decision_licensed_unit"
   
    date = { day = 0 month = january year = 1936 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_OK"
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = -500 }
        command = { type = supplies value = -3000 }
        command = { type = event which = 9500106 where = CHI when = 720 }
    }
}

# Outer Manchuria is Integrated! (9500108)
event = {
    id = 9500108
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    name = "Outer Manchuria is Integrated!"
    desc = "EVT_9500107_DESC"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_EXCELLENT"
        command = { type = addcore which = 1170 } #Never
        command = { type = addcore which = 1176 } #Blagoveshchensk
        command = { type = addcore which = 1171 } #Ekimchan
        command = { type = addcore which = 1189 } #Nikolayevsk-on-Amur
        command = { type = addcore which = 1174 } #Kuybyshevka-Vostochnaya
        command = { type = addcore which = 1175 } #Birobidzhan
        command = { type = addcore which = 1188 } #Elban
        command = { type = addcore which = 1187 } #Sofiysk
        command = { type = addcore which = 1185 } #Gavan
        command = { type = addcore which = 1190 } #Khabarovsk
        command = { type = addcore which = 1195 } #Tetyukhe
        command = { type = addcore which = 1194 } #Lesozavodsk
        command = { type = addcore which = 1196 } #Nikolsk-Ussuriysky
        command = { type = addcore which = 1192 } #Semyonovka
        command = { type = addcore which = 1193 } #Nakhodka
        command = { type = addcore which = 1191 } #Vladivostok
        command = { type = addcore which = 1541 } #Okha
    }
}

# Integration of Tannu Tuva (9500110)
event = {
    id = 9500110
    random = no
    country = CHI
   
    name = "Integration of Tannu Tuva"
    desc = "Historically a region of the Mongol Empire, Tannu Tuva -- or Tannu Uriankhai in Mongolian and Chinese -- was absorbed into the Qing dynasty after the Mongols submitted. Following the collapse of the Qing dynasty and the Russia Revolution of 1917, Bolshevik troops took Tuva in January 1920 and established the Tuvan People's Republic. The defeat of the Sovet Union allowed China to reintegrate Tannu Tuva back to its domains."
    style = 2
      picture = "news_paper"

    decision = {
        event = 2007033 #Bitter Peace
        control = { province = 1119 data = CHI }
    }

    decision_trigger = { 
        control = { province = 1119 data = CHI } 
    }
   
    date = { day = 0 month = november year = 1944 }
    offset = 30
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }

    action = {
        name = EVT_12_ACTA
        ai_chance = 100
        command = { type = addcore which = 1119 } # Kyzyl becomes Chinese core
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = 16 }     # inherit manpower
        command = { type = dissent value = -1 }     # the people rejoice
        command = { type = relation which = SOV value = -20 } # an insult to Russia
    }
}

###### SOUTH ASIA EVENTS ######

# decision_picture = decision_spread_revolution

###### OTHER EVENTS #####
# http://www.indiana.edu/~league/1936.htm
# Fading Sun - Korea is Demilitarized (9510001)
event = {
    id = 9510001
    random = no
    country = KOR
   
    name = "Korea is Demilitarized"
    desc = "Korea is Demilitarized"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    action = {
        name = "No more military occupation at least."
        command = { type = end_access which = JAP }
        command = { type = set_domestic which = professional_army value = 1 }
        command = { type = set_domestic which = defense_lobby value = 1 }
        command = { type = set_domestic which = interventionism value = 1 }
        command = { type = manpowerpool value = -100 }
        command = { trigger = { ai = yes } type = ai which = "switch/Combat_off.ai" }
    }
}

# London Naval Agreement (9510002)
event = {
    id = 9510002
    random = no
    country = JAP
   
    trigger = {
        event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
    }
   
    name = "London Naval Agreement"
    desc = "London Naval Agreement"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 23 month = march year = 1936 }
   
    action = {
        name = "ACTION_NAME_OK"
        command = { type = dissent value = 1 }
        command = { type = relation which = ENG value = 15 }
        command = { type = relation which = FRA value = 15 }
        command = { type = relation which = USA value = 15 }
    }
}

# Assassination of Shidehara (9510003)
event = {
    id = 9510003
    random = no
    country = JAP
   
    trigger = {   
        event = 2012004 #Fading Sun
        event = 9510003 #London Naval Agreement
        OR = {
            dissent = 10    #Either high dissent or war breaks out in Asia
            war = { country = CHI country = ENG }
            war = { country = CHI country = SOV }
        }
        random = 1
    }
   
    name = "The Assassination of Shidehara"
    desc = "Prime Minister Shidehara has been assassinated by nationalistic naval officers!"
    style = 2
    picture = "ccip_gmd"
   
    date = { day = 23 month = march year = 1936 }
    offset = 1
    deathdate = { day = 29 month = december year = 1950 }
   
    action = {
        name = "We have no choice."
        command = { type = dissent value = 5 }
        command = { type = set_domestic which = democratic value = 3 }
        command = { type = set_domestic which = political_left value = 4 }
        command = { type = domestic which = freedom value = -1 }
        command = { type = domestic which = interventionism value = 1 }
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 50028 } #Shidehara Kijuro
        command = { type = sleepminister which = 50037 } #Shigemitsu Mamoru
    }
}
 
Last edited:

der Kriegsherr

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Interesting.....you are correct, I do not remember this AAR attempt and I always love a good AAR with custom events!
You're also correct that a number of interested parties had a vested interest in covering up the fact that Chiang's China and NS Germany were BFFs.
 

Idhrendur

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If your first post is a sign of things to come, this'll be a fun AAR.
 
Prologue

zanaikin

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Prologue - December 11, 1949, Taipei

Even in his dreams, Chiang Kai-Shek could not forget the previous day's events. The Communist troops were closing in on Chengdu, the last KMT controlled city in mainland China. Chiang and his son -- Chiang Ching-Kuo -- had no choice but to leave their final bastion on the mainland. In the morning fog, the father and son pair solemnly sang the ROC National Anthem, The Three Principles of the People, as they boarded the evacuation plane to Taiwan.


Chiang had never been a quitter. He refused to give up and would continue his struggle even in Taiwan. But deep down in his heart, he already knew the truth. Little over a year ago in 1948, he had recorded in his diary that the Kuomingtang had already failed. Not because of external enemies, not because of Japan or even Mao's Communist bandits... but because of the rot from within.

The factionalism and regionalism, the endless power struggles and the divided loyalties of the officer corps, the mounting corruption and cronyism within the bureacracy, the spiraling debts and hyperinflation that wiped out an entire Chinese middle class...

The Kuomingtang had lost the support of the people, and without them no state could not maintain its grip. Entire army groups had defected to the Communist cause. How could such a Civil War be won?

Chiang's mentor, Sun Yat-Sen, had taught him this before. The Three Principals of the People were Nationalism, Representation, and Welfare. True, China was not prepared to become a Democracy. Their first attempt resulted in nothing but disaster and two decades of wasted time. It must first rely on Military Rule, then Political Tutelage, and finally, only once China was modernized and educated, would it be ready for a representative government.

Had he not followed these steps like his mentor asked? Had he not protected China from its external foes? The Empire of Japan lay crushed. The Imperialistic influences of the United States, United Kingdoms, and France had been checked. The extraterritorial rights of the US and UK had been revoked. The French were driven out completely. China even claimed a seat on the new UN Security Council, a recognition of the Middle Kingdom's rebirth as a great power of the world.

But now, with the Communists in power, Chiang had no doubts that it would soon be reduced to nothing more than a satellite state of the Soviet Union.

Just where did it all go wrong?

Chiang turned in his bed. It was already past dawn, and the morning light was peeking in through the curtains.

His eyes blinked open under the glare of the sun's rays. But as the blurs in his gaze cleared, he was met by a most unexpected sight.

This was not his new home in Taipei.

No, this was his residence in Nanjing.

Emerging from his bed, Chiang rushed from his room into the adjacent office. His jaw dropped when he saw the stand-up calender on his desk.

It was the first date of Mingguo Year 22 (1933).

How was this possible?

Stuck in a state of shock and disbelief, Chiang began wandering around the house in just his pajamas, stopping any servant he saw to ask for the date and time.

The answer always came back the same.

It wasn't just the date either. Chiang even felt younger, more lively, energetic. He hadn't felt this way in years.

But how could this be? Time was the one irreplaceable truth in the world. There was nothing that could regain what was once lost.

Chiang-Residence-Nanjing.jpg

Chiang's residence in Nanjing.

Standing at the entrance to his house, Chiang looked between the trees to the clear skies above.

The skies were blue, the sun was white. There wasn't a hint of a cloud in sight. The future of the nation was clear still.

There was only one explanation, one way for it to be true...

The Lord was Almighty, and the Lord was Just.

God has given him another chance, to rebuild China into the strong, proud, and independent nation that it should have been.

...And this time, he would not fail.

Spinning around on his heels, Chiang strode back into his home with a renewed determination in his gaze.

There were things to do, campaigns to start, obstacles to overcome, foes to vanquish.

But first, he needed some proper clothes. Etiquette was a Chinese virtue, after all.




Notes:
1. Chiang Kai-Shek converted to Christanity (baptized as a Methodist) in 1931. Although he did not abandon his Confucian philosophy (even its superstitions) and believed that the bible reinforced its moral teachings.
 
Last edited:

The Living Hive

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Having just started reading the fantastic book "The Forgotten Ally: China's World War II, 1937-1945" by Rana Mitter, I am definitely subscribing to this AAR due to its subject matter as well as the wonderful hook that your prologue provided. At this point, I have but one question: do you have any plans for Wang Jingwei to reconcile with Chiang Kai-Shek? It seems, from what I have read at least, that the two of them differed more in terms of tactics and personality while still seeking the same end result: a strong, prosperous, and stable China largely free from malign foreign influence.
 

Tommy4ever

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Great premise. Always wanted to play a game as Nationalist China allied with the Germans, but never got round to it.
 

zanaikin

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Thanks for the encouragement and support folks. Part 1 will be posted soon.

...and gosh, it's hard to find pictures of the Chinese Civil War from the KMT perspective. Almost everything is CPC propaganda. This certainly won't look as pretty as western nation AARs.

@The Living Hive: I actually read that book two years ago! Rana Mitter's works are very, very well researched. And better yet, he's fairly unbiased, which is very rare in this topic for both Chinese and Western historians.
No I don't plan on making Wang Jingwei and Chiang reconcile. To be honest, based on everything I've read, Wang might have began as an ideologically-driven Nationalist, but he definitely turned into something of a pure opportunist along the way. He was willing to make alliance with anyone, be it warlord or outside power, to get a one-up on Chiang. Making it worse was the fact he was kind of incompetent, which meant that he didn't even have a skill that Chiang could respect him for...

I still don't get why he begins in the 1933 scenario as China's "head of government", when Chiang had already seized power at that point and made Wang nothing more than a figurehead president...

Now... if it's reconciling with Li Zongren, that we can talk about =P
 
Last edited:
Chapter 1 - The Fourth Bandit Extermination Campaign

zanaikin

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Chapter 1 - The Fourth Bandit Extermination Campaign

"The Japanese are a disease of the skin. The Communists are a disease of the heart."

- Chiang Kai-shek​

(Hindsight note: it takes a few chapters for my graphics work to improve ^^; Some images were re-edited later, but not all as original screenshots were lost.)

Through all the years of the Chinese Civil War, Chiang would refer to the Communists by what he truly saw them as: bandits. It wasn't just because they were rebels against his official government either. No, it was because they were left-winged populist radicals. They preached total wealth redistribution with zero concern for justice. They seized properties from the upper and middle class -- properties earned through their blood and toil -- and gifted it to the poor and dispossessed.

Therefore, what else could one call them but thieves, brigands, and bandits?

Chapter-Start.jpg

On the morning of January 1st, 1933, Chiang read through his own diary to re-familiarize himself to the events of 1932. The world of 1933 was impossibly different from that of 1949.

2_China-Start.jpg

China of 1933 had been nominally unified under the KMT-led Central Government. But to call it the 'Republic of China' was -- even Chiang had to admit -- giving the Nanjing Government far too much credit. The Northern Expedition (1927-28) and Central Plains War (1930) had forced the warlords to bow to Chiang's authority. But even within KMT-administered territories, minor warlords-turned-governors in Chengdu, Chongqing, Guiyang, Jinan, and Beiping still controlled over half of the government's forces. Dozens of divisional commanders pledged their loyalty not to Nanjing, but to their regional masters (65 divisions start locked and are unusable, but must still be supplied).

...And that doesn't even include the outer territories:

  • In the north, the Shanxi warlord Yan Xishan controls all of Shanxi province, as well as part of Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia. An opportunistic politician, Yan would always ally himself with the strongest power while carving out his own kingdom from beneath their grasp.

  • In the south, the Guangxi warlord Li Zongren holds personal loyalty from the provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi. Never satisfied with his position below Chiang, Li and his subordinates would clash with Chiang again and again for authority in the KMT.

  • In the southwest, the National Revolutionary Army General Long Yun held virtual independence of action in Yunnan, listening to Chiang's commands only when he felt like it.

  • In the northwest, the provinces of Gansu, Ningxia, and Qinghai were ruled by the three Ma families -- all Chinese Muslims. While the Ma families were loyal to Nanjing, they nevertheless held total autonomy within the region.

  • Further northwest, the province of Xinjiang was divided in Civil War between the warlord Sheng Shicai (leading the nominal Xinjiang Provincial Government) and the secessionist First East Turkestan Republic.

  • Of course, none of this includes the Japanese -- who have taken over Manchuria and established Manchukuo as a puppet state after the 'Mukden Incident', followed by Shanghai as well after the 1-28 'Shanghai Incident'.

  • Meanwhile, (Outer) Mongolia had been stripped away from China as a puppet/buffer state of the Soviet Union. Likewise, Tibet also declared independence with the support of the British.

  • Last but not least, large scale rebellions have broken out in multiple regions. This includes not just the proverbial thorn in Chiang's side -- the Communists and their four established Soviets (Jiangxi, Hubei, Anhui, Fujiang), but also the Japanese-supported Mengjiang rebels in Inner Mongolia and Soviet-supported Turkic insurgents in Xinjiang.

All of this made him wonder just why the Lord chose this moment for his second chance.

It took him a while to arrive at two answers:

First, January 1933 marked the beginning of his 4th Bandit Extermination Campaign against the Jiangxi Soviet, the Central Revolutionary Base of the Communist rebels. This was his first of two best opportunities to stamp out the Communists for good, for Mao Zedong had just lost a power struggle against the Comintern-backed Wang Ming and his "28 Bolsheviks" sent from Russia.

3_WangMing-ZhouEnlai-MaoZedong.jpg

Left to Right: Wang Ming, Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong

Unlike Mao, who was a genius of military strategy that even Chiang had to concede to, Wang Ming was an unoriginal leader who only knew who to fight using traditional means. He advocated direct engagements instead of Mao's devious combination of 'guerilla warfare' and 'maneuver warfare'. Given the disparity of manpower and equipment between the KMT and CPC, this could only end in disaster for the Communist Bandits. In Chiang's past, it was only because of Zhou Enlai (Wang Ming's protege at this time) adopting Mao's earlier successful strategies that allowed the Communists to prevail in the 4th Bandit Extermination Campaign.

Second, 1933 marked the intensification of the alliance between China and Germany. General Hans von Seeckt -- the architect of the Reichswehr -- would be arriving in October to begin the modernization of the Chinese troops. This time, Chiang would like to show him a KMT Central Army triumphant in its recent victories. It would set a good impression to the Germans, to let them know that it was China, not Japan, who could be counted upon the most as a bulwark against Bolshevism in the Far East.


-----


In the afternoon, Chiang received He Yingqin -- who had mobilized over three dozen divisions, over half a million troops, in preparation for the 4th Bandit Extermination Campaign.

Despite his seniority, He Yingqin was a mediocre general at best, and Chiang knew this. His losses against the Communists during the 2nd Bandit Extermination Campaign were disastrous and humiliating. Chiang once told the general during his power struggles against Wang Jingwei: 'without you, I can still take power; but without me, you will be nothing.' Nevertheless, He Yingqin did prove to be a reliable political ally during the early years -- one whose support Chiang could count upon as he consolidate his hold on the Republic of China's power structure.

4_ChiangKaiShek-HeYingqin.jpg

Chiang Kai-Shek and He Yingqin

"No, not just the Central Army forces!" Chiang reiterated to He as he paced about his residential office. "I want you to mobilize every division we have control over! All the regional security brigades as well! Leave only a token force around Shanghai to fool the Japs. That slippery bastard Yan Xishan can keep those Japanese eyes occupied in the north."

"But Chairman," He Yingqin stressed as he stood at attention (Chiang was only the chairman of the National Military Council at this time). "We would need much more time to expand the scope of the campaign and bring them in from the various prefectures."

"So be it. We can afford to delay the offensive. The Communist will preempt us anyway. They will strike at us first, and we should let them wear themselves out before counterattacking in force. The most important part is to hold our troops together in large, mutually-supporting groups so that the Communists cannot defeat them in detail!"

"Furthermore," Chiang continued as he drew a circle around the Jiangxi Soviet on the map. "I want the assembled forces to make good use of their waiting time. They are to start constructing a network of blockhouses -- stone, wood, and packed earth will have to do. Link them with cleared dirt roads. This will limit the guerrilla activities of those Communist Bandits, and free our best divisions to advance while less reliable troops could garrison them and keep the supply lines secure!"

This was actually an idea that General von Seeckt would teach him next year. But there was no reason why he could not use it now.


-----


Over the course of January, 1933, the KMT would mobilize a total of 59 various divisions and security brigades, nearly a million men, in Chiang's massively upscaled 4th Bandit Extermination Campaign.

In the meantime though, Chiang would continue his efforts to modernize China in the Nanjing Decade. His first change was to select Weng Wenhao as the new Minister of Industry. As a Belgium-educated Doctorate in geological surveying, Weng had better knowledge than most on how to rapidly modernize the China industry -- especially in the mining industry which was essential to not just early industrial growth, but also to the Sino-German trade and cooperation that he would rely upon.

(Although I mostly just wanted his -10% Industrial research time ^^)
Nanjing-Decade.jpg

Research will focus on Chinese Industrial techs for the foreseeable future, striving to catch up with the rest of the world as fast as possible. Construction techs are prioritized in preparation for factory building, while Production techs are slightly delayed as the Germans have promised advisors to help (they'll arrive in a few weeks). The Industry will focus on consumer goods for now to reduce the massive dissent by as much as possible before fighting the Communists.
(41% dissent on 1st day! = 30% start +10% Nanjing Decade +1% minister change)

Various trade deals with the world powers were also negotiated to bring in the resources China desperately need to accelerate its growth.

Furthermore, Chiang dispatched orders to the Muslim Ma Clique to focus all of their military efforts in destroying the secessionist First East Turkestan Republic. The northern warlord Yan Xishan can deal with the Inner Mongolian rebels himself. It would give the man something to do other than colluding with Wang Jingwei on how to undermine Chiang next.

NanjingFortify.jpg

Lastly, Chiang initiated the construction of three fortified military zones around Shanghai. Since the 1-28 Shanghai Incident, the 'Pearl of the East' had essentially fallen under Japanese control. Thus, it was essential for Chiang to preemptively secure the upper hand in any future 'incidents' that Japanese aggression will inevitably provoke. He knew they were unlikely to complete in time, but the efforts made in these fortifications would show the disgruntled military cadres that he was indeed taking the Japs seriously...

He was simply bidding his time.



-----



On February 2, 1933, the 4th Bandit Extermination Campaign began.

4thEncirclementBegins.jpg

(+5% dissent each >_<)
In truth, the KMT forces still wasn't ready. Over a dozen divisions were still on the way south to seize control of the southern flank along the coast. But the growing Communist attacks against redeploying KMT formations forced Chiang's hand. He had to launch the offensive now to draw-in the Communists' attention and buy time for the rest of his troops.

While KMT divisions had been dispatched all around the Jiangxi Soviet's perimeter, the core of the offensive would focus on three fronts:

8_4th-InitialBattles.jpg

(Reinforcements to Fuzhou and Xiamen have yet to arrive.)
In the northeast, General Xue Yue lead 13 divisions of the Central Army in Shangrao (half of them supported by artillery brigades). They would assist in the elimination of the Communists in Hangzhou first before attacking south.

In the southwest, General Zhang Fakui lead a mishmash of 12 KMT divisions and local brigades that could be rushed to Chenzhou on time. They would assist the envelopment of Bandit troops in Ji'an first, before launching their own offensive against the Communist leadership at Ganzhou.

In the northwest, Chiang Kai-Shek personally wielded the biggest hammer. 24 of the KMT Central Army's best equipped divisions were gathered there into a single fist. They would form the northern pincer of the assault on Ji'an first, before smashing their way into the Jiangxi Soviet's heartland.

Simultaneous offensives would also be launched against the smaller Communist enclaves at Nanyang, Anqing, and Hangzhou.

Give the factionalism and divided loyalties within the KMT forces, it was inevitable than their troops would vastly under-perform in comparison to the CPC forces. But that is also why Chiang organized his troops into massive formations, to make sure that every engagement would feature staggering numerical superiority on the Nationalists' side. Meanwhile, government forces would also take full advantage of their fledgling air force, as every bomber and multi-role fighter was sent over the battlefields to begin harassing the Communist troops.

It did not take long before this overwhelming application of brute force began to bear fruit.

9_4th-InitialVictories.jpg

The fighting was slow and grinding. Chiang gave orders for a scorched earth offensive that would strip the land of any resources which the Communists could utilize. The massed KMT armies protected not only their supplies lines, but also their individual units from Communist raids and counterattacks. However, it also left them sluggish and immobile. It would take over a month for the three Nationalist pincers to advance into the Jiangxi Soviet.

Pitched battles between dozens of divisions lasted for weeks at a time. The KMT launched massive assaults with their numerical superiority, attaining at least 4-to-1 odds in every engagement. The Communists, despite their greater unity, began to unravel from compounding casualties and exhaustion. This culminated on March 30, 1933 at the 3rd Battle of Xingan, when eight demoralized and disorganized CPC divisions under Zhu De -- the bandits' so-called 'commander-in-chief' -- collapsed under the crushing weight of 34 KMT divisions, leading to over 42,000 rebels being taken captive.

10_4th-XinganVictory.png

(Author: if I remember correctly, Paradox's forum rules prevent me from discussing the treatment of POWs. But given Chiang's record, you can imagine...)

Ever the politician, Chiang did not hesitate to take advantage of this moment. The 'Great Victory of Xingan' was soon hailed around the nation as the twilight of the Communist movement, and as a show of the KMT leadership's strength.

4th-XinganPropaganda.png



On April 1st (2 days after the 3rd Battle of Xingan), as KMT forces were closing in against them from all directions, the CHC abandoned the Jiangxi Soviet and escaped under the cover of darkness with what soldiers they had remaining.


LongMarchBegins.jpg

The Long March had began.

...And this time, he would not see it succeed... or leave behind a myth that there was no adversity that the Communist cadres could not overcome.



Chiang personally commanded over 20 KMT divisions to begin the pursuit. Such a powerful force would have to keep to the main roads. But even if they failed to engage the Communist bandits in pitched battle, their ability to drive the CPC away from population centers -- and thus depriving them of any chance to resupply -- would slowly attrition the bandits to extinction.

LongMarch.jpg

The chase began from Jiangxi and entered Hunan province, where several battles were fought at the beginning of May, 1933 around Hengyang. With air scouting and support from the Hengyang airfield, the KMT forces were able to inflict several defeats upon the CPC, killing and capturing nearly 20,000 rebels.

Thus, the fleeing bandits were forced into the remote (and dangerous) mountains of Guizhou province. Chiang tried and failed to engage them there, as his larger army was repeatedly outmaneuvered by the smaller rebel force. But when they emerged from the mountains in June onto the flat plateaus near Chengdu, the Communists found nearly 200,000 KMT troops ready and waiting for them.

The ensuing battles in Sichuan province reduced the Communists to less than a quarter of their starting strength. They were forced to escape east, into Hubei. There, the last cadres of the CPC found themselves encircled by vastly superior Nationalist forces...

On July 4th, 1933, a KMT battalion scouring the mountains of Shiyan encountered one of the last remnants of the CPC. The bandits, despite being surrounded and outnumbered, refused all calls to surrender. A vicious firefight ensued, and by the time the smoke cleared, the commanding officer discovered that they had destroyed the security company of the CPC's highest leadership.

The bodies of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, and others were found among the dead.

14_LongMarchEnd.png

(-20% Dissent!)




Notes:
1. On the handling of annexed CPC tech teams: as I've noted in the AAR Settings (2nd post), I will only inherit teams when it makes sense. Many of the CPC tech teams are based on Communists successes during the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War -- either because their enhanced reputation persuaded intellectuals/technicians to join, or because they seized it during conquest. Therefore it makes sense for such tech teams to be accessible to a successful Kuomintang government. However, this does NOT apply to the Communist leaders and PLA tech teams. Therefore, any tech team that belongs to an individual who took part in the Long March, as well as any that begin with 'PLA-', were summarily purged (from the save file).

2. I modded the Long March event, removed its "19th Army Defects" event prerequisite, which then allows it to be triggered during the 4th Encirclement. Makes no sense the CPC would only retreat during the 5th Encirclement, and I wanted to try out the minigame ^^

3. Tanggu Truce is coming next update. I modded the trigger to its IRL date.
 
Last edited:

Rifal

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Only good red is a dead red.
 

Knightofhonnor

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Now, this looks like a really good AAR! Here's to Jiang and the Kuomintang, wansui!
 

The Living Hive

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What a thrilling update and military campaign! Chiang Kai-Shek wanted to demonstrate his value as partner to Germany, but I wonder what the reactions will be among other countries' political and military leadership. Excited to see how this develops further!
 

zanaikin

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Minor update: added a "current state of China" section to the beginning of Chapter 1. I realized this was necessary not only for readers less familiar with China 1933, but also to set up how Chiang views the various power groups of China...
Also note on end of chapter 1 on how I'm dealing with the CPC tech teams.

@Ruostenyrkki : NatChi is easily one of the best countries to play in any HOI game due to its underdog start, yet tremendous potential to rewrite history (much cores, many resources, infinite manpower; albeit terrible tech/leadership).

@The Living Hive: yeah I have to change AI settings at certain events... (sigh). The biggest question I can't decide on is how much less, if any, support Russia would give Chiang when the war with Japan comes (Stalin never had any faith in the CPC anyway).
 
Chapter 2 - Unity or War!

zanaikin

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Chapter 2 - Unity or War!

"The warlords have now become so arrogant and so unprincipled that like knives and swords hacking cattle and fish, they hack the people to pieces... The warlords conspire with foreign imperialists, while the so called republican governments, controlled by the warlords, abuse their authority to serve the pleasure of foreign powers."
- Declaration of the First National Congress of the KMT

Chiang was still away on military campaign when his efforts to intensify Sino-German Cooperation began to achieve noticeable results:

Sino-German-Coop.jpg

In return for raw materials -- especially tungsten and antimony -- as well as agricultural products, Germany would provide technical assistance to China's industrialization efforts. Advisors from German industries soon began to arrive along with shipments of heavy machinery, ranging from construction and mining equipment to power generation and manufacturing. Meanwhile, increasing numbers of Chinese personnel were sent to Germany for education and training; they would form the class of highly educated technocrats responsible for running all state-run modernization projects.

Sino-German Cooperation rapidly accelerated Chiang's efforts to modernize the country over the next year. Germany needed efficient transportation to export the raw materials they acquired in China. Railroad construction skyrocketed as new railways were established between Nanchang, Zhejiang, and Guizhou. Power plants, chemical factories, steel works, and machine shops were set up in Sichuan, Hubei, and Hunan to support these construction projects, turning the Yangtze River Valley in Central China into a hub of industrial development.

In addition to technical advisors and industrial equipment, Chiang also began receiving Reichswehr military advisers and armaments to begin the modernization of the Chinese army. The Hanyang Arsenal would be upgraded to produce the Type-24 (MG08) Maxim Gun and the Chiang-Kai-Shek (Mauser M1924) Rifle. These were old designs, but they were still far superior than anything the Chinese could make now...

CKS-Rifle-M08.jpg

Chiang still remembered what one of his generals said during the 1st Battle of Changsha (1938) in that other timeline:

"Our old Hanyang 88s can only shoot 200 meters. The Japanese's average rifle could range 500! There's no way they can fight on even ground!"

This time, he would make sure that China's soldiers would at least have a CKS Rifle by the start of the war...


-----


On February 23, 1933, just as the 4th Bandit Extermination Campaign was fully underway, the Japanese launched an offensive into Inner Mongolia in Rehe province. In addition to two divisions and three brigades, the Japanese also deployed several companies of 'heavy armored cars' and tanks.

Type92HeavyArmoredCar.jpg

Chinese troops had never seen anything like this 'armored car'.

The brave Chinese provincial forces fought back. But given the disparity in firepower, they never had a chance.

Chinese representatives to the League of Nations had appealed to the international community, but received no effective support. The Lytton Commission condemned Japanese actions but offers no solutions or plans for intervention. As a result, Japan simply withdrew from the League on March 27, 1933.

Unable to fight a two front war, the KMT had no choice but to capitulate to Japanese demands on the negotiations table. As a result, Eastern Hebei become a demilitarized buffer zone, while the Imperial Japanese Army took control of the Great Wall north of Beiping.

Tanggu_Truce_Map.jpg

The Chinese people felt humiliated by the Tanggu Truce. A new wave of anti-government sentiments erupted, but Chiang ignored them to focus on his campaign against the Communists' Long March.

Once again, he must bear the agony of trading land for time. China must have unity, if it is to achieve anything more than a pyrrhic victory against the Japanese...


-----


With the final destruction of the 1st Red Army and the Communist leadership in early July, Chiang would turn his attention towards the various warlords and splinter groups of China once more. This time, he would not have mere unity on paper.

The warlords and regional governments must submit to his will as the central authority of China. His troops will see that they have no other choice.

Negotiations opened up with the Guangxi Clique first. Out of all the warlords, Li Zongren has the strongest power base, supported by a cadre of generals (including the famous Bai Chongxi) whom were personally loyal to him. Furthermore, his administrative skills has left him popular with the people of Guangdong and Guangxi.

In Chiang's past life, Li's political support would allow him to challenge Chiang's leadership of the KMT again and again. If someone even as powerful as him falls, then maybe the other warlords will be more... 'enlightened', to make the right choice.

Guangxi-siege.jpg

Chiang redeployed 31 divisions of the Central Army (nominally assisted by 7 local divisions in Guiyang) to the border of the Guangxi and Guangdong provinces... should it become necessary.

On July 19th, just two weeks after the Communists' defeat, Li Zongren and his Chief-of-Staff, Bai Chongxi, marched into Chiang's office in the Nanjing Presidential Palace.

6_Li-Bai.jpg

Li Zongren and Bai Chongxi, often called 'Li Bai' due to the duo's close relationship.

"Chairman," Li saluted.

He said nothing else. Instead, both he and Bai took off their military caps and bowed to Chiang, an offer of submission before the legitimate authority of Nanjing.

Chiang was stunned. After his falling out with Li in 1929, he never thought he could trust Li again. Sure, both of them were firm Nationalists, staunch Anti-Communists, and even admirers of European Fascism. Yet they would clash again and again, in 1929, 1931, even (briefly) overthrowing Chiang from the presidency in 1949 in that other timeline.

Their conflict in 1929 remained the most detrimental by far, as nobody could explain why Li Zongren fled to the Shanghai Foreign Concessions afterwards -- taking shelter in the very symbol of China's subjugation under Imperialism. It utterly tarnished Li's loyalty to the Chinese cause in Chiang Kai-shek's mind, leaving Chiang unable to see Li as anything more than just another self-serving political opportunist.

"I thought you would have fought," Chiang admitted cooly.

"Not when enemies besiege the very doorsteps of our country," Li declared. "If we fought, both of us would lose. Instead, it is the Japs who will gloat. And what would result? You've crushed the Communists and consolidated your power. Your have the party's support, and you've shown yourself to be the strong leader that China needs."

"Why resist the inevitable? When it would only harm China in doing so?" Li finished.

Stepping around his desk, Chiang took Li's hands into his own and shook it for the first time since the Northern Expedition.

Maybe he had misjudged Li. Maybe Li was still a patriot. The mystery of 1929 might never be solved, but what is obvious is that with Li Zongren's help, Chiang would have a clear hold of power in the Kuomintang.

...Enough power to do what must be done for China's future.

Chiang would permit Li to retain command of his forces until their reorganization as part of the military modernization effort, at which point all commands will be reassigned. However, he praised both Li and Bai's military expertise, and assured that both would be given high commands.

"I will never forget today," Chiang toasted Li during their banquet that evening, "for you have just entrusted me with the remainder of China. In return, I promise to you, to all of you, that I will not rest until I see China a modern power respected by the world!"

...

Warlords_Submit.jpg

(Each peaceful capitulation = -5% dissent!)​

There was truth to Chiang's words, as Li's submission also lead to the peaceful capitulation of the Yunnan Clique on August 4th. The warlord Long Yun would continue to serve as the Governor of Yunnan, under Nanjing's full authority this time. His troops, however, have been stripped as the isolated Yunnan province was under no danger from China's foes.

After all, there wasn't even a road between Burma and Yunnan... yet.

The Ma Clique warlords announced their submission to Chiang on August 19th, although that was no surprise. Chiang was the sworn brother of Ma Fuxiang, whose son Ma Hongkui was the warlord of Gansu. The other two Ma families were also close allies.

Only the Shanxi warlord Yan Xishan refused, and not for long. Under attack by Japanese-supported Mengjiang rebels, most of his troops had been drawn north. As a result, Chiang's prepositioned forces marched up to Taiyuan and forced Yan to capitulate just 14 days later. Out of respect of Yan's firm resistance to Japanese aggression, Chiang offered him to stay on as a general in the new KMT Army. Although this time, his subordinates will be chosen from those loyal to Nanjing.

8_Shanxi_Annex.jpg

In the meantime, Chiang ordered 9 divisions of the Central Army to take over the defense of Yan's battered troops in Inner Mongolia. The Mengjiang (mongol) rebels proved to be tough fighters, with their forces often led by Japanese officers. It would take over two months of ceaseless fighting (and nearly 60,000 mongol partisans killed) before they finally gave up.

Mengjiang_Partisans.jpg

With his position as the leader of China more secure than ever (Wang Jingwei was still the nominal President of the ROC), Chiang Kai-shek felt confident enough to purge the KMT Central Army of any disloyal officers and institute a formal one-year conscription in preparation for his military modernization campaign.

Conscription_Purge.jpg


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As for the rest of the territories...

battle_of_kashgar.jpg


Under Chiang's command, the Ma Clique's entire army had been redeployed to Xinjiang to destroy the East Turkestan separatists. They scored a decisive victory at the Battle of Kashgar on April 21, 1933. However, it would take them several months to take control of this arid, mountainous region and annex the short-lived 'Republic'.

11_Turkestan_Annex.jpg

Tibet capitulated on November 28, 1933, perhaps fearing the outbreak of yet another Sino-Tibetan War. The last time they fought in 1930, the fierce Ma Clique Cavalry slaughtered their soldiers without mercy. This time, the 13th Dalai Lama -- Thubten Gyatso -- would voluntarily surrender his civil and military power in exchange for Chiang's promise to leave his religious institutions alone.

Chiang had no problem with that, seeing as his staff already had a mixture of Christians, Buddhists, Muslims, etc. Traditional China had always been excellent at maintaining religious harmony.

Warlords_Territories.jpg

Negotiations with the Xinjiang Provincial Government, however, did not go as well. Sheng Shicai announced his determination to resist on December 12, 1933. But Chiang's reinforcements -- 10 KMT divisions, had arrived to supplement the Ma Hongkui's 7 existing divisions in the area. Together, they brushed aside the local forces with ease, having more trouble with the mountainous terrain of the region instead.

Ma Hongkui's cavalry vanguard seized control of Urumuqi on February 24th. This time, the Soviets did not intervene in the Xinjiang Wars, and Chiang ordered Sheng Shicai's immediate execution. He would not see this self-serving governor betray China a second time.

Mongolia and Manchukuo were out of reach for now, as they were under the protection of their overlords -- USSR and Japan. Hebei was also untouchable without breaking the Tanggu Peace Treaty and risking the ire of the Japanese, and Chiang wasn't ready for that yet...



-----


China-1934.jpg

The Republic of China, 1934

Chiang Kai-shek looked over the map of China in the war room of the Presidential Palace. He could hardly believe just how much of a difference one year has made.

Now, with all regions of China not under foreign control unified, he could focus on modernizing the economy and military. The National Military Council now had 198 divisions under its command, all of them in need of new armaments and organization.

"This time," he eyed the Japanese presence in China, "we will defeat you."


-----


Other civil events, fairly self-explanatory:

misc_events.png





Notes:

1. I don't plan to annex Hebei, as the ability to do that without provoking a war with Japan is way too gamey and needs some kind of event fix. That being said, the East Hebei Autonomous Council isn't supposed to exist until 1935 with the He-Umezu Agreement, so while the DH developers tried, their representation of the demilitarized zone is... poor.

2. As a result of early warlords subjugation, I unlocked all warlord generals normally saved for a starting date of 1937. This includes: Bai Chongxi (Guangxi Clique), Fu Zuoyi (Shanxi Clique), Xu Yongchang (Shanxi), Huang Shaoxiong (Guangxi), Ma Hongkui (Ma Clique), Shang Zhen (Shanxi), Wang Jingguo (Shanxi), Yang Aiyuan (Shanxi), Yan Xishan (Shanxi). Several of these are China's best generals in the war and will be notable characters in the events to come.

3. Disabled the EoD event - Fujian People's Government - by giving it event 1330110015 as a prerequisite. IRL, Fujian People's Government was caused by the 19th Army defecting (a vanilla DH event) when they were sent to fight the Communists. As the CPC was defeated early, none of these events should have triggered.

4. If you think the PRC is stubborn about Taiwan, Chiang would never admit that Mongolia had broken away from China to his dying day. In fact, the official status of Mongolia in the eyes of the ROC (Taiwan) is STILL fuzzy.
 
Last edited:

TheWolfFate

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Which direction are you planning to take the KMT in regards to politics? Are you going to go in a fascist direction, with to the whole closer connections to Germany thing.? Or is Chiang going to move China closer to actually fulfulling the Three Principles of the People?

Either way, this is shaping up to be an excellent AAR! :)
 

Vlad_Dracul1989

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So, this basically is 'what if Chiang was actually a competent leader without petty arrogance'-AAR :)

He really shouldn't attack Manchuria now, though. Build a lot of U-boats with German help, the only way how to quickly be able to hurt IJN, and train more divisions equipped with locally produced Mausers and Krupp cannons.

Or convince the Empire that Siberia is theirs, in return for Manchuria, while Mongolia and Tuva are Chinese too. With guarantee for Zaibatsu investments. After all, Chiang studied in Japan once. And hint that if they'll attack Westerners in the future, China couldn't care less. :D Because every Chinese-Japanese conflict will help more likely europeans and americans, not asians.