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    Real Strategy Requires Cunning

Specialist290

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First of all, is the forum being weird?
I wasn't logged in and the pictures were so tiny-yyyy, now I logged and they have a normal size?
Someone knows what's going on? lol
I'd just chalk it up as yet another piece of the general weirdness that comes with the new update, honestly.

Again, hope all is going well with you and yours :)
 
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Chapter VIII: Unexpected developments. (Part II)

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Chapter VIII: Unexpected developments. (Part II)
"Most of wars or military coups or invasions are done in the name of democracy against democracy." - Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist.

-----------------------------------------------
Algeria's Struggle. - Augustine Blanchet.

Korean AAR 00.jpg

The month of June started with a battle at the city French city of Orleansville, which had been renamed to Al-Asnam after the Algerian Liberation Front took it, after securing their control at Oran by April. The French Army got the upperhand, after armoured divisions from Algiers joined the fight as well.
The numerous failures against the Algerian Liberation Front proved to be shocking to the French government, numerous divisions had surrendered to the Algerians after making successful landings back into the colony. However, these landings were eventually beaten back by the Algerian fighters and important amounts of French soldiers ended up being POW's of the ALF. The immediate consequence of such huge victories (and humilliating defeats for France) was straining the logistic lines of the rebels, after all, they now had to at least maintain them in acceptable conditions, believing that failing to do so would spark not just French outrage but also a response from the International Community that could lead to complications regarding their public image.

Raoul Salan, the French general commanding the situation at Algeria was angry at the situation taking place and he pressured the government to act by sending even more troops. His original focus had been on placing army garrisons on different sectors of the country in an attempt to suppress the guerrilla movements and terrorist attacks behind the French lines, but when the situation got worse he eventually changed the pace of the conflict. By May the country launched a stronger offensive which ended up with the retaking of Oran and other cities in the region, however, this came at a great cost since the army garrisons left their positions to support the frontline; basically leaving their rear open to terrorist and guerilla attacks.

Al-Asnam had been ignored in the initial Algerian advance, but when Oran fell and Algiers was threatened by the ALF they chose to move against the French garrisons at the city: being cut off from the rest of the armed forces severely damaged the morale of the defenders. Once Al-Asnam fell, the Algerians disarmed the garrison and quickly started to fortify the city, digging trenches and preparing chokepoints in several alleys and streets of the city for the time the French tried to take it back. What the local commander failed to foresee was that the French Army would come from two directions at once, deploying tanks and armoured cars to flank the defenders which were already heavily demoralized by that point.


Korean AAR 01.jpg

After the French Army took back Al-Asnam they quickly reverted the name back to Orleansville, they proceeded to arrest en masse those Algerians possessing weapons and sent them towards Algiers. The fighting would've been a huge success for the defenders if they had been morally stronger, since many of the defences were even intact when the surrender order came from the local commander. Chokepoints unused that otherwise would have been lethal for the French foot soldiers or armoured cars.
After the French took back Orleansville, general Salan was decided to keep crushing the Algerian will to fight and their revolutionary spirit. He ordered the forces present at Tlemcen to launch an offensive against El Bayadh (renamed by the ALF, the city had the French name of Geryville) with support from some of the armoured cars and tanks that took back Orleansville. The offensive began and even though the defenders had many advantages, especially the terrain, the fast assault proved to be a complete surprise for the Algerian soldiers that were also severely outnumbered.

It's ironic, despite the successes that the French Army was collecting now, the unrest within France was still high enough. Since the war started being more bloody and fierce the left had organized protests, minor or major, through months generating a strong opposition to the war. Meanwhile, the right elements of the French political scenario were angry at the situation, having lost Indochina entirely to the Communists, being humilliated by Nasser and the Soviet Union and now having lost countless numbers of soldiers after numerous surrenders, they didn't stop their attacks against the government and some sectors of the population also started to sway to the right. The situation went worse after the ALF launched a new terrorist attack at Algiers which left Raoul Salan quite injured, he survived but he was left in state of coma.

However, before it happened, a new amphibious assault had been planned against the Algerian Forces at Annaba (previously named Bona, the ALF started renaming the cities after they successfully took Oran, feeling that victory was more than certain) and it proved to be a huge success. That part of the front had been mismanaged by the Algerians, due to the big amounts of French soldiers that had been captured due to failed landings or strong offensives that managed to break the French defenders the Algerian supply lines were dealing with a huge burden. And most of the ammunition and fresh volunteers were sent towards the western side of Algeria in an attempt to slow down or completely stop the French offensive. Therefore, when an aircraft assault started destroying the weakened supply lines for the Algerian soldiers at Bona, panic became widespread.


Korean AAR 02.jpg

With the heavy air support along naval one and the huge strength of the assault, which included medium and light tanks, along self-propelled artillery and tank destroyers, the firepower was the main advantage of the French Army which used it entirely to crush the Algerian morale, making it collapse and inflicting huge casualties by the end of the last battle of Bona; the city fell, the Algerians expelled or captured, some POW's recovered and the city named back to Bona.
The final battle of Bona lasted three days, ending by June 19th with a crushing French victory. It was clear that the French Forces had recovered and adapted to the nature of the conflict, being capable of crushing now the Algerian Liberation Front which started to have internal divisions due to the failures of the last month. Some of the most Communist-leaning elements of this United Front insisted that directly asking the Soviet Union for assistance was the only way to end the conflict favourably for the Algerians, they felt that only through Soviet support would they be able to achieve real independence from France. However, the majority of the ALF was integrated by nationalists who weren't willing either to lean so much towards the Soviet Union; they saw Nasser as an example of both, good things and bad, being his dependence on the Soviet Union as a bad one. (An idea that would later became known by Nasser)

Meanwhile, the situation was not much better for France either.

The mounting casualties, the economic deficit due to the war, continuous protests and the attacks made by the conservatives were causing huge unrest against the French government, something well known by the Algerians as well. The two enemies were at the breaking point already, for the ALF their unity was collapsing and it threaten to weaken even more their defences against the French as they had also lost important cities and territories, while the French government was going through a huge political unrest. Therefore, with Raoul Salan (the most vocal supporter of the war by this point) in coma and the situation turning more complex with each passing day, both sides agreed to a ceasefire on June 18th, 1957.


Korean AAR 03.jpg

The government lacked the will to continue fighting at Algeria, they desired to negotiate an end to it after agreeing to a mutual ceasefire in order to end the hostilities that had been going on since 1954, however, the ceasefire also proved to be the straw that broke the camel's back, the French Army and the right-wing elements of society were so angry at this.
All the events that France had gone through since the decade started had been a painful reminder of the current state of the country, it was no longer the great power it had been once, Vietnamese peasants, a mere Egyptian officer and now the Algerian guerrillas had been humilliating the country. And now, there was huge unrest within the country, threatening not just to leave Algeria in the same pathethic fashion they had left Indochina, but now there were new fears as well, the government was spineless and cowardly; at least that was the perception of this group of men, they felt the country was on the verge of collapse, that they only had to blink to find a new Communist regime in Paris sponsored by the Soviet Union and they were certainly against it.

However, as much as they hated the spineless government they also knew the chaos that France would have to go through if they were to act just like that. They needed a popular figure to rally the entire nation behind and they all knew who this was, they all agreed that there was only one man capable of saving France from decadence, from the humilliation but most importantly; from Communism. So, two days after the agreed ceasefire was started, a group of Algerian generals along the former Governor General Jacques Soustelle launched a coup in Algiers and seized the power in the bleeding colony; they called for the formation of a Government of Public Safety led by general de Gaulle, hero of France.

With Raoul Salan still unconscious, the main generals present at Algiers chose to form a Committee of Public Safety (which would eventually receive the name of the French Triumvirate) integrated by Jacques Massu, Edmond Jouhaud and Jean Gracieux, with Jacques Massu as the leader of the Triumvirate that now ruled Algeria. He was quick to announce his support for de Gaulle and insisted that the army had provisionally taken the responsability of French Algeria for the time being, a day later Charles de Gaulle asserted in a press conference that he was willing to serve his country and was ready to assume the powers of the Republic, reassuring as well that his intentions were just to bring order and not a dictatorship.

The next day, due to the lack of an answer from the government, the French paratroopers from Algeria launched an operation and landed on Corsica by aircraft, taking the island in a bloodless operation that would became known as "Operation Corse". After that, Jacques Massu, leader of the Committee of Public Safety announced once again that the current state of affairs would only end when Charles de Gaulle was recognized as president of France and allowed into the government in Paris. The situation was turning tense with each passing hour or day, with the French government knowing that they had few options left if they wanted to avoid the explosion of the country which had already gone through a lot of unrest in the months before; so, they did what seemed as the best option, they called de Gaulle to accept the demands from the army.


Korean AAR 04.jpg

Charles de Gaulle had been contacted and informed about the situation, the government was willing to accept the demands from the Committee of Public Safety, however, June 23rd would prove to be a tragic day for France as a whole, he was going to be driven to the parliament when a pedestrian suddenly shot him several times with a Makarov pistol that was left in the crime scene.
The presence of the Makarov pistol was enough proof for the conservative elements in France and for those at Algiers and Corsica as well, Operation Resurrection was meant to just be launched in case that de Gaulle asked for military support in Paris, the Communists attempted to take the government or the government refused to cede the power to Charles de Gaulle. But this situation was so unexpected and when Jacques Massu received the news from France he saw what would happen to the country if he didn't act, he felt that it was a Communist conspiration against the nation and therefore, he gave the green light for the paratroopers that now counted with the armoured forces based at Rambouillet.

By June 24th, Paris had been taken by the military forces, quickly dispersing the protests, dissolving the government, proclaiming the martial law and outlawing every political party for the time being. Jacques Massu announced that any Communist attempt to "destroy France and her people, shall fail as long as we are here to protect our nation and avenge general de Gaulle", relations with the Soviet Union were finished and each country withdraw their ambassador, in just a few days the relations between France and the Soviet Union had been broken with tensions starting within NATO due to the new French stance regarding the Soviet Union.

The new French government, more interested in foreign issues and domestic anti-communism kept the same stances regarding European integration or cooperation, while also asserting that any Communist involvement within Europe would be punished. Even though the government didn't recognize the ceasefire with the ALF, hostilities didn't restart while the French Triumvirate consolidated their position in the power. The new regime was quickly recognized by Portugal and Spain: the Cold War had just taken an unexpected turn and several countries would feel it eventually.


Korean AAR 05.jpg

The new French government after the Algerian Coup of 1957.

-----------------------------------------------
Hi everyone!
Here it is, after a long, long, long time! (Apologies)

This update is focused on France and the Algerian War, I know it may be a bit short, but I couldn't find a way to introduce the other two events that I've got to cover in this chapter. One takes place in Asia and the other one at America, you'll certainly find them quite interesting!

I hope you are all staying safe, taking care and having good health.
I hope you all enjoy the update. :)
 
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Specialist290

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I had a feeling de Gaulle would come into the picture eventually -- but that didn't quite go the way I was expecting, honestly. The hardliners have just been handed the one thing that will transform them from traitors into heroes, at least in the eyes of the French public (for a time) -- a martyr.
 
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RV-Ye

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I had a feeling de Gaulle would come into the picture eventually -- but that didn't quite go the way I was expecting, honestly. The hardliners have just been handed the one thing that will transform them from traitors into heroes, at least in the eyes of the French public (for a time) -- a martyr.
Believe me, I was so surprised as well haha.
I made the events considering several things, "A day like any other?" event has that option and another one (with higher chance) that is called "A charming day, isn't it?", it basically continues with the demands of the army and it leads to accepting de Gaulle as president (OTL) or refusing, if France refused the army had two options, Support de Gaulle or not and if Operation Resurrection took place de Gaulle took power (slightly more radical way than OTL, but still having democracy) and if they stood down (lower chance) the government kept going as usual.

It was a headache to get this ideas but I thought that I had to consider some interesting scenarios too, so, here we have a dead de Gaulle something that took me by surprise. :p
 

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Hello to everyone out there, I hope things are going well and more than well for you all. ^^

As you may already know, life tends to get in the way of me updating the AAR and the latest months have been a bit agitated with stuff going on and my own laziness as well tbh, nonetheless, I have been recently working on events for the rest of the chapter along writing up some ideas for when I eventually get to the 60's (Yup, that's pretty much a goal I'm planning to achieve) so, I apologize for the amazingly long pauses and breaks I take from the AAR and while I can't promise it, I expect next update to be ready in two weeks, maybe three, but believe me it will take you all by surprise. ^^
Take care and be safe!
 

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No worries

Look after yourself as well.
 
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Chapter VIII: Unexpected developments. (Part III)

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Chapter VIII: Unexpected developments. (III)
"The first duty of a revolutionary is to be educated." - Ernesto 'Che' Guevara.

-----------------------------------------------
Gyeongmudae, Seoul, Republic of Korea. ~ April 25th, 1957.

Ki Seung-min, the Minister of Construction and Transportation, knew that president Cho's intentions towards the Korean people were good and sincere; but as the time went by, she also started worrying about his stances in some issues, mainly the security of the country as some conservative politicians or more moderate partners had expressed. As the days went by, more border incidents were appearing in the newspapers, they were far away from Korea but it was worrying nonetheless; after all, a Communist Thailand would absolutely prove the Domino Theory that many were already considering that was taking place in Asia. As much as she hated to say it, both Korea and Japan were in this together, her position regarding Japan was quite negative due to her family history, but she was very capable of understanding that Korea and Japan were the main bulwarks of defence against the Sino-Soviet bloc.

The minister of national defence, Kim Yong-woo was a close friend to her, after all, even if many of the ministers weren't conservatives some of them didn't like the idea of her being in the cabinet and they also disliked the idea of having a civilian manage the security of the country. They had talked earlier, before the meeting officially took place, he had expressed the same concerns she had but with a tiny twist, "I believe that the regional security lies in more countries than us and Japan, I mean, following Kennan concept of containment I firmly think that the main points of resistance are Korea, Japan, Taiwan and Thailand, our countries provide the perfect containment to the People's Republic," those had been his words and they kept ringing in her head: though she wondered why was she so focused on those issues, even if there seemed to be a conflict arising between Indochina and Thailand the relations with China were as cold as usual, not warmer, but not colder.

"President, our last month's projection is proving to be right after all, while the general situation of the people is improving our economy is suffering from this and also from the current subsidies. Electric power, water, food, housing, cultural subsidies among others are helping to uplift some of the more disadvantaged, but it is also contributing to a low sustainability within the government. The economic support from the United Nations and the United States is proving to be quite helpful to develop our economy, but along the subsidies it's being counterproductive, prices swing upwards in matter of weeks and I personally fear the inflation rates will soar higher than mount Paektu by New Year," there had been many worries regarding the budget and the state of the economy, but president Cho wasn't willing to cave in: even if he never said it, Seung-min felt he was worried about throwing the population into the Communist camp if the generous subsidies were cut off, but at this point there wasn't another choice.

Vice president Kim Kyu-sik had been absent in the last meetings, but in his place the deputy vice president had been assisting much to the dismay of people like general Kim Sik-won, he felt that Pak Hon-yong had been influencing the president's stances on many issues and he felt that the current state of the economy was also his fault. Seung-min wasn't fond of the general, he was the kind of man that believed her place was back into a house tending to her husband, not knowing that her husband had died at a Communist artillery bombardment when the war started. Even if she ignored that fact about the general, she couldn't find herself agreeing with him ever, though now she felt the same way she knew he did: Pak Hon-yong had been a rallying icon to reunite ideologically the peninsula, but he was a threat within the government, especially how vocal his support to president Cho's economic policy was, a policy that could unstabilize the entire country in the long run.


Korea SS 01.jpg

Even if the American advisors also agreed about the dangerous stance of president Cho he remained unmoved by
any opinion, in his mind he was doing the best for the population and that thought was heavily supported by
Pak Hon-yong, whose influence had been growing since Kim Kyu-sik started to be more absent.


-----------------------------------------------
Modern History: Korea. - Wade Barnett.

1957 was such an abnormal year, plagued by unexpected events and their respective outcomes that even today continue to be studied. After all, there were numerous circumstances that proved that the Cold War was such a dynamic conflict with not only two main actors, but a whole cast of players behind the scenes and the best year to prove it is 1957 due to the numerous developments that took place in the world. Ranging from local revolutions, to military take-overs, students of Korean history continue wondering if the situation that took place in the Korean Summer was unique or if it was a product of the entire lot of events that had been going on in the year.

One of the main events that took place in the year was the French military coup after the sudden assassination of the popular general Charles de Gaulle, the importance of this event is always studied by fellow historians, after all, it was the perfect example about how the Leftist unrest if left unchecked could grow to become a serious threat to a country's stability. Even to this day the French archives, regarding de Gaulle's assassination, remain classified and practically treated as a national security affair, but everyone knows the consequences of his murder. Jacques Massu, established what came to be known as the Second French Consulate, he named himself the Premier Consul of France and even if it was a triumvirate (on the paper) he basically was the sole ruler of France in the years following the Coup of May.


Algiers.jpg

The military quickly rallied to Massu's call, even if the support had been lacking in the start, after de Gaulle's death it became clear that a wider shadow was trying to engulf the French people, surprisingly enough the military coup was silently supported by the population or at least that's what many
historians believe due to the lack of a strong movilization against the "Triumvirate".

The new leadership of France acquired a foreign war on Algeria and it also positioned itself against the Soviet Union and any communist country, creating tensions inside NATO and creating a complex dilemma for the United States. Within itself, the new French Consulate clapped down against the leftist groups, parties, organizations and associations, branding them as enemies of the French people and calling them Soviet-puppets awaiting to give the country without resistance: comparisons about resistance against nazism and resistance against the Soviet influence started to be made, forging a strict vision opposed to any communist idea. However, on the other hand, the French Consulate's foreign interests also grew bigger than the ones the 4th Republic had, even being pragmatist at some moments like the support towards Cambodian and Laotian rebels through Thailand in order to weaken the "expansionist Vietnamese," as Massu called Indochina or stepping up the cooperation between France and Israel in order to counter the Egyptian position in the Middle East.

But there is one event that remains overlooked by many when thinking about this year, on March 13th, 1957 the Havana Presidential Palace attack took place; organized by the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil (Student Revolutionary Directorate) it successfully achieved the goal of murdering the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. And even if one may perceive certain disconnection from this event and others, it's important to acknowledge the way the Havana Presidential Palace attack influenced Jacques Massu's perspective. Obviously de Gaulle was not Batista, but it proved how leftist organizations were capable of carrying out complex operations against their ideological enemies: which is quite ironic since the more leftist movement within the Cuban Revolution was the Movimiento 26 de Julio (26th of July Movement) led by Fidel Castro.

The assassination on Batista was like an earthquake to the power structure within the Caribbean nation, the panic was generalized and some of the fiercest supporters of Batista fled with fear when numerous amounts of population took to the streets minutes after José Antonio Echeverría's speech on Radio Reloj ocurred. The police reacted quickly, but having enough time to end his speech and with overwhelming popular support, the police swiftly left the scene in order to avoid a certain bloodshed. News eventually reached every corner of the island, with soldiers going against their officers, other deserting to the rebels and others outrightly executing their officers and pledging new loyalties: but there was a new issue at hand too.

The Movimiento 26 de Julio and the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil had several differences, with the DRE controlling Havana it was clear that Castro would need to take a different approach regarding them, even if Ernesto "Che" Guevara was willing to compromise on some positions with the Student Revolutionary Directorate, Castro's stance was impossible to sway. Even if both movements had agreed that they had to cooperate and coordinate in order to end Batista's dictatorship, now that he was dead the gap between them suddenly grew wider. With some parts of Cuba directly under the control of Castro's movement, others pledging loyalty to the Student Revolutionary Directorate and others trying to stay between them while the situation cleared up: José Antonio Echeverría made a proposal to Castro and Guevara, they would organize a unity government while the country stabilized itself and after a certain amount of months passed (which was to be negotiated between both movements) elections would take place.

This phase of the Cuban Revolution is commonly known as the Etapa Dual or Dual Stage and it was so important that it influenced the events of France and beyond, it proved that leftist organizations willing to apply the tactic of golpeando arriba (hitting up) were capable of bringing down a tyrant along his structure of power. Even if Jacques Massu avoided to mess with the traditional American sphere-of-influence, he privately expressed his concern regarding the way the Cuban Revolution developed; "had we not stepped in, I am sure the Communists and their Soviet backers would be here in Paris right now, with us being jailed along thousands of innocents. They brought down de Gaulle, but we are not letting them destroy the nation and deliver it to Moscow."

Even if there were more situations going on all over the world, these two proved to be the most influential for some serious developments that took place in Korea. However, now that the Cuban Revolution and the Algerian Coup of 1957 have been explained, we can easily shift back to the main focus of this book. The Havana attack that ended up with Batista's death took place back in March, while the Algerian Coup ocurred on June 24th, one day before the chain of events that would be known as the Korean Summer.

President Cho had gone to Jeju Island as part of a campaign he had started, he tried to be more active regarding the uplifting of the island inhabitants. Most of the local population had suffered enough hardships in the previous years, especially during Syngman Rhee's tenure and as much as it embarrased him, president Cho had barely focused on Jeju Island; allowing it to stagnate in the reconstruction phase, since he mainly concentrated his efforts on rebuilding the northern part of the peninsula. On June 25th, while visiting a village he was suddenly approached by a mysterious man while he toured the village and met with the locals, unfortunately; this man had been a soldier in the KPA and participated in some of the most gruesome battles of the Korean War, his firm support to communism led him to shooting the president three times before he was subdued.

He gave a brief speech, condemning the Americans, Japan, the Korean government and capitalism for all the misery at Jeju Island and the tragic loss of life during the war. He was arrested and taken away from the island, however, archives disclosed in the last decade provided evidence that the background of the assassin was never cleared up, his identity lost to history. On the following hours, vice president Kim Kyu-sik was notified of president Cho's death at Jeju, however, his health had been declining since late February and he fell into comma after hearing the news (he died two days later due to a heart failure), this paved the way for the worst nightmare for many conservative and moderate Koreans: the deputy vice president (a position meant to be just ornamental) Pak Hon-yong was sworn in as the new Korean president.

The population's response was quite diverse, within the North there was some support for the new president Pak, while the South had stronger opposition against him. Chang Myon quickly rallied his few supporters against the new president, while Park Chung-hee's supporters (without his approval) also rallied to Seoul and other major cities in order to express their opposition to Pak Hon-yong. However, kilometers away from the Korean peninsula, vice president Nixon also made his move: the CIA sent a letter to the advisors on Seoul, a message directed to general Kim Sik-won; the most traditionalist members of the Hanahoe's Triumvirate.


Korea SS 02.jpg

The circumstances around president Cho's untimely and unfortunate death have been studied for years, it has also turned into a common conspiracy theory, with some alledging that the Soviet Union and China were behind it and others insisting that the Hanahoe was responsible for it, however,
to this day nothing has been openly disclosed or cleared up.


-----------------------------------------------
Well, this really took me a loooong time to write along to order in my head. I still have more material for another update (or two more) before having to make more events again, but I'm pretty sure you'll find following developments to be quite interesting.

I hope you all are fine, healthy and safe aaand... that you enjoy this update.
And as I always say :p , may take time to post, but this ain't dead, I am still planning to reach 70's. :D
 
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  • Victoria 2: Heart of Darkness
  • Rome: Vae Victis
  • Hearts of Iron III Collection
  • Cities: Skylines
  • Europa Universalis III: Collection
  • Europa Universalis IV: El Dorado
  • Europa Universalis IV: Pre-order
  • Europa Universalis: Rome Collectors Edition
  • Mount & Blade: Warband
  • Crusader Kings II: Way of Life
  • Europa Universalis IV: Common Sense
  • Crusader Kings II: Horse Lords
  • Cities: Skylines - After Dark
  • Europa Universalis IV: Cossacks
  • Europa Universalis 4: Emperor
  • Darkest Hour
  • Arsenal of Democracy
  • Hearts of Iron II: Armageddon
  • Cities in Motion
  • Crusader Kings II
  • Crusader Kings II: Charlemagne
  • Crusader Kings II: Legacy of Rome
  • Crusader Kings II: The Old Gods
  • Crusader Kings II: Rajas of India
  • Crusader Kings II: The Republic
  • Crusader Kings II: Sons of Abraham
  • Crusader Kings II: Sunset Invasion
  • Crusader Kings II: Sword of Islam
  • Deus Vult
  • Europa Universalis III
  • Europa Universalis III: Chronicles
  • Europa Universalis IV: Art of War
  • Europa Universalis IV: Conquest of Paradise
  • Europa Universalis IV: Wealth of Nations
  • Europa Universalis IV: Call to arms event
  • For The Glory
  • For the Motherland
  • Hearts of Iron III
Quite a bit of assassination going on. Which is a bit inconsiderate really :D