A Comprehensive Overhaul of the Horn of Africa (Map)

A Comprehensive Overhaul of the Horn of Africa (Map)

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ajsieg

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View in it a Google Doc! https://docs.google.com/document/d/12waWd1D7KqDxln11qi_2-L2ZNTw1ZaRW7EyDSfCXXWI/edit

I would to start off this post by thanking a few people who gave a lot of support & advice, including @Sgtwolf00, as well as a few friends who don’t partake on the forums (They know who they are :p).

It has been a goal of mine for over a year to revamp the Horn of Africa in Eu4, but for a while it was really hard to do. Sources are hard to find, and many mentioned obscure places or countries that Google would be confused by the things in the you put in the search bar. However over the months I began to acquire a trio of books, along with countless online sources, to finally create a better representation of the history of the region. So I present to the forum an update to the Horn of Africa.

Before I get started, I would like to mention a few things. The first is that there will be numbers that will appear along this post. These will be footnotes that will include disclaimers, clarifications, and some trivia (Please make sure you read them!). Second, this is just my opinion, and you’re free to disagree on the setup I have created or you’re welcome to provide more info or suggestions :), Finally, this is my take on this region, and I am not a certified expert on the region. With that being said, let’s dive right in!

Sources:

Allow me to present to ‘Holy Trinity’ of my sources:


The 3 books that I have hard copies of are as followed:
The Shaping of Somali Society, by Lee Cassanelli.

The Oromo & the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia: 1300-1700, by Mohammed Hassen.

An Introduction to the Economic History of Ethiopia: From Earliest Times to 1800, by Richard Pankhurst.
Not only that, but I have a giant list of sources that I’ve found online or in actual book form, they are as followed (Get Ready):

The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, by Douglas Jardine (Hardcopy)1

http://dspace-roma3.caspur.it/bitstream/2307/2183/1/Historical dictionary of Somalia by Margaret Castagno.pdf Historical Dictionary of Somalia (PDF)

http://shcas.shnu.edu.cn/_upload/ar...d4e2/7b2a673e-fa6e-4c1b-835d-2eb34c65098e.pdf Historical Dictionary of Somalia, New Edition (PDF)

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/231877480_The_Origins_of_the_Galla_and_somali The Origin of the Galla and the Somali (Research Paper)

https://books.google.com/books?id=tPVBAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA14&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false Through the Jubaland to the Lorian Swamp (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=HpnyBhPnlaQC&pg=PA1&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false The Unknown Horn of Africa (Google Books)

https://play.google.com/books/reade...c=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA254 Journal of the Royal Geographic Society Volume 13, Page 254 (Google Books)

https://play.google.com/books/reade...sec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA7 Jubaland and the Northern Frontier District (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=W...XsAAw0Q6AEIMjAD#v=onepage&q=gerloguby&f=false Proceedings of the Royal Geographic Society, Volume 7 (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=j...HXEwCOsQ6AEILTAC#v=onepage&q=warandab&f=false With the Abyssinians in Somaliland (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=fvAABAAAQBAJ&pg=PA74&lpg=PA74&dq=futa+benadir&source=bl&ots=ob1gU-8-bt&sig=HPd0WErLdv-ktmbNNW6Sb0J-jco&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjhg7OQ0dPcAhWF5oMKHf_tA2cQ6AEwD3oECAAQAQ#v=onepage&q=futa benadir&f=false Climate Change Adapatation in Africa: An Historical Ecology (Google Books)
Herder Warfare in East Africa, by Gufu Oba (Hardcopy)

http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/drought/docs/Borana and Gabra traditional resource governance.pdf Borana Traditional Governance System (PDF)


Gada Theories & Practices Part 1/2/3 (PDF):

http://ayyaantuu.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Gada-Theory-and-Practices_PDF1-1.pdf

https://www.zehabesha.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Gada-Theory-and-Practices_Part-two2.pdf

https://www.zehabesha.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Gada-Theory-and-practices_Part-3-1.pdf

https://odaakoo.wordpress.com/2012/...mocracy-and-the-symbol-of-oromo-civilization/ Gadaa: An Oromo Democracy (Website)

https://oromocommentary.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/odaa-nabee-in-oromo-oral-tradition.pdf Odaa Nabee in Oromo Oral Tradition (PDF)

http://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1005&context=utk_socopubs Oromo Peoplehood: Historical & Cultural Overview (PDF)

https://hornaffairs.com/2016/12/01/description-oromo-gada-system/ What is Oromo’s Gada System? (Website)

http://www.gadaa.com/religion.html Oromia and the Oromo People (Website)

https://www.researchgate.net/public...f_Tajoo_among_Waayyuu_Oromo_of_Arsii_Ethiopia The Indigenous Oromo Peacemaking Ritual: The Case of Tajoo among Waayyuu Oromo of Arsii Ethiopia (Research Paper)

https://research.vu.nl/ws/portalfiles/portal/42153299 Ethnicity and Local Identity in the Folklore of the Southwestern Oromo of Ethiopia: a Comparative Study (PDF)

https://www.omicsonline.org/open-ac...rest-and-water-in-focus-2157-7625-1000181.pdf Oromo Indigenous Knowledge and Practices in Natural Resources Management: Land, Forest, and Water in Focus (PDF)

https://www.researchgate.net/public...h_of_Natural_Space_in_Oromo_Religion_Ethiopia Sacred Forest: Understanding the Cultural and Environmental Worth of Natural Space in Oromo Religion, Ethiopia (PDF)

http://machatulama.net/oromo-economy/ Oromo Economy (Website)

https://zelalemkibret.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/jos-volume-12-numbers-12-2005.pdf The Journal of Oromo Studies, Volume 12 (PDF)

https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/gada-s...tic-socio-political-system-of-the-oromo-01164 Gada System, an Indigenous Democratic Socio-Political System of the Oromo (Website)

https://www.opride.com/2009/10/02/o...liday-and-preserve-the-hora-arsadi-sanctuary/ Make Irreechaa an Offical Holiday and Preserve the Hora Arsadi Sanctuary (Website)2

https://books.google.com/books?id=pHJtwxeFchsC&pg=PA15&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false The Gabra: Camel Nomads of Northern Kenya (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=3SE65P2Aj_wC&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=economy+of+the+kingdom+of+jimma&source=bl&ots=5_H5lQrA1c&sig=Dn-bv9jggtZr4GEgTu1-7i-FebA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiW6Kzug47aAhVIrVkKHSjDBeYQ6AEIbzAI#v=onepage&q=economy of the kingdom of jimma&f=false Jimma Abba Jifar: An Oromo Monarchy (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=0TtmAQAAQBAJ&pg=PT61&dq=Odaa+Bisil&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjil-TJgIPaAhUCpYMKHauCAycQ6AEIMDAC#v=onepage&q=Odaa Bisil&f=false Integration and Peace in East Africa: A History of the Oromo Nation (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=Mvg0AQAAIAAJ&pg=PA522&lpg=PA522&dq=makangoni&source=bl&ots=m4HeJ-SszB&sig=Sj6HblIkMRBt4XZ3nU2TLA0d1xI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjOmNO0jrrbAhWHwVQKHe60C0QQ6AEITTAJ#v=onepage&q=Oda Doki&f=false Proceedings of the Royal Geographic Society and Monthly Record, Volume 14 (Google Books)

http://www.hdm.lth.se/fileadmin/hdm...u_Tola_Kenea_Sheikh_Hussein_Heritage_Site.pdf The Conservation of Dirre Sheikh Hussein Heritage Site (Research Paper)

http://gadaa.com/OromoStudies/wp-co...sOfOdaaWithSpecialReferenceToWalaabuu2013.pdf Historical Significanes of Odaa with Special Reference to Walaabuu (Research Paper)
https://tezetaethiopia.wordpress.com/2005/06/01/the-chronicle-of-the-emperor-zara-yaqob-1434-1468/ The Chronicle of the Emperor Zara Yaqob (1434-1468) (Website)

https://www.persee.fr/doc/ethio_0066-2127_2007_num_23_1_1514 Some Notes on the Great Walls of Wolayta & Dawro (Research Paper)

http://etd.fcla.edu/UF/UFE0008344/kimura_b.pdf An Archaelogial Investigation into the History and Sociopolitical Organization of Konso, Southern Ethiopia (PDF)3

https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1333 Konso Cultural Landscape (Website)

https://www.persee.fr/doc/ethio_0066-2127_2004_num_20_1_1073 Traditional Konso Culture and the Missionary Impact (Research Paper)

https://www.persee.fr/doc/ethio_0066-2127_2014_num_29_1_1559 Evolution and Organisation of the Ç̌äwa Military Regiments in Medieval Ethiopia (Research Paper)

http://www.janestudies.org/drupal-j...NES_no14(2010)_Yamasue&Murahashi&Ishihara.pdf Traditional Steelmaking in Southwestern Ethiopia: A Metallurgical Analysis (Research Paper)

https://play.google.com/books/reade...sec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA3 Historical Accounts of Discoveries and Travels in Africa (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=QlRtgy0QAKkC&pg=PA268&lpg=PA268&dq=port+mornington+egypt&source=bl&ots=L3oE9u75g0&sig=p8hBX0KJ_g2a-LpnCAO9y8OK308&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj8r9PFmOfZAhVPX60KHaOAAgQQ6AEIRzAD#v=snippet&q=Port mornington&f=false Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=ctJYAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA499&lpg=PA499&dq=mirza+mumbarack&source=bl&ots=xxfoqH3H10&sig=-Ole44Bh7aoHUbadjNkd8ZaU6jc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiV4t-B6aPcAhWIxYMKHb7PAnsQ6AEIXDAO#v=onepage&q=mirza mumbarack&f=false India Directory, Or Directions for Sailing to and from the East (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=g...HY6zAL0Q6AEIMjAD#v=onepage&q=wambarya&f=false Some Record of Ethiopia, 1593-1646 (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=qbmJ3th8ZNoC&pg=PA82&lpg=PA82&dq=kingdom+of+kaffa+cotton&source=bl&ots=iWGUGcM7WO&sig=2sH3jygGiGkVVdI8KQQrWa7Nsao&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj_5Yyx_I3aAhWQslkKHSpmATMQ6AEIUjAJ#v=onepage&q=kingdom of kaffa cotton&f=false Peripheral People: The Excluded Minorities of Ethiopia (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=l...HawmCTYQ6AEIazAO#v=onepage&q=cinnabar&f=false The Story of Däräsge Maryam (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=z...aAhVQxVkKHcf-BjcQ6AEIPTAC#v=onepage&q&f=false The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=K...zzAo0Q6AEIKTAB#v=onepage&q=Amba-Nahad&f=false A History of Ethiopia: Volume I (Routledge Revivals): Nubia and Abyssinia (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=54YZtJQB10cC&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=jewish+resistance+during+zara+yaqob&source=bl&ots=4ZdZJya8_V&sig=2rOt6jzNlNcaWoWeu8vdrmuhA2A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi3xLuP0uTaAhWGzIMKHbBRD9wQ6AEIbzAK#v=onepage&q=jewish resistance during zara yaqob&f=false The Falashas: A Short History of the Ethiopian Jews (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=q3mx8aAo6x0C&pg=PA543&lpg=PA543&dq=danakil+sultanate&source=bl&ots=FnI3OZgGke&sig=oXdRYtNmftUQJWBuATtrvI0SXok&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi6jr2czq3bAhVSHjQIHX4SBwEQ6AEIeDAK#v=onepage&q=danakil sultanate&f=false The Cambridge History of Africa, Volume 4 (Google Books)

https://books.google.com/books?id=E...QIHWyNAfoQ6AEIYjAJ#v=onepage&q=dahlak&f=false The Prester John of the Indies (Google Books)

http://nai.uu.se/library/resources/thematicresources/local_history_of_ethiopia/ Local History in Ethiopia (collection of PDFs)

https://everythingharar.com/e-reading/books/harari-authors/450-history-of-harar-and-the-hararis The History of Harar and The Hararis (PDF)


Basic Overview:

This update adds 91 provinces4, 6 of which include wastelands. This update was designed to
buff the region as well as providing a better representation for some of the events of the region. It also opened up the Urgoma Wastelands & Kenya, providing some representation for the Oromo (Apparently I messed up Damot's leader/title. Whoops :confused:).

I will be going through each part of the region and describing what changes I made and what was the goal in updating the map. Please note all Flags for Tags are not set in stone, and are ‘Placeholders’ for a better one to be found/made. First, we will start with a simple one: Medri Bahri!5

Medri Bahri:

My goals with Medri Bahri was too give the country more power/development, as well as represent some of the regions that vanilla doesn’t give. Medri Bahri had a lot of interactions with their southern neighbor, and while sources are unclear, it seems that the Ethiopian Monarchy considers them a subject and would rule over them before the Turks arrived. Finally, I wanted to give the coast a lot more importance, as Massawa and Arkiko were the primary breadwinner of the country so to speak with their ports.


Province Additions/Changes:
Tokur (Mamluks) 1/1/1 Slaves
Mirza Mumbarack (Medri Bahri) 1/1/1 Wool
Asmara (Medri Bahri) 2/1/1 Grain
Serae (Medri Bahri)6 2/2/1 Grain
Arkiko (Medri Bahri) 4/4/1 Livestock
Dahlak (Dahlak)7 2/3/2 Gems
Massawa (Medri Bahri) 4/4/2 Cloth

New Tag(s):
Dahlak - In 1444, Dahlak was an important group of islands that held competition over Massawa and the coastline. Founded by Yemeni exiles, the islands would soon become subject by Yemen and sometimes by Ethiopia. However, the islands had already begun a long decline that ends with a Portuguese raid of the islands, and a Turkish Occupation.

Danakil:


The coast has been heavily dotted with provinces, as the various powers in the region would control many of the towns/ports during this period. It also allows them to become important if a foreign power takes over the major cities up north or if a European buys one of the many ports.8 Salt bars, called Amoleh, was a major currency for the Ethiopian Highlands, and since the Danakil was the biggest source, these inland provinces were made instead of just making it a wasteland.


Province Additions/Changes:
Amphilia (Adal) 1/1/1 Fish
Edd (Adal) 1/1/2 Wool
Beilul (Adal) 2/2/1 Livestock
Arho (Danakil) 1/3/1 Salt9
Raiheita (Danakil) 1/1/1 Salt
Afar Depression (Wasteland)

New Tag(s):

Danakil10 - An Ethiopia Vassal that was the center of salt for its master. While the ruler submitted to the Solomonic Lion, the vassal soon expanded to encompass many of the ports on the coast, allowing both them and Ethiopia to trade through there. The vassal would really remain throughout the period, as sources don’t say much other than that Beilul would be a major port for the Ethiopians, which implies either direct control or a vassal that still existed.

Northern Ethiopia/Lake Tana:

Since I’ve changed Ethiopia so much, I’m going to break it in 3 small chunks for more convenience/more focus for discussion. With any change to Ethiopia, the question that usually comes up is if the person the Semien (Falashan) revolt should be a nation or a stack of rebels. My thoughts: It is not worthy for Semien to exist because any source I found on this revolt mentions no King Gideon V, but the leaders of the revolt that were mentioned are the governor of Semien, Salamt, and a third person that didn’t have a title mentioned. The revolt took so long to be put down that Zara Yaqob’s heir (Baeda Maryam) was ruling when it was put down. So to lengthen the potential revolt, I have given them the province of Salamt, and two stacks of rebels should be made, where both stacks have a leader in accordance with the rebel leaders (Note that the rebels will be bigger than what is in the screenshot). I’ve also removed Semien cores on Aksum so that the rebels focus on the more historical area of Dembiya & Begemder. Whether or not these changes makes Semien always become independent, I don’t know because the mod crashes on Day 2, so yeah. Like I said earlier, Semien doesn’t have enough going for it to be independent, unless Ethiopia is displayed in a different way (See ‘Optional Ideas’).

Moving on, the North is mainly revolved around Tigre, and after Gragn’s Jihad, would be one of the backbones of the Ethiopian Economy. Over on the other side the Ras el Fil area, the border region between Ethiopia and in the future Sennar, is a area that was pretty rural but I have put it in as a sort of buffer area, protecting the much richer Lake Tana (also Chilga would actually become a decent-sized city in the latter half of the game’s period). Along with one of my favorite areas, Lake Tana was another important place during the period. Dancaz was an important capital used by Susenyos before the founding of Gonder (where Imfraz is), was the place where Ahmad Gragn was killed, and is a rich region of varying goods. Karoota is home to only province in the region to have wine.11 Imfraz, while producing grain, also has plantations of sugar & incense to expand when Gonder is founded. While slightly underdeveloped, the region would boom and be the political center of the Empire. I surrounded the Lake with important places as said above and pushed Gojjam a little south to make room. I’ve expanded the trade goods to provide something different from the endless grain and cows.


Province Additions/Changes:

Aksum (Ethiopia) 4/4/2 Iron
Adigrat (Ethiopia) 2/2/2 Dyes
Dobe’a (Ethiopia) 3/2/2 Livestock
Imfraz (Ethiopia) 5/5/2 Grain [Semien Core]
Salamt (Semien Rebels/Ethiopia) 2/2/1 Slaves [Semien Core]
Chilga (Ethiopia) 1/1/1 Slaves [Semien Core]
Tambisso (Ethiopia) 2/2/1 Cotton [Semien Core]
Begemder (Ethiopia) 4/3/3 Iron [Semien Core]
Banja (Ethiopia) 1/1/1 Livestock

Central Ethiopia:


Zar’a Yaqob and the situation in 1444 is very, very complicated. While the basic situation is somewhat portrayed in vanilla, a lot of minor details our, understandably, left out. However I think the region could really use some of the more important details in order to portray that the reason Ethiopia is actually quite a powerhouse in 1444 is because of Zar’a Yaqob. There’s so much to talk about: the split within the Ethiopian church, his reorganization of the empire, and the Hadiyan revolt. Once he dies, his heirs just don’t reach as high as he did and Ethiopia began to slowly decline. Furthermore, all these new provinces come with high autonomy, as a way to limit Ethiopia’s power in the beginning & the Emperor’s goal was to acquire more control of the country, though he never fully succeeded and his heirs failed in that department as well.


Central Ethiopia boasts a host of new changes, including new regions represented in the provinces as well as Damot in order to be a little more fleshed out (props to Paradox for their Damot. They did a great job. :D). I’ve renamed Agew to Agawmeder, as was the name of the actual province. Before the Wollo Oromo settled in their current area, the province was called Lakomalza so I’ve renamed it to that. Shewa has been broken up to allow more historical regions in the area. While no new tags, this region is one of the more low developed areas but a main center for Ethiopia, having less autonomy & unrest. My goal was to make this area the main center for the player, as it historically was until the Northern provinces took over that role after Gragn’s Jihad.


Provinces Changes/Additions:
Gojjam (Ethiopia) 3/3/3 Cloth
Wambarya (Ethiopia) 1/1/1 Livestock
Lakomalza (Ethiopia) 1/2/1 Grain
Maya (Ethiopia) 1/1/2 Livestock
Fatagar (Ethiopia) 2/2/1 Grain
Gilgil Beles (Damot) 2/2/2 Slaves

Adal:


Adal in Eu4 is almost pathetically weak. It rarely evers stands up to Ethiopia and its mini vassal swarm, including its development. So I went and increased Adal’s development more so than other areas (See Danakil). The center of Adal’s power has received a big boost to its provinces, adding Dakkar as the capital of Adal in 1444 (would later move to Harer). Others include a town along the major trade route of Harer, Gildessa, and making Djibouti 2 provinces. It’s with hope that Adal can stand up for itself, including new events that I’m designing (topic for another day =D).


Province Changes/Additions:
Arta (Adal) 1/1/1 Livestock
Gildessa (Adal) 2/2/2 Livestock
Dakkar (Adal) 4/3/3 Livestock
Balee/Bali (Ethiopia) 2/2/2 Grain
Bale (Adal) 3/3/2 Salt
Afar Depression (Wasteland)


New Tags:
Gadabuursi: A tag that can be revolted from Hargeisa & Degehabur, the Gadabuursi were a powerful clan in the ‘Adalite’ group so to speak. When Adal collapsed & transformed in to Aussa & Harer, the Gadabuursi took over the eastern parts & enjoyed independence until conflict with the British would finally caused them to collapse.

Southern Ethiopia/Kaffa:



Southern Ethiopia is the big unknown region in the Eu4 timeframe. While Dawaro & Bale is well understood due to Ethiopian influence, the area in the southwest leaves little records of the Omotic kingdoms/peoples. As a result my take was to find mentions of these peoples and use them to expand upon the existing tags. These include the Anfillo12/Gosa kingdoms, and since they were basically influenced by Ennarea, they were incorporated under that tag. Likewise Hadiya & Welayta13 received an expansion based on this principle. Kaffa received a big boost, doubling its provinces and a big boost to development adding the historical city of Bonga & Hirmata (now known as Jimma). Finally to the south, the nation of Konso has been added, boasting a long history of its fortified villages, and would survive the Oromo invasions and live until the conquest of Menelik II, like Kaffa.


Province Changes/Additions:
Welayta (Welayta) 3/3/3 Cloth
Anfillo (Ennarea) 2/2/2 Slaves
Gosa (Ennarea) 1/1/2 Slaves
Kambaata (Hadiya) 1/1/2 Grain
Halala (Welayta) 2/2/1 Coffee
Hirmata14 (Kaffa) 3/3/2 Spices
Bonga (Kaffa) 3/3/3 Cotton
Konso (Konso) 5/5/2 Cloth
Ethiopian Highlands (Wasteland)

New Tag(s):
Konso - Governed by a temporary council, the Mora, the Konso lives relatively isolated from its neighbors15. Mostly involved with the Luuq trade route, these people has a system of government similar to the Oromo Gada System, and had a well society. While still obscure, the Konso is one the most described peoples in the region, thus in my eyes deserved to be placed in the Eu4 Battle Royale.

Ogaden:


While colonizable provinces in Eu4, I felt that with the additions of tags to the southwest and the updated provinces in the desert, leaving them unoccupied felt wrong, so I gave them a tag! Ogaadeen is the tribe inhabiting the desert between Ethiopia & Somalia, and while not as centralized as the other nations, still represented an area that connects both sides by the way of trade. These provinces reflect the historical trade routes connecting the two areas of the Horn. Dolo (previously Afder) & Limey connect to Ethiopia, while the trade routes, including the Wadaa Arnot road connects to Adal by the way of Gerloguby & Sesabane (previously Ogaden). While not involved in the area, it is worth mentioning Qalaafe (Kelafo) as the birthplace of the Ajuuraan Sultanate (more on that later).

Province Additions/Changes:
Sesabane (Ogaadeen) 3/3/1 Incense
Warandab (Ogaadeen) 2/1/1 Incense
Gerloguby (Ogaadeen) 2/2/1 Incense
Faf (Ogaadeen) 1/1/2 Incense
Dolo (Ogaadeen) 2/2/2 Grain
Limey (Ogaadeen) 2/1/2 Livestock
Qalaafe (Ajuuraan) 3/3/2 Grain
Geladi (Marehan) 1/1/1 Livestock

New Tag(s):
Ogaadeen - A tag to represent the various tribes under the Ogaden name, including the fearsome Dhulbahante, known for their raids & horsemen. Although they control a sizeable territory, their western neighbor, the Barentu & Borama, would eventually control Dolo & Limey, and Ogaadeen would eventually fall into irrelevance until the conquest of Menelik II.

Northern Somalia:


The simplest update, this region is historically not as important in 1444. While the north is well off, the eastern coast has more to be desired. The biggest addition is the Ogo Mountains, which completely cuts off the coast from the inland, with the exception of the pass at Sanaag. Also note that Sool replaces Togdheer, which is now the name of the area for that province.

Province Changes/Additions:
Alula (Marehan) 5/5/2 Gems
Eyl (Marehan) 2/1/1 Fish
Burco (Warsangali) 2/2/1 Livestock
Bohotle (Warsangali) 1/2/1 Grain
Sool (Warsangali) 1/2/1 Slaves
Ogo Mountains (Wasteland)

Southern Somalia:


The densest area of provinces, the southern area was solidly under the thumb of the Ajuuraan. A few of these provinces are added to give a better historical representation of the Ajuuraan, like Qalaafe, Garbahare (formerly Bardera, as that wasn’t founded until 1821), & Ceel Cawl, the place where the collapse of the Ajuuraan began. Development of these new provinces is very low, and some of the old provinces have their development lowered. However in order to emphasize the bigger cities like Merca, Mogadishu, & Luuq, development has been ‘moved’ to them. As of right now the numbers aren’t perfect and tweaking is still in progress (autonomy should be added in order to balance them more). Geledi & Hobyo have received a host of new cores, thereby allowing Ajuuraan to be broken up more efficiently.

Somalia’s history is very hard to gather. Alot comes from legends & storytellers, however what’s fact or myth is hard to decipher. The biggest question is what amount of control of did the Ajuuraan have. The main reason their capital is at Merca is because they were keeping an eye on their recent conquests in the south. Many clans seemed to have their autonomy as well, with clan migrations taking places all over the region. To me it seems that controlling the major wells in Southern Somalia was the real reason the Ajuuraan had power, but what lands the clans had seems to have been less absolute. In short, in order to convey the Ajuuraan, making them the biggest power would make historical sense, but they wouldn’t be able to rapidly expand because they would implode due to the whole clan system.

Province Additions/Changes:
Hobyo (Ajuuraan) 3/3/1 Grain16
Merca (Ajuuraan) 4/4/2 Naval Supplies
Rasini (Ajuuraan) 2/1/1 Fish
Shimbirleh (Ajuuraan)17 1/1/1 Livestock
Jilib (Ajuuraan) 1/1/1 Grain
Garbahare (Ajuuraan) 1/2/1 Cotton
Bu’ale (Ajuuraan) 1/1/1 Livestock
Baidoa (Ajuuraan) 2/1/1 Livestock
Burr Hakaba (Ajuuraan) 2/2/1 Livestock
Lafoole (Ajuuraan) 2/1/1 Grain
Ellow (Ajuuraan) 1/1/1 Livestock
Jebed Wacdaan (Ajuuraan) 1/1/2 Grain
Ceel Cawl (Ajuuraan) 2/1/1 Livestock
Mogadishu (Mogadishu) 6/6/4 Cloth
Cadale (Mogadishu) 2/2/1 Fish
Afmadu (Borana) 1/1/2 Grain
El Wak (Borana) 2/2/1 Livestock
Luuq (Gasaaragude) 5/5/4 Ivory
Xuddur (Gasaaragude) 1/1/1 Grain
Tayeeglow (Gasaaragude) 2/1/1 Livestock
Buur Heybe (Eyle) 2/2/1 Livestock

New Tags:

Gasaaragude - Controller of Luuq, the state was founded by Aw Maadow, who expanded the realm from Luuq, to control the towns of Xuddur & Tayeeglow. After his death in 1435, his eldest son took over. However Liibaan, as he was named, was inadequate to deal to rule and soon his uncle revolted, plunging the country into a long civil war.18 Even after that, the dynasty Maadow left would rule well into the 19th Century. It’s likely that the Ajuuraan vassalized them left them as an autonomous entity.

Eyle - A group of Somalis considered inferior to other clans. Constantly bullied & harassed, these people would find shelter in the inselberg of Buur Heybe, a major source of pottery. While insignificant, there one claim to fame lies in a semi-mythical ruler of Gedi Ababo. Rallying them at Buur Heybe, he managed to defeat the Ajuuraan and defend against them. Whatever happened after that or even his death is unknown, but it is likely that they were incorporated into the fold soon after.

Silcis - A revolter tag, the Silcis clan were notable when the Ajuuraan gave them vassalship of Afgooye (known as Lama Jiidle at the time). Whether it was due to the weakening influence of the Ajuran or the Silcis gained more power, the Silcis would rule for a short time until the Geledi overthrew them and successfully achieved independence.

Oromia:


East Africa can’t be completed without the Oromo in 1444. When starting this project I never thought the Oromo to be of any importance besides that one event chain. However, they were much more important. They developed a well-layered democratic system. Their main centers in Southern Ethiopia like Mormor were highly populated and were the centers for their culture. Migrations in Kenya expanded the Borana and provided a home for the Orma (See later). Oromo even had a presence in Somalia where they would be a point of conflict. I expanded the Kenyan Region to include some of the important regions like the Lorian Swamp & and Southern Ethiopia has been opened to include the many Oromo in play in the region. The most notable clans during this time were the Borana, Barentu, & Orma, their provinces are the most detailed. The Guji & Gedeo are there to fill the space in that area, but are involved slightly in the Oromo Expansions. The Gabra are the odd one out, with a long history residing at Lake Turkana, but doing nothing of note. I won’t be writing much about the Oromo because I describe them already with the above description.

Province Additions/Changes:
Harro Walabu (Gedeo) 2/2/2 Coffee
Tulu Walal (Guji) 4/4/2 Grain
Oda Roba (Barentu) 3/2/2 Livestock
Fugug (Barentu) 3/3/3 Livestock
Madda Waallaabuu (Barentu) 5/5/3 Livestock
Stephanie (Gabra) 2/1/1 Grain
Gabra (Gabra) 3/2/2 Livestock
Chalbi (Gabra) 2/2/1 Livestock
Mormor (Borana) 4/4/4 Coffee
Tulu Nama Duri (Borana) 3/3/3 Livestock
Harro Gerjjaa (Borana) 3/2/2 Grain
Urgoma (Borana) 4/3/3 Salt
Sakunye (Borana) 1/1/1 Livestock
Maathinle (Borana) 1/1/1 Livestock
Wajir (Borana) 2/2/2 Ivory
Lorian (Borana) 2/2/2 Ivory
Jeldez19 (Borana) 2/2/1 Ivory
Wel Garas (Borana) 2/1/1 Livestock

New Tags:

Borana - When you think of the Oromo, this is one of the 2 that are the most known. Composed of two subgroup clans, this nation was the founder of the Gada system, led the way for the Oromo invasion to the north, & successfully managed to keep it’s own even after the Oromos started to decline nation-wise.


Barentu - The other Oromo clan that’s well-known, the Barentu are the ones who toppled Harar, & migrated the farthest north, with the Wollo settling in its present day region. While not as powerful as the Borana, they would be almost tied to each other in the invasion, until the Oromo clans would start fighting each other, effectively shooting themselves in the foot, as that unity was a key reason the Oromo managed to overwhelm the Solomonids.


Gabra - Known as the ‘Little Brother’, the Gabra were settled along Lake Turkana, establishing wells & raising livestock. Using the camel, these people would live in an harsh environment peacefully, doing nothing in terms of conquest of their neighbors.


Gedeo - A mix of Oromo & Omotic, the Gedeo are technically Omotic, but claim descendance from Oromo myths & speak a language similar to other Oromo languages. Residing in one of the homelands of the Oromo (although there’s no ‘homeland’ assigned to them that I can find), these people would be like the Gabra, doing little of note, but made a great tag in the area.


Guji - Like the Gedeo, they did little of note, but reside in a fertile valley. Residing in another homeland, the Guji are the most important ‘minor clan’, and had there own unique way of the Oromo culture.

Southern Oromia:


Originating from Tulu Nama Duri, the Orma migrated to the Tana River Valley in search of their new home. From here the Orma would be unique in that they would be focused on the interactions within the Swahili kingdoms and the nomads of Maasai & others. Orma’s provinces reflect their inner clan divisions, as well as important sites. Kitumbini was the stronghold blocking Swahilis & Somalis from entering their territory, and would do that until the 1870’s. In the South I took the opportunity to update Malindi a little, adding Gedi as an addition & Ashakabobo, a lake that marked the boundary of Swahili Influence. Note that his area is the most subject to change20.

Province Additions/Changes:
Orma (Orma) 4/4/2 Ivory
Munyo (Orma) 2/2/2 Ivory
Waata (Orma) 2/2/1 Livestock
Kitumbini (Orma) 3/3/2 Ivory
Ashakabobo (Malindi) 1/1/2 Slaves
Gedi (Malindi) 3/3/1 Fish

New Tag(s):

Orma - The farthest south, these people would migrate from Northern Kenya, eventually settling in the Garissa River valley. There this group would become the most dominant force in the area. It would threaten the Swahili Kingdoms, hold against the tribal societies west of them, & would fight against the Somalis until they were toppled by a combined force of their enemies in the 1870’s, long after this time period.



Other Maps:
Religion:

A third Jewish province was added (Salamt), and Sunni was expanded into Ethiopia to account for the regions that Ethiopia hasn’t fully incorporated. The Oromo are Fetishist currently as right now the Cult of Waaq fits, but I really believe that Waaq should be its own religion. However I don’t have the modding capabilities to make it yet, but I do plan on designing it.

Culture:





Culture has split into 3 parts: Oromo, Somali, & Cushitic. Each are divided based on clans or peoples. Please not cultures are not final, & are still subject to change.

Trade Goods:


Simple Terrain:



Trade:


A third trade node (Luuq) was added for a few reasons. The first is that a major trade existed between Borana/Konso & Luuq, which would flow into the Benadir Coast. This also includes interactions with Orma & the Swahili States. Second is that the new provinces made the Ethiopia Trade node way too big. Because of the trade node update for this region in Dharma, I propose the following setup:

Either:

Ethiopia -> Luuq -> Gulf of Aden

-> Zanzibar

Or

Luuq -> Gulf of Aden

-> Zanzibar


That way a nation can flow from Ethiopia to Zanzibar if they controlled the inland, or a nation like Ajuuraan can flow the inland trade to the Gulf of Aden.

Optional Changes:
  • Make Tributaries available to Empires, or some other way for Ethiopia to have tributaries, as that was a big case for the Solomonids. Areas like Gojjam would pay tribute, as well as neighboring countries. In 1444, Ennarea & Janjero are tributaries to Ethiopia, but eventually they would be more independent when Ethiopia would retreat due to inner conflicts/Gragn’s Jihad.

  • The opening setup.can be changed to be more of a Timurid approach: Have a bunch of vassals. Since Ethiopia was decentralized areas like Tigre & Begemder would be vassals. However this really only works in the 1700’s, where power was split between the government & vassals. Semien would be released and would start at war with Ethiopia.
Dynamic Province Names:

Oromo:

Lakomalza: Wollo
Assela: Arsi
Amhara: Rayyaa
Agawmeder: Arusi Mikael or Jaawwii
Ennarea/Illubabor: Sappa
Hirmata: Jimma
Gosa: Caato
Gilgil Beles: Tullu Wallel/Wallegga
Damot: Naqamte or Komtoo
Bale: Qaqama
Dawaro: Andourah
Maya: Ulla Maya
Gojjam: Ilmansa Densa
Wambarya: Wanbara
Shewa: Bishoftuu or Hora Arsadi
Gildessa: Garbii Guuraa
Damot: Oda Bisil
Harar: Oda Bultum
Dolo: Oda el Dallo
Asosa: Oda Bulluq
Welayta: Oda Garres
Ankober: Oda Makoodi
Fatagar: Odaa Nabee
Balee: Annajina
Sidamo: Meda Welabu
Afmadu: El Amaadu
Garbahare: Dadacha Waar Abbo
Stephanie: Chew Bahir


Somali:

Harar: Gey
Zeila: Seylac
Gildessa: Jaldessa
Hargeisa: Hargeysa
Degehabur: Dhagaxbuur
Dawaro: Jaarso
Balee: Shumbura Kouri
Tajura: Tajuura
Arta: Carta or Cali Sabiix
Las Khorey: Laasqoray
Bosaso: Boosaaso
Berbera: Barbara
Sanaag: Mait
Bohotle: Buuhoodle
Sool: Taleex
Alula: Caalula
Galkayo: Gaalkacyo
Hafun: Xaafun
Werder: Wardheer
Meregh: Mareeg
Barawa: Baraawe
Merca: Marka
Mogadishu: Xamar
Warsheik: Warsheekh
Kismayo: Kismaayo
El Buur: Ceelbuur
Beledweyne: Beletweeyne
Baidoa: Baydhabo
Garbahare: Garbahaarreey
Afgooye: Lama Jiidle
Afmadu: Afmadoow
El Wak: Ceel Waaq
Wajir: Wajeer


Province City Changes:
Angot: Qacheno
Mora: Dobo


Conclusion/Footnotes:

This post is just about updating the map, with new tags & provinces. All the intricate stuff is for another time. I know there will be some questions so I will say this: My view is that the region needs a boost in general. The boost should be moderate, but obviously not overpowered. If you feel that my suggestion is way too much in terms of its boost, I would to hear what exactly is wrong and the feedback would be appreciated. The last thing I want to is tack on the footnotes and thank you for reading!

  1. While biased, my main purpose for this book was the geography of Ogaden & Northern Somalia.
  2. Mostly used for event designing & place names.
  3. The Konso are basically a mix of Omotic & Oromo peoples in terms of their culture. Thus it’s really hard to place in one group. For the game’s purpose, it will be a mix of both (Treated as Sidamo but their government is similar to the Oromo).
  4. While sounds a lot, many are spread out (many of them are in Kenya which I opened up). & efforts have been taken to prevent development from being too high.
  5. Medri Bahri is treated in a very weird light. It’s sort of half-independent half-subject. The bulk of updates to the region come from the Richard Pankhurst book, which provides a really great level of detail to Eritrea, both politically & economically.
  6. Serae would be the new capital of Medri Bahri. It would also be where the Portuguese Jesuits would reside in their town they built called Fremona.
  7. At the present moment Dahlak isn’t any bigger, due to massive problems being caused when I messed with it. I do plan on increasing the size though.
  8. The French would buy the port of Edd, and Italy would buy Assab (Out of time-frame though but allows the opportunity). Ethiopia would as well use the port of Beilul, as was previously mentioned.
  9. Arho would get a special modifier to Goods Produced, because it was the major producer of salt for the region.
  10. Aussa can be substituted as Danakil, as the region isn’t clear what happens between the Danakil & Aussa Phase.
  11. While Ethiopian Wine is called ‘Tej’, a honey wine, most Tej is produced locally, however Richard Pankhurst makes a point to say Karoota produces ‘wine’.
  12. Originally Anfillo was gonna be a tag, but I decided against it for lack of information.
  13. Welayta was actually an important state in the region. It was basically the gateway into Ethiopia and would hold out against the Oromo until said people overran it in the beginning of their invasion.
  14. Hirmata would receive a Center of Trade, & with Dharma it would be a Lv. II Center of Trade.
  15. The Konso focused on their fortified villages & trade with the south and didn’t focus on war.
  16. Hobyo was an important port during the period,region as such a development boost should be given. However I have troubling finding a more suitable trade good, as info is still scarce for this region.
  17. The only Jungle province in the region. Shimbirleh consists of a shrub-like jungle between the flat grounds of Somalia and the drylands/deserts of Kenya.
  18. There is little info on the civil war, so at the moment Gasaaragude has a 0/0/0 ruler. Putting rebels in will be added in the future.
  19. Jeldez as its name isn’t set in stone, and will probably be renamed.
  20. With the very late addition of the Herder Warfare Book, more info has been given on the region, so as a result more provinces will be added here.
 

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AirikrStrife

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Really good work! I worked a little bit with ethiopia and southern ethiopia in the past myself, but not near this much.

I will look into some of the topics a bit more in detail soon, but yeah, I'm really impressed.

Few quick questions. What is your culture set-up?
Somethings I tried out were adding a new Omoto culture for well, Omotic cultures.
More importantly, I tried splitting the Cushitic culture group, as I found it to be a bit unrealistic, with vanilla map, the split makes the individual cultures a bit too small, but with this much updated map it might be viable, the new culture groups would be:
Abbysinian: Tigray, Amhara, Agaw (new culture)
Cushitic: Somali, Afar, Harari
Sidamic: Sidamo, Omoto, Oromo

Primary reason for split is culture, identity and way of life, not linguistic classification of languages. I think this is a reasonable way to divide the cultures, they were mostly not particularly close, despite commons linguistic heritage (too far away in time to matter) and Ethiopia is overpowered starting as a cultural union and easier conversation. Playing Ethiopia nowadays is really about gobbling up the horn asap and take Alexandria before the ottomans, with this much more updated map, it will be more of a challenge and game to itself, uniting the horn or rush to Alexandria. Especially if an Update to Sudan is made, which I've been hoping for, which leads me to ask you if you have anything to add on Sudan/south sudan, particularly if any of your sources are mentioning the sudan-ethiopian borderland and the kingdom of Fazughli.

Are you actually representing Medhri Bari as a vassal or not? you're not specifying that just bringing up the idea.
@LinusLinothorax found sources saying that Damot was swallowed up my Ethiopia already in the 15th century, what are your sources saying?

In a mod I made covering the region I tried by hands at a quite radical set up for Ethiopia which I doubt PDX tries there hands on but I had a full out ongoing war. In 1444 Ethiopia was under attack at many fronts, Fighting rebels in Semien, fighting the disloyal Hadiya and fighting the archrival Adal, so I had those three wars. I actually let Semien start as a country fighting a war of independence against Ethiopia, I think this way the Semien rebels are not overestimated, but it allows for the player to take lead the semien revolt, which I think can be a popular choice for a weird start if unique jewish mechanics are introduced. Hadiya is also fighting a war for independence.

For improvment of the thread: You forgot to mention which countries are added in Oromia. Also talking about northern Kenya, any take on the rest of Kenya? Particularly the Turkana Ateke confederation would be a worthy addition to the game.
 

Calanon

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This is an excellent, in-depth suggestion and I hope Paradox take the time to properly look at this. Fantastic work.

Two quick questions:
1. Do you have a map of the cultural set-up?
2. Adal is the primary nation of Somali in vanilla EUIV, do you think one of the other Somali states would better fit?
 

ajsieg

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Really good work! I worked a little bit with ethiopia and southern ethiopia in the past myself, but not near this much.

I will look into some of the topics a bit more in detail soon, but yeah, I'm really impressed.

Few quick questions. What is your culture set-up?
Somethings I tried out were adding a new Omoto culture for well, Omotic cultures.
More importantly, I tried splitting the Cushitic culture group, as I found it to be a bit unrealistic, with vanilla map, the split makes the individual cultures a bit too small, but with this much updated map it might be viable, the new culture groups would be:
Abbysinian: Tigray, Amhara, Agaw (new culture)
Cushitic: Somali, Afar, Harari
Sidamic: Sidamo, Omoto, Oromo

Primary reason for split is culture, identity and way of life, not linguistic classification of languages. I think this is a reasonable way to divide the cultures, they were mostly not particularly close, despite commons linguistic heritage (too far away in time to matter) and Ethiopia is overpowered starting as a cultural union and easier conversation. Playing Ethiopia nowadays is really about gobbling up the horn asap and take Alexandria before the ottomans, with this much more updated map, it will be more of a challenge and game to itself, uniting the horn or rush to Alexandria. Especially if an Update to Sudan is made, which I've been hoping for, which leads me to ask you if you have anything to add on Sudan/south sudan, particularly if any of your sources are mentioning the sudan-ethiopian borderland and the kingdom of Fazughli.

Are you actually representing Medhri Bari as a vassal or not? you're not specifying that just bringing up the idea.
@LinusLinothorax found sources saying that Damot was swallowed up my Ethiopia already in the 15th century, what are your sources saying?

In a mod I made covering the region I tried by hands at a quite radical set up for Ethiopia which I doubt PDX tries there hands on but I had a full out ongoing war. In 1444 Ethiopia was under attack at many fronts, Fighting rebels in Semien, fighting the disloyal Hadiya and fighting the archrival Adal, so I had those three wars. I actually let Semien start as a country fighting a war of independence against Ethiopia, I think this way the Semien rebels are not overestimated, but it allows for the player to take lead the semien revolt, which I think can be a popular choice for a weird start if unique jewish mechanics are introduced. Hadiya is also fighting a war for independence.

For improvment of the thread: You forgot to mention which countries are added in Oromia. Also talking about northern Kenya, any take on the rest of Kenya? Particularly the Turkana Ateke confederation would be a worthy addition to the game.
First off, thank you! Your post was one of the reasons I wanted to do this project actually :p

I didn't fully mention it (Is buried in the Central Ethiopia description) but I started modding just to show this setup, so I haven't redone the culture map yet, but I had similar ideas!

I decided that since the Oromo aren't liked by either Ethiopians or Somalis historically (Ethiopians had to learn to integrate/accept them & the Ajuuraan conducted so called 'gaal madow', basically wars against the Oromo, I split them off into their own group because of that sake. This Oromia group would consist of: Guji, Gabra, Borana, Barentu, & Orma as cultures.

Biggest thing I'm planning is split the Somali & Ethiopians into two separate categories (West Cushitic & East Cushitic as names for now). East Cushitic would consist of clans as cultures as it's a really good way for showing the regional distastes for each other (Believe me Somali forums can be heinous). It would be: Harari, Afar, Rahaweyn (Geledi), Ajuran, Ogaden, Hiraab (Hobyo), Darod (Marehan), Isaaq (Warsangali), & Dir (Adal).

West Cushitic would include the Ethiopian groups. So it would be Tigray, Falasha, Amhara, Sidamo, & Omotic.
This is from months ago (the map was updated after this) but the idea is more easy to see:
For Medri Bahri, as I said in the post I don't know what to put them at. They're basically a very autonomous vassal, but Eu4 doesn't have a great way of doing that. This is a sidenote but it would screw over Dahlak gameplay-wise if Medri Bahri was a vassal. From the chronicle of Zara Yaqob:
"He increased the power of Bahr Nagash and raised him much above all the
shums: he gave him authority over those of Sire and of Sarawe as well
as over the two Hasemen Kantiba and over the shum of Bur. He thus set
him up as a prince over them."

Oh I was hoping someone would ask about the Sudan. I already have plans....
I really gotta give Richard Pankhurst his credit. He talks about Ethiopia, Sennar, AND Medri Bahri in the Economic book. He's a great author. Do note though that South Sudan will take a different approach because it's a lot of tribal history with little record.

The case with Damot is similar to what Paradox has: Zara Yaqob put one of his daughters in charge of the region, but eventually he removes her from power (He had anger issues & paranoia) & installs a 'Eraq Masare', similar to a Ras (no name is given).

I know there was a lot of links but the collection of local history in Ethiopia mentions a guy named 'Sepenhi'. I'll just quote it: "-- while on a journey to Damot in 1567-8, Särsä Dengel summoned Sepenhi, and ordered him to bring the expected tax. The chief complied, and arrived at a place called Däbänawi, in Damot, together with an army 'as numerous as the sands of the sea'. His tribute reportedly consisted of a large quantity of gold."

Well technically Ethiopia should be at war with Adal, but it ends in 1445 with the death of Badley, thus they became a tributary, though only in name. The Chronicle of Zara Yaqob makes a note to mention it when Zara Yaqob was at Debre Berhan, which was after 1444. " Our King was then at Dabra Berhan. The Garad Bamo was appointed Garad of the Hadya and was given rich robes and Gadayto likewise. They were sent with a strong force composed of Basar Shotal from the province of Damot. All the men of Dawaro and of Bali were sent for; the King said to them: " Take care that he does not escape you and go into the land of Adal."

I still think Semien should be rebels because of the fact that Semien control was really only in the mountains & rarely struck out from that. While I think that it would be cool & honestly I tried looking for a way to do it, but I just feel that it isn't an organized people rebelling, but disgruntled governors. That's just my opinion though.

Like I said in the Oromia section I already described them somewhat, but I'll add descriptions. For the Turkana, read Footnote 20. Basically with the recent addition of the Gufu Oba book, I didn't know much about Orma/Turkana/Maasai interactions, and it is being worked on. I feel though that it was out of this scope so I didn't worry about it before this post.
 
Last edited:

ajsieg

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This is an excellent, in-depth suggestion and I hope Paradox take the time to properly look at this. Fantastic work.

Two quick questions:
1. Do you have a map of the cultural set-up?
2. Adal is the primary nation of Somali in vanilla EUIV, do you think one of the other Somali states would better fit?

Just replied to Airikr's post about that:p. I have the setup I just need to learn/do the modding.

For your second question, in the current setup Adal makes the best sense because Ajuuraan would collapse completely in the 1600's so it wouldn't make sense for them & the other nations aren't worthy of primary nation so to speak. Don't get me wrong Adal isn't the best choice either, but the culture really needs to be split up.
 

Calanon

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Just replied to Airikr's post about that:p. I have the setup I just need to learn/do the modding.

For your second question, in the current setup Adal makes the best sense because Ajuuraan would collapse completely in the 1600's so it wouldn't make sense for them & the other nations aren't worthy of primary nation so to speak. Don't get me wrong Adal isn't the best choice either, but the culture really needs to be split up.

If you want any help re culture modding, shoot me a private message. I'm going camping for a few days but I should be able to help a little tomorrow, I'd be interested in incorporating some of this into my own mod at some point.

I read your proposed culture changes, and it sounds great. As for names, I would propose not including cardinal directions if it can be helped and go for Somali and Ethiopian/Ethiopic/Abbysinian as the group names.
 

ajsieg

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If you want any help re culture modding, shoot me a private message. I'm going camping for a few days but I should be able to help a little tomorrow, I'd be interested in incorporating some of this into my own mod at some point.

I read your proposed culture changes, and it sounds great. As for names, I would propose not including cardinal directions if it can be helped and go for Somali and Ethiopian/Ethiopic/Abbysinian as the group names.

Sure! I'll look over the basic modding stuff for it tonight and I'll shoot a message later if I have questions. Though college stuff is looming. Like I said it was just names for the sake of having one :D
 

AirikrStrife

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For culture I first want to point out that PDX are fairly conservative adding new culture, while I completly agree that Somali culture is just as diverse if not more as german or french, I think it's unlikely that PDX further split somali, I suggested that they split tibetan, which likewise is linguistically and culturally more diverse than french or german (would be more comparable to a romance or macro-germanic in terms of diversity) but alas did not happen. I think you should still suggest this, but it is unlikely to become reality :'( maybe you can make option for fewer splits (i.e. merge two proposed groups) For example just making a quick look at various Oromo groups using wikipedia I can come up with a few alternatives:

Between the 12th and 15th centuries, the Oromo people had differentiated into two major confederations of pastoral tribes: the Borana and the Barentu. There were also several other minor subgroups. The Barentu people thereafter expanded to the eastern regions now called Hararghe, Arsi, Wello and northeastern Shawa. The Borana people, empowered by their Gadda political and military organization expanded in the other directions, regions now called western Shawa, Welega, Illubabor, Kaffa, Gamu Goffa, Sidamo and in the 16th-century into what is now northern Kenya regions.[4] The Borana and Barentu groups are sometimes referred to as two early era moieties of the Oromo people

Gabra and Orma are considered close to Borano, Guji also speak a variety close to Borano

Konso though is further remote linguistically and culturally and seems not to be included in the Oromo label, so if they have three provinces they could also be a culture.


Harari, Afar, Rahaweyn (Geledi), Ajuran, Ogaden, Hiraab (Hobyo), Darod (Marehan), Isaaq (Warsangali), & Dir (Adal)

Wikipedia lists Ogaden, warsangali, Marehan as subclans of Darod
Ajuuran seems to claim kinship with Dir clan

Cushitic culture could thus be: Afar, Harari, Darod, Dir, Rahaweyn (haven't figured out Hiraab yet, too late for that now)

Toying with some approaches like this and maybe make a multi-option suggestion could be an idea.



In my mind, Omoto and SIdamo works better with the Oromo people. From an ethiopian POW they would representive more primitive, often pagan tribes in the far south and the cultural mixing between Oromo and Sidamic groups also bears in mind. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibe_region

Rather than using Falasha, which specifically denotes ethiopian jews, 'Agaw' would be a better option covering lands in western ethiopia.

Gonna continue tomorrow I think.
 

ajsieg

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For culture I first want to point out that PDX are fairly conservative adding new culture, while I completly agree that Somali culture is just as diverse if not more as german or french, I think it's unlikely that PDX further split somali, I suggested that they split tibetan, which likewise is linguistically and culturally more diverse than french or german (would be more comparable to a romance or macro-germanic in terms of diversity) but alas did not happen. I think you should still suggest this, but it is unlikely to become reality :'( maybe you can make option for fewer splits (i.e. merge two proposed groups) For example just making a quick look at various Oromo groups using wikipedia I can come up with a few alternatives:

Between the 12th and 15th centuries, the Oromo people had differentiated into two major confederations of pastoral tribes: the Borana and the Barentu. There were also several other minor subgroups. The Barentu people thereafter expanded to the eastern regions now called Hararghe, Arsi, Wello and northeastern Shawa. The Borana people, empowered by their Gadda political and military organization expanded in the other directions, regions now called western Shawa, Welega, Illubabor, Kaffa, Gamu Goffa, Sidamo and in the 16th-century into what is now northern Kenya regions.[4] The Borana and Barentu groups are sometimes referred to as two early era moieties of the Oromo people

Gabra and Orma are considered close to Borano, Guji also speak a variety close to Borano

Konso though is further remote linguistically and culturally and seems not to be included in the Oromo label, so if they have three provinces they could also be a culture.




Wikipedia lists Ogaden, warsangali, Marehan as subclans of Darod
Ajuuran seems to claim kinship with Dir clan

Cushitic culture could thus be: Afar, Harari, Darod, Dir, Rahaweyn (haven't figured out Hiraab yet, too late for that now)

Toying with some approaches like this and maybe make a multi-option suggestion could be an idea.



In my mind, Omoto and SIdamo works better with the Oromo people. From an ethiopian POW they would representive more primitive, often pagan tribes in the far south and the cultural mixing between Oromo and Sidamic groups also bears in mind. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibe_region

Rather than using Falasha, which specifically denotes ethiopian jews, 'Agaw' would be a better option covering lands in western ethiopia.

Gonna continue tomorrow I think.
Well with Somali each of the Eu4 tags represent each people. Hobyo represents the Hiraab Imamate, Majerteen & Geledi represent themselves & the associating clans, Warsangali were a Isaaq kingdom. The Ajuuraan fell because the clans got fed up with various things revolted, establishing these tags. Plus Somali would become way too big with this. The Ogaadeen & the Warsangali were independent of the other clans so it makes sense to have them & darod would be too big with both of them being absorbed in. Wel the Ajuran are there to represent the Ajuran. Plus splitting them allows both to be a primary nation.

I agree Gabra & Guji may be too small, but the Barentu really only grew when the Wollo, Nola, Rayyaa, & Arsi settled in Ethiopia. If I made everything else Borana it would be way too huge. The Orma are actually too distinct from the Borana (they migrated to be away from the Borana in the first place) to be the same. Gabra I can agree on absorbing it to Borana.

I have idea for Oromo/Waaq mechanics & it would involve Oromo culture being spread.

I'm gonna have to disagree with the Omotic & Sidamo. The Sidamo & Amhara are the major players in Ethiopia. The Omotics aren't associated with the Oromo before the 1500's. Only the Gedeo are. The Konso are an Omotic people anyways, so it goes nicely & it would prevent a small culture.

Regarding the Gibe region I was adding a 'Jimma' culture to represent the new culture there (and to prevent the mod from imploding). The mixing didn't happen until the 1500's anyways so I think it's fine. Though the Oromo overthrew those governments & basically mixed in by themselves (See Jimma).
 

ajsieg

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UPDATE:
Added Descriptions to the Oromo Tags
Added Somali, Oromo, & Cushitic Culture Maps (Changes discussed haven't been implemented yet)
Added Trade Good Map
Added Simple Terrain Map
Changed Welayta Trade Good to Cloth
Changed Halala Trade Good to Coffee
 

korawit13

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Wow, nice works. Would you think that the developers should remove the arid climate modifiers from southern parts of Somalia and replace them with Drylands?
Read this: "Somalia's farming areas are concentrated in the southern part of the country, in the Gedo, Middle Juba, Lower Juba, Lower Shebelle, Middle Shebelle and Hiran regions. The Juba River and Shabelle River pass through these provinces, rendering the soil more conducive to crop cultivation than the comparatively arid north, where pastoralism has instead traditionally been practiced."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Somalia

Do you think the developers need to make some Ethiopia's lands like Ethiopian Highlands into farmlands and Great Rift Valley into drylands?
Please Read "Land Use" in this link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Ethiopia

Do you think some of the Kenya lands should be turned into drylands? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Kenya
 

Canute VII

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This gets better by the hour! RoW Power! :D

Also can't wait to see your designs on waaq religion / Oromo culture mechanics.
 

ajsieg

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Wow, nice works. Would you think that the developers should remove the arid climate modifiers from southern parts of Somalia and replace them with Drylands?
Read this: "Somalia's farming areas are concentrated in the southern part of the country, in the Gedo, Middle Juba, Lower Juba, Lower Shebelle, Middle Shebelle and Hiran regions. The Juba River and Shabelle River pass through these provinces, rendering the soil more conducive to crop cultivation than the comparatively arid north, where pastoralism has instead traditionally been practiced."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Somalia

Do you think the developers need to make some Ethiopia's lands like Ethiopian Highlands into farmlands and Great Rift Valley into drylands?
Please Read "Land Use" in this link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Ethiopia

Do you think some of the Kenya lands should be turned into drylands? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Kenya

Glad you like it!

Actually I recently touched on this in my post with the addition of the simple terrain. I'll pop it here foe convenience.

In Ethiopia I changed Imfraz (Think Gonder) & Hadiya to farmlands. Southern Ethiopia is slightly different. I put more grasslands considering they were a pastoral economy & less on grain until the Italians took over, but Mogadishu, Merca, Jilib, & Lafoole would get farmlands. I added Drylands along the northern coast. Note the woods province in Damot & the jungle provinces in Western Ajuuraan. The main reason is for development cost purposes so there's actually good provinces in the region, so it's not all highlands.
I'm still debating on arid modifiers, though I think Northern & Central Ethiopia shouldn't have arid modifiers.


This gets better by the hour! RoW Power! :D

Also can't wait to see your designs on waaq religion / Oromo culture mechanics.

Thanks!
I'm really looking forward to it too, though I'll have to put it with part 2 with events & stuff. That will take a while.
 

AirikrStrife

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I'm not disagreeing with your idea of splitting oromo and somali cultures as you argue them, but I'm just approaching this as I believe PDX would, as I said they didn't split tibetan, despite Kham and Amdo tibetans being distinct from central tibetans, speaking non-intelligible languages and having many cultural differences. EUIV will probably never get the diversity in non-european cultures as we see in german or french. Presenting alternatives for how to split the groups might make it more likely to actually have something happen, PDX could easily incorporate the new provinces and the tags but ignore the culture set up. Removing Gabra&Guji might be enough, or rather proposing that as an alternative.

Likewise I think it's unlikely that PDX creates a religion just for the Oromo, I used to want more local religions like specific religions for varios indigenous peoples but have lately come to grow satisfied with Fetischism for afrian pagans and tengriism for Ural-altaic-siberian pagans. Now I just want mechanics for Totemism and Animism to make them real religions. Ofc I think you should publish your suggestion for Waaq religion.

EUIV also got a new content designer, maybe he approaches things differently than trin usually did

It's been I think two years since I was last time fully absorb in african history and I don't have any books at close hand. But my idea of joining Oromo with Sidamo and Omotic was mostly based on culture more as in lifestyle, religion and political system, While ethiopians had developed some political system at it's heart territory akin to european level of organisation (feudalism) southern ethiopia was largely tribal there christianity and islam had only made superficial inroads so far. The cultures of Omotic, Sidamic and Oromoid group seems to have mixed more naturally than those groups with the Habesha.

I want to reiterate that Falsha should probably be renamed to Agaw.
I agree with your argument against Semien being playable from start, I want it in the game as poetic licensing with history for flavors sake. Generally I also dislike rebels because they're too mindless and have appreciated PDX approach to make more of the games original rebels as tags (like they're doing with Sirhind). I think the idea of playing as a rebel/potential state is interesting. I also argued for Gotland being independent under Eric of Pomerania (though with events making it harder to survive on it's own)

I'm really happy you are taking an interest in Sudan to! I like the new provinces in the north, I guess the blue country is the Banu Kanz. Would be really good to get them into the game as, while the set up in Sudan seems to be based largely on my and Linuslinothorax work, still has a lot of problems, particularly christianity is too strong in the region, islam and arabization should be a thing. Have you seen my suggestion on the Funj? I have it in my signature (empires of the sudan) I consider it a bit outdated but still haven't gathered enough sources to do a significant improvement (sat a little bit with this a month back actually). If you want to talk about Sennar and Funj here or in a private chatt get back to me.
 

ajsieg

Second Lieutenant
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Sep 8, 2015
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I'm not disagreeing with your idea of splitting oromo and somali cultures as you argue them, but I'm just approaching this as I believe PDX would, as I said they didn't split tibetan, despite Kham and Amdo tibetans being distinct from central tibetans, speaking non-intelligible languages and having many cultural differences. EUIV will probably never get the diversity in non-european cultures as we see in german or french. Presenting alternatives for how to split the groups might make it more likely to actually have something happen, PDX could easily incorporate the new provinces and the tags but ignore the culture set up. Removing Gabra&Guji might be enough, or rather proposing that as an alternative.

Likewise I think it's unlikely that PDX creates a religion just for the Oromo, I used to want more local religions like specific religions for varios indigenous peoples but have lately come to grow satisfied with Fetischism for afrian pagans and tengriism for Ural-altaic-siberian pagans. Now I just want mechanics for Totemism and Animism to make them real religions. Ofc I think you should publish your suggestion for Waaq religion.

EUIV also got a new content designer, maybe he approaches things differently than trin usually did

It's been I think two years since I was last time fully absorb in african history and I don't have any books at close hand. But my idea of joining Oromo with Sidamo and Omotic was mostly based on culture more as in lifestyle, religion and political system, While ethiopians had developed some political system at it's heart territory akin to european level of organisation (feudalism) southern ethiopia was largely tribal there christianity and islam had only made superficial inroads so far. The cultures of Omotic, Sidamic and Oromoid group seems to have mixed more naturally than those groups with the Habesha.

I want to reiterate that Falsha should probably be renamed to Agaw.
I agree with your argument against Semien being playable from start, I want it in the game as poetic licensing with history for flavors sake. Generally I also dislike rebels because they're too mindless and have appreciated PDX approach to make more of the games original rebels as tags (like they're doing with Sirhind). I think the idea of playing as a rebel/potential state is interesting. I also argued for Gotland being independent under Eric of Pomerania (though with events making it harder to survive on it's own)

I'm really happy you are taking an interest in Sudan to! I like the new provinces in the north, I guess the blue country is the Banu Kanz. Would be really good to get them into the game as, while the set up in Sudan seems to be based largely on my and Linuslinothorax work, still has a lot of problems, particularly christianity is too strong in the region, islam and arabization should be a thing. Have you seen my suggestion on the Funj? I have it in my signature (empires of the sudan) I consider it a bit outdated but still haven't gathered enough sources to do a significant improvement (sat a little bit with this a month back actually). If you want to talk about Sennar and Funj here or in a private chatt get back to me.

I think it also has to do with province density too. In CoC they added Luri (3 province culture) & in Dharma they have Karen which is less than 3 provinces (already in vanilla but point still made). The area has to be big enough to warrant it. I think our issue is that Somali shouldn't be with Ethiopia, but in that case it would have to be split as it's too big in of itself. Blending Isaaq & Darod together could also be a possibility now that I'm looking at the culture map.

There's a few things I want to tie culture in to mechanics (Mainly clan migrations), so I'll keep it somewhat like it is until I get that fully figured out.

The thing with the Oromo (one reason I love learning about them) is that EVERYTHING was tied to Waaq/the Gada system. Not only that, but Waaq is somewhat monotheistic (when Abrahamic religions were introduced many combined the two together), so in a sense Fetishist doesn't work (?).

The Oromo expansion occurred during the Waaq period & they settled down after converting. So mechanics-wise if you tied both together (i.e. make Oromoization tied to Waaq nations), you would get the desired & historical effect. I know you agree with me I'm just stating the justifications haha :p

Yeah Agaw is a lot better (I wonder is there a term for a converted Falashan?).

Well another issue is Chilga/Tambisso really never had Jewish influence (There history is more 1500's on), but if Semien existed they would have to be given to them so they aren't landlocked.

The blue does represent Banu Kanz (Instead of vassalship they should be guaranteed by the Mamluks). That's an 'alpha' picture so to speak. I added another tag south of Dongola. I made Bayuda a wasteland (There's was only one route through it & I represent that now). I think the only real issue is that Alodia is way too stable. It was declining rapidly at this point. I think with Coptic, since I'm adding more muslim provinces it will solve that problem I believe.

I did see your post. Actually the 'Funj' did exist in 1444, they got evicted from the Sudd (South Sudan) & allied with the city of Qerri around 1500 to overthrow Alodia as a result.

Here I'll send you a message.