Greetings!

Welcome to the first Dev Diary for the Royal Court expansion! As we mentioned in a previous DD, we’ll go back to Azure patch DD’s for a few weeks after this one. But do not fear, there will be some more Royal Court DD’s before the summer holidays - and when we’re back from holidays we’ll have many, many Royal Court diaries for you!

It’s really hard to pick a topic for where to start, but we decided upon a dive into the namesake feature of the expansion - the Royal Court itself, your seat of royal majesty and power! The Royal Court consists of many features, all collected within a 3D scene that we call the Throne Room.

Here’s an early Work in Progress screenshot of the throne room - do note that it’s a very early version, but we just can't wait to show you what we have been working on!
RoyalCourtSceneExtremelyWIP.png

[Image: An early WIP western-style Throne Room, not indicative of final quality]

Now, there are many things that go into the Royal Court itself. It interacts with numerous new features that’ll come with the expansion - we won’t go into detail on all of them today, if we did this DD would become much too long!

It's worth noting that this isn’t just a graphical feature; while we admit the importance of immersion, we don't want any features to feel tacked-on or superfluous. The Throne Room is there to show what’s happening; what artifacts you’ve collected, which courtiers are having a fight, etc. This allows us to place your character in a scene together with others, showing that you’re actually present in the same world! We’re trying to bridge the gap between your character and the map, all while representing a side of medieval history we’ve never previously explored in detail - the importance for a ruler to show their power, their grandeur, to their subjects and peers.

Every Feudal/Clan King and Emperor has a Royal Court. Tribal Rulers do not have one, as this feature primarily models the formality and ceremony surrounding the court, as well as the need for spending Gold, while Tribal rulers use Prestige as their main resource. If a ruler is demoted to a lower rank (through war, election, or just sheer bad luck) their Royal Court and everything therein will either stay dormant until you regain your lost status, or follow the character who now rules in your stead.

Grandeur
The key concept that enables this is called Grandeur - a measurement of your standing in the eyes of your peers. While it’s measured on a scale from 0-100, it’s not necessarily a simple system. Increasing your grandeur will lead to direct political benefits, such as increased opinions, marriage acceptance, etc. It will also unlock new Council Jobs, such as being able to peacefully demand De Jure land with the ‘Convince De Jure Territory’ job, or gain Knight Effectiveness while also decreasing enemy Scheme Success Chance with the ‘Manage Royal Guards’ job. These effects motivate you to aim for a high level of Grandeur, but naturally comes at a monetary cost. How much are you willing to spend on artifacts, amenities, or on positions within your court? You have to balance your political needs with your temporal ones, such as warfare or development. Sacrificing your grandeur entirely will cause instabilities both internal and external.

Grandeur is not really a resource, and is not actively ‘spent’ - unlike something like Prestige. It works on a much slower timescale, and is something you must balance and work towards increasing over a longer period of time. Though there are of course choices in events that make Grandeur increase or decrease, with various trade-offs.

Grandeur Effects
As mentioned in the previous section, Grandeur has several different effects and modifiers. It is divided into 10 separate levels with their own effects. For example, the very first level of Grandeur unlocks the ability to Hold Court - which is a crucial component in achieving the higher Grandeur levels. The second level unlocks a Council Task called ‘Bestow Royal Favor’, which is a powerful single-target task that increases a vassal’s opinion of you while granting them, and you, prestige.

One of the most significant effects of Grandeur is its effect on attraction of Inspired characters - the higher your Grandeur is compared to that of your neighbors, the likelier you are to have these creative travelers visit your court first, giving you an opportunity for patronage (more on Inspirations in a future DD).

Some of these levels will give courtiers who stay within it a flavorful trait, which will increase their skills and attributes based on the type of court they’re staying at. A particularly grand court might even see a more powerful trait appear, making such characters excellent for various jobs and Court Positions (more on Court Positions in a later DD).

Several Grandeur levels have effects and modifiers based on your Court Type - a type of flavorful perk for your court. Depending on your cultural Ethos you’ll get access to a few different types, such as a Diplomatic or Warlike Court. All royal courts have a type, and among other things it affects the type of trait that courtiers get (see previous paragraph). The bonuses granted from these types are varied and aim to enhance a certain style of play. The AI will tend to go for the Court Type most reflective of their Cultural Ethos and situation - for example, Indian Kings will often tend to want a Scholarly Court since many Indian cultures have a spiritual Ethos.

As an example, having a Diplomatic Court Type will grant you bonuses to Vassalization acceptance, tyranny gain, opinion, and potentially even unlock a Personal Scheme slot. A Warlike Court Type might instead see bonuses to MaA counter efficiency, knight efficiency, and the maximum size of MaA regiments. As not all cultures can access all Court Types, this is another reason to pursue Hybridization or Divergence (more on that in a later DD).

How Grandeur is Gained
Grandeur is divided in two; baseline, and direct gain. The baseline decides the ‘trend’, with you passively (and slowly) either gaining or losing grandeur over time, until the baseline is met. The baseline is affected by many things; what Court Artifacts you have, what Court Positions you have filled, etc (more on Court Artifacts in a later DD). The rate of grandeur change can be modified by many things, such as Cultural Ethoses or Traditions, but is as a rule of thumb slow. It takes time for word of your glory to spread, after all!

The most simple way to increase your Grandeur baseline is by investing in Amenities. Now, Amenities are simple and straightforward; but they’re still central to the concept of having a grand court! There are four different types; Lodgings, Food, Clothing and Servants. There are four levels to each, with each progressive level costing more gold to maintain, but giving more Grandeur baseline. They all come with a selection of flavor effects, for example; spending on food will slightly increase the disease resistance of your courtiers, but higher levels might also cause them to gain weight! Spending on clothes will increase their prestige, and will even cause them to wear fancier clothes at higher levels of expenditure (commoners will wear low nobility clothes, and so on). If your court is lacking in artifacts, spending on Amenities is the way to go.

Worth noting is that the cost of amenities is relative to your size and income; a small realm won’t have to pay as much as a prosperous one - the intent here is to allow smaller kingdoms and empires to ‘punch above their weight’ diplomatically, making choosing between expansion and consolidation a more relevant matter.

Reaching your baseline might take a long time, unless you decide to take action in order to speed it up - to gain grandeur fast, you need to Hold Court! Performing this decision invites your vassals and subjects to bring their issues, requests, and questions before you. The mere act of Holding Court will give you a one-time boost to your Grandeur, but the opportunities within the activity itself might give you opportunities to increase it further (or you could decide to lose grandeur for some temporal gain that is just too good to pass up!). The issues brought forth when Holding Court are many and varied, with many of them reacting to the state of your realm (more on Hold Court in a later DD).

Grandeur Expectations
Now, Grandeur isn’t only about reaching the level that gives the effect you desire, it’s also about managing expectations!

Depending on a number of factors, such as your tier or the size of your realm, you will have a certain expectation put upon your Royal Court. This expectation is a double-edged sword - if your grandeur is below expectations you’ll suffer increasing diplomatic penalties as people lose respect, while if it’s exceeded you might see powerful diplomatic bonuses.

These are scaled based on how powerful you are - a rather small Kingdom that undershoots its expectations won’t be hit particularly hard, while a massive empire such as the Holy Roman Empire or Byzantium will be punished much harder if they fail to live up to the expectations put upon them.

The effects of not living up to your expectations are many; reduced prestige, renown, and a hefty hit to opinion with both foreign rulers, courtiers and vassals. A large realm might easily find itself facing significant unrest unless its ruler starts spending on grandeur! On the other hand, a small kingdom that vastly exceeds the expectations put upon it might see significant bonuses to its diplomatic power, as well as renown and other bonuses.

Court Events
Now, the Royal Court isn’t all about Grandeur, of course. Another important role it holds is to show that there’s life in your court! This is done through Court Events; happenings contained within the court, taking place between those who live therein.

This new type of event uses the throne room as its backdrop, transforming the entire throne room into an event when they happen. Unlike normal events, this type of event is non-interruptive - you get notified that something is happening, whereby you can go into your Royal Court, inspect the scene, find whoever is involved, and trigger the event yourself. Usually these events are some sort of drama happening between your courtiers, which you can choose to simply ignore if you feel like you have more important matters to attend to.

These events come in many different flavors, mostly focusing on how it is to live in the court.

Some examples of court events that are being worked on currently include courtiers causing you embarrassment through their drinking or poor manners, or getting into arguments with your architect. Others involve things like rumors spreading about your predecessor on the throne, or popular and unflattering songs about you spreading within the court itself.
Court events might also be things like foreign ambassadors trying to uncover your secrets or devout courtiers shaming you and your court for your frivolous living.

---

Now, of course there’s more that goes into the Royal Court, but we’ll save going into details regarding Court Artifacts, the UI and graphical looks of the Throne Rooms, Court Positions and so on for future DevDiaries! Of course, this expansion isn’t all about the Royal Court; before the summer break starts you’ll get to read about some of the other features coming with the expansion and patch.

That’s all for now!
 

Christoffer

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Looks amazing I really hope you create a more convinient and visual money sink than the holding upgrades. It is so cumbersome to spend money upgrading and knowing what you have already upgraded.
My fingers are still crossed for an amazing trade system something like in eu 4 but dynamic so you can pull trade to you cities if they are powerfull enough or having the ability to leach of powerfull cities.
 

Zizler_

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Nice! Now I will be able to see my displeased council plot against me in a more life-like way!
 
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shigad

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I really like the idea of having a court type, and of grandeur!

Just a suggestion to improve immersion: what if instead of the court type giving a trait to existing courtiets, it will cause you to attract/generate more courtiers of the specified type? So basically the king is focusing on inviting diplomats, generals, or scholars to his court, rather than his friends and family magically becoming diplomats, generals, or scholars.
 
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shigad

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Grandeur sounds like it gives a lot of bonuses just for existing. Will the game be balanced around having Grandeur (the DLC) toggled on or off, or will it be a pay-to-win DLC feature where the player will be more powerful simply by owning the DLC?
Although I agree with what you are saying, I am not sure this is really an issue: in miltiplayer games, everybody plays with the same rules, and in singleplayer I don't think that there's much concern over the player being OP because he can set his own limitations.
 
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Roseah

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I know others have said it, but I need to piggyback on this.

I really hope royal courts will be implemented for independent dukes in the future.

I understand the limitation from an operational perspective since different start dates have different amounts of independent dukes thanks to internal fracturing, but in reality and in CK3 independent dukes can sometimes be even more influential and powerful than some fully formed kingdom rulers. For them not to have their own courts is not only inaccurate from a historical perspective but also a little game breaking for smaller realms. It gives already preformed kingdoms like France a huge advantage over smaller independent realms who are already at a disadvantage from game start.

Take the 867 start date in Great Britain for example. Most of the realms in Great Britain start as petty kingdoms all equally vying for power over their neighbours. From the start none of them can really touch France, but after a few decades of consolidation on the part of super-duke Alfred, it really doesn’t take that long for his “petty” kings to become a serious threat to the french powerhouse. I don’t think I’ve ever had a play-through where he’s actually invaded France, but I’ve had many where he COULD have if only he had chosen to do so.

I once had a playthrough were AI Essex took over all of Mercia, Northumbria and Jorvik thanks to not being completely crap at war. She took over half the island in only 13 years with an army of around 2k, and by the end had almost tripled it through conquest. If however you give France all the perks from holding court that scenario of a little petty kingdom being able to grow and consolidate enough to overthrow them becomes almost impossible, because it pretty much negates the one disadvantage that France always has; internal fracturing.

It’s a little weird that none of them can hold court despite being independent rulers with serious military and financial might sometimes rivalling actual in-game “kings” simply because their title is counted as “ducal” instead of “kingdom” by game mechanics.

I feel this is especially true for leaders like Alfred of Wessex who was well know for his intellectual achievements. Alfred was responsible for improving learning and intellect in his kingdom on a scale unseen in the British isles since the fall of the Romans. He built universities and libraries, and hired intellectuals from all over Europe to give lectures and teach his courtiers/persons of importance various languages and skills that would help improve their craft and relations with foreign dignitaries. He was able to overcome huge disadvantages in battle thanks to his intellect and tactical thinking which he went on to impart onto his commanders. He was quite well know during his time for this exact reason. For him not to be able to hire “inspirational characters” via his court in game simply because he’s considered a “duke” and not a “king” seems a bit off.
 
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Riamus

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I don't think RC's grandeur and court mechanics are going to be "all powerful" and allow a kingdom to become far more powerful than a duke who has a large realm. That would pretty much break the game. The court mechanics are going to be a balancing game where it can help you or hurt you depending on how you manage it. The AI is likely going to be set up so that how well it manages it will vary based on traits of the rulers, so you might have one King of France who gains a lot of benefit from the mechanics and then their heir will end up with a lot of negatives from the mechanics because they have traits that make them not put in much effort into maintaining a good level of grandeur. And that's just a very generalized way of looking at it. I'm sure there will be a lot of things that can take the AI both ways and I think in the end, even with high grandeur, I really don't think it will make you all that noticeably more powerful than you are without the DLC. I may be wrong, but I expect the highest levels of grandeur/court will put you slightly better than without the DLC, while you have the possibility of being much worse off than you'd be without the DLC if you don't manage your grandeur well. Or, if they make it so the average level of grandeur is where you are without the DLC, then I would expect the difficulty of getting really high levels of grandeur will be very high and/or the benefits will quickly start to drop off as you get more grandeur so you won't become OP compared to not having the DLC.
 
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Shadeseraph

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Grandeur sounds like it gives a lot of bonuses just for existing. Will the game be balanced around having Grandeur (the DLC) toggled on or off, or will it be a pay-to-win DLC feature where the player will be more powerful simply by owning the DLC?
I'm not quite sure. It seems that it actually costs money to maintain, which is already a fairly important resource. Undershooting grandeur also seems like it will impose some fairly bad penalties, so you'd need to balance your economy around it.

Which tbh sounds like a great approach - if you do not have the dlc, you can spend money on stuff like armies or buying favors, with the dlc you have the additional layer of having to worry about this instead, but get good bonuses for your trouble. Also, thematically appropriate
 
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