The Papal State 1492-1513 by Elgir
I have newer tried to make an AAR before, but now I am going to try.
This game was played in GC with a normal/normal setting, with both historic and random events on.
I did however change a few things in the GC file, none of it should however the change the balance to much.
The fist change was that I edited my Historic leaders list, this was so that the Papal State would have at least one leader all the time.
Now most of them was really not that strong, but the reason behind doing this is that the random leaders of the Papal state are something like the worst in Europe..
My starting army was increased a little and I edited my starting money to 300, this was to symbolise the fact that the catholic church was actually fairly rich.
Finally I started the game with using the Vatican cheat, giving me 6 diplomats from the beginning (again to Symbolise a historic strength of exactly that state).
Other than this I did not cheat.
Pope Alexander VI 1492-1503
The first of January 1492, pope Innocentius VIII has died leaving his holy title to Alexander VI.
What a burden to carry such a name, however I am sure he will be a true Alexander.
I am myself only a humble servant of Christ, but I am also a servant with skills.
This has brought me to the position as the right hand of the new pope, I am the grey eminence the man who rules from the shadows, I am the man who will shape the future of the papal state.
The new pope is an ambitious man, and he has already outlined the future goals for our glorious state.
It is nothing less than the recreation of the Roman Empire, and the reconquest of the holy lands.
Normally it would seam as an impossible task, after all we only have three rather poor provinces.
But I am confident that god is on our side, and that he will lead us to triumph.
However we can not start such grandiose plans without good preparations, and that is what I goes out to do.
The first thing we will have to do, is to take care of the poor finances.
Right now we are anything but rich, we are loosing money each month and our infrastructure is weak.
The easiest solution to the economic problems might be conquest, but that is something we are not yet ready for.
Instead I will invest in promoting chancellors in all of my three provinces, those securing future growth and tax income.
As a final note I will invest the rest of the money in trade.
About the plans for conquest, I have put my greedy eyes on the cities in northern Italy.
Therefore I have also sworn to take Parma (my first mission), the new pope is of course pleased with my plans of getting him new land.
The reason behind my interest in the northern towns, is that they have lots of gold and mediocre armies.
Unfortunately they are also allied with each other (Genoa, Tuscany, and Parma).
The good news is that the papal state is a member of the worlds most powerful alliance, consisting of ourselves, France and Savoy.
As a final note about the diplomatic situation it should also be said that I offered royal marriages to Spain, Austria, Savoy and France.
They all agreed, so it seams like I am secured against backstabbing.
Militarily, I am fairly strong compared to my northern neighbours (Tuscany, Parma, and Milan).
I have two armies, The Papal Guard lead by Bergama with 8.000 cavalry and the Army of the Holy Cross lead by D’Este with 12.000 infantry.
In terms of navy then I have the Papal fleet with 15 warships, unfortunately they are without any good leaders.
April 1492: This is a day of celebration for all Christians, Granada has been annexed by Spain.
Unfortunately it also makes Spain a much stronger power, I fear what the future will bring to Europe.
My only comfort in this matter, is that I have powerful allies to assist me against the Spaniards.
May 1492: The Marmaluks and the Turks has started a war against each other.
This is good, let the heathens kill each other.
Sep – Dec 1492: My alliance is in war against poor Lorraine.
It is France, Navarra, Savoy, Poland, and of course the Papal State against lonely Lorraine.
The result of the war was no surprise, France annexed our enemy.
Jan 1493: We now have the capability to equip my armies with field artillery(New land tech).
Plans is immediately prepared, Tuscany and Parma will both be easy targets when my army has cannons.
I order the building of 10 cannons in Rome.
Finally we have also finished our administrative reforms, what have improved our economy a little.
Marts 1493: Russia declare war against Kazan, I must admit that it has the smallest of interest for both myself and the pope.
Sep 10 1493: Another war has started, however this time it is much more interesting.
Hungary (Venice, The Hansa) has declared war against Turkey.
This war might influence the future of all of Europe, I fear that the Turks will get to strong.
Nov 1493: Holy mother of god, Poland my allie has declared war with Turkey.
Am unfortunately forced to follow the rest of the alliance into the war.
This will halt any plans that I might have in northern Italy, and I fear the risk of a seaborn invasion.
Unfortunately the war is a reality, so I might as well try to get something positive out of it.
A loan has been raised and the Papal guard will be strengthened by 6000 infantry and 10 cannons.
My plan will be to attack Turkey in Greece, and hopefully to take a province or two.
The army of the cross will stay in Italy, securing me from my neighbours.
May 1494: The Papal guard departs from Italy, it will try to invade Albania.
June 1494: Kazan is annexed by the barbaric Russians.
Aug 1494: The Papal Guard successfully engages a Turkish force of 2000 men in Albania.
After this the province was been put under siege.
Okt 1494: Bergama took Albania and immediately ordered his troops back on the road.
This time he was marching towards the much more important province of Hellas.
Nov 1494: What a month, the papal guard reaches Hellas as expected but then Bergama surprise me.
He proves himself to be a regularly military genius and takes the province in only one day (Might have been a bug)
Turkey is of course scared after this and send a diplomat to pope Alexander offering Albania in a peace treaty.
The pope was furious after this, seeing it as an personal insult.
And those he decided not to reply, instead he would let our army talk.
Bergama was given free hands against the Turks, his mission was now to retake as much Christian land as possible.
Dec 1494 – Jan 1495; There is no doubt that the Turks want us to suffer, it might be because of our insult against their diplomat.
Bergama proves himself an able general, beating two medium sized armies in Hellas and one in Albania.
However I am sure that the Turks has more armies to send, so I fear for the future of my campaign.
Jan – June 1495: I tryed to lay siege to Morea, but had to abandon that plan because of a new Turkish treat in Hellas.
An army of approximately 31.000 men was marching towards Hellas and meet the Papal Guard.
Unfortunately this proved to much for Bergama, and my army made a strategic retreat to Albania.
In may I engage the enemy again, however this time their forces was a bit smaller(some was sent north) and I was successful.
Bergama tries to take Morea one more time, but fails again because he is forced to defend of Hellas.
This continue until I finally get help from Venice lead by C.Bogia, who by the way is the nephew of the pope.
One thing that should be mentioned is that the Turkish sultan Ibrahim, was killed in one of the many battles.
July 1495: Hungary makes peace with Turkey, Hungary received the province of Serbia.
Unfortunately this also meant that Venice was also out of the war.
Militarily the Hungarian/Turkish peace agreement was nothing less than a potential disaster, but Alexander VI refused to back down.
Aug 1495 – July 1496: My fears was proved wrong, Turkey was getting weak.
Bergama took control of Morea, the Cyclades and Macedonia.
The two last provinces both fell in one day (hmm the same as before, I wonder what happened).
After this I order Bergama to take Constantinople, he replied that he would take all of turkey.
Aug – Oct 1496: Constantinople was back on Christian hands, however the Turks still refused our peace proposal.
So he ordered his army to continued to Smyna, where he was almost defeated by a Turkish force.
This made me realise that it was time to stop the war, so I offer them a peace treaty.
I want Morea, Hellas and 250 in gold, Turkey accepted the deal and the war was over.
All in all it ended up being a much greater success than I could ever imagine.
Oct 1496 – Jan 1498: The period after the successful Turkish campaign was one of rebuilding.
A series of Administrative reforms was started, most notable with an appointment of a chancellor in Hellas.
The army was also rebuild, D’Este was sent to Hellas, while Bergama and the Papal Guard returned to Italy.
New troops was raised, and I received a new general, it was the former venetian C.Bogia.
Other than this the period was rather uneventful, and the only thing I really did was to put our occasional rebellions.
The Turkish wars was finally ended on November 15 1497 when Poland received Rumelia and 250 in gold.
Feb 1498 – Jan 1499: In February 1498 the decision is made, I want to commence on my northern campaign.
Bergama takes command of the Papal guard in Romagna, while C.Bogia stays in Rome.
My tactic is to let the Tuscany attack Romagna while C.Bogia moves in and take Florence.
War is declared and the alliances are called on.
I get the help from France, Savoy and Poland, while Tuscany is backed by Parma and the knights of Sgt. John.
The war end up going as planed, Bergama takes care of the invaders in both Romagna(Tuscany) and Emilia(Parma).
At the same time C.Bogia move in and take first Florance and then on Oktober 1498 Luca.
Tuscany is annexed and my armies are ordered to siege Modena, this siege will mostly be known for the major suply problems cursed by the not so helpful French hands.
In the begining of the year 1499 of our lord, Parma is annexed and the war is over.
The only enemy that I did not annex was the Knights (Knights of Sgt. John), my naval power was simply to weak to tuch them.
Instead I paid them 47 gold, something that already happened before the annexation of Parma..
Jan 1499 – Jan 1501: I continue to strengthen my army and put down different peasant revolts, the Pope is happy with my success and makes me Baron of Tuscany.
In the end of this period I am however forced to take a though decision, the loans cost to much and the only option seams to be a deliberate bankruptcy.
I loan as much as possible and immediately invest it in sheriffs and a new brewery in Luca, my plan is to go bankrupt in February 1501.
In the rest of the world this period is marked by three events.
The first event was the peace between Turkey and the Marmaluks, giving Aleppo, the second event was the first of a series of wars between Russia(Denmark, Pskov) and the golden Horde.
Finally Spain (Nepal, Milan, the Palatinate) went to war with Portugal (Persia).
Jan 1501 – May 1502: Sometimes it can be dangerous to have allies, France declare war against England joust as I am about to go Bankrupt.
England stands alone, but it is still bad timing for me.
The bankruptcy is declared in Marts 1501, and I am finally free of all loans.
However revolts break lose and I am forced use my armies to regain control.
The good news in this period, was only that his holiness Alexander VI had the common sense to make Liguria a minister(random event).
Liguria is an able administrator who will be very helpful to our course.
Diplomatically this was a time of trying to regain popularity, a part of our effort was some friendly letters to Venice.
This should latter be proven useless.
In the rest of Europe we only have two events, Russia made peace with the golden horde(received Kujbyschew and 94 in gold), and Spain with Portugal (Spain got Algarve and the Azores).
May 1502 – Jan 1503: I was still suffering from the bankruptcy when the news came in, Venice (Hansa, Hungary, the Marmaluks) has declared war.
We knew that we had to move quickly, ordering all of our troops to Mantua in the hope of getting a quick victory
At that time I did not have any resources to fight a long war of attrition, so it was all or nothing.
Fortunately I was backed by all of my allies(France, Savoy and Poland), , so I had a good chance.
The first period of the war was fought in Emilia, here the Papal Guard engaged a Venetian force.
Bergama was victorious, and after that the war was now fought on Ventian territory and in Greece.
At January the first 1503, Venice had been put under siege and the Papal state was winning the war.
Pope Julius II (The unholy) and Pius III (The good) 1503 - 1513
January 1 1503: Disaster has struck the papacy our great papa is dead, and we have been left with Political turmoil.
A young commander named Julius II took control of Rome and got himself elected at pope, this only lasted a day as the Cardinals elected their own candidate.
This candidate was however found death, only teen minutes after his inauguration.
The risk of civil war was eminent, so I had to try to take control of the situation.
At the end of the day I had successfully negotiated a compromise, both of the candidates would back down.
A third candidate Pius III was elected as our new Pope and Julius II backed down from his claim in exchange for being made vice king and protector of Greece.
All of this means that the reign of Alexander VI had ended, he would be known as the great.
Both militarily and economically he did well, conquering waste territories and making us into a middle sized trade nation, with the most efficient administrative infrastructure in the world.
However he will not be remembered as a diplomat, in fact our diplomatic relations have newer been this bad before.
Jan – May 1503: The war continue, Venice tries to attack us in Greece (now under the command of Julius II), while we besiege the walls of her great city.
Revolts also spread across the papal state, forcing me to use some of my troops to regain control.
A separate peace with England was bought for 93 gold, and in May 25 C.Bogia took Venice.
It seamed like he was able to use his extensive knowledge of the venetian defences (he was once, the leader of their army).
The peace agreement was signed, giving Poland a province and 250 to be shared among the allies.
Normaly I would have taken a province for myself, but I had to think about my diplomatic relations.
This gave me a very good friend in Poland, and also meant that I would not get more enemies.
May 1503 – Nov 1508: This was a time of peace and rebuilding of my strength.
Armies was raised, rebels subdued and administrative reforms was started.
Among the more positive events in this period was the finding of a mine worth 400 gold in 1503, and the deflation of 1507.
Unfortunately this period was neither without negative events, among them was the protests among some members of the priesthood, aimed against the pope.
The bastards wanted him to give away all of his worldly possessions, including the Papal State.
Naturally they were all burned on the stake as heretics, but it coursed us some problems (-1 stability).
Militarily we did strengthen the size of our army, but this should be seen at together with the lose of two of our greatest generals.
Both D’Este and C.Bogia (the hero of the Venetian war) died in this period.
Internationally we saw Spain grow to the most powerful nation in the world, annexing Nepal and making alliances with Milan, Genoa, the knights of Sgt. John and the Palatinate.
This worry me a lot, as it means that they can strike against me on two fronts.
France made peace with England in exchange for Calais and Kurland dropped its vassalisation agreement with the Teutonic Order.
Nov 1508 – Dec 1509: This period would be known as the second campaign against Turkey.
It started with a polish (France, Navarra, Papal State and Savoy) declaration of war against the Sultan (Cyrenice, Algire), then naturally dragging me with them.
The Julius II the former pope and vice king of Greece, took control of my army.
He started by taking the Cyclades, beating a number of smaller Turkish forces.
Then he laid siege to and conquered Macedonia.
The Turks been beaten once more, and was forced to offer me the Cyclades in a peace treaty.
we agreed, this would strategically be a great improvement to our possessions in Greece.
At the end of the war I heard new about a second war between the Russian infidels (Denmark, Pskov) and the golden horde
Dec 1509 – June 1512: Another period of peace and rebuilding.
The Poles makes peace with Tyrkey (Poland taking Bulgaria and 250) and Russia with the Golden Horde (Russia gets 237 in gold).
My army is strengthened and so is my administration.
In the middle of this period I had an army strength of 0/8384/0 in Luca under the command of Bergama (Papal guard), 11679/0/8 in Rome, 5850/0/0 in Morea, 5970 in the Cyclades, and 6064/7408/7 in Hellas under Julius II (army of the holy cross).
June 1512 – Dec 1512: I hate my allies, France (Papal State, Navarra, Savoy and Poland) declare war against Spain (apparently standing alone).
This war is annoying as hell, Nepal and Apulia is in revolt so taking them would actually help the Spanish regain control.
So I start out trying to wait it out, ordering my two Italian armies to Rome.
The war was shortly after followed by another disaster, half of my Merchants had left me because they were unsatisfied.
Who cares about whether or not a venetian merchant has the privilege of being the supplier of horses to the papal guard.
The tide of war was in this period with the Spaniards, and Navarra was annexed.
This period also saw the beginning of a new major war, a war that would properly determine who would gain control of the eastern Mediterranean.
Venice (Hungary, The Marmaluks, Irak and the Hansa) declared war against the Turks (Wallachia, Cyrenica and Algiere).
January 1 1513: His holiness Pius III has died, and will be known as Pius the good, this is not only due to his excellent reforms but also because of his pacifistic nature.
Pius newer wanted the two wars doing his reign, however he was forced to defend what was rightfully ours.
The new pope Leo X, will inherit a middle sized nation with many problems.
Most notable the war against Spain, but also deteriorating diplomatic relations with most of Christian Europe.