Wladyslaw II the Wise
b. 09.09.1412 – d. 23.03.1477
King of Poland 21.07.1432 – 04.03.1452
Emperor of Poland 04.03.1452 – 23.03.1477
King of Sweden 21.07.1432 – 23.03.1477
Grand Duke of Lithuania 21.07.1432 – 23.03.1477
Grand Duke of Moscow 21.07.1432 – 23.03.1477
King of Bohemia 21.07.1432 – 23.03.1477
Prince of Smolensk 21.07.1432 – 23.03.1477
Prince of Hesse 22.09.1444 – 23.03.1477
King of Belgium 10.05.1460 – 23.03.1477
On the day of his coronation, July 21st, 1432, Wladyslaw, the second of the name, was almost 20 years old, and the heir to the throne was his four year old son, August. At the same time the electors of Holy Roman Empire chose him as emperor.
One of the first decisions of the young king was to get the rights to the crown of Hungary, which currently was in the hands of Lajos, the third of the name. Therefore, immediately after the coronation an envoy was sent to Hungary with one time proposal. As expected, the proposal was rejected and the next day the Kingdom of Poland was at war with the Kingdom of Hungary. Margraviate of Brandenburg, a longtime ally of Poland, unexpectedly joined the war on the side of Hungary.
On August 14th the Kingdom of Hungary signed a peace with the Bulgarian Empire. Bulgaria had to cede Sofia and Bulgaria, cancel all treaties with Wallachia and Ethiopia and had to pay 7900 ducats as war reparations. On August 23rd, after just 20 days, the Polish army took full control of the Neumark.
Early September brought bad news. The Kingdom of France joined the war on the side of Hungary and took over the leadership in the alliance. From that moment it was certain that the crown of Hungary would not go into hands of Polish King. On September 10th Potsdam surrendered and a day later peace talks with Brandenburg began. A few days later a peace of Potsdam was signed, in which Neumark passed under Polish suzerainty, Brandenburg canceled all treaties with Hungary and had to pay 7500 ducats as war reparations.
Meanwhile, Polish forces arrived in Hungary, where on September 29th Zbigniew z Brzezia clashed with the Hungarian king Lajos, the third of the name, referring general victory. On November 4th combined Polish-Lithuanian troops destroyed Hungarian army in Carpathia and 10 days later took total control of the province.
On November 16th came envoy from Brandenburg and proposed renewal of the alliance. Council wanted to cut his head off, but the king decided that allies such as the Brandenburg are useful. And that Brandenburg was again an ally of Poland.
On November 17th, in Moravia Alexander Karol Wyhowski, defeated army commanded by Otto Kan and a week later caught the retreating forces near Vienna, annihilating them.
On January 14th, 1433, Margraviate of Brandenburg joined the war on the side of Poland.
On February 4th, another battle in Moravia took place, in which Alexander Karol Wyhowski, defeated a French army under the command of Joseph de Betune. In early April French troops under the command of king Philippe, the seventh of the name, arrived in Ersekujvar and defeated troops commanded by Zyndram z Maszkowic.
At the end of June envoy arrived with information that the Kingdom of France is now at war with the Kingdom of England.
On July 17th Alexander Karol Wyhowski defeated French troops in Neumark and moved forces to Prenzlau, where on August 17th fought lost battle against French troops under the command of Clement de La Ferrandi.
On November 26th France signed peace treaty with England, ceding Gascogne, Normandie, Caux, Picardie and Calaia and paying 7300 ducats of war reparations.
In early February 1434, the war was close to an end. On February 18th Palatinate signed peace with Kingdom of Poland by paying 65000 ducats of war reparations. A day later peace treaty with Kingdom of Hungary was signed. Ersekujvar and Carpathia were ceded to Poland and Hungary had to pay 2500 ducats of war reparations.
On February 20th the Kingdom of France signed peace treaty, ceding Vorpommern and paing 22500 ducats as war reparations.
[I didn't noticed that it was Brandenburg, not Pomerania, that occupied Vorpommern.]
During the war Wladyslaw, the second of the name, realized that Kingdom of Poland needs significant military ally. Immediately after the war began a search that ended successfully on March 10th, when alliance treaty was signed between Kingdom of Poland and Kingdom of Castile.
The remaining months of the year were spent on economic development and bringing the order in country after the war.
The year 1435 brought only one significant event, the outbreak of war between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Norway.
In early February, 1436, Wladyslaw, the second of the name, met with the electors of the Holy Roman Empire in Nice, where they were working on further improving of the government of the Empire. On February 21st reform of Nice was announced.
On March 15th, 1437, the Kingdom of Norway signed peace treaty with the Kingdom of England. In the peace treaty Norway ceded Orkney and Feroyar, canceled all treaties with Denmark and Bulgaria, granted independence to Belgium and had to pay 11600 ducats of war reparations. The remaining moths of the year were spent on improving diplomatic relations with the Member States of the Holy Roman Empire.
On February 24th, 1438, the Bulgarian Empire signed peace treaty with the Kingdom of England. In the peace treaty Bulgaria ceded Silistria and Dobrogea, granted independence to Principality of Moldavia, canceled all treaties with Bosnia, Montenegro and Byzantine Empire and had to pay 3200 ducats of war reparations.
At the end of March arrives envoy from Castile with a call to arms. The king agreed to join the Castilian side in the war against Kingdom of Portugal.
On August 7th, Alexandru, the third of the name, hospodar of Moldavia, recognized sovereignty of the Kingdom of Poland and paid homage to Wladyslaw, the second of the name.
On August 18th, Kingdom of Portugal lost the war and became vassal of the Kingdom of Castile.
On April 21st, 1439, envoy from Milan arrives, asking for help in the war against Venice. Fulfilling its obligations under the imperial crown, the king agrees to help and on the next day the Kingdom of Poland was at war with Venice, Wallachia, and Austria.
In early June, dies master of the mint Alexander Sulkowski, appointing as his successor Michal Korybut Kmita.
On June 12th the combined Polish-Bohemian forces defeat Austrian forces at Vienna and began siege of the city. The same day, the Polish army defeated Wallachian troops in Bessarabia. On August 7th, after 77 days of the siege, last stronghold of Ostmarch surrendered, and 4 days later in Vienna.
On October 12th, Radu, the third of the name, hospodar of Wallachia, seeing that the war is lost, paid homage to Wladyslaw, the second of the name.
In early December, during the pursuit of the Austrian troops, Alexander Karol Wyhowski is killed. After the war the king found a great monument of him in Warsaw.
On December 21st The Austrian envoy arrives with a proposal of peace. Austria would end vassalization of Nevers and Cleves and pay 3400 ducats of war reparations. After consulting with the council King accepted the proposal.
[I had war score of ~22% but Austria didn't accepted any peace offer, even white peace.
So I accepted their peace offer ]
In early March, 1440, began peace talks with the merchants of Venice. After 3 days peace treaty was signed. According to it Venice had to grant independence to Crete and pay 10000 ducats of war reparations.
On April 18th the Kingdom of Castile signed peace treaty with the Papal States resulting in status quo.
On November 11th duke of Crete Bernardo, the first of the name, puts himself under the protection of the Kingdom of Poland and paid homage to the Polish King Wladyslaw, the second of the name.
End of Part One.