The Dominion of Canada
The flag of the Dominion
Due to the loyalty and good service of the Canadian subjects of the Crown, His Majesty and Mr Gladstone have decided to forward the idea of self rule for the colonies, by starting an experiment in Canada. Henceforth, the colonies of Canada shall cease to be, and shall instead be known as the Dominion of Canada. A Centralised Government shall rule over the 8 provinces of Canada from Ottawa, and shall have full control over local tax rates, local defence and administration. The United Kingdom shall retain control of foreign policy, international defence and trade policy. Furthermore, both nations shall give each other favoured status in regards to good, selling to cover each others demands before all other sales.
The Canadian Constitution shall be modelled upon that of the United Kingdom, but shall be slightly different. Each Province shall be made up of several boroughs, each having an MP sit in the House of Commons in the Canadian Parliament. The MPs shall be responsible for the interests of their borough. Province's MPs shall elect a Lord Governor, who shall sit in the Chamber of Governors in the Canadian Parliament. The Lord Governor is responsible for the interests of his Province, and by extension the interests of the boroughs of this Province as a whole. The Lord Protector of Canada shall take the role of Prime Minister, and must attain a majority in the House of Commons to achieve his position. Legislation may be made either by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, or by the Canadian Parliament. In the second case, all procedures shall follow that of the United Kingdoms Parliament, excepting that the Chamber of Governors may only block Bills in the event of less than a 2/3 majority in favour of the Bill from the House of Commons.
The provinces of Canada are as follows:
New Foundland and Labrador
Ontario (Modern day Ontario and Manitoba)
British Columbia (Modern day British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Alberta)
Yukon (Modern day Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut)
Canadian Armed Forces shall be set up, with the Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Navy being professional standing forces, under the command of Imperial Joint Command in Scotland. Canadian Militia Forces shall be known as the Royal Canadian Militia, and shall be kept under the control of either the province or the Dominion, to act as local defence and to bolster forces operating in Canada. They shall be trained to the same standard as regulars, but shall not be a standing force.
His Majesty's Government is currently considering the application of this idea to other areas of the Empire should it prove a success in Canada. In particular, we are considering the areas of Oceania and the Pacific under our control.