This is no peace
On January 3rd 1919 the Great War finally came to an end. It had meant nothing, solved nothing and proved nothing.
Despite reaching the very suburbs of Paris in the spring of 1918 the mighty German war machine had started to fall apart through the latter part of the year. By the winter the Germans were in headlong retreat across Belgium, in Italy they and their Austrian allies had lost control of Tuscany and Lombardy whilst in the East the Russian Imperial Army, defying the slow collapse of Russian society at home, was making progress against the undermanned Central Powers who had been falling back since late 1916. On December 3rd the Bulgarians had surrendered and on the 27th the Austro-Hungarian Empire followed suite. By this stage the German home front had already collapsed and the country was in the throws of revolution. On New Years Day, SPD leader, Friedrich Ebert proclaimed a Republic in Berlin and shortly later the Kaiser fled to the Netherlands where he sought asylum. Two days after the fall of the German monarchy an armistice was finally signed to bring an end to bloodiest conflict Europe had ever witnessed.
As the German army was forcibly demobilised the French and Belgians moved to occupy the Western bank of the Rhine, the Danes took the Northern Schleswig, the Russians took control over West Prussia, the Poznan region, parts of Silesia and Memelland, with Danzig being made a Free City, finally the entire German colonial empire was dismembered by the victorious Allied powers.
Yet even with the War at an end, Germany was far from peace. For its revolution had only just begun …