Chapter I (1821 - 1836).
The new born Nation and the Independence of USCA and Texas.
It is the year of 1821, the end of the Fight for Independence seems to be very close, the main military leader of the Spanish forces, General Agustin de Iturbide, a “Criollo” (mexican born of Spanish mother and father) has something in mind to stop all the bloodshed that the War has caused for the last 11 years, and it is something very simple, join the Insurgentes (the fighters for the Independence) and finish with the Spanish rule in Mexico.
Agustin de Iturbide’s ideas are like the ones from the Insurgentes, he also wants a free country, “this land cannot be controlled and governed by an Empire so far from here”.
Seeing that the fight against the Insurgentes can take for many more years, he decides to meet with the Insurgentes leaders and form an alliance, “The independence can only be gained if the Insurgentes join forces with the Royal army under my command”, Agustin said, therefore, Agustin de Iturbide’s Royal forces and the Insurgente’s forces under Vicente Guerrero and Guadalupe Victoria creates one single Army, the “Ejercito Trigarante” and with the “Abrazo de Acatempan” (the Acatempan hug) the alliance is accorded.
Flag of the "Ejército Trigarante".
Abrazo de Acatempan.
After this, the Ejercito Trigarante continues the fight with the few still loyal Spanish troops and continues the march towards Mexico City, the last of the Spanish controlled cities in Mexico.
Mexico City is reached, it is September 27th of 1821, the “Ejercito Trigarante” enters Mexico City triumphantly with Agustin de Iturbide at the front of the parade where nearly 16,000 men participated. The Treaty of Cordova is signed.
Agustin de Iturbide entrance to Mexico City.
Mexico is now an independent country, but now, the organization of the new Nation needs to start. There is a huge territorial extension that was gained with the Independence, there are areas very hard to access and territories with few inhabitants, how to bring progress to those areas?, how to even send governments to the provinces?, what is the type of government our Nation needs to have?, and a lot of much more questions are on the desk of the first Government Junta.
After days of discussions, and possibilities to consider, the Junta decides with the type of government where the Head of State will be one of the Independence war heroes, with the Title of “Primer Emperador de Mexico”, a Constitutional Monarchy is established, with HIM Don Agustin I as the First Mexican Emperor.
HIM Don Agustin I de Iturbide and the Imperial Coat of Arms.
The Empire is then divided in States, where State Governors send by the Emperor and approved by the congress will have control of the city administration. From the south part of the State of Costa Rica to the Northern parts of the States of California, New Mexico and Texas, the Empire send diplomats to establish governments and bring progress to every single State.
The States of the Mexican Empire.
It is a very hard task, since the most populated cities of this States had already some local governments, mostly wealthed people that controls everything, even people, and they are not agreed with the imposition of a Government imposed from Mexico City.
The new Empire that has just born is now facing their first revolts in the states of Guatemala to Costa Rica, Zacatecas, Yucatan and San Luis.
The revolts in Zacatecas, Yucatan and San Luis are crushed, but the one in the Central American States is a big problem, because of the distance the Imperial Army needs to travel, because of the exhaustion our troops have and because they are supported by some European Powers that are providing weapons and money to support the rebellion, in exchange of commerce rights for fruits and fish.
Our fears are confirmed, the Cental American States declare independence as the “Provincias Unidas de Centroamerica”, the Emperor Don Agustin did not recognized the Independence and started to organize the army to not being catch unprepared the next time a revolt happens and to integrate again these rebel States to the Empire.
Independence of the United States of Cental America.
The years passed, the progress in the Empire was slow, but organization was regained and a period of prosperity started.
The European Powers open Embassys in Mexico City, different commercial and economical treaties are signed and a process of colonization of the northern territories starts, specially in Texas, where families form the Unites States of America are allowed to enter Texas, to get free land and to be citizens of Mexico.
USA immigrants to Texas.
"Bring people to the inhabitated areas is extremely important, we need to start the development of the Empire and for that, we need resoureces and people to gather them". Says the Commerce Minister in the signing of the Document that allows the foreign people to enter Texas.
Everything is going very well, until some people starts to meet secretly in San Antonio to organize an Army to fight for the Independence of Texas.
"We are the ones that are in Texas, we are the ones that makes this land to produce, we are the ones that are making the Empire stronger, we should have our own country and this country will be Texas", says David Burnet, one of the leaders of the Texan uprise.
David G. Burnet, leader and future President of Texas.
The fight starts with the capture of San Antonio by the Texan rebels and by making the Mexican garrison in the area to retreat to Matamoros.
Capture of San Antonio by the Texans.
"His Majesty, we have bad news from Texas, San Antonio is taken by some Texan Rebels that want to declare Independence from the Empire, the Mexican army in San Antonio had to retreat to Matamoros", says General Martin Perfecto de Cos, commander of the Mexican garrison in Texas.
"What?, are you telling me that a group of rebels have taken San Antonio?, are these rebels looking for an Independent Texas, that is definetly not possible, this rebolt must be crushed immediatly", says HIM Don Agustin I.