I paid little attention to Industry while the Conservatives were in power, which is why Dutch industry was in such a deplorable state and why I was so desperate to get the SDP in power in the first place. Those Industry screenshots were taken the day I appointed the SDP as the ruling party, hence the small growth. Only Vlaanderen and Java had NFs for craftsmen before 1872, the rest used for either colonisation or for bureaucrats in JavaYour industrial score seems rather low. Have you not been using your NFs for craftsmen? That seems to be the only sure fire way to get good industrial growth prior to the urban population explosion when your RGOs fill up.