The Imperial Constitution introduced other important points. And whilst being far from the most liberal piece of legal text in the world, it was a great step forward. Yes, Russia did not have its equivalent of Chancellor or Prime Minister, with the Emperor retaining exclusive executive powers, but he now had a potent State Parliament to deal with. Yes, suffrage was discriminatory not only on the economic, but also on the religious points, but it was a huge step forward from "none". Yes, the Finnish and Polish nationalists were dissapointed that the Emperor, in his respective local roles, still retained extensive powers. But now their status was no longer at the whim of the Tsar.
I. On the administrative level, all oblasts, with several exceptions (those composing the General-Governorship of Turkestan) were transformed into governorates. The change meant that from here on, just as in governorates, the roles of military and civilian-administrative heads would be separate. Governorates were consolidated to consist of several provinces.
II. The Grand Duchy of Finland was established as an autonomous, but integral part of the Russian Empire, subject to the Imperial Constitution and to the Acts of State Parliament:
- the Parliament of the Grand Duchy of Finland (Eduskunta) was sovereign to enact Acts within the territory of the Grand Duchy of Finland
- the Acts of the Eduskunta could not contravene the Acts of the State Parliament of the Russian Empire
- whilst the Finnish language was allowed as official within the Grand Duchy, it could only be used in addition to Russian
- the Grand Duchy of Finland could not disrespect the decrees of the Emperor of all the Russias, acting in his position as Grand Duke of Finland
- the territorial and administrative organization of the Grand Duchy of Finland was subject to decisions of the Eduskunta with approval of the Grand Duke of Finland
III. The Kingdom of Poland was established as an autonomous, but integral part of the Russian Empire, subject to the Imperial Constitution and to the Acts of State Parliament:
- the Parliament of the Kingdom of Poland (Sejm) was sovereign to enact Acts within the territory of the Kingdom of Poland
- the Acts of the Sejm could not contravene the Acts of the State Parliament of the Russian Empire
- whilst the Polish language was allowed as official within the Kingdom, it could only be used in addition to Russian
- the Kingdom of Poland could not disrespect the decrees of the Emperor of all the Russias, acting in his position as King of Poland
- the territorial and administrative organization of the Kingdom of Poland was subject to decisions of the Sejm with approval of the King of Poland
IV. Wealth-based suffrage was introduced for all Christian subjects of the Empire. Those who wished to vote and be eligible had to pay a tax. Suffrage in the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Finland was subject to consequent decisions by the relevant legislative authorities, but could not contravene the all-Russian suffrage laws by imposing stricter conditions or giving the right of vote and eligibility to non-Christians. Special provisions were foreseen for the elections to the State Duma.
V. The State Parliament was established as a bicameral legislative body, composed of the State Council (upper house) and State Duma (lower house). The State Parliament had tangible legislative powers, it could enact laws for the entirety of the Russian Empire, regulate judicial authorities and elect their judges. It could amend the Imperial Constitution with the consent of the Emperor. The State Parliament had no competence to reglement the House Laws of the Romanov Dynasty and had no power in deciding on questions of imperial succession.
VI. The State Council of the Russian Empire, until then an advisory organ, was officially made the upper house of the new State Parliament. Half of the State Council was appointed by the Emperor (Governors-General of Alaska and Turkestan, appointed by the Emperor to their respective position, were entitled automatic seats in the State Council), with the other half composed of elected representatives as follows:
- 1 representative from each governorate
- X representatives from the Eduskunta of the Grand Duchy of Finland (because the author can’t bother coming up with a number)
- Y representatives from the Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland (idem)
VII. The State Duma of the Russian Empire was established as the lower house of the State Parliament. Elections to the Duma depended on the Suffrage Tax Census. Elector districts were formed based on the density of voters and eligible personas, with each district sending a representative to the Duma. Districts were generally intended to be equal in terms of the number of voters enclosed. Special provisions were foreseen for the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Finland, in case the two autonomous parts of the Empire decide to extend the voting rights, which stated that only those who paid the Voting Tax could vote for the State Parliament of the Russian Empire.
VIII. Serfdom was to be abolished upon the convening of the State Parliament according to modalities and procedures decided by the State Parliament.