Phase II: Christianity and the Collapse of Rome (29 AD - 475 AD)
Following the creation of the Forth Kingdom, Egypt entered a new period of stability and prosperity. The first few successors to Amyrtaeus II focused primarily on improving the daily lives of the Egyptian people. The Kingdom was unified once again and it was important that the new 34th Dynasty gain the support and love of the people. While some rulers were better than others, many historians attest that the 34th Dynasty was best to come in hundreds of years.
However, despite the progress that is boasted by the scribes and historians of the period, the progress that was actually made only brought Egypt back to its former power, and not much beyond.
During the time of this reconstruction, the Roman Republic faced more problems arising from the Asia Minor region. While little attention was given to the execution of a particular individual, the effects of it a few hundred years later would change the face of the Norther Mediterranean. Christianity as it was eventually called, changed the face of the Roman republic and eventually lead to it being split in two. East and West. The split was primarily caused by a general intolerance between the "Christians" and those who followed the traditional Roman and Greek religions. Ultimately the Christian side won out in the end.
For Egypt however, the outcome was different. The Pharaoh of the period Amenemses III (320 - 360 AD), decided that to prevent the provocation of violence between the Native Egyptian Religion and the new Christians, that a level of tolerance would be accepted within the Egyptian Empire. From there a large number of obscure sects within the Christian Faith had actually begun to move to Egypt to escape persecution from the Fundamentalists in Rome. These "heretics" were few in number and did not interfere in the daily Egyptian life and politics. As a result of Amenemses' tolerance, (and the tolerance of his successors) the Egyptian Religion would continue to exist at least within the borders of the Empire.
The Polytheistic Religions of Europe however, would not share the same fortune.
Next: Phase III: The Arab Invasion & New Conquests